View of Piraeus Harbour
|Time zone:||EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)|
|Elevation (min-max):||0 - 6. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Eastern European Time ( EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 Time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. Eastern European Summer Time ( EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 Time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. UTC+2 corresponds to the following Time zones Eastern European Time Egypt Standard Time Central Africa Time UTC+3 is used in the following locations Moscow Time Eastern European Summer Time West Asian Summer Time The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. 6 m (0 - 22 ft)|
|Mayor:||Panagiotis Fasoulas (PASOK)|
|Population statistics (as of 2001)|
|- Area:||10. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία The peripheries ( Περιφέρειες) are the official regional Administrative divisions of Greece. Attica (Αττική Attikí;) is a periphery (subdivision in Greece, containing Athens, the capital of Greece Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 3 super-prefectures and 54 prefectures or nomes Piraeus is one of the Prefectures of Greece. It is part of the periphery of Attica and the Athens-Piraeus super-prefecture. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Panagiotis Fasoulas ( in Greek: Παναγιώτης Φασούλας, nicknamed "The Spider" (Greek αράχνη born May 12, 1963 The Panhellenic Socialist Movement, better known as PASOK ( Greek: Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα Pa nellinio So In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 865 km² (4 sq mi)|
|- Density:||16,171 /km² (41,882 /sq mi)|
|- Area:||50. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central 417 km² (19 sq mi)|
|- Density:||9,244 /km² (23,942 /sq mi)|
Piraeus (Modern Greek: Πειραιάς, Peiraiás, Ancient Greek / Katharevousa: Πειραιεύς, Peiraieús) is a city in the periphery of Attica, Greece, and a suburb located 9 km to the south-west of the center of Athens. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. The Greek Postal code system is is administered by ELTA (Ελληνικά Ταχυδρομεία Hellenic Post) This is a list of dialing codes in Greece. The first digit represents type of service Greek Vehicle registration plates are composed of three letters and four digits per plate (e Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage in the development of the Hellenic language family spanning the Archaic (c Katharevousa (Καθαρεύουσα, lit "the purified one" is a form of the Greek language conceived in the early 19th century by Greek intellectual Attica (Αττική Attikí;) is a periphery (subdivision in Greece, containing Athens, the capital of Greece Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Athens (ˈæθənz Αθήνα Athina,) the Capital and largest city of Greece, dominates the Attica periphery as one of the world's It is the capital of the Piraeus Prefecture and belongs to the Athens urban area, being the second most populous municipality of the Greek capital, following the Athens municipality. Piraeus is one of the Prefectures of Greece. It is part of the periphery of Attica and the Athens-Piraeus super-prefecture. It was the port of the ancient city of Athens and was chosen to serve as the modern port when the city re-emerged in 1834. The History of Athens is one of the longest of any city in Europe and in the world Year 1834 ( MDCCCXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Piraeus is the largest port in Europe and the third largest in the world in terms of passenger transportation, servicing 19,000,000 passengers annually. The Piraeus station is the terminus of Line 1 (the "green line"), the electric train service now incorporated into the Athens Metro. Piraeus station is the Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways (ISAP train station in Piraeus, Greece, located approximately 9 km south-west of the center of ISAP is the Acronym for the Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways ( Η The Athens Metro is the underground Public transport system of Athens, Greece, constructed by the Attiko Metro company ( Αττικό The uninhabited island of Psyttaleia is also within municipal limits. Psyttaleia (Ψυττάλεια is an uninhabited island in the Saronic Gulf a few miles off the coast of Piraeus, Greece.
The population of the municipality of Piraeus is 175,697 (2001). The prefecture of Piraeus, which includes the surrounding land and some of the islands of the Saronic Gulf, has a population of 541,504 (2001). The Saronic Gulf ( Greek: Σαρωνικός κόλπος Saronikós kólpos) or Gulf of Aegina in Greece forms part of the
Piraeus has been inhabited since the 26th century BC. The History of Athens is one of the longest of any city in Europe and in the world The 26th century BC is a Century which lasted from the year 2600 BC to 2501 BC  The name Piraeus roughly means the place over the passage. In very early antiquity Piraeus was a rocky island (the settlement of Munychia - the present Kastella) connected to the mainland by a low-lying stretch of land that was flooded with sea water most of the year and was used as a salt field whenever it dried up. Classical antiquity (also the classical era or classical period) is a broad term for a long period of cultural History centered on the Mediterranean Munichia is the ancient Greek name for a steep hill (86 m high in Piraeus, Athens, Greece known today as Kastella. Consequently it was called the "Halipedon" (salt field) and its muddy soil made it a tricky passage. The area was increasingly silted and flooding ceased, and by early classical times the land passage was made safe. It was then, in the late 6th century BC when the peninsula was first fortified by Hippias, that Piraeus assumed its importance as a deep water harbour, and the older, shallow Phaleron harbour fell into gradual disuse. The 6th century BC started the first day of 600 BC and ended the last day of 501 BC. Hippias of Athens (Ἱππίας ὁ Ἀθηναῖος was one of the sons of Peisistratus, and was Tyrant of Athens in the 6th century BC Faliro (Ancient Greek: Φάληρον Phálēron; Modern Greek: Φάληρο, Fáliro; Latin: Phaleron and
In Ancient Greece, Piraeus was a deme of Attica since the period of Cleisthenes, and a separate city from Athens, though closely related. The term ancient Greece refers to the period of Greek history lasting from the Greek Dark Ages ca Ancient Greece, a deme ( δῆμος) was a subdivision of Attica, the region of Greece surrounding Athens. Attica (Αττική Attikí;) is a periphery (subdivision in Greece, containing Athens, the capital of Greece Cleisthenes (Κλεισθένης also Clisthenes or Kleisthenes) was a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family Athens (ˈæθənz Αθήνα Athina,) the Capital and largest city of Greece, dominates the Attica periphery as one of the world's Themistocles was the first to advise the Athenians to take advantage of Piraeus harbours' strategical potential, instead of using the sandy bay of Phaleron. Themistocles ( Greek:; c 524&ndash459 BC was an Athenian soldier and statesman Foreseeing a new attack by the Persians (after the Battle of Marathon), he built large fortification works and turned Piraeus into a military harbor in 493 BC. layout and formatting it should ensure no clashes with the top of the infobox The Battle of Marathon ( Greek: Μάχη τοῡ Μαραθῶνος Machē tou Marathōnos) during the Greco-Persian Wars took place in 490 Events By place Persian Empire A Phoenician manned Persian fleet restores Persian control of Cyprus The shipyards that were created then, built the mighty Athenian fleet, which distinguished itself at the Battle of Salamis in 480 BC. The Battle of Salamis ( Ancient Greek:) was a decisive naval battle between the Greek City-states and Persia in September 480 BC in the Events By place Greece May — King Xerxes I of Persia marches from Sardis and onto Thrace Since then, Piraeus has been used as a navy base for the developed and powerful fleet of Athens in the Aegean Sea. Etymology In ancient times there were various explanations for the name Aegean. The fortifications were completed by Cimon in 460 BC and Pericles during the Athenian Golden Age, when Piraeus was connected with Athens by the Long Walls reaching its biggest splendor, and the Themistoclean Walls were completed. Cimon (in Greek, Κίμων &mdash Kimōn) (510 Athens - 450 BC Citium, Cyprus) was an Athenian Events By place Persian Empire Egypt revolts against Persian rule Pericles (also spelled Perikles) (c 495 – 429 BC Greek:, meaning "surrounded by glory" was a prominent and influential Statesman, orator The Golden Age is the term used to denote the historical period in Ancient Greece lasting roughly from the end of the Persian Wars in 448 BC to either the Long Walls ( Μακρά Τείχη) in Ancient Greece, were walls built from a city to its port providing a secure connection to the sea even during times of siege As a result Piraeus flourished and became a port of high security with a great commercial activity, and a city throbbing with life. The original town of Piraeus was planned by the architect Hippodamus of Miletus in the famous grid system that he devised, probably in the time of Pericles. Hippodamus of Miletus ( or Hippodamos Greek Ἱππόδαμος (498 BC &mdash 408 BC was an ancient Greek Architect Urban Planner Physician Mathematician Meteorologist The grid plan or gridiron plan is a type of City plan in which Streets run at right angles to each other forming a grid. The main agora was named after him, as an honor. The Agora was an open "place of assembly" in ancient Greek city-states
During the Peloponnesian War, Piraeus was the major Athenian port and suffered the first breakdown. As a result Piraeus was not able to compete with prosperous Rhodes, which controlled the commerce. Rhodes (Ρόδος Ródos, ˈɾo̞ðo̞s Rodi ردوس Rodos; Ladino: Rodi or Rodes) is a Greek island In 404 BC, Munychia was seized by Thrasybulus and the exiles from Phyle, in the Battle of Munychia, the Phyleans defeated the Thirty Tyrants of Athens, but in the following Battle of Piraeus in 403 BC, the exiles were defeated. Events By place Greece The Athenian leader Cleophon continues to urge resistance against the Peloponnesians but the situation Thrasybulus ( Θρασύβουλος, 'brave-willed' θræsɪˈbjuːləs d Fyli or Fili (Φυλή Latin and ancient form Phyle, also with the second i accented is a suburb in the northwestern part of Athens, Greece The Battle of Munychia was fought between Athenians exiled by the oligarchic government of the Thirty Tyrants and the forces of that government supported by a Spartan The Thirty Tyrants (30 τύραννοι or οἱ Τριάκοντα were a pro- Spartan Oligarchy installed in Athens after its defeat in the Peloponnesian The Battle of Piraeus was fought in 403 BC between Athenian exiles who had defeated the government of the Thirty Tyrants and occupied Piraeus Events By place Greece Thrasybulus leads the democratic resistance to the new oligarchic government known as the Thirty The three chief arsenals of Piraeus were Munychia, Zea and Cantharus, which could contain 82, 196 and 94 ships respectively in the 4th century BC. The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. Piraeus, as a port, would follow the fate of Athens. After the end of the Peloponnesian War, when Athens came under Spartan occupation, Piraeus was to bear the brunt of the victors' rage. The city of Sparta ( Doric Σπάρτα Attic Σπάρτη These walls would be torn down, the triremes found in the harbor surrendered to the Spartans or were burned, while the renowned neosoikoi ("ships' houses") would be pulled down and indeed in an almost festive manner-with music, dancing and songs. Trireme ( τριήρης sing τριήρεις pl triremis sing
After the reinstatement of democracy, Conon rebuilt the walls in 393 BC, founded the temples of Aphrodite Euploia, the sanctuary of Zeus Sotiros and Athena, and built the famous Skevothiki of Philon, the ruins of which have been discovered at Zea. Athenian democracy developed in the Greek City-state of Athens Conon ( Greek: Κόνων) was an Athenian general at the end of the Peloponnesian War, in charge during the decisive loss of the navy at the Events By place Greece The Athenian general Conon and the Persian Satrap Pharnabazus sail to Zeus (zjuːs in Greek: nominative: Zeús /zdeús/ genitive: Diós; Modern Greek /'zefs/ in Greek mythology ATHENA was an Antimatter research project that took place at the AD Ring at CERN. The reconstruction of Piraeus went on during the period of Alexander the Great, but this revival of the town was quashed by the Roman Lucius Cornelius Sulla, who captured and totally destroyed Piraeus in 86 BC. Alexander the Great ( or, Mégas Aléxandros; July 20 356 BC June 10 or June 11 323 BC also known as Alexander III of Macedon (el Ἀλέξανδρος Γ' Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix ( Latin: L•CORNELIVS•L•F•P•N•SVLLA•FELIX (c Year 86 BC was a year of the pre-Julian calendar. Events By place Rome First Mithridatic War The destruction was completed in 395 AD by the Goths under Alaric I. Events By Place Roman Empire After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Empire is re-divided into an eastern and a western half The Goths ( Gothic: Gothic usvg|14px|u]]Gothic asvg|14px|a]]Gothic s Alaric I ( Alareiks in the original Gothic; Alarik or Alarich in modern Germanic languages Alaricus in Latin and Alarico Piraeus was led to a long period of decline which lasted for fifteen centuries. During the Byzantine period the harbour of Piraeus was occasionally used for the Byzantine fleet, but it was very far from the capital, Constantinople. Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis, or gr ἡ Πόλις hē Polis, Latin: la CONSTANTINOPOLIS The city lost even its ancient and original name that was forgotten, named "Porto Leone (Lion's Port) in 1318 and "Porto Draco" by the Franks, taking its name from the marble lion standing at the point at which, later, the old Town Hall was built. The Franks or Frankish people (Franci or gens Francorum) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an Ethnic group The Piraeus Lion is one of four lion statues on display at the Venetian Arsenal, where it was displayed as a symbol of Venice's patron saint Saint Mark. 
In 1456, Piraeus became known as the "Aslan Liman" (Lion's Port) of the Turks. Most of Greece was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 14th century until its declaration of independence in 1821. The Piraeus Lion is one of four lion statues on display at the Venetian Arsenal, where it was displayed as a symbol of Venice's patron saint Saint Mark. The Turkish people (Türk Halkı also known as " Turks " ( Türkler) are defined mainly as being speakers of Turkish as a First language The marble lion was removed and stolen in 1688, during Francesco Morozini's expedition against Athens, and carried to the Arsenal of Venice, where it still stands today. The Venetian Arsenal (Arsenale di Venezia is a Shipyard and naval depot that played a leading role in Venetian empire-building A copy of the lion statue is on display at the Piraeus Archaeological Museum. Throughout Ottoman occupation, especially before the beginning of the Greek War of Independence, Piraeus was mostly deserted, except for the monastery of Saint Spyridon (1590) and a customs house, and it was only used for small intervals for commercial issues. Most of Greece was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 14th century until its declaration of independence in 1821. The Greek War of Independence (1821–1829 also commonly known as the Greek Revolution (Ελληνική Επανάσταση Elliniki Epanastasi; Ottoman Although there were numerous land owners, Athenians did not live in the area.
There were at least two failed attempts to create a new town, the first in 1792 by bringing population from Hydra, and the second during the Greek War of Independence in 1825 by the installation of people from Psara, but it was not until 1829, when permanent inhabitation of the area was restarted. Year 1792 ( MDCCXCII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Hydra (Ύδρα ˈiðra is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece, located in the Aegean Sea between the Saronic Gulf and the Argolic The Greek War of Independence (1821–1829 also commonly known as the Greek Revolution (Ελληνική Επανάσταση Elliniki Epanastasi; Ottoman Year 1825 ( MDCCCXXV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common For the Genus of crambid Moths see Psara (moth. Psara (Ψαρά is a Greek island in the For the game see 1829 (board game. Year 1829 ( MDCCCXXIX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display So, Piraeus became a small town with huts and a few farm-buildings, far away from its glorious past as a prosperous city, and its population consisted mainly by fishermen.
With the creation of the modern Greek state and the proclamation of Athens as the capital in 1832, the port again acquired a reason for existence and growth, and developed into a great commercial and industrial centre; population, mainly from the Aegean Islands, kept on arriving to reside in Piraeus. Year 1832 ( MDCCCXXXII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian The Aegean Islands (Νησιά Αιγαίου Nisiá Aigaíou; Ege Adaları are a group of Islands in the Aegean Sea, with mainland Greece A town plan for Piraeus was also drawn up and approved by King Othon, but it was not completely fulfillment as it was revolutionary at its time. Otto of Greece (Όθων Βασιλεύς της Ελλάδος Othon Vasileus tis Ellados) (1 June 1815 – 26 July 1867 was made the first modern king of Greece  Following the establishment of Piraeus as a municipality in 1835, after some petitions of the new prosperous bourgeoisie that was being created, municipal elections were held to elect a new mayor for the city. Year 1835 ( MDCCCXXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Its first mayor was Kyriakos Serfiotis from Hydra and Piraeus had about 300 inhabitants at that time.
Piraeus, from a desert small town, quickly became the leading port and the second largest city in Greece, and its prime geographical location and closeness to the Greek capital helped it continually to grow, attracting population from the whole country. Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Many events contributed to the development of the city, amongst them, the ultimate declaration as the leading port of Greece, the creation of a rail connecting it with Athens in 1869, the industrial development of the area in the 1860s and the creation of the Corinth Canal in 1893 which made Piraeus more strategic than ever. Year 1869 ( MDCCCLXIX) is a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events and trends Technology The First Transcontinental Railroad in the USA was completed in 1869 The Corinth Canal is a Canal that connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea. Year 1893 ( MDCCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common New buildings were constructed to cover the necessities of this growth, such as educational institutions, churches, the Stock Exchange Building, the Town Hall, the Central Market, the Post Office Building, some charity institutions, while the port was supplemented to be modern, with dredging operations, the construction of the Royal Landing, the Troumba Pier and the quay-ways up to the Customs House area, the commencement of construction work on the Outer Moles and the permanent dry-docks. At the end of the 19th century Piraeus had a population of 51,020 people. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar
The establishment of the Port Committee in 1911, which controlled the works of construction and maintenance of the port, and the Port of Piraeus Authority in 1930, which made a more efficient management of the port that was slowly increasing its traffic, played a vital catalytic role in its development. Year 1911 ( MCMXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Year 1930 ( MCMXXX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The town flourished and neo-classical buildings were erected; one of them, which continues to ornament the present town, still stands as the Municipal Theater, an excellent example of the area's once wider neoclassical architecture. After the period between 1912- 1922, which was decisive for the country and the nation, Piraeus suffered a great demographic explosion, with its population almost doubling to reach 251,659 in 1928, from 133,482 in 1920, owing to the arrival of Greek refugees from Asia Minor, after the Greco-Turkish War and the Asia Minor Catastrophe. Year 1912 ( MCMXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1920 ( MCMXX) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920 of the Gregorian calendar The Greeks ( Greek: Έλληνες) are a Nation and Ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus and neighbouring regions Anatolia (Anadolu Ανατολία Anatolía) or Asia minor, comprising most of modern Turkey, is the geographic region bounded by the Black The 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey is the first large-scale population exchange, or agreed mutual expulsion in the 20th century Although there was an increase of laboring force, a lot of social problems came out with the concetration of the new populations in the suburbs of the old city, like Nikaia, Keratsini, Drapetsona and Korydallos. Nikaia or Nikea (Νίκαια is a suburb in the west southwestern part of Athens, Greece. Keratsini ( Greek, Modern Κερατσίνι Ancient/ Katharevousa -on older forms Keratsinio and Keratsinion is a suburb in the west southwestern Drapetsona ( Greek, Δραπετσώνα older form Drapetsonas is a suburb in the southwestern part of Athens, Greece. Korydallos ( Greek: Κορυδαλλός Latin Corydallus) is a municipality which belongs to Piraeus Prefecture, Greece in the western suburbs
However, the involvement of Greece in World War II, came as a major setback to the city's progress. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including After the war the city started developing again, as the damages in the port and the city were repaired, and new projects of development took place after 1955. Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar) Piraeus is now the third largest municipality in Greece and the largest port in the country, while it has been absorbed into Athens urban area and it does not constitute a separate city anymore. Large parts of the Themistoclean Walls around the shoreline survive in very good condition to this day, and are incorporated in seaside promenades. Remnants of the neosoikoi, where the triremes were kept in wintertime, were also excavated, and valuable information about ancient shipbuilding and sailing was obtained by their study.
The area consists of a rocky promontory, containing three natural harbours: a large one on the north-west which functions as an important commercial harbour for the eastern Mediterranean Sea, and two smaller points, Zea and Mikrolimano. The western part of the port covers a huge area, with much of that part of the harbour lying in suburban Drapetsona and Keratsini. Drapetsona ( Greek, Δραπετσώνα older form Drapetsonas is a suburb in the southwestern part of Athens, Greece. Keratsini ( Greek, Modern Κερατσίνι Ancient/ Katharevousa -on older forms Keratsinio and Keratsinion is a suburb in the west southwestern
In addition to being the largest marine - based shipping centre of Greece, Piraeus is also the commercial hub of Greek shipping, with most of Greece's shipowners basing their commercial operations there, largely centred around the street Akti Miaouli. Shipping is arguably the oldest form of occupation of the Greeks Marine is an Umbrella term. As an adjective it is usually applicable to things relating to the Sea or Ocean, such as Marine biology, Marine Shipping is physical process of Transporting goods and Cargo. Shipping is arguably the oldest form of occupation of the Greeks In its capacities as host to Greek shipping, Piraeus has been affected significantly by the various governments of Greece. Following World War II, the Greek government attempted to nationalize the proceeds of the insurance payments given to Greek shipowners who had lost vessels as a result of those vessels having been commandered by the Allied Forces; the insurance had been provided by Lloyd's of London and guaranteed by the coalition of the allied forces. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including In general allies are people groups or nations that have joined together in an association for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose For the film see Lloyd's of London (film. Lloyd's of London is a British Insurance market Although the Greek shipowners ultimately won their case against the Greek government in the British courts, most were uninterested in continuing to base their headquarters in Piraeus both out of distrust of the Greek government and the fact that the war had left the greater Athens area in a state of severe poverty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located As a result, the Greek shipowners left Piraeus en masse in favor of operations in London, New York, Alexandria and other major shipping cities. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The City of New York Alexandria ( Egyptian Arabic: اسكندريه Eskendereyya; Standard Arabic: ar الإسكندرية Al-Iskandariyya; Ἀλεξάνδρεια
In 1967, when a group of colonels staged a coup d'état against the government, in order to increase desperately needed revenues, the junta offered lavish incentives for the Greek shipowners to bring their companies back to Piraeus. Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. Regime of the Colonels redirects here For the Polish regime of colonels see Colonels' group. This included both tax incentives and other inducements, as evidenced by the fact that Aristotle Onassis was allowed to purchase the entire island of Skorpios, which otherwise would have been a violation of Greek coastline laws. Aristotelis (also Ari or Aristo) Sokratis Onassis (Αριστοτέλης Ωνάσης (January 15 1906 &ndash March 15 1975 was one Skorpios (Σκορπιός is a Private island in the Ionian Sea off the western coast of Greece and just to the east of the island of Lefkada
After the junta fell in 1974, the successive democratic government generally maintained the deregulation of Greek-based shipping, and many shipowners have maintained commercial operations there since. Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. Today, however, as a result of traffic congestion plaguing the Athens area, and the fact that most shipowners reside in the lavish northern suburbs of Athens, many shipowners have opted once again to move their bases away from Piraeus to Northern Athens.
Piraeus, nevertheless, is still a major centre for Greek and international shipping, and bi-annually, it acts as the focus for a major shipping convention, known as Posidonia, which attracts maritime industry professionals from all over the world. Nowadays, Piraeus is one of the largest ports in Europe, and the annual number of 19 million passengers makes it the third largest worldwide, in terms of passenger transportation. Piraeus is also 47th worldwide in cargo traffic and on the top of all the eastern Mediterranean ports. The central port serves ferry routes to almost every island in the eastern portion of Greece, the island of Crete, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, and much of the northern and the eastern Aegean Sea, while the western part of the port is used for cargo services. Crete ( Greek: Κρήτη transliteration: Krētē, modern transliteration Kriti) is the largest of the Greek islands and the The CYCLADES Packet switching network was an extremely influential French network system in the early 1970s similar to the ARPANET. The Dodecanese ( Greek Δωδεκάνησα Dodekánisa 'twelve islands' are a group of 12 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the Aegean Etymology In ancient times there were various explanations for the name Aegean.
The following operators serve the Port:
Actually, Piraeus is the western part of the Athens coastal zone. Minoan Lines is one of the dominant passenger Ferry companies in Greece sailing between Piraeus and Crete and in the Adriatic Sea ANEK Lines is a shipping company It was originally created with the help of shareholders who were inhabitants of Crete In this area, the hill of Castella is worth visiting as it is one of the most wealthy neighbourhoods of Piraeus, with a unique view over Athens and the Saronic Gulf. The Saronic Gulf ( Greek: Σαρωνικός κόλπος Saronikós kólpos) or Gulf of Aegina in Greece forms part of the On the other hand, Kaminia is a beautiful and a classic working-class neighbourhood, which is widely known for the strong support its residents provide the most successful club of Piraeus with, Olympiacos. Olympiacos Football Club Honours Total titles 63 Domestic League, Cups One of the most famous places in Piraeus is the Municipal Theater (Greek: Δημοτικό Θέατρο), a magnificent neo-classical building. Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly In addition to these, Peace and Friendship Stadium and Karaiskákis Stadium, an indoor arena and a football venue respectively, home of Olympiacos basketball and football departments, are of the most impressive Greek stadiums, being opposite one of each other in Neo Faliro area. The Faliro Coastal Zone Olympic Sports Complex is a complex in the coastal zone of Athens, Greece. Faliro (Ancient Greek: Φάληρον Phálēron; Modern Greek: Φάληρο, Fáliro; Latin: Phaleron and Mikrolimano and Pasalimani (Zea) are the smaller harbours, which are touristy and attract a lot of people during the day.
Among the archeological sites of Piraeus, parts of the ancient Themistoclean Walls are still preserved in good condition, while there are ruins of the main gate to the Long Walls. Long Walls ( Μακρά Τείχη) in Ancient Greece, were walls built from a city to its port providing a secure connection to the sea even during times of siege Excavations in Pasalimani revealed the skevothiki, an ancient structure where ship's equipment was stored, designed by the architect Philon. Philon, Athenian Architect of the 4th century BC, is known as the planner of two important works the Portico of the great Hall of the In Castella, there is the Syrangio which probably served as a sanctuary to the local hero Syranga, and the Cave of Arethusa, both of the Minoan Age. The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization which arose on the island of Crete.  Ruins of the ancient city at the basement of the cathedral of Agia Triada and the ancient neosoikoi in Zea and Cantharus navy yard, can be seen. The Archeological Museum of Piraeus, along with the Maritime Museum, reveal the glorious history the city.
Piraeus is one of the various municipal authorities of the Athens urban area, located at the south-western end of its reach. Six other municipal authorities comprise what is the urban district of Piraeus (areas that in the past were part of the municipal area of Piraeus but now are self-governed at the local level): Nikaia, Korydallos, Keratsini, Perama, Drapetsona and Rentis. Nikaia or Nikea (Νίκαια is a suburb in the west southwestern part of Athens, Greece. Korydallos ( Greek: Κορυδαλλός Latin Corydallus) is a municipality which belongs to Piraeus Prefecture, Greece in the western suburbs Keratsini ( Greek, Modern Κερατσίνι Ancient/ Katharevousa -on older forms Keratsinio and Keratsinion is a suburb in the west southwestern Perama (Πέραμα is a port city and a suburb of Athens that lies on the southwest edge of the Aegaleo mountains Drapetsona ( Greek, Δραπετσώνα older form Drapetsonas is a suburb in the southwestern part of Athens, Greece. Agios Ioannis Rentis ( Greek: Άγιος Ιωάννης Ρέντης first part meaning Saint John) is a suburb in the southwestern part of Athens, The total population of the seven municipal regions is 466,065 (2001), a part of the total population of the Athens conurbation which is 3,130,841 (2001).
|1981||196,389||-||18,075. Year 1981 ( MCMLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 4/km²|
|1991||182,671||-13,718/-6. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar. 99%||16,812. 8/km²|
|2001||175,697||-6,974/-3. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. 82%||16,170. 9/km²|