|U.S. National Register of Historic Places|
|Architect:||Joseph Forsyth Johnson;John Charles Olmsted; Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr.;|
|Added to NRHP:||May 13, 1976|
|NRHP Reference#:||76000629 |
Piedmont Park is the 189-acre (0. Joseph Forsyth Johnson (1840&ndash July 17, 1906 was an English Landscape architect and disciple of John Ruskin. John Charles Olmsted (1852-1920 the nephew and adopted son of Frederick Law Olmsted, was an American Landscape architect and a member of Olmsted Frederick Law Olmsted Jr ( July 24 1870 - December 25 1957) was an American Landscape architect best known for his The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of Events 1497 - Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola. Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 76 km²) "Central Park" of Atlanta, Georgia, located in Midtown, north of the city center. Central Park is a large public Urban park in New York City, with about twenty-five million visitors annually Midtown Atlanta is a district in Atlanta Georgia, situated between the commercial and financial district of Downtown to the south and the affluent residential Originally the land was owned by Dr. Benjamin Walker, who used it as his out-of-town gentleman's farm and residence. Benjamin Walker ( November 25, 1913) is the truncated pen name of George Benjamin Walker who also writes under the pseudonym Jivan Bhakar He sold the land in 1887 to the Gentlemen's Driving Club (later renamed the Piedmont Driving Club), who wanted to establish an exclusive club and racing ground for horse enthusiasts. The Piedmont Driving Club is a private Country club located at 1215 Piedmont Avenue Ne The Driving Club entered an agreement with the Piedmont Exposition Company headed by prominent Atlantan, Charles A. Collier, to use the land for fairs and expositions and later gave the park its name. Charles A Collier ( July 19, 1848 &ndash September 28, 1900) was an capitalist banker and lawyer
The park was originally designed by Joseph Forsyth Johnson to host the first of two major expositions held in the park in the late 19th century. Joseph Forsyth Johnson (1840&ndash July 17, 1906 was an English Landscape architect and disciple of John Ruskin. The Piedmont Exposition opened in October of 1887 to great fanfare. The Piedmont Exposition of 1887 was the first exposition ever held in Piedmont Park in Atlanta, Georgia. The event was a success and set the stage for the World's Fair which was held in the park seven years later in 1895. Both exhibitions showcased the prosperity of the region that had occurred during and after the Reconstruction period. In the early 20th century, a redesign plan called the Olmsted plan, was begun by the sons of New York Central Park architect, Frederick Law Olmsted. Frederick Law Olmsted ( April 25, 1822 &ndash August 28, 1903) was an American landscape designer and father of American The efforts led to the addition of scenic paths in the park and the joining of the park with the Ansley park system.
Over the years, the park has also served as an athletic center for the city. Atlanta's first professional baseball team, the Atlanta Crackers, played in the park from 1902-1902. The Atlanta Crackers (distinct from the Atlanta Black Crackers) were Minor league baseball teams based in Atlanta Georgia between 1901 and 1965 Several important intercollegiate rivalries were also forged in the park including the University of Georgia (Georgia) vs. Georgia Tech baseball rivalry and Georgia vs. Auburn football which has been called the "Oldest Rivalry in the South".
Throughout the 20th century, many other improvements have been made in the park including the addition of covered picnic areas, tennis facilities, the Lake Clara Meer dock and visitors center, and two playgrounds. Today, the park is a popular place for gathering, grilling, swimming, fishing, playing and more. In 2008, a ground-breaking ceremony was held for a 53-acre extension to the park and complete renovation of the bathhouse and swimming pool. The renovation is expected to be completed in summer of 2009, although the expansion will take much longer.
In the years before Piedmont Park opened, Atlanta was booming. From 1860 to 1890, the population had jumped from 9,554 to 65,533 residents.  Those years saw the opening of many education institutions such as Clark University (1870), Morris Brown College(1882), Georgia School of Technology (1885), and Agnes Scott College(1890). Clark University is a private University and Liberal arts college in Worcester Massachusetts. Morris Brown College (MBC is a four-year private coed liberal arts college located in the Vine City Community of Atlanta Georgia. The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, or Tech, is a public, Coeducational Research university in Agnes Scott College is a private liberal arts women's college in Decatur, Georgia, near Atlanta.  John B. Gordon, a distinguished Confederate general, was Governor of Georgia. John Brown Gordon ( February 6, 1832 January 9, 1904) was one of Robert E 
The area soon to be known as Piedmont Park was owned by Benjamin Walker who purchased the 189 acres in the 1830’s from the man who had won the land in the land lottery. Benjamin Walker ( November 25, 1913) is the truncated pen name of George Benjamin Walker who also writes under the pseudonym Jivan Bhakar  Walker farmed the land until, in 1887, he sold the land to the Gentlemen's Driving Club, known today as the Piedmont Driving Club, who planned "to form exclusive club and racing ground for horse enthusiasts". The Piedmont Driving Club is a private Country club located at 1215 Piedmont Avenue Ne The driving club entered into an agreement with the Piedmont Exposition Company to use the grounds around the track as exposition space.  Charles A. Collier, a prominent Atlanta businessman and former lawyer, was president of the company. Charles A Collier ( July 19, 1848 &ndash September 28, 1900) was an capitalist banker and lawyer Soon after, a main building, grandstands, and club house were built for the track. 
The first exposition ever held in Piedmont Park, the Piedmont Exposition of 1887, opened on October 10th. The Piedmont Exposition of 1887 was the first exposition ever held in Piedmont Park in Atlanta, Georgia. The Piedmont Exposition of 1887 was the first exposition ever held in Piedmont Park in Atlanta, Georgia. Events 680 - Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, is decapitated  The main building constructed for the Exposition was 570 feet long, 126 feet wide, and two stories high.  The first day opened with 20,000 visitors.  Samuel J. Randall opened the Exposition with a speech on the success of the resurrected post-civil war south. Samuel Jackson Randall ( October 10, 1828 &ndash April 13, 1890) was a Pennsylvania politician attorney soldier and a prominent  When his speech concluded, General Pierce M. B. Young and his men fired cannons to signal the opening of the events. Pierce Manning Butler Young ( November 15, 1839 &ndash July 6, 1896) was a Major general in the Confederate States Army 
Exhibitors showed off a variety of items including works of art, local raw materials like manganese marble, and wood work.  Many prominent figures of the day were in attendance to see the displays. Governor David B. Hill of New York spoke at the event as well as President Grover Cleveland who attended with his new wife, Frances Folsom. For other people with a similar name see David Hill David Bennett Hill ( August 29, 1843 Havana, then Chemung County Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18 1837 June 24 1908 was both the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. Frances Cornelia Cleveland (née Folsom later Preston (July 21 1864 &ndash October 29 1947 wife of the President of the United States, Grover Cleveland , Over 50,000 people were in attendance for Cleveland's speech.  When the exposition was over, civic leaders said that it had successfully expanded Atlanta's reputation as a place to visit and to conduct business. 
The Exposition was also a chance for Atlanta to prove that it was ready to host the World's Fair. Expo (short for "exposition" and also known as World Fair and World's Fair) is the name given to various large public exhibitions held since the The Executive Committee of the Fair was invited to attend the event under the bidding of Charles Reynolds, Secretary of the Piedmont Exposition Company. Charles Albert Reynolds (1848-1936 was a Civil engineer and North Carolina Republican politician who served as Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina 
Five years later, Piedmont Park was the location of the second football game and the beginning of the "oldest rivalry in the south" between Auburn University and the University of Georgia. Auburn University ( AU or Auburn) is a State university located in Auburn, Alabama, U The University of Georgia ( UGA) is a public research University located in Athens, Georgia, the oldest and largest of the  The game was arranged by form Johns Hopkins classmates, Dr. Johns Hopkins ( May 19, 1795, Anne Arundel County, Maryland &ndash December 24, 1873 Charles Herty of Georgia and Dr. Dr Charles Holmes Herty Sr ( December 4, 1867 - July 27, 1938) was an American academic scientist and businessman George Petrie of Auburn. George Petrie (1866-1947 was an American scholar and educator who played a crucial role in the development of Auburn University.  Auburn won the game 10-0.  It was rumored afterward that Georgia's mascot, a goat, was the main course at a barbecue held by Georgia fans after the game. (It wasn't until 1921 that Georgia officially became the Bulldogs). 
In 1894, the Piedmont Exposition Company offered to sell the land to the city of Atlanta for $165,000. 00, but Mayor John Goodwin refused. John Goodwin may refer to John Goodwin (preacher (1594-1665 English preacher and religious writer John B  Thus, The park remained in private hands and outside the city limits for another ten years.
The Cotton States and International Exposition which opened for 100 days beginning on September 18, 1895 and ending December 31, 1895, attracted visitors from the U. The 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition was held at the current Piedmont Park in Atlanta Georgia. Events 96 - Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. S. and 13 countries.  Over $2,000,000 was spent on the transformation of Piedmont Park.  The government allocated $250,000 for the construction of a government building and many states and countries such as Argentina also had their own buildings. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics.  Also constructed for the fair were the Tropical gardens, now known as the Atlanta Botanical Garden, and Lake Clara Meer which was originally a pond but was expanded to 11. The Atlanta Botanical Garden is a 30 Acre (12 hectare Botanical garden located adjacent to Piedmont Park in Midtown Atlanta, 5-acres for the event.  Today, the stone balustrades scattered around the park are the only part of the enormous main building. A baluster (according to OED derived through the French balustre, from Italian balaustro, from balaustra, "pomegranate flower"  The park remains largely as Joseph Forsyth Johnson designed it for the exposition although some changes were made during the Olmsted planning phase. Joseph Forsyth Johnson (1840&ndash July 17, 1906 was an English Landscape architect and disciple of John Ruskin.  However, most of the buildings that were constructed for the exposition were made of local Georgia granite and the buildings were dismantled after the event so that the granite could be sold to absolve the debt that the city incurred to hold the fair.
Booker T. Washington delivered his famous Atlanta Compromise speech at the Expo, which is "widely regarded as one of the most significant speeches in American history". Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 5 1856 &ndash November 14 1915 was an American educator orator author and leader of the African-American community The Atlanta Cotton States and International Exposition Speech was an address on the topic of Race relations given by black leader Booker T  In his speech, Washington pushed for progress but not integration, a point that angered many other black leaders such as W.E.B. Du Bois. William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (duːˈbɔɪz ( February 23, 1868 August 27, 1963) was an American Civil rights activist 
Attractions included Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, the Liberty Bell, and the first public demonstration of C. Francis Jenkins and Thomas Armat's motion picture projection device which they called the Phantoscope. William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody (February 26 1846 &ndash January 10 1917 was an American soldier bison hunter and Showman. The Liberty Bell, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is a bell that has served as one of the most prominent symbols of the American Revolutionary Not to be confused with Charles Francis Jenkins (1865-1951 a U Thomas J Armat ( 25 October, 1866 – September 30, 1948) was an American mechanic and Inventor, a pioneer of Vitascope is an early film projector first demonstrated in 1895 by Charles Francis Jenkins and Thomas Armat. , John Philip Sousa's "King Cotton" march was created for the expo and was performed at the ceremony, and was conducted by the composer himself. John Philip Sousa ( November 6, 1854 &ndash March 6, 1932) was an American Composer and conductor of the late 
After the Exposition, the park continued to be extremely popular and was a magnet for growth in the area. State fairs and holiday celebrations were held at the park. Street car lines to the park increased. It was a generally prosperous time. 
In March of 1898, the baseball fields were finally completed. April 16, 1898, the first baseball game between Georgia and Georgia Tech, then known as the Georgia School of Technology was played. Events 1178 BC - A Solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, or Tech, is a public, Coeducational Research university in  From 1902 – 1904, the Atlanta Crackers, the city's original professional baseball team played ball on the fields of Piedmont Park before moving to a stadium on Ponce de Leon Avenue. The Atlanta Crackers (distinct from the Atlanta Black Crackers) were Minor league baseball teams based in Atlanta Georgia between 1901 and 1965 Baseball is a team sport which is played by several professional leagues throughout the world 
1904 for was an important year for the park. First, George Washington Collier died in 1903. George Washington Collier (1813&ndash1903 was one of the first recognised settlers in the Atlanta area Collier owned 202 acres of land to the west and north of the park that was sold for $300,000. 00 to developers. Also that year, the city bought the park for $98,000 finally bring Piedmont Park into the Atlanta city limits. Mayor Evan Howell agreed to purchase the park, but only if it included those developed areas adjacent to the park which would add approximately $35,000. Evan Park Howell ( December 10, 1839 &ndash August 6, 1905) was an American politician and early Telegraph operator as 00-$40,000. 00 in tax revenues annually. 
The main developer of Collier's land was Edwin Ansley, who created the Ansley Park subdivision under the guidelines set by the Olmsteds. Ansley Park is a residential neighborhood in Atlanta Georgia, located just east of Midtown and west of Piedmont Park. The result was curvy streets surrounding "mini-parks" comprising a total of 25 acres. In 1912, these parks were deeded to the city in 1912. 
In 1909, the sons of Frederick Law Olmsted, landscape architect for Central Park in New York, Carey and Frederick, Jr. were asked to design the park's master plan while they were at work on Grant Park. Frederick Law Olmsted ( April 25, 1822 &ndash August 28, 1903) was an American landscape designer and father of American A landscape architect is a person involved in the planning design and sometimes oversight of an exterior landscape or space Central Park is a large public Urban park in New York City, with about twenty-five million visitors annually The City of New York John Charles Olmsted (1852-1920 the nephew and adopted son of Frederick Law Olmsted, was an American Landscape architect and a member of Olmsted Frederick Law Olmsted Jr ( July 24 1870 - December 25 1957) was an American Landscape architect best known for his Grant Park is the oldest City Park in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. The city agreed to pay $1,800 for the plan, but Olmsted was concerned that Atlanta might not have enough money for the necessary improvements. 
In 1910, the brothers submitted a plan for the park that was to include a 5 mile scenic path and driveways that would like Piedmont Park to the streets of Ansley Park. Joining the parks was a success and thereafter, the parks were known as Twin Parks. 
Although the plan was never fully implemented, the Olmsted plan had a great effect on the development in the surrounding area.
The park's first bathhouse was opened in 1911. Public baths originated from a communal need for cleanliness Often the term public is misleading to some people as they will have restrictions based upon who can use the facility Swimming in the lake was allowed until 1973, when a swimming pool was finally built. 
January 29, 1913, Calvin Shelverton applied for a building permit to construct the Piedmont Park Apartments. The apartments were designed by Leila Ross Wilburn and were decidedly middle-class unlike some of the other developments in the area. ian sullivan was born in Macon Georgia in 1885 Her family moved to Decatur Georgia in the midst of the economic depression of 1895. The apartments remained middle-class up until about 1960 and residents included such prominent Atlantans as accounting company president T. C. Dunlap and lawyer J. B. Stewart. In 1913, seven clay courts were built where the 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition's Manufacturers and Liberal Arts Building once was. Eight more courts were added in 1914 to accommodate the overwhelming demand. 
The Noguchi "Playscapes" underwent restoration in 2005 under Eddie Granderson, public arts manager of the City of Atlanta. Jablonski Berkowitz Conservation Inc. was selected to do the restoration and assessments began in September of that year. The company was charged with bringing the playground up to safety codes and restoring the original paint. 
The Piedmont Park Conservancy is a 501(c) 3 non-profit organization that is in charge of park improvements and 90 percent of the Park's daily maintenance care and security. The Conservancy was founded in 1989 to revitalize the rapidly deteriorating park. Since then, it has raised and invested $23 million in private funds making the park, once again, the most visited green space in Atlanta. 
Approximately 50 acres in the northwest portion of the 187-acre (0. 76 km²) park have remained undeveloped and largely inaccessible. As of 2007, the park expansion plan called for a new parking deck as well as "open green space, bicycle and walking trails, formal and community gardens, an interactive water feature, children’s playgrounds, a skate park, athletic fields and woodlands. " The project is expected to cost $72 million and the completion date is set for early 2010. 
On April 23, 2008, a ground-breaking ceremony was held at the Bathhouse for the 53-acre expansion of the Park. The pool and bathhouse are part of a huge Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) renovation that will cost around $7. The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design ( LEED) Green Building Rating System developed by the U 8 million and be completed by summer 2009. , The renovation will feature accessibility, a warming kitchen, WiFi, a pool with beach entry, bubblers, current channel, vortex, fountains, separate splash pad, lap lanes, landscaped deck environment, and concessions. Accessibility is a general term used to describe the degree to which a product (e Wi-Fi (ˈwaɪfaɪ is the trade name for the popular wireless technology used In addition, the pool will include the Poseidon Drowning Detection system, a camera system "to enhance the lifeguard's ability to watch over the entire pool. "
There are also several miles of paved paths suitable for walking, running, biking, and inline skating. Skate Escape across from the park at the 12th Street entrance rents both bikes and skates. On weekend afternoons, skateboarders and inline skaters often share the open, paved area inside the 12th Street entrance
The park has picnic shelters located just to the East of the north soccer field. There are also various picnic tables and benches throughout the park. Many visitors choose to picnic on the expansive lawns as well.
The first grill in Piedmont Park was erected for the 1895 World's Fair where the administrative offices now sit. There are 22 grills throughout the park. No portable grills are allowed. 
Piedmont Park is a popular place for organized sports. The Piedmont Tennis Center is a fully-staffed, public facility with 12 lighted hard courts, offering leagues, lessons, and supplies. 
The Active Oval has two softball fields, two soccer fields, and two beach volleyball courts, all ringed by a dirt running path. Kickball leagues also use the softball fields.
The swimming center is currently closed for renovations. It is scheduled to re-open in summer of 2009. 
The lake is located in the south east park of the park. Fishing is permitted in the lake which is stocked with Large Mouth Bass, Crappie, Bream and Catfish. The largemouth bass ( Micropterus salmoides) is a Species of Fish in the sunfish family. "Calico Bass" redirects here For the marine fish see Kelp Bass. Bream is a general term for a number of species of Freshwater and marine Fish, mainly but not exhaustively drawn from the genera Catfish ( order Siluriformes) are a very diverse group of bony Fish. In 2002 the lake was renovated with a bridge connecting the two bodies of water and three fishing piers located around the lake. 
Clara Meer Dock is located at the west corner of the lake. Just above the Dock sits the historic Visitor Center building. Clara Meer Dock forms an amphitheater-like space nestled into the western end of the lake. Clara Meer Dock is often used for wedding ceremonies. Rental of the dock also includes the Visitor's Center. The Visitor's Center features a barrel ceiling with a painted mural called "A Day at the Park" by Ralph Gilbert. Userpolbot from http//bioguidecongressgov/scripts/biodisplaypl?index=G000177  The center seats 40 persons inside + 200 or more, on adjoining Lawn and Dock. The Dock seats up to 120 for ceremony, or up to 100 for table dining or possible dance floor area. 
Mayor's Grove is the newer of the two playgrounds in Piedmont Park. It was designed as a Boundless™ playground and features a high level of accessibility and interactive play. 
The Noguchi "Playscape" is located near the 12th Street Gate. The geometrically shaped, modernist playground includes a soaring swing set, slide, sand pit, climbing dome and more made of bright and exciting colors. 
With the exception of some festival weekends and special events, dogs are permitted in Piedmont Park, on leashes 6 feet (1. 8 m) or shorter for safety reasons. Owners must clean up after their dogs, and the park has a half-dozen plastic bag dispensing stations to facilitate this. Several of the park's water fountains also have a ground-level basin for dogs to use.
Just north of the Park Road entrance bridge is a separate, fenced-in Dog Park where friendly dogs (and their owners) can cavort with each other off-leash. There is also an additional fenced-in section exclusively for small dogs to play in.
The Leash-free Alliance of Piedmont Park (LAPP) is a volunteer group that works with the Conservancy on dog park improvements, fundraising efforts, and clean up projects. 
Piedmont Park is considered the focal point of the vibrant Midtown community of Atlanta. The park is home to various annual celebrations and events, including Atlanta Pride Festival, the Atlanta Jazz Festival and the Atlanta Dogwood Festival. The Atlanta Dogwood Festival is an Arts and Crafts Festival held each spring at Piedmont Park in Atlanta, Georgia A summer series of classic films, Screen on the Green, is also aired in the park for local residents. Screen on the Green is an annual summertime event in Atlanta's Piedmont Park hosted by local Atlanta television station Peachtree TV consisting of free
In 2004, Georgia Shakespeare Festival added an annual series of free performances entitled "Shake on the Lake" with Lake Clara Meer as a backdrop. Georgia Shakespeare (formerly Georgia Shakespeare Festival) is a professional Not-for-profit Theatre company located in Atlanta, Georgia  A centennial celebration was held for the park in June 2004. A century (from the Latin centum, meaning one hundred is One hundred consecutive Years Centuries are numbered ordinally (e
The park is occasionally a host to local cross-dressing street performer Baton Bob. Baton Bob is a costumed street performer created by Bob Jamerson and currently based in Atlanta Georgia. On the weekend the park comes alive with music, intramural sports and fun festivities. In 2007, the Allman Brothers Band and Dave Matthews Band played a concert with proceeds benefiting the planned expansion to the park. The Allman Brothers Band is a Southern rock band based in Macon, Georgia. Dave Matthews Band (also known by the initials DMB) is a United States -based rock band originally formed in Charlottesville, Virginia
The park opens from 6:00AM to 11:00PM every day.
Community Parks: Adams Park (Atlanta) | Atlanta Memorial Park | Bessie Branham Park | Candler Park | John A. A park is a protected area of Land and Water, usually in its natural or semi-natural (landscaped state and set aside for some purpose often to do with human Centennial Olympic Park is a 21 acre (85000 m² public Park located in Downtown Atlanta, Georgia, USA that is owned and operated Chastain Park is the largest park in Atlanta Georgia. It is a 268 acre park located near the northern edge of the city Freedom Park is one of the largest Parks in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Grant Park is the oldest City Park in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Westside Park is a proposed park in the City of Atlanta to be located on the site of the former Bellwood Quarry. Woodruff Park, named for Robert W Woodruff, is located in the heart of Downtown Atlanta Georgia. Candler Park is a 55 acre (223000 m² city park located at 585 Candler Park Drive NE in Atlanta Georgia, named after Asa Griggs Candler who donated this land White Park | Maddox Park | Perkerson Park | South Bend Park | Wesley Coan Park