|Prince Edward Island|
|Motto: Parva sub ingenti|
(Latin: "The small protected by the great")
|Official languages||English (de facto)|
|Lieutenant-Governor||Barbara Oliver Hagerman|
|Premier||Robert Ghiz (Liberal)|
|Federal representation||in Canadian Parliament|
|Confederation||July 1, 1873 (7th)|
|Total||5,683. The Flag of Prince Edward Island, Canada is a banner modelled after the provincial arms. The Coat of Arms of Prince Edward Island (formally known as The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Prince Edward Island) was begun when the Shield A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Charlottetown (ˈʃɑrlɪtaʊn (2006 population 32174 is a Canadian city and the provincial capital of Prince Edward Island, making it the seat The table below lists the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2006 census for Census subdivisions This list The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population using data from the Canada 2001 Census[http //www12 An official language is a Language that is given a special legal status in a particular Country, State, or other territory English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States In Prince Edward Island, the Sovereign is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island. Barbara Oliver Hagerman OPEI (born February 9, 1943) is a distinguished Canadian music teacher and performer and is currently The Premier of Prince Edward Island is the First minister for the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. Robert WJ Ghiz MLA (born January 21, 1974, in Charlottetown Prince Edward Island) is the Premier of Prince The Prince Edward Island Liberal Party is a left of center political party in the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada is Canada 's legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. The House of Commons (Chambre des communes is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and The Senate of Canada (Le Sénat du Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the sovereign (represented by the governor general Canadian Confederation was the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed beginning 1 July 1867 from the "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1873 ( MDCCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This is a list of Canadian provinces 56 km² (2,194. 43 sq mi)|
|Land||5,683. 91 km² (2,194. 57 sq mi)|
|Water (%)||0 km² (0 sq mi) (0%)|
|Total (2008)||139,089 (est. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This is a list of Canadian provinces )|
|Density||23. 9 /km² (62 /sq mi)|
|Total (2006)||C$4. This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. 32 billion|
|Per capita||C$31,278 (13th)|
|Postal code prefix||C|
|Flower||Pink Lady's Slipper|
|Rankings include all provinces and territories|
Prince Edward Island (IPA: /ˌprɪnsˌʔɛdwɚdˈʔaɪlɨnd/) (PEI or P. This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. This is a list of Canadian provincial and territorial postal abbreviations. ISO 3166-2CA is an ISO standard which defines Geocodes it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Canada. Postal codes by province and territoryA Canadian postal code Prince Edward Island - 7 FSAs Cypripedium acaule is a member of the Orchid genus Cypripedium. The Northern Red Oak or Champion Oak, Quercus rubra ( syn Quercus borealis) is an Oak in the red oak group ( The Blue Jay ( Cyanocitta cristata) is a Passerine bird and a member of the family Corvidae native to North America. The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second largest country in total area. E. I. ; French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard; Scottish Gaelic: Eilean a’ Phrionnsa (lit. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Scottish Gaelic ( Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. "the Island of the Prince") or Eilean Eòin (lit. "John's Island" in reference to the island's former name of St. John's Island); Míkmaq: Apekweit or Epikwetk roughly translated "land cradled in the waves") is a Canadian province consisting of an island of the same name. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second largest country in total area. An island (ˈaɪlənd or isle (/ˈaɪl/ is any piece of land that is completely surrounded by water in two dimensions above high tide and isolated from other significant The maritime province is the smallest in the nation in both land area and population (excluding the territories). The Maritime provinces, called the Maritimes in local English (or the Canadian Maritimes by non-Canadians is a region of Eastern Canada The island has a few other names: "Garden of the Gulf" referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and "Birthplace of Confederation", referring to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864. The Charlottetown Conference was held in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island for representatives from the colonies of British North America to discuss Among some Islanders, it is also colloquially referred to as "Potholes Every Inch", a joking reference to the island's sub-par road conditions in some locations. Another long-standing nickname, "Million Acre Farm", is no longer accurate now that only half of the island's 1,398,000 acres (5,660 km²) are cultivated.
According to the 2008 estimates, Prince Edward Island has 139,089 residents collectively referred to as Islanders. It is located in a rectangle defined roughly by 46°–47° N, and 62°–64° 30′W and at 5,683. 91 km² (2,194. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 57 sq mi) in size, it is the 104th largest island in the world, and Canada's 23rd largest island. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. This is a list of Islands in the world ordered by area. It includes all islands with an area greater than 2500 km² (970 square miles This is a list of Canadian Islands as ordered by area. It includes all islands with an area greater than 2500 km²; (965 Square miles. The island's namesake is Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767–1820), the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria. The Prince Edward Duke of Kent and Strathearn (Edward Augustus 2 November 1767 &ndash 23 January 1820 was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth son of King George III (George William Frederick 4 June 1738 George III's long reign was marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdom much of the rest of Europe and places Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901 was from 20 June 1837 the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Prince Edward Island was originally inhabited by the Mi'kmaq people. Prince Edward Island is a Canadian province consisting of an Island of the same name The Míkmaq or Mi'kmaq (miːgmax sometimes spelled Micmac in English and formerly Mìgmaq ( Mi'gmaq) in Míkmaw) are a They named the island Abegweit, meaning Land Cradled on the Waves. They believed that the island was formed by the Great Spirit placing some dark red clay which was shaped as a crescent on the Blue Waters.
As part of the French colony of Acadia, the island was called "Île Saint-Jean". France was a dominant empire in the world from the 1600s to the late 1960s possessing many colonies in various locations around the world The Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture ( ACADIA) is a Non-profit organization active in the area of Computer-aided architectural design Roughly one thousand Acadians lived on the island. This article is about the Acadian people and culture The Acadians (Acadiens are the descendants of the seventeenth-century French However, many fled to the island from mainland Nova Scotia during the British-ordered expulsion of Acadians in 1755. The Great Upheaval, also known as the Great Expulsion, The Deportation, the Acadian Expulsion, or to the deportees Le Grand Dérangement, was This article is about the Acadian people and culture The Acadians (Acadiens are the descendants of the seventeenth-century French Many more were forcibly deported in 1758 when British soldiers, under the command of Colonel Andrew Rollo, were ordered by General Jeffery Amherst to capture the island. Andrew Rollo 5th Lord Rollo, ( November 18 1703 - Leicester, June 20 1765) was a Scottish army commander in Canada and Field Marshal Jeffery Amherst 1st Baron Amherst of Montreal KB (sometimes spelled Geoffrey, or Jeffrey, he himself spelled his name as
Great Britain obtained the island from France under the terms of the Treaty of Paris in 1763 which settled the Seven Years' War, calling the colony St. The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain The Seven Years' War (1756&ndash1763 involved all of the major European powers of the period causing 900000 to 1400000 deaths John's Island (also the Island of St. John's).
The first British governor of St. John's Island, Walter Patterson, was appointed in 1769. Walter Patterson (1735 or 1742 - September 6 1798) was the first British colonial Governor of Prince Edward Island He assumed office in 1770 and had a controversial career during which the initial attempts to populate and develop the island under a feudal system were slowed by land title disputes and factional conflict. Feudalism, a term first used in the early modern period (17th century in its most classic sense refers to a Medieval Europe Political system composed In an attempt to attract settlers from Ireland, in one of his first acts (1770) Patterson led the island's colonial assembly to re-name the island "New Ireland," however the British Government promptly vetoed this as exceeding the authority vested in the colonial government; only the Privy Council in London could change the name of a colony. 
Prince Edward Island became the site of the first ever American military intrusion of foreign land in 1775, when the settlement of Charlottetown was raided by a pair of American employed privateers. . During and after the American Revolutionary War from 1776–1783, the colony's efforts to attract exiled Loyalist refugees from the rebellious American colonies met with some success. In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" The name United Empire Loyalists is a honorific name which has been given after the fact to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other Walter Patterson's brother, John Patterson, one of the original grantees of land on the island, was himself a temporarily-exiled Loyalist, and led efforts to persuade others to come.
The 1787 dismissal of Governor Patterson and his recall to London in 1789 dampened his brother's efforts, leading John to focus on his interests in the United States (one of John's sons, Commodore Daniel Patterson, became a noted United States Navy hero, and John's grandsons, Rear Admiral Thomas H. Patterson and Lt. Daniel Todd Patterson ( 6 March 1786 &ndash 25 August 1839) was an officer in the United States Navy during the Quasi-War Rear Admiral Thomas Harmon Patterson (born 10 May 1820 New Orleans Louisiana, died 9 April 1889 Washington D Carlile Pollock Patterson USN, achieved success). Carlile Pollock Patterson (1816 Shieldsboro (now named Bay St
Edmund Fanning, also a Loyalist exiled by the Revolution, took over as the second governor, serving until about 1806. Edmund Fanning ( April 24, 1739 &ndash February 28, 1818) first gained fame for his role in the War of the Regulation, but later had His tenure was more successful than Walter Patterson's.
On November 29, 1798, during Fanning's administration, Great Britain granted approval to change the colony's name from St. Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe Year 1798 ( MDCCXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a John's Island to Prince Edward Island to distinguish it from similar names in the Atlantic, such as the cities of Saint John and St. John's. Saint John is the largest city in the Province of New Brunswick, and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. St John's (ˌseɪntˈdʒanz French Saint-Jean) is the provincial capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada and located on the eastern tip The colony's new name honoured the fourth son of King George III, Prince Edward Augustus, the Duke of Kent (1767–1820), who was in charge of all British military forces on the continent as Commander-in-Chief, North America and was headquartered in Halifax. George III (George William Frederick 4 June 1738 George III's long reign was marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdom much of the rest of Europe and places The Prince Edward Duke of Kent and Strathearn (Edward Augustus 2 November 1767 &ndash 23 January 1820 was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth son of King The office of Commander-in-Chief North America was the commander of British forces in North America before 1859 The City of Halifax (est 1841 is the capital of the province of Nova Scotia and shire town of Halifax County Prince Edward was also the father of Queen Victoria. Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901 was from 20 June 1837 the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
During the 19th century, the colony of Prince Edward Island began to attract "adventurous Victorian families looking for elegance on the sea. Prince Edward Island became a fashionable retreat in the nineteenth century for British nobility". 
In September 1864, Prince Edward Island hosted the Charlottetown Conference, which was the first meeting in the process leading to the Articles of Confederation and the creation of Canada in 1867. The Charlottetown Conference was held in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island for representatives from the colonies of British North America to discuss Canadian Confederation was the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed beginning 1 July 1867 from the Prince Edward Island did not find the terms of union favourable and balked at joining in 1867, choosing to remain part of the nation of Great Britain and Ireland. In the late 1860s, the colony examined various options, including the possibility of becoming a discrete dominion unto itself, as well as entertaining delegations from the United States, who were interested in Prince Edward Island joining the United States of America. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
In 1871, the colony began construction of a railway and frustrated by Great Britain's Colonial Office, began negotiations with the United States. The Prince Edward Island Railway (PEIR was a historic Canadian railway. In 1873, Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald, anxious to thwart American expansionism and facing the distraction of the Pacific Scandal, negotiated for Prince Edward Island to join Canada. The Prime Minister of Canada ( French: Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary Minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Sir John Alexander Macdonald GCB, KCMG, PC ( January 11, 1815 – June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister The Pacific Scandal involves the allegations of bribes being taken by Canada's Conservative government of Sir John A Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The Federal Government of Canada assumed the colony's extensive railway debts and agreed to finance a buy-out of the last of the colony's absentee landlords to free the island of leasehold tenure and from any new migrants entering the island. Prince Edward Island entered Confederation on July 1, 1873. "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1873 ( MDCCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
Among the Canadian provinces during the Second World War, PEI produced the highest per capita voluntary enlistment rate in the armed forces. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
As a result of having hosted the inaugural meeting of Confederation, the Charlottetown Conference, Prince Edward Island presents itself as the "Birthplace of Confederation" with several buildings, a ferry vessel, and the Confederation Bridge, the longest bridge over ice covered waters in the world, using the term "confederation" in many ways. The Charlottetown Conference was held in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island for representatives from the colonies of British North America to discuss Northumberland Ferries Limited ( NFL) is a Ferry company operating in eastern Canada and headquartered in Charlottetown Prince Edward Island The Confederation Bridge (Pont de la Confédération is a Bridge spanning the Abegweit Passage of Northumberland Strait, linking Prince Edward The most prominent building in the province with this name is the Confederation Centre of the Arts, presented as a gift to Prince Edward Islanders by the 10 provincial governments and the Federal Government upon the centenary of the Charlottetown Conference, where it stands in Charlottetown as a national monument to the "Fathers of Confederation. The Confederation Centre of the Arts is a Canadian centre dedicated to the visual and Performing arts located in the city of Charlottetown, "
Repeal of prohibition of alcohol was vetoed in 1945 by then Lieutenant Governor B.W. LePage. Prohibition of alcohol, often referred to simply as prohibition, also known as Noble Experiment, refers to a Sumptuary law which prohibits Alcohol Bradford William LePage ( February 19, 1876 - December 4, 1958) was a Canadian politician and Lieutenant Governor of  Prohibition ended in 1948.
Known as the Garden of the Gulf, the island is located in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence west of Cape Breton Island, north of the Nova Scotia peninsula, and east of New Brunswick. Prince Edward Island 's geography is mostly pastoral with red soil white sand and scattered communities Sandstone is a Sedimentary rock composed mainly of Sand -size Mineral or rock grains. North Cape is a cape at the northern-most extremity of Prince Edward Island, Canada. Gulf of Saint Lawrence (French golfe du Saint-Laurent) the world's largest Estuary, is the outlet of North America's Great Lakes via the Saint Cape Breton Island ( French: île du Cap-Breton - formerly île Royale, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Cheap Breatuinn, The Nova Scotia peninsula * is a Peninsula on the Atlantic coast of North America. New Brunswick ( French: Nouveau-Brunswick /nuvobʁɔnzwik/ is one of Canada 's three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally Its southern shore bounds the Northumberland Strait. The Northumberland Strait (French détroit de Northumberland) is a Strait in the southern part of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in eastern Canada The island has two urban areas. The largest surrounds Charlottetown Harbour, situated centrally on the island's southern shore, and consists of the capital city Charlottetown, and suburban towns Cornwall and Stratford and a developing urban fringe. Charlottetown (ˈʃɑrlɪtaʊn (2006 population 32174 is a Canadian city and the provincial capital of Prince Edward Island, making it the seat Cornwall (2006 population 4677 is a Canadian suburban town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island Stratford (2006 pop 7383 is a Canadian town in Queens County, Prince Edward Island on Lot 28 The rural-urban fringe also known as the outskirts or the urban hinterland, can be described as the "landscape interface between town and country" or alternatively A much smaller urban area surrounds Summerside Harbour, situated on the southern shore 40 km (25 mi) west of Charlottetown Harbour, and consists primarily of the city of Summerside. The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States Summerside (2006 pop 14500 is a Canadian city in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. As with all natural harbours on the island, Charlottetown and Summerside harbours are created by rias. Charlottetown (ˈʃɑrlɪtaʊn (2006 population 32174 is a Canadian city and the provincial capital of Prince Edward Island, making it the seat A ria is a Landform, often referred to as a drowned river valley.
The island's landscape is pastoral: rolling hills, woods, reddish white sand beaches, ocean coves and the famous red soil have given Prince Edward Island a reputation as a province of outstanding natural beauty. For the record label see Boardwalk Records. for the former Las Vegas hotel see Boardwalk Hotel and Casino. Prince Edward Island National Park is a Canadian National Park located on Prince Edward Island. Greenwich is an unincorporated Canadian rural community located in eastern Prince Edward Island, Canada. The provincial government has enacted a number of laws that attempt to preserve the landscape through regulation, although the lack of consistent enforcement and absence of province-wide zoning and land-use planning has resulted in some aesthetically displeasing development in recent years. Zoning is a term used in Urban planning for a system of land-use Regulation in various parts of the world including North America the United Kingdom Land use' is also often used to refer to the distinct land use types in Zoning.
The island's lush landscape has had a strong bearing not only on its economy but also its culture. Author Lucy Maud Montgomery drew inspiration from the land during the late Victorian Era for the setting of her classic novel Anne of Green Gables. Lucy Maud Montgomery CBE, (always called "Maud" by family and friends and publicly known as L Culture The Victorian fascination with novelty resulted in a deep interest in the relationship between modernity and cultural continuities Anne of Green Gables is a book by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery published in 1908 Today, many of the same qualities that Montgomery and others found in the island are enjoyed by tourists who visit during all seasons. They enjoy a variety of leisure activities, including beaches, various golf courses, eco-tourism adventures, and simply touring the countryside and enjoying cultural events in local communities around the island. Beaches (also known as Forever Friends) is a 1988 Academy Award -nominated movie adapted by Mary Agnes Donoghue from the A golf course consists of a series of holes each consisting of a Teeing ground, Fairway, rough and other hazards and a green with a pin and cup all designed for Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of Tourism that appeals to ecologically and socially conscious individuals
The smaller rural communities as well as the towns and villages throughout the province proudly retain a slower-paced, old world flavour, something that factors heavily into Prince Edward Island's popularity as a destination for relaxation. The economy of most rural communities on the island are based on small-scale agriculture, given that the size of farm properties is small when compared with other areas in Canada. Small-scale agriculture is an alternative to Factory farming or more broadly Intensive agriculture or unsustainable farming methods that are prevalent in primarily There is an increasing amount of industrial farming as older farm properties are consolidated and modernised.
The coastline consists of a combination of long beaches, dunes, red sandstone cliffs, salt water marshes and numerous bays and harbours. In physical Geography, a dune is a Hill of Sand built by Aeolian processes. Sandstone is a Sedimentary rock composed mainly of Sand -size Mineral or rock grains. In Geography, a marsh, or morass, is a type of Wetland which is subject Headlands and bays are two related features of the coastal environment A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences) or haven, is a place where ships may shelter from the Weather or are stored The beaches, dunes and sandstone cliffs consist of sedimentary rock and other material with a high iron concentration which oxidises upon exposure to the air. Iron (ˈаɪɚn is a Chemical element with the symbol Fe (ferrum and Atomic number 26 Redox (shorthand for reduction-oxidation reaction describes all Chemical reactions in which atoms have their Oxidation number ( Oxidation state The geological properties of a white silica sand found at Basin Head are unique in the province; the sand grains cause a scrubbing noise as they rub against each other when walked on, aptly named the singing sands. Basin Head is a cape in Lot 47, Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada Large dune fields on the north shore can be found on barrier islands at the entrances to various bays and harbours. In physical Geography, a dune is a Hill of Sand built by Aeolian processes. The magnificent sand dunes at Greenwich are of particular significance. Greenwich is an unincorporated Canadian rural community located in eastern Prince Edward Island, Canada. The shifting, parabolic dune system is home to a variety of birds and rare plants and is also a site of significant archeological interest. Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek grc ἀρχαιολογία archaiologia – grc ἀρχαῖος archaīos
Prince Edward Island's climate varies widely from season to season. The winter weather begins in November, with flurries as early as late October. Through November and December, the temperatures are typically from 5°C to -5°C, though these can vary greatly if the province experiences a late fall or early winter. Soon the Northumberland Strait and the Gulf of St. Lawrence freeze, contributing to the colder temperatures and heavier snowfall than seen in NS and NB. The temperature steadily falls until the beginning of February, when a two week period of -30°C is experienced, following which the temperatures steadily rise. From as early as December until as late as April, the island is handicapped by severe storms and blizzards. While the mainland warms in the spring, the surrounding ice keeps the island cold and snowy for a few more weeks. Once this ice has melted, the temperatures rise continuously until spring begins, in early-mid May. The spring weather patterns are very erratic, at any time in May the temperatures can reach 25°C or sink as low as 0°C - 5°C. Most of the precipitation experienced in May is a continuous drizzle as opposed to rainfall, though there are exceptions. The weather stabilizes around mid-June, at about 15° - 20°. The summer is mild and humid in July, but there is drier weather in August, as well as higher temperatures, to 30°C. The long winter and late spring are compensated for by the summer continuing through September and even into October. The fall is very short, only 3 or 4 weeks, and is when the temperatures drop quickly, and winter begins again.
According to the 2001 Canadian Census, the largest ethnic group consists of people of Scottish descent (38. Demographics of the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. The Scots people ( Scots Gaelic: Albannaich) are a Nation and an Ethnic group indigenous to Scotland. 0%), followed by English (28. The English people (from the adjective in Englisc) are a Nation and Ethnic group native to England who predominantly speak English 7%), Irish (27. The Irish people ( Irish: Muintir na hÉireann, na hÉireannaigh, na Gaeil) are a Western European Ethnic group who originate 9%), French (21. Legal residents and citizens To be French according to the first article of the Constitution is to be a citizen of France regardless of one's origin race or religion ( 3%), German (4. The German people (Deutsche are an Ethnic group, in the sense of sharing a common German culture, descent and speaking the German language as 0%), and Dutch (3. The Dutch people ( Dutch:) are the dominant Ethnic group of the Netherlands. 1%) descent. Almost half of all respondents also identified their ethnicity as "Canadian. "
|1861||80,857||2. 6||–||29. 0|
|1871||94,021||1. 5||–||16. 3|
|1881||108,891||1. 5||–||15. 8|
|1891||109,078||0. 017||–||0. 2||6|
|1901||103,259||−0. 55||–||-5. 3||7|
|1911||93,728||−0. 96||–||-9. 2||9|
|1921||88,615||−0. 56||–||-5. 4|
|1931||88,038||−0. 065||–||-0. 7|
|1941||95,047||0. 77||–||8. 0|
|1951||98,429||0. 35||–||3. 6||10|
|1956||99,285||0. 17||0. 9||–|
|1961||104,629||1. 1||5. 4||6. 3|
|1966||108,535||0. 74||3. 7||9. 3|
|1971||111,635||0. 56||2. 9||6. 7|
|1976||118,225||1. 2||5. 9||8. 9|
|1981||122,506||0. 7||3. 6||9. 7|
|1986||126,640||0. 67||3. 4||7. 1|
|1991||129,765||0. 49||2. 5||5. 9|
|1996||134,557||0. 73||3. 7||6. 3|
|2001||135,294||0. 11||0. 5||4. 2|
|a Agglomerated population: 58,358. Statistics Canada (Statistique Canada is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing Statistics to help Abrams Village Prince Edward Island Alberton Prince Edward Island Ascension Prince Edward Island Belfast Prince Charlottetown (ˈʃɑrlɪtaʊn (2006 population 32174 is a Canadian city and the provincial capital of Prince Edward Island, making it the seat Summerside (2006 pop 14500 is a Canadian city in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. Stratford (2006 pop 7383 is a Canadian town in Queens County, Prince Edward Island on Lot 28 Cornwall (2006 population 4677 is a Canadian suburban town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island Lot 34 is a township in Queens County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. Montague ( 2006 pop 1995 is a Canadian town and the largest Lot 1 is a township in Prince County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. Lot 65 is a township in Queens County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. Lot 19 is a township in Prince County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. Lot 2 is a township in Prince County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. |
b Agglomerated population: 16,200.
c Tignish and surrounding area.
d St. Louis/Elmsdale area.
The 2006 Canadian census showed a population of 135,851. Demographics of the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population Of the 133,570 singular responses to the census question concerning 'mother tongue' the most commonly reported languages were:
In addition, there were also 105 responses of both English and a 'non-official language'; 25 of both French and a 'non-official language'; 495 of both English and French; 10 of English, French, and a 'non-official language'; and about 1,640 people who either did not respond to the question, or reported multiple non-official languages, or else gave some other unenumerated response. (Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses. )
Prince Edward Island has a high level of political representation, with four Members of Parliament, four Senators, 27 Members of the Legislative Assembly and two cities, seven towns and sixty incorporated rural communities yielding over five hundred municipal councillors and mayors. The Government of Prince Edward Island refers to the provincial government of the province of Prince Edward Island. The House of Commons (Chambre des communes is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and The Senate of Canada (Le Sénat du Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the sovereign (represented by the governor general The Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island is one of two parts of the General Assembly, the other being the Lieutenant-Governor. This give a total of 566 elected officials for a population (as of 2006) of 135,851.
Prince Edward Island is the first province in Canada to have elected a female Premier (Catherine Callbeck) in 1993; both the Lieutenant Governor (Marion Reid) and the Leader of the Official Opposition (Patricia Mella) at that time were also women. Catherine Sophia Callbeck (born July 25, 1939 in Central Bedeque Prince Edward Island, Canada) was Premier of Prince Edward Marion Loretta Reid, CM, OPEI (born January 2, 1929) is a former Canadian politician the first female Speaker of the Patricia Mella was Prince Edward Island PC party leader from 1990 to 1996 British Columbia had had a woman as Premier prior to Callbeck (Rita Johnston), although she did not win a provincial election. Rita Margaret Johnston (born Melville Saskatchewan April 22, 1935 née Leichert) was a Politician in British Columbia
Prince Edward Island has a three-tier waste management system called Waste Watch, operated by the Island Waste Management Corporation, a Crown Corporation. The Island Waste Management Corporation (IWMC is a Canadian provincial Crown corporation operated by the Government of Prince Edward Island. The program is mandatory and has reduced the amount of waste on the island by 64%.  Consequently, the province is a national leader in waste diversion and recycling. Waste diversion or landfill diversion is the process of diverting waste from Landfill and is typically measured by weight Recycling involves processing used materials into new products in order to prevent the waste of potentially useful materials reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials reduce
PEI is the only province yet to ratify the National Building Code of Canada. The National Building Code of Canada is the Model building code of Canada.
The provincial economy is dominated by the seasonal industries of agriculture, tourism, and the fishery. For the fishing industry and the practice of fishing see Fishing. The province is limited in terms of heavy industry and manufacturing. Although commercial deposits of minerals have not been found, exploration for natural gas beneath the eastern end of the province has resulted in the discovery of an as yet undisclosed quantity of gas. Natural gas is a Gaseous Fossil fuel consisting primarily of Methane but including significant quantities of Ethane, Propane,
Agriculture remains the dominant industry in the provincial economy, as it has since colonial times. During the twentieth century, potatoes have replaced mixed farming as the leading cash crop, accounting for one-third of provincial farm income. The province currently accounts for a third of Canada's total potato production, producing approximately 1300 million kg annually.  Comparatively, the state of Idaho produces approximately 6200 million kg annually, with a population approximately 9. The State of Idaho ( is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States of America. 5 times greater than PEI.  PEI is a major producer of seed potatoes, exporting to more than twenty countries around the world. 
As a legacy of the Islanders' colonial history, the provincial government enforces extremely strict rules for non-resident land ownership. Residents and corporations are limited to maximum holdings of 400 and 1200 hectares (4 and 12 km²) respectively. There are also restrictions on non-resident ownership of shorelines. Recreational properties, the majority of which are owned by non-residents, incur higher property taxation.
Many of the province's coastal communities rely upon shellfish harvesting, particularly lobster fishing as well as oyster fishing and mussel farming. Lobster fishing is the commercial or recreational harvesting of marine Lobsters Spiny lobsters or Crayfish. The common name oyster is used for a number of different groups of Bivalve Mollusks most of which live in marine habitats or Brackish water. The common name mussel is used for members of several different families of Clams or Bivalve Molluscs, from both saltwater and freshwater habitats
The provincial government provides consumer protection in the form of regulation for certain items, ranging from apartment rent increases to petroleum products including gas, diesel, propane and heating oil. Diesel or Diesel fuel (ˈdiːzəl in general is any Fuel used in Diesel engines The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum Propane is a three- Carbon Alkane, normally a gas but compressible to a liquid that is transportable Heating oil, or oil heat, also known in the United States as No These are all regulated through the Island Regulatory and Appeals Commission (IRAC). The Island Regulatory and Appeals Commission ( IRAC) is the independent Tribunal and regulating arm of the Government of Prince Edward Island, Canada  IRAC is authorised to limit the number of companies who are permitted to sell petroleum products.
The sale of carbonated beverages such as beer and soft drinks in non-refillable containers, such as aluminum cans or plastic bottles, was banned in 1976 as an environmental measure in response to public concerns over litter. Beer is the world's oldest and most widely consumed Alcoholic beverage and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea Soft drink is a beverage that does not contain Alcohol. Carbonated soft drinks are commonly known as soda soda pop pop, or Beer and soft drink companies opted to use refillable glass bottles for their products which were redeemable at stores and bottle depots. The introduction of recycling programs for cans and plastic bottles in neighbouring provinces in recent years (also using a redemption system) has seen the provincial government introduce legislation to reverse this ban with the restriction lifted on May 3, 2008. Events 1491 - Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries adopting the baptismal name of João 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common 
Prince Edward Island has Canada's highest provincial retail sales tax rate, currently (2008) established at 10%. A sales tax is a Consumption tax charged at the Point of purchase for certain goods and services The tax is applied to almost all goods and services except some clothing, food and home heating fuel. The tax is also applied to the Federal Goods and Services Tax. The Canadian Goods and Services Tax ( GST) ( French:) is a multi-level Value-added tax introduced in Canada on January 1, 1991
At present, approximately fifteen percent of all electricity consumed on the island is generated from renewable energy (largely wind turbines); the provincial government has set renewable energy targets as high as 30-50% for electricity consumed by 2015. A wind turbine is a rotating machine which converts the Kinetic energy in Wind into Mechanical energy. Until wind generation, the province relied entirely on electricity imports on a submarine cable from New Brunswick. New Brunswick ( French: Nouveau-Brunswick /nuvobʁɔnzwik/ is one of Canada 's three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally A thermal oil-fired generating station in Charlottetown is also available; PEI has the highest electricity rates in Canada.
Persons employed on Prince Edward Island earn a minimum wage of $7. 75/hour as of May 1, 2008. Events 305 - Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The minimum wage will rise again to $8. 00/hour on October 1, 2008. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common 
Prince Edward Island's transportation network has traditionally revolved around its seaports of Charlottetown, Summerside, Borden, Georgetown, and Souris — all linked to its railway system, and airports (Charlottetown and Summerside) for communication with mainland North America. The Canadian province of Prince Edward Island requires its residents to register their vehicles and display licence plates. The Confederation Bridge (Pont de la Confédération is a Bridge spanning the Abegweit Passage of Northumberland Strait, linking Prince Edward New Brunswick ( French: Nouveau-Brunswick /nuvobʁɔnzwik/ is one of Canada 's three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally Georgetown is a Canadian Town and the county seat of Kings County, Prince Edward Island. The railway system was abandoned by CN in 1989 in favour of an agreement with the federal government to improve major highways. Until 1997, the province was linked by two passenger-vehicle ferry services to the mainland: one, provided by Marine Atlantic, operated year-round between Borden and Cape Tormentine, New Brunswick; the other, provided by Northumberland Ferries Limited, operates seasonally between Wood Islands and Caribou, Nova Scotia. See also Merchant ship A ferry is a form of transport usually a Boat or Ship, used to carry (or ferry) passengers and Marine Atlantic Inc (fr Marine Atlantique) is an independent Canadian Crown corporation offering Ferry services between the provinces of Borden-Carleton is a Canadian village located on the south shore of Prince Edward Island, fronting on the Northumberland Strait. Cape Tormentine is a Canadian rural community in Westmorland County, New Brunswick. Northumberland Ferries Limited ( NFL) is a Ferry company operating in eastern Canada and headquartered in Charlottetown Prince Edward Island Wood Islands is a Canadian rural farming and fishing community located in southeastern Queens County, Prince Edward Island on the Northumberland Strait Caribou is a small Canadian rural community in Pictou County, Nova Scotia. A third ferry service provided by CTMA operates seasonally between Souris and Cap-aux-Meules, Quebec and connects with Quebec's Magdalen Islands. The Coopérative de transport maritime et aérien (CTMA is a Canadian transportation company operating in Quebec and Prince Edward Island. Souris (2006 population 1232 is a Canadian port town in northeastern Kings County, Prince Edward Island Cap-aux-Meules is an unincorporated Canadian community located on Île du Cap aux Meules in Quebec 's Magdalen Islands.
On June 1, 1997, the Confederation Bridge opened, connecting Borden-Carleton to Cape Jourimain and replacing the Marine Atlantic ferry service. Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar The Confederation Bridge (Pont de la Confédération is a Bridge spanning the Abegweit Passage of Northumberland Strait, linking Prince Edward Cape Jourimain is a headland in the western part of the Northumberland Strait on its southern shore 3 kilometres west of New Brunswick's easternmost point at Since then, the Confederation Bridge's assured transportation link to the mainland has altered the province's tourism and agricultural and fisheries export economies.
The province has very strict laws regarding use of road-side signs. Billboards and the use of portable signs are banned. There are standard directional information signs on all roads in the province for various businesses and attractions in the immediate area. Some municipalities' by-laws also restrict the types of permanent signs that may be installed on private property. A bylaw (sometimes also spelled by-law or byelaw) most commonly refers to a city or municipal law or ordinance passed under the authority of a Charter
The province has seven tertiary care hospitals:
The Hillsborough Hospital in Charlottetown is the province's only psychiatric hospital. In Medicine, tertiary healthcare is specialized consultative care usually on referral from primary or secondary medical care personnel by specialists The Queen Elizabeth Hospital (QEH is a 274 bed acute care hospital located in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, making it the largest hospital in the province The Hillsborough Hospital is a Psychiatric hospital in Charlottetown Prince Edward Island.
In recent decades, the province has shown statistically significant and abnormally high rates of diagnosed rare cancers. Health officials, ecologists and environmental activists point to the use of pesticides for industrial potato farming as a primary contaminant. This is a list of ecologists, in alphabetical order by surname Activism, in a general sense can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change A pesticide is a substance or mixture of substances used to kill a pest. The potato is a Starchy Tuberous crop Vegetable from the perennial Solanum tuberosum of the Solanaceae Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into an environment that causes instability disorder harm or discomfort to the physical systems or living organisms they are in 
The island's cultural traditions of art, music and creative writing are all supported through the public education system. One of the Maritime provinces of Canada, Prince Edward Island is known as a home for traditional Celtic music. There is an annual arts festival, the Charlottetown Festival, hosted each year at the Confederation Centre of the Arts. The Charlottetown Festival is a seasonal Canadian musical Theatre festival which runs from late May to mid-October every year since 1965. The Confederation Centre of the Arts is a Canadian centre dedicated to the visual and Performing arts located in the city of Charlottetown, The musical play Anne of Green Gables has run every year at the festival for more than four decades. Anne Of Green Gables - The Musical is a musical based on the Novel, Anne of Green Gables by Lucy Maud Montgomery. An unofficial sequel, Anne & Gilbert, premiered in the Playhouse in Victoria-by-the-Sea in 2005. Anne & Gilbert is a musical based on the Anne of Green Gables series of books by Lucy Maud Montgomery. Victoria-by-the-sea is a seaside village located on the South Shore of Queens County, Prince Edward Island. Elmer Blaney Harris founded an artist colony at Fortune Bridge and set his famous play Johnny Belinda on the island. Elmer Blaney Harris ( January 11, 1878 - September 6, 1966) was an American Author, Dramatist, and Playwright Fortune Bridge is a small Unincorporated area on Lot 43, East Parish, King County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. For the 1967 version see Johnny Belinda (1967 film. Johnny Belinda is a 1948 Drama film based on the
Prince Edward Island's documented music history begins in the 19th century with religious music, some written by local pump and block maker, and organ-importer, Watson Duchemin. Several big bands including the Sons of Temperance Band and the Charlottetown Brass Band, were active. Today, Acadian, Celtic and rock music prevail, with exponents including Timothy Chaisson, Lennie Gallant and Two Hours Traffic. Timothy Chaisson, born 1986 is a Canadian Singer-songwriter, Multi-instrumentalist, from Prince Edward Island. Lennie Gallant (born in Rustico Prince Edward Island) is a Canadian Singer-songwriter. Two Hours Traffic is a Canadian Indie rock band based in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. The celebrated singer-songwriter Stompin' Tom Connors spent his formative years in Skinners Pond. Charles Thomas "Stompin' Tom" Connors OC (born February 9 1936 is one of Canada 's most prolific and well-known folk singers Skinners Pond is a rural community in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. Robert Harris was a well-known artist. Robert Harris ( 18 September, 1848 - 27 February, 1919) was a Welsh-born Canadian painter most noted for his portrait of the Fathers of Confederation
Prince Edward Island is home to one university, the University of Prince Edward Island (UPEI), located in Charlottetown. The University of Prince Edward Island (UPEI is a university in Charlottetown Prince Edward Island, Canada. Charlottetown (ˈʃɑrlɪtaʊn (2006 population 32174 is a Canadian city and the provincial capital of Prince Edward Island, making it the seat The university was created by the Island legislature to replace Prince of Wales College and St. Dunstan's University, which still has its charter. UPEI is also home to the Atlantic Veterinary College, which offers the region's only veterinary medicine program. The Atlantic Veterinary College is a Veterinary school located in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada. UPEI recently replaced its English graduation requirements (two English courses) with Global Issues 151 and another writing intensive course, the first university in North America to do so.
Holland College is the provincial community college, with campuses across the province, including specialised facilities such as the Atlantic Police Academy, Marine Training Centre, and the Culinary Institute of Canada. Holland College is the provincial community college for the province of PEI. A community college is a type of Educational institution. The term has different meanings in different countries
The College of Piping and Celtic Performing Arts of Canada, located in Summerside, specialises in the instruction of bagpipe and other traditional Scottish and Irish performance art such as highland dance. Summerside (2006 pop 14500 is a Canadian city in Prince County, Prince Edward Island. Bagpipes are a class of Musical instrument, Aerophones using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world The term Highland Dancing is used today to refer to a style of athletic solo Dancing which evolved into its current form during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
Prince Edward Island's secondary schools include Charlottetown Rural, Colonel Gray, and Bluefield High Schools in Queens County; Souris, Montague, and Morell Regional High Schools in Kings County; and Kensington Intermediate Senior High, Kinkora Regional High School, Three Oaks Senior High, and Westisle Composite High School in Prince County. There are also two K-12 French schools, Ecole Francois Buote in Charlottetown and Ecole Evangeline in the western part of the province.
Prince Edward Island, along with most rural regions in North America, is experiencing an accelerated rate of youth emigration. The provincial government has projected that public school enrolment will decline by 40% during the 2010s.
Panorama of the banks of the Hunter River in New Glasgow
Prince Edward Island is twinned with County Monaghan in the Republic of Ireland. New Glasgow ( is an Unincorporated area located in Queens County in the central portion of Prince Edward Island, south-west of North Rustico County Monaghan ('mɔnəhən Irish: Contae Mhuineacháin) is a county in Ireland.
Prince Edward Island is also a sister province of Hainan Island, China.