|This article is part of the|
Lobbying in the United States
series. Lobbying in the United States targets the United States Senate, the United States House of Representatives, and state legislatures Lobbyists may also represent
|Political action committee|
|Campaign finance reform|
|Major industry lobbies|
|Major single-issue lobbies|
|Pro-life / pro-choice (abortion)|
|Foreign and defense policy|
|Gun rights / gun control|
In the US, a political action committee, or PAC, is the name commonly given to a private group, regardless of size, organized to elect or defeat government officials or to promote or defeat legislation. A 527 group is a type of American Tax-exempt organization named after a section of the United States tax code,. Campaign finance in the United States is the financing of electoral campaigns at the federal, state, and local levels. Campaign finance reform is the common term for the political effort in the United States to change the involvement of money in Politics, primarily in Political " Energy Lobby " is the Umbrella term used to name the paid representatives of large oil gas coal and electric utilities corporations who attempt to influence governmental Agriculture is a major industry in the United States and the country is a net exporter of food Health care in the United States is provided by many separate legal entities Labor unions in the United States function as legally recognized representatives of workers in numerous industries Software lobbying groups aim to influence a government's technology policy decisions on behalf of their members Overview Road transportation In comparison to most of the Western world, the United States relies much more Insurance, in Law and Economics, is a form of Risk management primarily used to hedge against the Risk of a contingent loss Abortion in the United States is a highly-charged issue involving significant political and ethical debate In the United States today the organized Environmental movement is represented by a wide range of organizations sometimes called Non-governmental organizations or In the US, a Political Action Committee, or PAC, is the name commonly given to a private group regardless of size organized to elect political candidates The foreign policy of the United States is highly influential on the world stage as it is a Superpower. Gun politics in the United States, incorporating the political aspects of Gun politics, and firearms rights has long been among the most controversial and intractable issues The Israel lobby in the United States is a term used to describe the loose coalition of groups and individuals who attempt to influence American foreign policy in support of Israel and The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Legally, what constitutes a "PAC" for purposes of regulation is a matter of state and federal law. Under the Federal Election Campaign Act, an organization becomes a "political committee" by receiving contributions or making expenditures in excess of $1,000 for the purpose of influencing a federal election. The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 ( FECA,, et seq) is a United States federal law which increased disclosure of contributions for federal
When an interest group gets directly involved within the political process, a PAC is created. These PACs receive and raise money from the special group's constituents, and on behalf of the special interest, makes donations to political campaigns.
Contributions by individuals to federal PACs are limited to $5000. Corporations and unions may not contribute to federal PACs, though they may pay for the administrative costs of a PAC affiliated with the specific corporation or union. Corporate and union affiliated PACs may only solicit contributions from executives, shareholders and their families (in the case of corporations) or members (in the case of unions). "Independent" PACs not affiliated with a corporation or union may solicit contributions from the general public but must pay their operating costs from these regulated contributions.
Federal Multi-candidate PACs are limited in the amount of money they can contribute to other organizations:
Under federal law, PACs are not limited in their ability to spend money independently of a candidate campaign.
A leadership PAC in U.S. politics is a political action committee that can be established by a member of Congress to support other candidates. Agriculture is a major industry in the United States and the country is a net exporter of food The United States came into being around the Age of Enlightenment (circa 1680 to 1800 a period in which writers and thinkers rejected the Superstitions of the past The energy policy of the United States is determined by federal state and local public entities in the United States, which address issues of energy production distribution The foreign policy of the United States is highly influential on the world stage as it is a Superpower. Health care in the United States is provided by many separate legal entities Labor unions in the United States function as legally recognized representatives of workers in numerous industries Overview Road transportation In comparison to most of the Western world, the United States relies much more Politics of the United States takes place in the framework of a presidential, Federal republic where the President of the United States (the Head of The funds cannot be spent to directly support the owner of the PAC's own campaign (such as mail or ads), but may fund travel and make contributions to other campaigns. During the 2006 election cycle, 256 leadership PACs contributed over $37 million to federal candidates. 
In the 2004 elections, the top 10 PACs by money spent by themselves, their affiliates and subsidiaries were as follows: