The Pinacoteca di Brera ("Brera Art Gallery") is an art collection in Milan, Italy. Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest It contains one of the foremost collections of Italian paintings, an outgrowth of the cultural program of the Brera Academy, which shares the site in the Palazzo Brera. The Academy of Fine Arts of Brera, (Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera also known as Brera Academy ( it Accademia di Brera) is a public academic institution located
The Palazzo Brera owes its name to the Germanic braida, indicating a grassy opening in the city structure: compare the Bra of Verona. Verona is a city and provincial capital in Veneto, Northern Italy. The convent on the site passed to the Jesuits (1572), then underwent a radical rebuilding by Francesco Maria Richini (1627–28). The Society of Jesus ( Latin: Societas Iesu, SJ and SI or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order Francesco Maria Richini, also spelled Ricchini ( 9 February 1584 - 24 April 1658) was an Italian Baroque When the Jesuits were disbanded in 1773, the palazzo remained the seat of the astronomical Observatory and the library founded by the Jesuits. The Suppression of the Jesuits in Portugal, France, the Two Sicilies, Parma and the Spanish Empire by 1767 was a result An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial and/or celestial events In 1774 were added the herbarium of the new botanical garden. Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of Plants primarily to categorize and document for scientific purposes The buildings were extended to designs by Giuseppe Piermarini, who was appointed professor in the Academy when it was formally founded in 1776, with Giuseppe Parini as dean. Giuseppe Piermarini ( 18 July 1734 — 18 February 1808) was an Italian architect who trained with Luigi Vanvitelli at Rome and designed Giuseppe Parini ( May 23, 1729 August 15, 1799) was an Italian enlighted Satirist and Poet of Piermarini taught at the Academy for 20 years, while he was controller of the city's urbanistic projects, like the public gardens (1787–1788) and piazza Fontana, (1780—1782)
For the better teaching of architecture, sculpture and the other arts, the Academy initiated by Parini was provided with a collection of casts after the Antique, an essential for inculcating a refined Neoclassicism in the students. Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and Under Parini's successors, the abate Carlo Bianconi (1778–1802) and the genial scholarly artist Giuseppe Bossi (1802–1807), the Academy acquired the first paintings of its pinacoteca during the reassignment of works of Italian art that characterized the Napoleonic era. Giuseppe Bossi ( Busto Arsizio, August 11, 1777 - Milano, 9 November 1815) was an Italian painter Timeline of the Napoleonic eraThe Napoleonic Era is a period in the History of France and Europe Raphael's Sposalizio (the Marriage of the Virgin) was the key painting of the early collection, and the Academy increased its cultural scope by taking on associates across the First French Empire: David, Pietro Benvenuti, Vincenzo Camuccini, Canova, Thorvaldsen and the archaeologist Ennio Quirino Visconti. Raphael Sanzio, usually known by his first name alone (in Italian Raffaello) (April 6 or March 28 1483 – April 6 1520 was an Italian painter and The Marriage of the Virgin is a painting by the Italian High Renaissance master Raphael, 1504. The Empire of the French (1804-1814 also known as the Empire of France, Greater French Empire, First French Empire, French Empire, or Jacques-Louis David (August 30 1748 &ndash December 29 1825 was a highly influential French painter in the Neoclassical style considered to be Pietro Benvenuti ( 8 January, 1769 — 3 February, 1844) was an Italian academic painter Vincenzo Camuccini ( February 22 1771 - September 2 1844) was an Italian painter of Neoclassic histories and religious (Albert Bertel Thorvaldsen ( November 19, 1770 – March 24, 1844) was a Danish / Icelandic sculptor Ennio Quirino Visconti ( November 1, 1751 - February 7, 1818) was an Italian Antiquarian and Art historian, papal Prefect In 1805, under Bossi's direction, the series of annual exhibitions was initiated with a system of prizes, a counterpart of the Paris Salons, which served to identify Milan as the cultural capital for contemporary painting in Italy through the 19th century. The Salon (Salon or rarely Paris Salon (French Salon de Paris) beginning in 1725 was the official Art exhibition of the Académie des Beaux-Arts The Academy's artistic committee, the Commissione di Ornato exercised a controlling influence on public monuments, a precursor of today's Sopraintendenze delle Belle Arti.
The Romantic era witnessed the triumph of academic history painting, guided at the Academy by Francesco Hayez, and the introduction of the landscape as an acceptable academic genre, inspired by Massimo D'Azeglio and Giuseppe Bisi, while the Academy moved towards becoming an institution for teaching the history of art. Romanticism is a complex artistic literary and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Francesco Hayez ( February 10, 1791 - December 21, 1882) was an Italian painter the leading artist of Romanticism Massimo Taparelli marquis d'Azeglio ( October 24, 1798 - January 15, 1866) was an Italian Statesman, Novelist Thus in 1882 the Paintings Gallery was separated from the Academy.
From 1891 the exhibitions were reduced to triennial events, and architectural projects developed their autonomous course. During the period of the avant-garde when Modernism was becoming established, the director of the Academy Camillo Boito had as pupil Luca Beltrami, and Cesare Tallone taught Carlo Carrà and Achille Funi. Avant-garde (avɑ̃gaʁd in French) means "advance guard" or "vanguard Modernism describes an array of Cultural movements rooted in the changes in Western society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century Camillo Boito ( October 30 1836 - June 28 1914) was an Italian architect and engineer and a noted art critic art historian and novelist Luca Beltrami ( November 13, 1854 — August 8, 1933) was an Italian architect and architectural historian known particularly for restoration Carlo Carrà ( February 11 1881 &mdash April 13 1966) was an Italian painter, a leading figure of the Futurist
The Brera Observatory hosted the astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli for four decades, and the Orto Botanico di Brera is a historic botanical garden located behind the Pinacoteca. Honors and Awards Awards Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1872 Bruce Medal (1902 Named The Orto Botanico di Brera (5000 m² is a Botanical garden located behind the Pinacoteca di Brera at Via Brera 28 in the center of Milan, Lombardy Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of Plants primarily to categorize and document for scientific purposes
Via Brera, 28
20121 Milano, Italia