A port is a facility for receiving ships and transferring cargo. A ship /ʃɪp/ is a large vessel that floats on water Ships are generally distinguished from Boats based on size They are usually situated at the edge of an ocean, sea, river, or lake. An ocean (from Greek, ''Okeanos'' (Oceanus) is a major body of saline water, and a principal component of the Hydrosphere. This article is about the body of water For other uses see SEA and Seas. "Riverine" redirects here For the use of that term in Maritime geography, see there A lake (from Latin lacus) is a Terrain feature (or Physical feature) a body of Liquid on the surface of a world that is localized to the Ports often have cargo-handling equipment such as cranes (operated by longshoremen) and forklifts for use in loading/unloading of ships, which may be provided by private interests or public bodies. A crane is a lifting machine equipped with a Winder, Wire ropes or Chains and sheaves that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to Often, canneries or other processing facilities will be located near by. Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food is processed and sealed in an airtight container Harbour pilots and tugboats are often used to maneuver large ships in tight quarters as they approach and leave the docks. A pilot is a Mariner who guides Ships through dangerous or congested waters such as Harbours or River mouths Legally the master remains TUGboat (ISSN 0896-3207 is a journal published three times per year by the TeX Users Group. A dock (from Dutch 'dok' is a man-made feature involved in the handling of boats or ships Ports which handle international traffic have customs facilities. Customs is an Authority or agency in a Country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods
The terms "port" and "seaport" are used for ports that handle ocean-going vessels, and "river port" is used for facilities that handle river traffic, such as barges and other shallow draft vessels. Some ports on a lake, river, or canal have access to a sea or ocean, and are sometimes called "inland ports". The term inland port is used in two different but related ways to mean either a port on an inland Waterway or an inland site carrying out some functions of a Seaport A "fishing port" is a type of port or harbor facility particularly suitable for landing and distributing fish. A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences) or haven, is a place where ships may shelter from the Weather or are stored Fish are aquatic Vertebrate animals that are typically ectothermic (previously Cold-blooded) covered with scales, and equipped with two A "dry port" is a term sometimes used to describe a yard used to place containers or conventional bulk cargo, usually connected to a seaport by rail or road. A Dry Port is an inland intermodal terminal directly connected by Road or rail to a Seaport and operating as a centre for the Transshipment of A "warm water port" is a port where the water does not freeze in winter. Because they are available year-round, warm water ports can be of great geopolitical or economic interest, with the ports of Saint Petersburg and Valdez being notable examples. Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River Valdez ( is a city in Valdez-Cordova Census Area in the US state of Alaska. A "port of call" is an intermediate stop, for example to collect supplies or fuel.
Cargo containers allow efficient transport and distribution by eliminating loading of smaller packages at each transportation point, and allowing the shipping unit to be sealed for its entire journey. Containerization (or containerisation) is a system of Intermodal freight transport Cargo Transport using standard ISO containers Standard containers can easily be loaded on a ship, train, truck, or airplane, greatly simplifying intermodal transfers. A ship /ʃɪp/ is a large vessel that floats on water Ships are generally distinguished from Boats based on size A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a track ( Permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another This article is about the semi-truck For the North American use of the word see Pickup truck. Overview Fixed-wing aircraft range from small training and recreational aircraft to Wide-body aircraft and military cargo aircraft. Cargo often arrives by train and truck to be consolidated at a port and loaded onto a large container ship for international transport. Container ships are Cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size containers in a technique called Containerization. At the destination port, it is distributed by ground transport.
Ports and shipping containers are a vital part of modern Just In Time inventory management strategies. Just-in-time ( JIT) is an inventory strategy implemented to improve the Return on investment of a Business by reducing in-process Inventory and
Ports sometimes fall out of use. Rye, East Sussex, England, UK was an important port in the Middle Ages, but the coastline changed and it is now 2 miles (3. The small town of Rye, in East Sussex, England, stands at the confluence of two rivers although in medieval times as an important member of the Cinque Ports England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located 2 km) from the sea, while the ports of Ravenspurn and Dunwich have been lost to coastal erosion. Ravenspurn was an old East Riding of Yorkshire town in England, which was lost due to Coastal erosion. Dunwich (ˈdʌnɨtʃ is a small town in Suffolk, England, within the Suffolk Coast and Heaths AONB. Coastal erosion is the wearing away of land or the removal of Beach or Dune Sediments by Wave action tidal currents, wave currents Also in the UK, London on the River Thames, and Manchester, on the Manchester Ship Canal, were once important international ports, but changes in shipping methods, such as the use of containers and larger ships, put them at a disadvantage. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The Thames ( is a major River flowing through southern England. The Manchester Ship Canal is a wide long river navigation in North West England, opened on 21 May 1894
Water port topics
Other types of ports
Support to seafarers