Prairie, from the french prairie ("meadow", "grassland", "pasture", "prairie"), refers to an area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few or no trees, and having generally a mesic climate. Poaceae or Gramineae is a family in the Class Liliopsida of the flowering plants. A(n herb (ˈhɝb or /ˈɝb/ see pronunciation differences) is a plant that is valued for qualities such as medicinal properties flavor scent or the like A tree is a perennial Woody plant. It is most often defined as a woody plant that has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground on a single main stem or In Ecology, a mesic habitat is a type of Habitat with a moderate or well-balanced supply of Moisture, i
Lands typically referred to as "prairie" tend to be in North America. The term encompasses much of the area referred to as the Great Plains of the United States and Canada. The Great Plains are the broad expanse of Prairie and Steppe which lie east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States and Canada The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page In the U. S. , the area is constituted by most or all of the following states; North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado, Wyoming and Montana, and sizable parts of the states of Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Missouri, and Minnesota. The Central Valley of California is also prairie. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The Canadian Prairies occupy vast areas of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. The Canadian Prairies is a region in western Canada, which may correspond to several different definitions natural or political Manitoba (English ˌmænɨˈtoʊbə French /manitoba/ is a province of Canada, spanning 647797 square kilometres (250116  sq mi of North America Saskatchewan (səˈskætʃəwən) is a prairie province in Canada, which has an area of 588276 Alberta (ælˈbɝtə is one of Canada's prairie provinces. It became a province on September 1 1905
In spite of long recurrent droughts and occasional torrential rains, the grasslands of the Great Plains are not subject to great soil erosion. Rain is Liquid precipitation. On Earth it is the condensation of atmospheric Water vapor into drops heavy enough to fall often making it to Grasslands (also called greenswards) are areas where the Vegetation is dominated by Grasses ( Poaceae) and other Herbaceous (non-woody The Great Plains are the broad expanse of Prairie and Steppe which lie east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States and Canada Erosion is the carrying away or displacement of solids ( Sediment, Soil, rock and other particles usually by the agents of currents such as wind The deep, interconnected root systems of prairie grasses firmly hold the soil in place and prevent run-off. These deep roots also help prairie plants to reach water in even the driest conditions. The prairie evolved to survive in extreme conditions and suffers less damage from dry conditions than the farm crops which have replaced many former prairies.
Fire is an important part of prairie ecology; natural and human-induced fires were common in historic prairie areas, rejuvenating the herbaceous species, and top killing trees and brush. Fire is the heat and light energy released during a Chemical reaction, in particular a combustion reaction. Ecology (from Greek grc οἶκος oikos, "house(hold" and grc -λογία -logia) is the scientific study of A herbaceous plant (or in botanical use a Herb) is a Plant that has leaves and stems that die down at the end of Grazing by animals such as the American Bison and Prairie dogs also helped maintain the original prairie ecology. The American bison ( Bison bison) is a Bovine Mammal, also commonly known as the American buffalo. The prairie dogs ( Cynomys) are small burrowing Rodents native to the Grasslands of North America Small areas of prairies also exist in eastern North America, and it is possible that these were created by Native Americans by periodic burning. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States One such area was along the southeastern shore of Lake Erie in what is now Pennsylvania and New York; another was between Seneca Lake and Cayuga Lake in present New York. Lake Erie (ˈɪəriː is the fourth largest Lake (by surface area of the five Great Lakes, and the tenth largest globally The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Seneca Lake, one of western New York 's glacial Finger Lakes, is the largest finger lake Cayuga Lake (pronounced either "kā-'yü-gə" or "kī-'yü-gə" is the longest of western New York 's glacial Finger Lakes, and is the second largest
Significant preserved areas of prairie include:
Virgin prairie refers to prairie land that has never been plowed. Grasslands National Park is one of Canada 's newer National parks and is located in southern Saskatchewan along the Montana border Saskatchewan (səˈskætʃəwən) is a prairie province in Canada, which has an area of 588276 Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park is an interprovincial park straddling the southern Alberta - Saskatchewan border located southeast of Medicine Hat Alberta (ælˈbɝtə is one of Canada's prairie provinces. It became a province on September 1 1905 Saskatchewan (səˈskætʃəwən) is a prairie province in Canada, which has an area of 588276 The Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie is a Prairie reserve operated by the United States Forest Service. Will County is a County located in the northern part of the U The Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge is a federal National wildlife refuge located in Jasper County Iowa, United States. The State of Iowa ( is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States of America. The Konza Prairie Biological Station is a 3487-hectare (8616 acre 13 Manhattan is a city in Pottawatomie and Riley counties in the northeastern part of the U Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve is a United States National Preserve located in the Flint Hills region of Kansas. Kansas ( is a Midwestern state in the central region of the United States of America, an area often referred to as the American " This article is about the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in Oklahoma Oklahoma ( is a state located in the South Central region of the United States of America. Nine Mile Prairie (named for its location northwest of Lincoln, Nebraska) is a tract of conserved Tallgrass prairie. Nebraska ( is a state located on the Great Plains of the Midwestern United States and The Zumwalt Prairie is a Grasslands located in Wallowa County in northeast Oregon, United States. Wallowa County is a county located in the US state of Oregon. Richard Bong State Recreation Area is a 4515 acres (18 km² unit of the state park system of the U Kenosha County is a county located along the West Shore of Lake Michigan in the far southeastern corner U Lake County is a county located in the US state of Indiana. In 2000 its population was 484564 making it Indiana's second-most populous county Jacobsburg Environmental Education Center is a Pennsylvania State Park near Wind Gap, in Bushkill Township, Northampton County in Pennsylvania The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern Clymer Meadow Preserve is a Nature Conservancy preserve located in the Blackland Prairie region of Texas. Hunt County is a County located in the US state of Texas. In 2000 its population was 76596 Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. The Tallgrass Aspen Parkland is a Conservation area located in southeastern Manitoba /northwestern Minnesota. Manitoba (English ˌmænɨˈtoʊbə French /manitoba/ is a province of Canada, spanning 647797 square kilometres (250116  sq mi of North America Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers Small virgin prairies exist in the American Midwestern states and in Canada. Restored prairie refers to a prairie that has been reseeded after plowing or other disturbance. Prairie restoration is an ecologically friendly way to restore some of the Prairie land that was lost to Industry, Farming and Commerce
Prairies are considered part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome by ecologists, based on similar temperate climates, moderate rainfall, and grasses, herbs, and shrubs, rather than trees, as the dominant vegetation type. Temperate grasslands Savannas and shrublands is a Biome whose predominant vegetation consists of Grasses and/or Shrubs The Climate A biome is a climatically and geographically defined area of ecologically similar climatic conditions such as communities of Plants Animals and Other temperate grasslands regions include the Pampas of Argentina, and the steppes of Russia and Ukraine and Western Germany. Laguna de Gomezjpg|thumb|left|240px|Lake Gomez near Junín in the heart of the Pampas grain belt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. In physical Geography, a steppe ( German, from степь - "a flat and arid land" степ - /stɛp/ тал - tal дала - /dɑlɑ/ pronounced Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe.