the Republic of Korea
Coat of arms of the Republic of Korea
|Term length||Five years, not eligible for re-election|
|Formation||April 10, 1919|
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The President of the Republic of Korea is, according to the Constitution, head of state, chief executive of the government, and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Lee Myung-bak (ˈliː ˈmjʊŋˌbæk or Korean) (born December 19, 1941) is the tenth and current President of South Korea Term of office refers to the length of time a person (usually a politician serves in a particular office An inauguration is a ceremony of formal Investiture whereby an individual assumes an office or position of authority or power Syngman Rhee or Yi Seungman ( March 26, 1875 – July 19, 1965) was the first president of South Korea. Events 879 - Louis III becomes King of the Western Franks. 1407 - the lama Year 1919 ( MCMXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː Politics of the Republic of Korea takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic Republic, whereby the President The Government of South Korea is divided into three branches executive judicial and legislative The Sixth Republic of South Korea is the country's present-day government The Constitution of the Republic of Korea (South Korea is its basic law The following is a list of Presidents of South Korea since its independence Lee Myung-bak (ˈliː ˈmjʊŋˌbæk or Korean) (born December 19, 1941) is the tenth and current President of South Korea The Prime Minister of South Korea is appointed by the President with the National Assembly 's approval Dr Han Seung-soo (born December 28, 1936 in Gangwon-do) is a Korean Politician and Diplomat. The most influential part of the executive branch of the South Korean government are the ministries. The National Assembly of South Korea is a 299-member Unicameral Legislature. The Supreme Court of Korea is the highest court in South Korea. The Chief Justice of the Republic of Korea is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Korea. Elections in South Korea are held on national level to select the President and the National Assembly. The 15th South Korean Presidential Election took place on December 18, 1997. The 16th South Korean Presidential Election took place on December 19, 2002. The 17th South Korean presidential election took place on December 19, 2007. Political parties in South Korea lists political parties in South Korea. The Grand National Party is a conservative-leaning political party in South Korea. Liberty Forward Party (; Abbreviation:LFP is a Conservative political party in South Korea. The Democratic Labor Party (DLP is a Left-wing nationalist, Socialist political party in South Korea, established in January 2000 The Renewal of Korea Party ( Hangul: 창조한국당 Hanja: 創造韓國黨 Abbreviation: RKP or ROKP is a political party of South Korea New Progressive Party (NPP is a Left wing political party in South Korea. Korean reunification is a possible future Reunification of North Korea and South Korea under a single government The Sunshine Policy was the South Korean doctrine towards North Korea until Lee Myung-bak 's election to presidency in 2008 |||} South Korea is divided into 8 Provinces ( do) 1 special autonomous province ( teukbyeol jachido) 6 metropolitan cities ( gwangyeoksi Human rights in South Korea have evolved significantly from the days of military dictatorship and reflects the state's current status as a constitutional democracy The foreign relations of South Korea are dominated by its relationships with North Korea, Japan, China and United States. Information on politics by country is available for every Country, including both De jure and De facto independent President is a Title leaders of Organizations companies, Trade unions universities, and countries. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː The Constitution and the amended Presidential Election Act of 1987 provide for election of the president by direct, secret ballot, ending sixteen years of indirect presidential elections under the preceding two governments. The President is directly elected to a five-year term with no possibility of re-election. If a presidential vacancy should occur, a successor must be elected within sixty days, during which time presidential duties are to be performed by the prime minister or other senior cabinet members in the order of priority as determined by law. The Prime Minister of South Korea is appointed by the President with the National Assembly 's approval While in office, the chief executive is exempt from criminal liability except for insurrection or treason.
Since February 25, 2008, Lee Myung-bak has been the incumbent president. Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Lee Myung-bak (ˈliː ˈmjʊŋˌbæk or Korean) (born December 19, 1941) is the tenth and current President of South Korea
The president may, at his own discretion, refer important policy matters to a national referendum, declare war, conclude peace and other treaties, appoint senior public officials, and grant amnesty (with the concurrence of the National Assembly). In times of serious internal or external turmoil or threat, or economic or financial crises, the president may assume emergency powers "for the maintenance of national security or public peace and order. " Emergency measures may be taken only when the National Assembly is not in session and when there is no time for it to convene. The measures are limited to the "minimum necessary. "
The 1987 Constitution removed the 1980 Constitution's explicit provisions that empowered the government to temporarily suspend the freedoms and rights of the people. However, the president is permitted to take other measures that could amend or abolish existing laws for the duration of a crisis. It is unclear whether such emergency measures could temporarily suspend portions of the Constitution itself. Emergency measures must be referred to the National Assembly for concurrence. If not endorsed by the assembly, the emergency measures can be revoked; any laws that had been overridden by presidential order regain their original effect. In this respect, the power of the legislature is more vigorously asserted than in cases of ratification of treaties or declarations of war, in which the Constitution simply states that the National Assembly "has the right to consent" to the president's actions. In a change from the 1980 Constitution, the 1987 Constitution stated that the president is not permitted to dissolve the National Assembly.
The president works out of an official residence called the Blue House, so named because of the building's blue roof tiles. Cheong Wa Dae (translation The House of the Blue Roof Tiles or the Blue House, Office of the President of the Republic of Korea) is the executive office He is assisted by the staff of the Presidential Secretariat, headed by a cabinet-rank secretary general. Apart from the State Council, or cabinet, the chief executive relies on several constitutional organs.
These constitutional organs included the National Security Council, which provided advice concerning the foreign, military, and domestic policies bearing on national security. Chaired by the president, the council in 1990 had as its statutory members the prime minister, the deputy prime minister, the ministers for foreign affairs, home affairs, finance, and national defense, the director of the Agency for National Security Planning (ANSP, known as the Korean Central Intelligence Agency--KCIA--until December 1980), and others designated by the president. Another body was the Advisory Council for Peaceful Unification Policy, inaugurated in June 1981 under the chairmanship of the president. From its inception, this body had no policy role, but rather appeared to serve as a government sounding board and as a means to disburse political rewards by providing large numbers of dignitaries and others with titles and opportunities to meet periodically with the president and other senior officials.
The president also was assisted in 1990 by the Audit and Inspection Board. In addition to auditing the accounts of all public institutions, the board scrutinized the administrative performance of government agencies and public officials. Its findings were reported to the president and the National Assembly, which itself had broad powers to inspect the work of the bureaucracy under the provisions of the Constitution. Board members were appointed by the president.
One controversial constitutional organ was the Advisory Council of Elder Statesmen, which replaced a smaller body in February 1988, just before Roh Tae Woo was sworn in as president. This body was supposed to be chaired by the immediate former president; its expansion to eighty members, broadened functions, and elevation to cabinet rank made it appear to have been designed, as one Seoul newspaper said, to "preserve the status and position of a certain individual. " The government announced plans to reduce the size and functions of this body immediately after Roh's inauguration. Public suspicions that the council might provide former President Chun with a power base within the Sixth Republic were rendered moot when Chun withdrew to an isolated Buddhist temple in self-imposed exile in November 1988.
|Lee Myung-bak (이명박)||Grand National Party||11,492,389||48. Events 324 - Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː The 17th South Korean presidential election took place on December 19, 2007. Lee Myung-bak (ˈliː ˈmjʊŋˌbæk or Korean) (born December 19, 1941) is the tenth and current President of South Korea The Grand National Party is a conservative-leaning political party in South Korea. 7|
|Chung Dong-young (정동영)||United New Democratic Party||6,174,681||26. Chung Dong-young (born July 27, 1953 in Sunchang County, North Jeolla) is a Politican and was the United New Democratic Party The United New Democratic Party ( Hangul: 대통합민주신당 Hanja: 大統合民主新黨 Abbreviation: UNDP was a political party of South Korea 1|
|Lee Hoi-chang (이회창)||Independent||3,559,963||15. Lee Hoi-chang (ihøtɕʰaŋ (born June 2, 1935) is a South Korean politician In Politics, an independent is a Politician who is not Affiliated with any Political party. 1|
|Moon Kook-hyun (문국현)||Creative Korea Party||1,375,498||5. Moon Kook-hyun ( Korean: 문국현 Hanja: 文國現 born 12 January 1949) is the leader of the Renewal of Korea Party, The Renewal of Korea Party ( Hangul: 창조한국당 Hanja: 創造韓國黨 Abbreviation: RKP or ROKP is a political party of South Korea 8|
|Kwon Young-ghil (권영길)||Democratic Labour Party||712,121||3. Kwon Young-ghil (born 1941 in Sancheong County, Gyeongsangnam-do) is a South Korean Politician. The Democratic Labor Party (DLP is a Left-wing nationalist, Socialist political party in South Korea, established in January 2000 0|
|Lee In-je (이인제)||Centrist Reformists Democratic Party||160,708||0. 7|
|Huh Kyung-young (허경영)||Economic Republican Party||96,756||0. Huh Kyung-young ( Korean: 허경영 Hanja: 許京寧 born Jan 1, 1950) is a South Korean politician of the Economic Republican 4|
|Geum Min (금민)||Korea Socialist Party||18,223||0. Korea Socialist Party is a minor progressivist political party in South Korea, established in 1998. 1|
|Chung Kun-mo (정근모)||True Owner Coalition||15,380||0. 1|
|Chun Kwan (전관)||Chamsaram Society Full True Act||7,161||0. 0|
|Total (turnout 62. 9%)||23,732,854||100. 0|
|Source: NEC (National Election Commission)|
In the event of the president not being able to discharge the duties of his/her office, the order of succession to the position of acting president is governed by the section 71 of the Constitution of South Korea, and section 26 of the Government Organisation Act. The 17th South Korean presidential election took place on December 19, 2007. The Constitution of the Republic of Korea (South Korea is its basic law