|Papacy began||December 27, 795|
|Papacy ended||June 12, 816|
|Born||Date of birth unknown|
|Died||June 12, 816|
Place of death unknown
|Other popes named Leo|
Pope Leo III (died June 12, 816) was Pope from 795 to 816. Events 537 - The Hagia Sophia is completed 1512 - The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the Events By Place Europe In the earliest recorded Viking raid on Ireland, they attack Iona, Inisbofin and Inismurray Events 1381 - Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath. Events By Place Europe Frankish king Louis the Pious is crowned emperor by Pope Stephen IV. Pope Adrian, or Hadrian I, (d December 25, 795) was Pope from February 9 772 to December 25 795 Pope Stephen IV was Pope from June 816 to January 817 He succeeded Leo III, whose policy he continued Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Events 1381 - Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath. Events By Place Europe Frankish king Louis the Pious is crowned emperor by Pope Stephen IV. Events 1381 - Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath. Events By Place Europe Frankish king Louis the Pious is crowned emperor by Pope Stephen IV. History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and
Leo announced his election to Charlemagne, sending him the keys of Saint Peter's tomb and the banner of Rome, requesting an envoy. Charlemagne (ˈʃɑrlɨmeɪn Carolus Magnus or Karolus Magnus meaning Charles the Great) (747 – 28 January 814 was King of the Franks from 768 to his Saint Peter's tomb is a site believed by Roman Catholics to be the burial place of Saint Peter, beneath the high altar of St Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Charlemagne in his reply stated that it was his function to defend the church and the popes' to pray for the realm and for victory of the army.
Leo, coming from a common-folk background, aroused the hostility of Rome's nobility, who saw the papal post as reserved for noble candidates. During his rule he was accused of adultery and perjury. In April 799 he was attacked by a gang, who unsuccessfully attempted to gouge out his eyes and cut off his tongue for his earlier actions. He was then formally deposed and sent to a monastery, but escaped and made his way to Charlemagne, who escorted him back to Rome under royal protection. On Christmas Day, Leo placed the imperial crown on Charlemagne's head, creating the office of Holy Roman Emperor (HRE). The Holy Roman Emperor (Römischer Kaiser or Römisch-Deutscher Kaiser Romanorum Imperator was the elected monarch ruling over the many varying numbers of states
Charlemagne went to Rome in November 800, and on December 1 held a council there with representatives of both sides. Events 800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican Leo, on December 23, took an oath of purgation concerning the charges brought against him, and his opponents were exiled. Events 962 - Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city Antejuramentum, and præjuramentum, historically called juramentum calumniæ (literally "oath to accuse falsely" is an Oath which Two days later Leo crowned Charlemagne after the latter prayed at St. Peter's tomb. Charlemagne was to intervene in church affairs, not always being successful.
Leo helped restore King Eardwulf of Northumbria, and settled various matters of dispute between the Archbishops of York and Canterbury. Eardwulf ( fl 790 &ndash c 830 was King of Northumbria from 796 to 806 when he was deposed and went into exile The Archbishop of York is a high-ranking cleric in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the chief bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the He also reversed the decision of his predecessor in regards to the granting of the pallium to the bishop of Lichfield, Higbert. This article refers to the religious garment called a "pallium" The Bishop of Lichfield is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Lichfield in the Province of Canterbury. He believed that the English episcopate had been misrepresented before Hadrian and that therefore his act was invalid. In 803, Lichfield was a regular diocese again.
Leo forbade the addition of "filioque" to Nicene Creed which was added by Franks in Aachen in 809. The Nicene Creed (ˈnaɪsiːn is an ecumenical Christian statement of faith accepted in the Eastern Orthodox Church, Assyrian Church of ( Ripuarian: Oche, Dutch: Aken, Spanish: Aquisgrán, Italian: Aquisgrana, French, He also ordered that the Nicene creed be engraved on silver tablets so that his conclusion might not be overturned in the future. He wrote «HAEC LEO POSUI AMORE ET CAUTELA ORTHODOXAE FIDEI» (I, Leo, put here for love and protection of orthodox faith)(VITA LEONIS, LIBER PONTIFICALIS (Ed. Duchene, TII, p. 26)
The reasons for the coronation, the involvement beforehand of the Frankish court, and the relationship to the Byzantine Empire are all matters of debate among historians. The Franks or Frankish people (Franci or gens Francorum) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an Ethnic group An effective administrator of the papal territories, Leo contributed to the beautification of Rome.
His feast day, formerly, was June 12. The Calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a Liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more Saints Events 1381 - Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath.
|Roman Catholic Church titles|