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South Africa is currently divided into nine provinces. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa In the current politics of South Africa, the African National Congress is the ruling party at a national level and in most provinces having received 69 The current and official Constitution of the Republic of South Africa was adopted on 8 May 1996. Chapter 2 of the 1996 Constitution of South Africa is a Bill of rights. The Republic of South Africa, a constitutional Democracy with a three-tier system of Government and an independent Judiciary, operating In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. The President of South Africa, in full the President of the Republic of South Africa is the Head of state and Head of government under South Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born 18 June 1942 is a South African politician who served as President of South Africa from 1999 to 24 September 2008 The Deputy President of South Africa is the acting President of South Africa when the President is outside the country's borders unable to fulfill the duties of the office Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka (pʰumziːle mlamboŋǀʱuːkʼa born 3 November 1955 is a South African politician who was Deputy President of South Africa from 2005 Ministers in the South African government are Members of Parliament who hold a Ministerial warrant to perform certain functions of government A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation The Parliament of South Africa is South Africa's Legislature and is composed of the National Assembly of South Africa and the National Council of Provinces The National Council of Provinces ( NCOP) is the Upper house of the Parliament of South Africa under the (post- Apartheid) constitution Mninwa Johannes Mahlangu is a South African politician He is a member of the African National Congress, the Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces The National Assembly is the Lower house of the Parliament of South Africa, located in Cape Town, Western Cape Province. The Speaker of the South African National Assembly presides over the National Assembly, the Lower house of the Parliament of South Africa Baleka Mbete (born 24 September 1949, also Baleka Mbete-Kgositsile is the Deputy President of South Africa. Helen Zille ( 9 March, 1951 - is the Mayor of Cape Town in South Africa 's Western Cape province and leader of the Democratic Helen Zille ( 9 March, 1951 - is the Mayor of Cape Town in South Africa 's Western Cape province and leader of the Democratic Celia-Sandra Botha is a South African politician who currently holds the position of Leader of the opposition in the National Assembly on behalf of the Democratic Alliance and Elections in South Africa take place on national provincial and local levels The Judiciary of South Africa is an independent branch of judicial system subject only to the South African Constitution and the laws of the country The South African Constitutional Court was established in 1994 by South Africa 's first democratic Constitution: the Interim Constitution The South African Supreme Court of Appeal is the South African Court that has the final say on all matters other than those that involve the interpretation of The High Court of South Africa is a Court of Law in South Africa. Magistrates Courts in South Africa are the lower courts and the courts of first instance and decide all matters as provided for by an act of parliament South Africa is divided into 52 districts (Metropolitan and District municipalities In South Africa, a metropolitan municipality or Category A municipality is a Municipality which executes all the functions of local government for a In South Africa, a district municipality or Category C municipality is a Municipality which executes some the functions of local government for a district List of South African Municipalities Municipalities in South Africa are a division of Local government that lie one level down from provincial government This is a list of South African Municipalities. Refer to the main page for an explanation of how these are classified and their inter-relationships A list of political parties in South Africa. South Africa is a democratic but One party dominant state with the African National Congress in Information on politics by country is available for every Country, including both De jure and De facto independent The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa On the eve of the 1994 general election, South Africa's former homelands, also known as Bantustans, were reintegrated and the four existing provinces were divided into nine. The South African general election of 1994 was the first free election held in South Africa after the end of Apartheid, therefore also the first held on A bantustan or more commonly black african homeland or simply homeland, was territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South-West In December 2005 the 12th amendment of the constitution changed the borders of seven of the provinces*. The current and official Constitution of the Republic of South Africa was adopted on 8 May 1996. The provinces are as follows:
* On 18 August 2006 the Constitutional Court ruled that the part of the 12 amendment dealing with the transfer of Matatiele from KwaZulu-Natal to the Eastern Cape was unconstitutional due to insufficient consultation. Events 293 BC - The oldest known Roman temple to Venus is founded starting the institution of Vinalia Rustica. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The South African Constitutional Court was established in 1994 by South Africa 's first democratic Constitution: the Interim Constitution Matatiele is a mid-sized town serving the farming and trading communities of East Griqualand in the foothills of the western Drakensberg, Eastern Cape KwaZulu-Natal (kwɑːˌzuːluː nəˈtɑːl often referred to as " KZN " is a province of South Africa. The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho. 
|Western Cape¹||Cape Town||WC|
|Eastern Cape||Bhisho||EC||Port Elizabeth|
|KwaZulu-Natal||Pietermaritzburg²||KZN, KZ, or KN||Durban|
|Gauteng||Johannesburg||GP or GT|
¹: The Prince Edward Islands are a South African territory in the sub-Antarctic Indian Ocean, for legal purposes considered to be part of the Western Cape. The Western Cape is a province in the south west of South Africa. Cape Town (Kaapstad Xhosa: Ikapa) is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the metropolitan municipality of the The Northern Cape is a large sparsely populated province of South Africa, created in 1994 when the Cape Province was split up Kimberley is a town in South Africa, and the capital of the Northern Cape. The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho. Bhisho, formerly known as Bisho, is the capital of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal (kwɑːˌzuːluː nəˈtɑːl often referred to as " KZN " is a province of South Africa. Pietermaritzburg is the capital and second largest city of the province of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. Durban (eThekwini is the third most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the EThekwini metropolitan municipality. History See also Orange Free State Geography The Free State is situated on flat boundless plains in the heart of South Africa Bloemfontein (ˈbluːmfɒnteɪn Afrikaans and Dutch for "spring of Bloem (bloom" North West is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Mafikeng. Mafikeng (previously Mafeking) is the capital of the North-West Province of South Africa. Gauteng (xaʊˈtɛŋ Sotho xɑ́útʼèŋ̀ is a province of South Africa. Johannesburg ( Pronounced /jō-hān'ĭs-bûrg'/ is the largest city in South Africa. Mpumalanga, (umˈpuːməlɑŋɡə – name changed from Eastern Transvaal on 24 August 1995) is a province of South Africa Nelspruit is a City of 221474 people ( 2000) situated in northeastern South Africa. Limpopo (lɪmˈpoʊpoʊ is the northernmost province of South Africa. Pietersburg is a City, Municipality and the capital of the Limpopo province in South Africa. The Prince Edward Islands are two small islands in the Sub-antarctic Indian Ocean that are politically part of South Africa.
²: Pietermaritzburg and Ulundi shared being capital of KwaZulu-Natal during 1994–2004. Ulundi
Since the establishing of the Union of South Africa in 1910, South Africa had four provinces consisting of the divisions which existed prior to the Second Boer War: two British colonies (the Cape Colony and Natal Colony) and two Boer republics (the Orange Free State and Transvaal Republic). } The Union of South Africa is the historic predecessor to the present-day state of the Republic of South Africa. See also First Boer War,, South African Wars (1879-1915 The Second Boer War ( Dutch: Tweede Boerenoorlog, Afrikaans: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The Cape Colony, part of modern South Africa, was established by the Dutch East India Company in 1652 with the founding of Cape Town. The Colony of Natal was a British colony in south-eastern Africa. Boer (ˈbuːr in Dutch ˈbʊɚ/ /boʊɚ or /ˈbɔr/ in English is the Dutch word for Farmer which came to denote the descendants of the proto Afrikaans The Republic of the Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrystaat Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat) was an independent Boer republic in southern Africa This article is about the former country in Africa For the present-day country see South Africa; for the region where both are located see Southern Africa Segregation of the black population started as early as 1913, with ownership of land by the black majority being restricted to certain areas totaling about 13% of the country. The term black people usually refers to a racial group of Humans with dark Skin color, but the term has also been used to categorise a number of diverse From the late 1950s, these areas were gradually consolidated into "homelands" or "bantustans," which served as the de jure national states of the black population during the apartheid era. A homeland (rel Country of origin and native land) is the concept of the territory ( Cultural geography) to which an Ethnic group A bantustan or more commonly black african homeland or simply homeland, was territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South-West In 1976, the homeland of Transkei was the first to accept independence from South Africa, and although this independence was never acknowledged by any other country, three other homelands followed suit. The Transkei —which means "the area beyond the Kei River"—is a region situated in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. Independence is the Self-government of a Nation, Country, or State by its residents and population or some portion thereof generally exercising
These Independent Homelands were known as the TBVC States. The Cape of Good Hope Province (commonly referred to simply as the Cape Province) was a province in the Union of South Africa and subsequently the Republic of Cape Town (Kaapstad Xhosa: Ikapa) is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the metropolitan municipality of the KwaZulu-Natal (kwɑːˌzuːluː nəˈtɑːl often referred to as " KZN " is a province of South Africa. Pietermaritzburg is the capital and second largest city of the province of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. The Republic of the Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrystaat Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat) was an independent Boer republic in southern Africa Bloemfontein (ˈbluːmfɒnteɪn Afrikaans and Dutch for "spring of Bloem (bloom" For the Russian theme park see Transvaal Park. The Transvaal (Afrikaans lit Pretoria is a city located in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa.