Princeton, New Jersey is located in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. Mercer County is a County located in the US state of New Jersey. New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Princeton University has been sited in the town since 1756. Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. Although Princeton is a "college town", there are other important institutions in the area, including the Institute for Advanced Study, Educational Testing Service (ETS), Opinion Research Corporation, Siemens Corporate Research, Sarnoff Corporation, FMC Corporation, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton Theological Seminary, Westminster Choir College, Church and Dwight and Dow Jones & Company. A college town or university town is a community (often literally a Town, but possibly a small or medium sized City, or in some cases a Neighborhood The Institute for Advanced Study, located in Princeton New Jersey, United States is a center for theoretical research The Educational Testing Service (or ETS) is the world's largest private educational testing and measurement organization operating on an annual budget of approximately $1 Opinion Research Corporation ( NASDAQ: ORCI based in Princeton New Jersey, is a demographic health and Market research company Sarnoff Corporation, with headquarters in West Windsor New Jersey, is the former RCA Laboratories Based in Princeton New Jersey, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF is the United States ' largest philanthropy devoted exclusively to health and health Princeton Theological Seminary (PTS is a theological seminary of the Presbyterian Church located in the Borough of Princeton Westminster Choir College is a residential College of music located in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. Church & Dwight Co Inc ( is a major US manufacturer of household products that is based in Princeton New Jersey. Dow Jones & Company is an American publishing and financial information firm
The town is roughly equidistant between New York and Philadelphia. Princeton has been home to New York commuters (via Princeton Junction) since the end of World War II.  The town is close to many major highways that can take residents to both cities. While the Amtrak ridetime is similar to each city, the more usual commuter train ride to New York via the New Jersey Transit Northeast Corridor Line, is generally much shorter than the equivalent train ride to Philadelphia, which involves a transfer to SEPTA trains in Trenton. The New Jersey Transit Corporation (usually shortened to New Jersey Transit, NJ Transit or NJT) is a statewide Public transportation system serving The Northeast Corridor Line is a Commuter rail operation run by New Jersey Transit along Amtrak 's Northeast Corridor. The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority ( SEPTA) is a regional public authority that operates various forms of public transit &mdash bus Princeton receives TV and radio from both cities.
New Jersey's State capital is the city of Trenton, but the Governor's official residence has been in Princeton since 1945, when Morven became the first Governor's mansion. Morven, officially known as Morven Museum & Garden, is a historic house in Princeton New Jersey. It was later replaced by the larger Drumthwacket, a larger colonial mansion also located in Princeton. Drumthwacket is the Official residence of the Governor of New Jersey and was built in 1835 by then-future Governor Charles S Morven became a museum property of the New Jersey Historical Society. The New Jersey Historical Society is a historical society and museum located in Newark, New Jersey, United States.
Princeton was named #15 of the top 100 towns in the United States to Live and Work In by Money Magazine in 2005. Money is a Time Inc Personal finance magazine Its first issue was published in October 1972 
Although residents of Princeton (Princetonians) traditionally have a strong town-wide identity, legally there is not one municipality, but two: a township and a borough. A township, in the context of New Jersey Local government, refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government A Borough (sometimes abbreviated Boro on road signs in the context of New Jersey local government refers to one of five types and one of eleven The central borough is completely surrounded by the township. The Borough seceded from the Township in 1894 in a dispute over school taxes; the two municipalities later formed the Princeton Regional Schools, and some other public services are conducted together. Princeton Regional Schools is a comprehensive community public School district that serves students in the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township, There have been three referenda proposing to reunite the two Princetons, but they have all been narrowly defeated. A referendum (plural referendums or referenda) ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita The Borough contains Nassau Street, the main commercial street, most of the University campus, and incorporated most of the urban area until the postwar suburbanization. Borough and Township now have roughly equal populations, together approaching 30,000.
United States Postal Zip Codes for Princeton include 08542 (largely the Borough), 08544 (the University), and 08540. The latter covers areas outside Princeton proper, including portions of Lawrence and West Windsor Townships in Mercer County, Montgomery and Franklin Townships in Somerset County, and Plainsboro and South Brunswick Townships in Middlesex County. Lawrence Township is the name of some places in the US state of New Jersey: Lawrence Township Cumberland County New Jersey West Windsor Township is a Township in Mercer County, New Jersey, in the United States. Montgomery Township is a Township in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. Franklin Township is the name of some places in the US state of New Jersey: Franklin Township Gloucester County New Jersey Somerset County is a County located in the US state of New Jersey. Plainsboro Township is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. South Brunswick Township is a Township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. Middlesex County is a County located in the US state of New Jersey. The resulting ambiguity is exploited by local realtors who will often advertise a property in these neighboring communities as having a "prestigious Princeton address".  Further adding to confusion is the spread of "Princeton" as part of business, church and residential development even further beyond the boundaries of the Township and Borough. Princeton lies at latitude 40°21' North, longitude 74°40' West.
During the War for Independence, British and American armies crossed New Jersey several times. On January 3, 1777, the American forces led by George Washington scored an important victory over British forces led by Charles Cornwallis in the Battle of Princeton. Events 1431 - Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon. Year 1777 ( MDCCLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common George Washington (February 22 1732 December 14 1799 served as the first President of the United States of America (1789&ndash1797 and led the Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis ( 31 December 1738 &ndash 5 October 1805) was a British military commander and colonial Background In the night after the Second Battle of Trenton, General Washington led the roughly 6000 man main body of his army stealthily away from Lieutenant British forces marching from New York to respond to the raid on Trenton (December 26, 1777) were spotted by Washington's troops about two miles west of what was then Princeton (now the very center of the town). In one engagement Washington's forces defeated the British rear guard, although Brigadier General Hugh Mercer was killed commanding the unit. Hugh Mercer ( January 17, 1726 &ndash January 12, 1777) was a Physician, a Brigadier general in the Continental The site is preserved as Princeton Battlefield State Park. In a series of other engagements Washington scattered the British in Princeton and achieving a decisive, if minor, victory.
In the summer of 1783, the Continental Congress met in Nassau Hall at Princeton University, making Princeton the capital of the United States for four months. Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. Year 1783 ( MDCCLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or Nassau Hall (or Old Nassau) is the oldest building at Princeton University in the Borough of Princeton, New Jersey ( USA) Washington DC has been the capital of the United States since 1800 It was there that the Continental Congress learned of the signing of the Treaty of Paris (1783) which ended the war. The Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783, and approved by the Congress of the Confederation on January 14, 1784, formally The area was agricultural at that time, Nassau Hall and a few houses comprising the entire University.
In 1840, Joseph Henry operated one of the first telegraphs here. Joseph Henry ( December 17 1797 &ndash May 13 1878) was an American scientist who served as the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Henry was a professor at the College of New Jersey, and used the invention to contact his servants at home while he was working in his laboratory on the campus, a few blocks away.
Princeton was a stopping point on the colonial-era Post Road from New York to Philadelphia. The historic route follows New Jersey Route 27 into Princeton from Kingston, and then follows Stockton Street (U.S. Route 206) towards Lawrenceville. Route 27 is a State highway in New Jersey, United States, running along the original alignment for U US Route 206 is a north-south United States highway in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, United States. Between 1830 and 1834 the Delaware and Raritan Canal was built, operating less than a mile from the center of town on the far side of the Millstone River. The Delaware and Raritan Canal ( D&R Canal) is a Canal in central New Jersey, United States, built in the 1830s that served to connect the
At the same time, The Camden & Amboy Railroad, the earliest New York-Philadelphia rail line, was laid on the east bank of the canal and river. In 1863 the railroad built a new, straighter alignment further east, going through Princeton Junction. Princeton Junction is also a New Jersey Transit and Amtrak station on the Northeast Corridor line The old alignment was used by some trains until 1865, when the Princeton Branch line was opened connecting Princeton Junction with a station in the borough of Princeton. The Princeton Branch is a Commuter rail line and service owned and operated by New Jersey Transit in the U The train, called the "Dinky," remains a cherished, one-of-a-kind asset. Both lines were absorbed by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1871, and are now operated by New Jersey Transit. The Pennsylvania Railroad was an American Railroad, founded in 1846 The New Jersey Transit Corporation (usually shortened to New Jersey Transit, NJ Transit or NJT) is a statewide Public transportation system serving
A trolley line ran from Trenton to Princeton between 1900 and 1941, the line running north of the Lawrenceville-Princeton Road. It operated as a steam freight railroad (the Trenton, Princeton and Lawrenceville) for some of its length, and as an electric trolley for the remainder. Trolley magnate A L Johnson planned to make a trolley route through Princeton to New York in 1901, but died before the project could be completed.  The line, which has since been removed and largely reverted from right of way, followed what is now Paul Robeson Place into the center of town.
In 1894, during his second term as President, Grover Cleveland bought a house in Princeton, which he named Westland, and became a fixture of the Princeton community, including the University. Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18 1837 June 24 1908 was both the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. Westland Mansion was the Princeton, New Jersey Home of the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States, Grover Cleveland He later died in Princeton. After his death, he was buried in Princeton Cemetery. Princeton Cemetery is located in Borough of Princeton New Jersey.
In 1912, Woodrow Wilson, a former professor (and University president of Princeton) and Governor of New Jersey, was elected President of the United States. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28 1856—February 3 1924 was the twenty-eighth President of the United States. The Governor of New Jersey is the Chief executive of the US state of New Jersey. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by He served two terms as President, wrote the Fourteen Points and was President during World War I. The Fourteen Points were listed in a speech delivered by President Woodrow Wilson of the United States to a joint session of the United World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All
Princeton High School opened in 1915, at time when racial segregation was the norm in the area. Princeton High School ( PHS) is a four-year comprehensive American Public high school in the Borough of Princeton, New Jersey, Despite this, and the fact that there was a separate elementary school for black Princetonians, the school admitted students of all races. 
In 1933, Albert Einstein arrived at Princeton, where he was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study. Albert Einstein ( German: ˈalbɐt ˈaɪ̯nʃtaɪ̯n; English: ˈælbɝt ˈaɪnstaɪn (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955 was a German -born theoretical The Institute for Advanced Study, located in Princeton New Jersey, United States is a center for theoretical research Shortly after his arrival, in a private correspondence, Einstein described Princeton as "a quaint and ceremonious village of puny demigods on stilts. " Over time, he came to appreciate the environment provided by the town and the Institute, and in many ways became more at home in Princeton than in any of his previous residences. He stayed until his death in 1955.
In the academic year 1948–1949, following the mandate of the 1947 New Jersey State Constitution, which prohibited segregation in the public schools and the state militia, Princeton's lower schools were finally integrated. The Constitution of the State of New Jersey is the basic governing document of the State of New Jersey. This was accomplished by an overhaul of the entire system, called the 'Princeton Plan', so that all the building, students, and teachers of the previously all African-American school were incorporated into the new town wide system.
The area was implicated in the transmission of anthrax tainted mail on September 18, 2001 to certain publications, such as the National Enquirer. Anthrax is an acute Disease in humans and animals caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis which is highly lethal in some forms Events 96 - Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. The National Enquirer (also commonly known as the Enquirer) is an American supermarket tabloid now published by American
Princeton University, located in both the borough and the township and in West Windsor Township, serves as a prominent feature of Princeton. Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. West Windsor Township is a Township in Mercer County, New Jersey, in the United States.
Westminster Choir College, part of Rider University, is located in the Borough. Westminster Choir College is a residential College of music located in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. Rider University is a private coeducational nonsectarian University located chiefly in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, in Mercer County
Princeton Theological Seminary's academic campus is located in the Borough, and a residential campus is located just outside the Township in West Windsor Township. Princeton Theological Seminary (PTS is a theological seminary of the Presbyterian Church located in the Borough of Princeton
The Institute for Advanced Study is in the Township and maintains extensive land holdings (the "Institute Woods") in the Township. The Institute for Advanced Study, located in Princeton New Jersey, United States is a center for theoretical research
Mercer County Community College in West Windsor is the nearest public college to serve Princeton residents. Mercer County Community College (MCCC is an accredited, Co-educational two-year public, Community college located in Mercer County
The six public schools of the Princeton Regional Schools district serve both the borough and the township: four elementary schools (Community Park, Johnson Park, Littlebrook and Riverside), John Witherspoon Middle School, and Princeton High School. Princeton High School ( PHS) is a four-year comprehensive American Public high school in the Borough of Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton Regional Schools is a comprehensive community public School district that serves students in the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township, Princeton High School ( PHS) is a four-year comprehensive American Public high school in the Borough of Princeton, New Jersey, In the early 1990's, redistricting occurred between the Community Park and Johnson Park School districts, as the population within both districts had increased due to residential development. Concerns were also raised about the largely white, wealthy student population attending Johnson Park and the more racially and economically diverse population at Community Park. As a result of the redistricting, the wealthy Hodge Road/Library Place neighborhood was redistricted to CP, and portions of the racially diverse John Witherspoon Neighborhood were set to be bused to JP. The high school is located in the borough; the other schools are in the township. The high school also serves students from Cranbury Township as part of a sending/receiving relationship. A sending/receiving relationship is one in which a public School district sends some or all of its students to attend the schools of another district
The Princeton Charter School (grades K-8) is located in the township. Princeton Charter School is a Charter school in Princeton Township, in Mercer County, New Jersey, serving students in kindergarten through eighth The school operates under a charter granted by the Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Education. A charter is the grant of authority or rights stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified The New Jersey Department of Education administers state and federal aid programs affecting more than 1 The school is a public school that operates independently of the Princeton Regional Schools, and is funded on a per student basis by locally-raised tax revenues.
Several private schools are located in the Township, including the American Boychoir School, Hun School of Princeton, The The Lewis School and Diagnostic Clinic, Princeton Academy of the Sacred Heart, Princeton Day School, Princeton Friends School, and Stuart Country Day School of the Sacred Heart. The American Boychoir School is a music Boarding school located in Princeton, New Jersey. The Hun School of Princeton is a private Coeducational secondary Boarding school located in Princeton Township, New Jersey, in the Princeton Day School is a private Coeducational Day school located in Princeton Township, New Jersey. Stuart Country Day School of the Sacred Heart is an independent all-girls Catholic Country day school located St Paul School is located in the Borough. Chapin School and Princeton Junior School lie in neighboring Lawrence Township, but have Princeton mailing addresses. See also The Chapin School for the school in Manhattan with the same name Lawrence Township is the name of some places in the US state of New Jersey: Lawrence Township Cumberland County New Jersey The Waldorf School of Princeton and Princeton Montessori School are both located in Montgomery Township, but have Princeton mailing addresses. Montgomery Township is a Township in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States.
The Princeton Public Library, located in the borough, serves the borough and the township. The Princeton Public Library, a joint Library chartered to serve Princeton Borough and Princeton Township The facility was opened in April 2004 as part of the on-going downtown redevelopment project taking shape and replaced a building dating from 1966. The library itself was founded in 1909.
Princeton has been the setting of several motion pictures, most notably the Academy Award-winning A Beautiful Mind about the schizophrenic mathematician John Nash. "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. A Beautiful Mind is a 2001 American Biographical film about John Forbes Nash, the Nobel Laureate in Economics. The 1994 film I.Q., featuring Meg Ryan, Tim Robbins, and Walter Matthau as Albert Einstein, was also set in Princeton. IQ is a 1994 Romantic comedy film directed by Fred Schepisi, starring Tim Robbins, Meg Ryan, and Walter Matthau Margaret Mary Emily Anne Hyra (born November 19, 1961) professionally known as Meg Ryan, is a Golden Globe-nominated American film Timothy Francis Robbins (born October 16, 1958) is an Academy Award -winning American Actor, Screenwriter, director Walter John Matthau ( October 1, 1920 – July 1, 2000) was an American award-winning Actor best known for his role Albert Einstein ( German: ˈalbɐt ˈaɪ̯nʃtaɪ̯n; English: ˈælbɝt ˈaɪnstaɪn (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955 was a German -born theoretical The TV show House is located in Princeton, at the fictional Princeton-Plainsboro Teaching Hospital, and establishing shots for the hospital display the Frist Campus Center of Princeton University. House, also known as House MD, is an American Medical drama, which debuted on the FOX network on November 16 2004 Frist Campus Center is a focal point of social life at Princeton University. Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey.
Other famous Princetonians include:
|Capital of the United States of America|