The word psychedelic is an English term coined from the Greek words for "soul," ψυχή (psyche), and "manifest," δήλος (delos). A psychedelic experience is characterized by the perception of aspects of one's mind previously unknown, or by the creative exuberance of the mind liberated from its ostensibly ordinary fetters. A psychedelic experience is characterized by the perception of aspects of one's mind previously unknown or by the creative exuberance of the mind liberated from its ordinary Psychedelic states are an array of experiences elicited by sensory deprivation as well as by psychedelic substances. Sensory deprivation is the deliberate reduction or removal of stimuli from one or more of the senses Such experiences include hallucinations, changes of perception, synesthesia, altered states of awareness, mystical states, and occasionally states resembling psychosis. A hallucination, in the broadest sense is a Perception in the absence of a stimulus. In Psychology and the Cognitive sciences perception is the process of attaining awareness or understanding of sensory Information. Synesthesia (also spelled synæsthesia or synaesthesia, plural synesthesiae or synaesthesiae)—from the Ancient Greek (syn meaning "with" Mysticism (from the Greek grc μυστικός mystikos, an initiate of a Mystery religion) is the pursuit of communion with identity Psychosis (from the Greek ψυχή "psyche" for mind or soul and -οσις "-osis" for abnormal condition with adjective psychotic
The term was first coined as a noun in 1957 by psychiatrist Humphry Osmond as an alternative descriptor for hallucinogenic drugs in the context of psychedelic psychotherapy. Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Psychiatry is a medical specialty which exists to study, prevent, and treat Mental disorders in Humans Psychiatric Humphrey Fortescue Osmond ( July 1, 1917 - February 6, 2004) was a British Psychiatrist, known for inventing The general group of pharmacological agents commonly known as hallucinogens can be divided into three broad categories Psychedelics, Dissociatives Psychedelic therapy refers to therapeutic practices involving the use of Psychedelic drugs particularly serotonergic psychedelics such as LSD, Psilocin The term featured prominently in a now-famous exchange with Aldous Huxley, in which the little-used term phanerothyme (derived from roots relating to "spirit" or "soul") was suggested:
Timothy Leary, who was largely responsible for the popularization of the term "psychedelic", was a well-known proponent of their use, as was Aldous Huxley. Timothy Francis Leary ( October 22, 1920 &ndash May 31, 1996) was an American Writer, Psychologist, Futurist Both, however, advanced widely different opinions on the broad use of psychedelics by state and civil society. Sovereignty is the exclusive Right to control a Government, a country, a people or oneself Civil society is composed of the totality of voluntary civic and social organizations and institutions that form the basis of a functioning Society as opposed to the force-backed Leary promulgated the idea of such substances as a panacea, while Huxley suggested that only the cultural and intellectual elite should partake of entheogens systematically. The panacea (pænəˈsiːə named after the Greek goddess of healing Panacea, was supposed to be a remedy that would cure all Diseases and prolong life indefinitely An entheogen, in the strictest sense is a Psychoactive substance used in a religious or shamanic (or entheogenic) context
The use of psychedelic drugs became widespread in the modern West in the mid-1960s. Western culture (sometimes equated with Western Civilization) are terms which are used to refer to Cultures of European origin The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 One of the first uses of the word in the music scene of this time was in the 1964 recording of "Hesitation Blues" by the Holy Modal Rounders. " Hesitation Blues " is a popular song written by Billy Smythe Scott Middleton and Art Gillham. The Holy Modal Rounders were an American Folk music duo from the Lower East Side of New York City which started in the early 1960s consisting of Peter Stampfel The term was introduced to rock music and popularized by the 13th Floor Elevators 1966 album The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators. The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators is a 1966 Album by 13th Floor Elevators.
The fashion for psychedelic drugs gave its name to the visual style of psychedelia, a term describing a category of rock music known as psychedelic rock, visual art, fashion, and culture that is associated originally with the high 1960s, hippies, and the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, California. Rock and roll (also known as rock 'n' roll) is a form of Music that evolved in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s with roots in mostly African Psychedelic rock is a style of Rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. The visual arts are art forms that focus on the creation of works which are primarily Visual in nature such as Painting, Photography Fashion refers to styles of dress (but can also include cuisine literature art architecture and general comportment that are popular in a culture at any given time Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning "to cultivate" generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 The Hippie Subculture was originally a Youth movement that began in the United States during the early 1960s and spread around the world Haight-Ashbury is a district of San Francisco, California, US, named for the intersection of Haight and Ashbury Streets The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Psychedelia generally began in 1966, but truly took off in 1967 with the Summer of Love. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. This article refers to the summer of 1967 For the film of a similar name please go to My Summer of Love. Although associated with San Francisco, the style soon spread across the US, and worldwide. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
The counterculture of the 1960s had a strong influence on the popular culture of the early 1970s, and is well recognized even by those who are naïve to its psychedelic origins. The Counterculture of the 1960s and early 1970s refers to a period between 1960 and 1973 that began in the United States as a reaction against This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. It later became linked to a style of electronic dance music commonly known as psytrance (Also known as Psychedelic Trance or Goa Trance)
The impact of psychedelic drugs on western culture in the 1960s led to semantic drift in the use of the word "psychedelic", and it is now frequently applied to describe any brightly patterned or colored object. Psychedelic trance or psytrance is a form of Electronic music characterized by hypnotic arrangements of synthetic rhythms and mesmerizing melodies In diachronic (or historical linguistics, semantic change is a change in one of the meanings of a word. In objection to this new meaning, and to what some consider pejorative meanings of other synonyms such as "hallucinogen" and "psychotomimetic", the term "entheogen" was proposed and is seeing increasing use. Words and phrases are pejorative if they imply disapproval or contempt The general group of pharmacological agents commonly known as hallucinogens can be divided into three broad categories Psychedelics, Dissociatives A drug with psychotomimetic actions mimics the symptoms of Psychosis, including Delusions and/or Hallucinations Some drugs of the Opioid class An entheogen, in the strictest sense is a Psychoactive substance used in a religious or shamanic (or entheogenic) context However, many consider the term "entheogen" best reserved for religious and spiritual usage, such as certain Native American churches do with the peyote sacrament, and "psychedelic" left to describe those who are using these drugs for recreation, psychotherapy, physical healing, or creative problem solving. In science, hallucinogen remains the standard term. The general group of pharmacological agents commonly known as hallucinogens can be divided into three broad categories Psychedelics, Dissociatives
At the same time as psychedelic drugs were being used by the counterculture of the 1960s, they were also being used in experiments by governments, who saw them and sensory deprivation as useful agents for mind control; see MKULTRA for the CIA involvement in the use of psychedelic drugs. Counterculture (also " counter-culture " is a sociological term used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a Cultural group, or Sensory deprivation is the deliberate reduction or removal of stimuli from one or more of the senses Mind control is a broad range of psychological tactics able to subvert an individual's control of his own thinking, behavior emotions or decisions near as long as it used to be several months ago It has been actively summarized and split into sub-articles and there is a dynamic talk page discussion of all