Phosphate minerals are those minerals that contain the tetrahedrally coordinated phosphate (PO43-) anion along with the freely substituting arsenate (AsO43-) and vanadate (VO43-). A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition a highly ordered atomic structure and specific A phosphate, an Inorganic chemical, is a salt of Phosphoric acid. An ion is an Atom or Molecule which has lost or gained one or more Valence electrons giving it a positive or negative electrical charge The arsenate Ion is As[[Oxygen O]]43&minusAn arsenate (compound is any compound that contains this ion Vanadium(V oxide ( vanadia) is the Chemical compound with the formula V2O5 Chlorine (Cl-), fluorine (F-), and hydroxide (OH-) anions also fit into the crystal structure. Chlorine (ˈklɔriːn from the Greek word 'χλωρóς' ( khlôros, meaning 'pale green' is the Chemical element with Atomic number 17 and Fluorine, fluorum meaning "to flow" is the Chemical element with the symbol F and Atomic number 9 In Chemistry, hydroxide is the most common name for the diatomic Anion OH− consisting of Oxygen and Hydrogen
The phosphate class of minerals is a large and diverse group, however, only a few species are relatively common.
Phosphate rock is a general term that refers to rock with high concentration of phosphate minerals, most commonly of the apatite group. Lithiophilite is a mineral containing the element Lithium. It is lithium Manganese (II Phosphate with formula Li[[manganese Mn]] P[[oxygen In Geology, the Mineral monazite is a reddish-brown Phosphate -containing rare earth metals and an important source of Thorium Hydroxylapatite, also called hydroxyapatite, is a Mineral. It is a naturally occurring form of calcium Apatite with the formula Ca5(PO43(OH Fluorapatite, often with the alternate spelling of fluoroapatite, is a Mineral with the formula Ca5(PO43F (calcium halophosphate Pyromorphite is a Mineral species composed of Lead chlorophosphate Pb 5( P[[oxygen O]]43 Cl, sometimes Vanadinite is Mineral belonging to the Apatite group of phosphates with the chemical formula Pb 5( V[[oxygen O]]43 Erythrite or red cobalt is a secondary hydrated arsenate of Cobalt Minerals with the formula (Co3(AsO42·8H2O Amblygonite is a fluorophosphate mineral (LiNaAlPO4(FOH composed of Lithium, Sodium, Aluminium, Phosphate, Fluoride Lazulite ((MgFe2+Al2(OHPO42 is a blue phosphate-based mineral containing Magnesium, Iron, and Aluminium Wavellite is a Phosphate Mineral, normally translucent green It is found in fractures in aluminous Metamorphic rock, in Hydrothermal Turquoise is an opaque blue-to-green Mineral that is a hydrous Phosphate of Copper and Aluminium, with the Chemical Autunite (hydrated calcium uranyl phosphate with formula Ca(UO22(PO42·10-12H2O is a yellow - greenish Fluorescent Carnotite is a Potassium Uranium Vanadate Mineral with Chemical formula: K 2( U[[oxygen O]]22( Phosphophyllite is a rare mineral composed of hydrated Zinc Phosphate. Phosphate rock or Phosphorite is a general description applied to several kinds of rock which contain significant concentrations of Phosphate minerals It is the major resource mined to produce phosphate fertilisers for the agriculture sector. Phosphate is also used in animal feed supplements, food preservatives, anti-corrosion agents, cosmetics, fungicides, ceramics, water treatment and metallurgy.
The largest use of minerals mined for their phosphate content is the production of fertilizer. A phosphate, an Inorganic chemical, is a salt of Phosphoric acid. Fertilizers ( also spelt fertiliser are chemical compounds given to Plants to promote growth they are usually applied either through the soil for uptake by plant
Phosphate minerals are often used for control of rust and prevention of corrosion on ferrous materials applied with electrochemical conversion coatings.