|Philip K. Dick|
Philip K. Dick
|Born||December 16, 1928|
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Died||March 2, 1982 (aged 53)|
Santa Ana, California, U.S.
|Pen name||Richard Philips, Jack Dowland, Horselover Fat|
|Occupation||Novelist, essayist, short story writer|
Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American science fiction novelist and short story writer. Events 755 - An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, initiating the An Shi Rebellion Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks. 1127 - Assassination of Charles the Good Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) Founded in 1869 Santa Ana ( is the most populous city in Orange County California and is the County seat and a city of about 353184 people. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A pen name, nom de plume, or literary double, is a Pseudonym adopted by an Author or their publishers to conceal their identity Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. Nationality is a relationship between a Person and their State of Origin, Culture, association Affiliation and/or Loyalty The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A literary genre is a category of literary composition Genres may be determined by Literary technique, tone, Content, or even (as in the case of fiction Speculative fiction is a term used as an inclusive descriptor covering a group of Fiction Genres that speculate about worlds that are unlike the real world in Postmodernism literally means 'after the modernist movement' While " Modern " itself refers to something "related to the present" the movement of modernism Gustave Flaubert (gystaːv flobɛːʁ in French ( December 12, 1821 &ndash May 8, 1880) was a French writer who is counted among Immanuel Kant (ɪmanuəl kant 22 April 1724 12 February 1804 was an 18th-century German Philosopher from the Prussian city of Königsberg Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (maʁsɛl pʁust (10 July 1871 &ndash 18 November 1922 was a French Novelist Essayist and Critic Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989 was an Irish Writer, Dramatist and poet Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (Фёдор Миха́йлович Достое́вский, sometimes transliterated Dostoyevsky, Dostoievsky, John Thomas Sladek ( December 15, 1937 &ndash March 10, 2000) was an American Science fiction author known for his Nathanael West (born Nathan von Wallenstein Weinstein, October 17, 1903 – December 22, 1940) was a US author screenwriter and Biography Andy and Larry Wachowski were born to a Polish-American family in Chicago. Jean Baudrillard ( July 29, 1929   – March 6, 2007) (ʒɑ̃ bo David Paul Cronenberg OC, FRSC (born March 15, 1943) is a Canadian Film director and occasional Actor. Richard Stuart Linklater (born July 30, 1960) is an Academy Award -nominated American Film director and Screenwriter Jonathan Allen Lethem (born February 19 1964 is an American writer Fredric Jameson (born April 14, 1934) is an American literary critic and Marxist political theorist. Slavoj Žižek (ˈslavoj ˈʒiʒɛk (born 21 March 1949) is a Post-Marxist Sociologist, Philosopher, and Cultural critic Roberto Bolaño Ávalos ( April 28, 1953 — July 15, 2003) was a Latin American Rodrigo Fresán (born 1963 in Buenos Aires, Argentina) is a Fiction Writer and Journalist. Mark Edward Smith (born 5 March 1957) is the Lead singer, Lyricist, Frontman, and sole constant member of English Events 755 - An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, initiating the An Shi Rebellion Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks. 1127 - Assassination of Charles the Good Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story The short story is a literary genre of Fictional Prose Narrative that tends to be more concise and to the point than longer works of fiction such A writer is anyone who creates a written work although the word usually designates those who write creatively or professionally as well as those who have written in many different forms Dick explored sociological, political and metaphysical themes in novels dominated by monopolistic corporations, authoritarian governments, and altered states. Metaphysics is the branch of Philosophy investigating principles of reality transcending those of any particular science In Economics, a monopoly (from Greek monos, alone or single + polein, to sell exists when a specific individual or enterprise has sufficient A corporation is a separate legal entity usually used to conduct business Authoritarianism describes a Form of government characterized by an emphasis on the Authority of the State in a republic or union An altered state of consciousness, (ASC also named altered state of mind is any condition which is significantly different from a normal waking Beta wave state In his later works, Dick's thematic focus strongly reflected his personal interest in metaphysics and theology. Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective He often drew upon his own life experiences and addressed the nature of drug use, paranoia and schizophrenia, and mystical experiences in novels such as A Scanner Darkly and VALIS. Paranoia is a disturbed thought process characterized by excessive Anxiety or Fear, often to the point of Irrationality and Delusion. Schizophrenia ( from the Greek roots schizein (σχίζειν "to split" and phrēn A Scanner Darkly is a 1977 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Dick. VALIS is a 1981 Science fiction novel by Philip K Dick. The title is an acronym for Vast Active Living Intelligence System, 
The novel The Man in the High Castle bridged the genres of alternative history and science fiction, earning Dick a Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1963. The Man in the High Castle is a 1962 Alternate history Novel by Science fiction writer Philip K Alternate history or alternative history is a subgenre of Speculative fiction (or Science fiction) and Historical fiction Winners of the Hugo Award for best science fiction or fantasy Novel, along with all the nominees are presented here Flow My Tears, The Policeman Said, a novel about a celebrity who awakens in a parallel universe where he is unknown, won the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for best novel in 1975. Flow My Tears The Policeman Said is a 1974 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Parallel universe or alternative reality is a self-contained separate reality coexisting with one's own This page describes the award for best science fiction novel for other awards see Campbell Award (disambiguation "I want to write about people I love, and put them into a fictional world spun out of my own mind, not the world we actually have, because the world we actually have does not meet my standards," Dick wrote of these stories. "In my writing I even question the universe; I wonder out loud if it is real, and I wonder out loud if all of us are real. "
In addition to his novels, Dick wrote approximately 121 short stories, many of which appeared in science fiction magazines.  Although Dick spent most of his career as a writer in near-poverty, nine of his stories have been adapted into popular films since his death, including Blade Runner, Total Recall, A Scanner Darkly and Minority Report. Blade Runner is a 1982 American Science fiction Film, directed by Ridley Scott. Total Recall is a 1990 Academy Award -winning American Science fiction film. A Scanner Darkly is a 2006 film directed by Richard Linklater based on the novel of the same name by Philip K Minority Report is a 2002 Science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, loosely based on the Philip K In 2005, Time Magazine named Ubik one of the one hundred greatest English-language novels published since 1923. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Time (trademarked in capitals as TIME) is a weekly American Newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and Ubik (pronounced "yoo-bik" is a 1969 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Year 1923 ( MCMXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.  In 2007, Dick became the first science fiction writer to be included in The Library of America series. The Library of America (LoA is a Nonprofit Publisher of classic American literature. 
Philip Kindred Dick and his twin sister, Jane Charlotte Dick, were born six weeks premature to Dorothy Kindred Dick and Joseph Edgar Dick in Chicago. Twins are Offspring resulting from the same Pregnancy, either of the same or opposite Sex. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States.  Dick's father, a fraud investigator for the United States Department of Agriculture, had recently taken out life insurance policies on the family. An insurance nurse was dispatched to the Dick household. Upon seeing the malnourished Philip and injured Jane, the nurse rushed the babies to hospital. Baby Jane died enroute, just five weeks after her birth (January 26, 1929). The death of Philip's twin sister profoundly affected his writing, relationships, and every aspect of his life, leading to the recurrent motif of the "phantom twin" in many of his books. In a Narrative, such as a novel or a film motifs are recurring structures contrasts or literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes
The family moved to the San Francisco Bay Area. The San Francisco Bay Area, commonly known as the Bay Area, or the Bay, is a geographically and ethnically diverse metropolitan region that surrounds the When Philip turned five, his father was transferred to Reno, Nevada. Dorothy refused to move, and she and Joseph were divorced. Joseph fought her for custody of Philip but did not win it. Dorothy, determined to raise Philip alone, took a job in Washington, D.C. and moved there with her son. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D Philip K. Dick was enrolled at John Eaton Elementary School from 1936 to 1938, completing the second through the fourth grades. His lowest grade was a "C" in written composition, although a teacher remarked that he "shows interest and ability in story telling. " In June 1938, Dorothy and Philip returned to California.
Dick attended Berkeley High School, Berkeley, California. Berkeley High School is the only public high school in Berkeley California. Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in Northern California, in the United States. He and Ursula K. Le Guin were members of the same high school graduating class (1947), yet were unknown to each other at the time. Ursula Kroeber Le Guin (ˈɝsələ ˈkroʊbɚ ləˈgwɪn (born October 21, 1929) is an American author After graduating from high school he briefly attended the University of California, Berkeley as a German major, but dropped out before completing any coursework. The University of California Berkeley (also referred to as Cal, Berkeley and UC Berkeley) is a major research university located in Berkeley The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. At Berkeley Phil befriended poets Robert Duncan and Jack Spicer, a linguist who gave Dick ideas for a Martian language. Robert Duncan may refer to Robert Duncan (poet (1919&ndash1988 U Jack Spicer ( January 30, 1925 - August 17, 1965) was an American Poet often identified with the San Francisco Renaissance Dick claimed to have been host of a classical music program on KSMO Radio in 1947. Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to mainstream music produced in or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and Secular music  From 1948 to 1952 he worked in a record store. In 1955, Dick and his wife, Kleo Apostolides, received a visit from the FBI. They believed this resulted from Kleo's socialist views and left-wing activities. Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution The couple briefly befriended one of the FBI agents. 
Dick sold his first story in 1952. From that point on he wrote full-time, selling his first novel in 1955. The 1950s were a difficult and impoverished time for Dick. He once said, "We couldn't even pay the late fees on a library book. " He published almost exclusively within the science fiction genre, but dreamed of a career in the mainstream of American literature. During the 1950s he produced a series of nongenre, non-science fiction novels. In 1960 he wrote that he was willing to "take twenty to thirty years to succeed as a literary writer. " The dream of mainstream success formally died in January 1963 when the Scott Meredith Literary Agency returned all of his unsold mainstream novels. Only one of these works, Confessions of a Crap Artist, was published during Dick’s lifetime. Confessions of a Crap Artist is a 1975 Novel by Philip K Dick, originally written in 1959 
In 1963, Dick won the Hugo Award for The Man in the High Castle. The Man in the High Castle is a 1962 Alternate history Novel by Science fiction writer Philip K Although he was hailed as a genius in the science fiction world, the mainstream literary world was unappreciative, and he could publish books only through low-paying science fiction publishers such as Ace. Ace Books is the oldest active specialty Publisher of Science fiction and Fantasy books Even in his later years, he continued to have financial troubles. In the introduction to the 1980 short story collection "The Golden Man," Dick wrote: "Several years ago, when I was ill, Heinlein offered his help, anything he could do, and we had never met; he would phone me to cheer me up and see how I was doing. Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7 1907 – May 8 1988 was an American Novelist and Science fiction Writer. He wanted to buy me an electric typewriter, God bless him—one of the few true gentlemen in this world. A typewriter is a mechanical or Electromechanical device with a set of "keys" that when pressed cause characters to be printed on a medium I don't agree with any ideas he puts forth in his writing, but that is neither here nor there. One time when I owed the IRS a lot of money and couldn't raise it, Heinlein loaned the money to me. The I think a great deal of him and his wife; I dedicated a book to them in appreciation. Robert Heinlein is a fine-looking man, very impressive and very military in stance; you can tell he has a military background, even to the haircut. A military is an Organization authorized by its Nation to use force usually including use of Weapons in defending its Country (or by attacking He knows I'm a flipped-out freak and still he helped me and my wife when we were in trouble. That is the best in humanity, there; that is who and what I love. "
The last novel published during Dick's life was The Transmigration of Timothy Archer. The Transmigration of Timothy Archer is a 1982 novel by Philip K In 1972, Dick donated his manuscripts and papers to the Special Collections Library at California State University, Fullerton where they are archived in the Philip K. California State University Fullerton, commonly known as CSUF, CSU Fullerton, or Cal State Fullerton, is currently the largest California State Dick Science Fiction Collection in the Pollak Library. It was in Fullerton that Philip K. Dick befriended budding science-fiction writers K. W. Jeter, James Blaylock, and Tim Powers. Kevin Wayne Jeter (born 1950 is an American Science fiction and horror Author known for his literary writing style dark themes and paranoid unsympathetic James Paul Blaylock (born September 20, 1950) is an American fantasy author Timothy Thomas Powers (born February 29, 1952) is an American Science fiction and fantasy author
In his boyhood, around the age of thirteen, Dick had a recurring dream for several weeks. A recurring dream is a Dream which is experienced repeatedly over a long period He dreamed he was in a bookstore, trying to find an issue of Astounding Magazine. Analog Science Fiction and Fact is an American Science fiction Magazine. This issue of the magazine would contain the story titled "The Empire Never Ended", which would reveal the secrets of the universe to him. As the dream recurred, the pile of magazines he searched grew smaller and smaller, but he never reached the bottom. Eventually, he became anxious that discovering the magazine would drive him mad (as in Lovecraft's Necronomicon or Chambers' The King in Yellow, promising insanity to the reader). Howard Phillips Lovecraft ( August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American author of horror, fantasy The Necronomicon is a Fictional book appearing in the stories by horror novelist H Robert William Chambers ( May 26, 1865 – December 16, 1933) was an American Artist and Writer. The King in Yellow is a collection of short stories written by Robert W The motif of harmful sensation is a recurring idea in Literature: physical or mental damage that a person suffers merely by experiencing what should normally be a benign Shortly thereafter, the dreams ceased, but the phrase "The Empire Never Ended" would appear later in his work. Dick was a voracious reader of religion, philosophy, metaphysics and Gnosticism, ideas of which appear in many of his stories and visions. A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language Metaphysics is the branch of Philosophy investigating principles of reality transcending those of any particular science Gnosticism (γνώσις gnōsis, Knowledge) refers to a diverse Syncretistic Religious movement consisting of various Belief systems
On February 20, 1974, Dick was recovering from the effects of sodium pentothal administered for the extraction of an impacted wisdom tooth. The fictional truth drug Hyoscine-pentothal does not describe real pentothal accurately Answering the door to receive delivery of extra analgesic, he noticed that the delivery woman was wearing a pendant with a symbol that he called the "vesicle pisces". A pendant (from Old French) is a hanging object generally attached to a Necklace or an Earring. This name seems to have been based on his confusion of two related symbols, the ichthys (two intersecting arcs delineating a fish in profile) that early Christians used as a secret symbol, and the vesica piscis. Ichthys or Ichthus Greek: grc ἰχθύς capitalized grc ΙΧΘΥΣ also transliterated and Latinized as ichthys, A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth The vesica piscis is a Shape which is the intersection of two Circles with the same radius intersecting in such a way that the center of each circle lies on the circumference After the delivery woman's departure, Dick began experiencing strange visions. Although they may have been initially attributable to the medication, after weeks of visions he considered this explanation implausible. "I experienced an invasion of my mind by a transcendentally rational mind, as if I had been insane all my life and suddenly I had become sane," Dick told Charles Platt. Charles Platt (born in London England 1945 is the author of 41 fiction and nonfiction books including science-fiction novels such as The Silicon Man and 
Throughout February and March of 1974, he received a series of visions, which he referred to as "two-three-seventy four" (2-3-74), shorthand for February-March 1974. He described the initial visions as laser beams and geometric patterns, and, occasionally, brief pictures of Jesus and of ancient Rome. A laser is a device that emits Light ( Electromagnetic radiation) through a process called Stimulated emission. Geometry ( Greek γεωμετρία; geo = earth metria = measure is a part of Mathematics concerned with questions of size shape and relative position Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC As the visions increased in length and frequency, Dick claimed he began to live a double life, one as himself, "Philip K. Dick", and one as "Thomas", a Christian persecuted by Romans in the 1st century A. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings D. Despite his history of drug use and elevated stroke risk, Dick began seeking other rationalist and religious explanations for these experiences. He referred to the "transcendentally rational mind" as "Zebra", "God" and, most often, "VALIS". VALIS is a 1981 Science fiction novel by Philip K Dick. The title is an acronym for Vast Active Living Intelligence System, Dick wrote about the experiences in the semi-autobiographical novels VALIS and Radio Free Albemuth. A posthumously published Novel by Philip K Dick, written in 1976, Radio Free Albemuth (originally titled VALISystem A was his
At one point Dick felt that he had been taken over by the spirit of the prophet Elijah. Elijah or Elias ( was a Prophet in Israel in the 9th century BC He believed that an episode in his novel Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said was a detailed retelling of a story from the Biblical Book of Acts, which he had never read. Flow My Tears The Policeman Said is a 1974 Science fiction Novel by Philip K The Acts of the Apostles is a book of the Bible, which now stands fifth in the New Testament. 
In time, Dick became paranoid, imagining plots against him by the KGB and FBI. Paranoia is a disturbed thought process characterized by excessive Anxiety or Fear, often to the point of Irrationality and Delusion. KGB ( Transliteration of "КГБ" is the Russian abbreviation of Committee for State Security ( Komityet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosty At one point, he alleged they were responsible for a burglary of his house, from which documents were stolen. He later came to suspect that he might have committed the burglary against himself, and then forgotten he had done so. Dick himself speculated as to whether he may have suffered from schizophrenia. Schizophrenia ( from the Greek roots schizein (σχίζειν "to split" and phrēn
Dick married five times, and had two daughters and a son; each marriage ended in divorce. Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the termination of a Marriage.
Philip K. Navy Pier is a long Pier on the Chicago shoreline of Lake Michigan. Dick died in Santa Ana, California, on March 2, 1982. Founded in 1869 Santa Ana ( is the most populous city in Orange County California and is the County seat and a city of about 353184 people. Events 986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks. 1127 - Assassination of Charles the Good Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) He had suffered a stroke five days earlier, and was disconnected from life support after his EEG had been consistently isoelectric since losing consciousness. A stroke is the rapidly developing loss of brain functions due to a disturbance in the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain Life support, in the medical field refers to a set of therapies for preserving a patient's life when essential body systems are not functioning sufficiently to sustain life unaided After his death, his father Edgar took his son's ashes to Fort Morgan, Colorado. The City of Fort Morgan is a Home Rule Municipality that is the County seat and the most populous city of Morgan County, Colorado, When his twin sister, Jane, died, her tombstone had both their names carved on it, with an empty space for Dick's death date. Brother and sister were eventually buried next to each other.
Dick was "resurrected" by his fans in the form of a remote-controlled android designed in his likeness. An android is a Robot designed to resemble a human usually both in appearance and behavior  The android of Philip K. Dick was impanelled in a San Diego Comic Con presentation about the film adaptation of the novel, A Scanner Darkly. Comic-Con International San Diego, commonly known as Comic-Con or the San Diego Comic-Con, is an annual multigenre Fan convention founded as the Golden A Scanner Darkly is a 1977 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Dick. In February 2006, an American West airline misplaced the android, and it has not yet been found. America West Airlines was one of the United States ' ten major Airlines The airline was based in Phoenix Arizona, and is now a part of US Airways Group 
Lawrence Sutin's 1989 biography of Dick, Divine Invasions: A Life of Philip K. See also Philip K Dick The bibliography of Philip K Dick includes 36 novels 121 short stories and 14 short story collections published by American Dick, is considered the standard biographical treatment of Dick's life. 
In 2004, French writer Emmanuel Carrère published I Am Alive and You Are Dead: A Journey Into the Mind of Philip K. Emmanuel Carrère (born in Paris on December 9, 1957) is a French author screenwriter and director Dick, which the author describes in his preface in this way:
The book you hold in your hands is a very peculiar book. I have tried to depict the life of Philip K. Dick from the inside, in other words, with the same freedom and empathy -- indeed with the same truth -- with which he depicted his own characters. 
Critics of the book have complained about the its lack of fact checking, sourcing, notes and index, "the usual evidence of deep research that gives a biography the solid stamp of authority. "
On 8 August 2006, actor Paul Giamatti announced that his company, Touchy Feely Films, plans to produce a biopic about Dick, with the permission of Isa Dick Hackett, Philip K Dick's daughter, through her company Electric Shepherd Productions. Paul Edward Valentine Giamatti (born June 6, 1967) is an Academy Award -nominated and Emmy Award -winning American Actor A biographical motion picture &mdash often shortened to biopic &mdash is a film that dramatizes the life of an actual person or people The film will be titled The Owl in Daylight, but is not an adaptation of the never-finished novel with the same title. It will open in 2009. Tony Grisoni, who wrote the screenplays for films such as Terry Gilliam's Tideland and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, is writing the film script, and Giamatti will play Philip K. Tony Grisoni is a British screenwriter He has co-written several of director Terry Gilliam 's films including Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas and Tideland Terrence Vance Gilliam (born 22 November 1940) is an American -born British Writer, Filmmaker, Animator and member Tideland is a 2005 film co-written and directed by Terry Gilliam, an adaptation of Mitch Cullin 's novel of the same name. Dick. 
Writer-director John Alan Simon is making a semiautobiograhical film based on Philip K Dick's novel Radio Free Albemuth starring Shea Whigham as the author. A posthumously published Novel by Philip K Dick, written in 1976, Radio Free Albemuth (originally titled VALISystem A was his It will open in 2008.
A 2008 film titled Your Name Here, by Matthew Wilder, will feature Bill Pullman as science fiction author William J. William James Pullman (born December 17, 1953) is an American film television and stage actor Frick, a character based on Philip K. Dick.
Dick occasionally wrote under pen names, most notably Richard Philips and Jack Dowland. A pen name, nom de plume, or literary double, is a Pseudonym adopted by an Author or their publishers to conceal their identity The surname Dowland refers to composer John Dowland, who is featured in several works. John Dowland (1563 &ndash buried February 20, 1626) was an English Composer, singer and Lutenist He is best known today for his The title Flow My Tears, The Policeman Said directly refers to Dowland's best-known composition, Flow My Tears. Flow My Tears The Policeman Said is a 1974 Science fiction Novel by Philip K In the novel The Divine Invasion, the 'Linda Fox' character is an intergalactically famous singer whose entire body of work consists of remakes of John Dowland compositions. The Divine Invasion is a 1981 Science fiction book by Philip K Also, some protagonists in Dick's short fiction are named 'Dowland'.
The short story "Orpheus with Clay Feet" was published under the pen name "Jack Dowland". The protagonist desires to be the muse for fictional author Jack Dowland, considered the greatest science fiction author of the 20th century. In Greek mythology, the Muses ( Ancient Greek, hai moũsai: perhaps from the Proto-Indo-European root * men- "think" are In the story, Dowland publishes a short story titled "Orpheus with Clay Feet", under the pen name "Philip K. Dick". In the semi-autobiographical novel VALIS, the protagonist is named "Horselover Fat"; "Philip", or "Phil-Hippos", is Greek for "horselover", while "dick" is German for "fat". VALIS is a 1981 Science fiction novel by Philip K Dick. The title is an acronym for Vast Active Living Intelligence System, Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Obesity is a condition in which excess Body fat has accumulated to such an extent that health may be negatively affected
Although he never used it himself, Dick's fans and critics often refer to him familiarly as "PKD" (cf. Jorge Luis Borges' "JLB"), and use the comparative literary adjectives "Dickian" and "Phildickian" in describing his style and themes (cf. Kafkaesque, Orwellian). " Kafkaesque " is an Auctorial descriptive which is used to describe concepts situations and ideas which are reminiscent of the literary work of Prague writer The adjective Orwellian describes the situation idea or societal condition that George Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free-society
Dick's stories typically focus on the fragile nature of what is "real" and the construction of personal identity. In Philosophy, personal identity refers to the essence of a self-conscious person that which makes him or her unique His stories often become surreal fantasies as the main characters slowly discover that their everyday world is actually an illusion constructed by powerful external entities (such as in Ubik), vast political conspiracies, or simply from the vicissitudes of an unreliable narrator. Ubik (pronounced "yoo-bik" is a 1969 Science fiction Novel by Philip K In literature film theatre and music an unreliable narrator (a term coined by Wayne C "All of his work starts with the basic assumption that there cannot be one, single, objective reality," writes science fiction author Charles Platt. Charles Platt (born in London England 1945 is the author of 41 fiction and nonfiction books including science-fiction novels such as The Silicon Man and "Everything is a matter of perception. The ground is liable to shift under your feet. A protagonist may find himself living out another person's dream, or he may enter a drug-induced state that actually makes better sense than the real world, or he may cross into a different universe completely. "
Alternate universes and simulacra were common plot devices, with fictional worlds inhabited by common, working people, rather than galactic elites. Parallel universe or alternative reality is a self-contained separate reality coexisting with one's own Simulacrum (plural -cra also -crums from the Latin simulacrum which means "likeness similarity" is first recorded in the English language in the late A plot device is an element introduced into a story solely to advance or resolve the plot of the story "There are no heroes in Dick's books," Ursula K. Le Guin wrote, "but there are heroics. Ursula Kroeber Le Guin (ˈɝsələ ˈkroʊbɚ ləˈgwɪn (born October 21, 1929) is an American author One is reminded of Dickens: what counts is the honesty, constancy, kindness and patience of ordinary people. " Dick made no secret that much of his ideas and work were heavily influenced by the writings of C.G. Jung, the Swiss founder of the theory of the human psyche he called "Analytical Psychology" (to distinguish it from Freud's theory of psychoanalysis). Jung was a self-taught expert on the unconscious and mythological foundations of conscious experience and was open to the Reality underlying mystical experiences. The Jungian constructs and models that most concerned Dick seem to be the archetypes of the collective unconscious, group projection/ hallucination, synchronicities, and personality theory. Many of Dick's protagonists overtly analyze reality and their perceptions in Jungian terms (see Lies Inc.), while other times, the themes are so obviously in reference to Jung their usage needs no explanation. The Unteleported Man (later republished in an expanded form as Lies Inc Dick's self-named "Exegesis" also contained many notes on Jung in relation to theology and mysticism.
Mental illness was a constant interest of Dick's, and themes of mental illness permeate his work. The character Jack Bohlen in the 1964 novel Martian Time-Slip is an "ex-schizophrenic". Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. Martian Time-Slip is a 1964 Science fiction Novel by Philip K The novel Clans of the Alphane Moon centers on an entire society made up of descendants of lunatic asylum inmates. Clans of the Alphane Moon is a 1964 Science fiction novel by Philip K In 1965 he wrote the essay titled Schizophrenia and the Book of Changes. Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. 
Drug use was also a theme in many of Dick’s works, such as A Scanner Darkly and The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch. Drugs can be used in many different ways as detailed below Medication See also Medication People can use drugs to relieve pain or discomfort or to cure A Scanner Darkly is a 1977 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Dick. The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch is a 1965 Novel by American Science fiction writer Philip K Dick was a drug user for much of his life. According to a 1975 interview in Rolling Stone, Dick wrote all of his books published before 1970 high on amphetamines. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Rolling Stone is a United States -based Magazine devoted to Music, Politics, and Popular culture that is published Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Amphetamine, and related drugs such as Methamphetamine are a group of drugs that act by increasing levels of Norepinephrine, Serotonin, and Dopamine "A Scanner Darkly [published in 1977] was the first complete novel I had written without speed," said Dick in the interview. He also experimented briefly with psychedelics, but wrote The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch, which Rolling Stone dubs "the classic LSD novel of all time," before he had ever tried them. Modern psychedelia For "psychedelics" see Psychedelic drug. The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch is a 1965 Novel by American Science fiction writer Philip K
The Man in the High Castle (1962) occurs in an alternate universe United States ruled by the victorious Axis powers. The Man in the High Castle is a 1962 Alternate history Novel by Science fiction writer Philip K The Axis powers also known as the Axis alliance Axis nations Axis countries or sometimes just the Axis were those Countries It is considered a defining novel of the alternate history sub-genre, and is the only Dick novel to win a Hugo Award. Alternate history or alternative history is a subgenre of Speculative fiction (or Science fiction) and Historical fiction The Hugo Awards are given every year for the best Science fiction or Fantasy works and achievements of the previous year Philipkdickfans.com recommends this novel, along with Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? and Ubik, as an introductory novel to readers new to the writing of Philip K. Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968 by Philip K Dick, is a Science fiction Novel about Rick Deckard, a Bounty hunter Ubik (pronounced "yoo-bik" is a 1969 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Dick. 
The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch (1965) utilizes an array of science fiction concepts and features several layers of reality and unreality. The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch is a 1965 Novel by American Science fiction writer Philip K Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. It is also one of Dick’s first works to explore religious themes. The novel takes place in the twenty-first century, when, under United Nations authority, mankind has colonized the solar system's every habitable planet and moon. The 21st century is the current century of the Christian Era or Common Era in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security The Solar System consists of the Sun and those celestial objects bound to it by Gravity. Habitability is the conformance of a residence or Abode to the implied Warranty of habitability A planet, as defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU is a celestial body Orbiting a Star or stellar remnant that is Life is physically daunting and psychologically monotonous for most colonists, so the UN must draft people to go to the colonies. Most entertain themselves using Perky Pat dolls and accessories manufactured by Earth-based P. A doll is an object that represents a baby or other human being but includes likenesses of animals and imaginary creatures EARTH was a short-lived Japanese vocal trio which released 6 singles and 1 album between 2000 and 2001 P. Layouts. The company also secretly creates Can-D, an illegal but widely available hallucinogenic drug allowing the user to "translate" into Perky Pat (if the drug user is a woman) or Pat's boyfriend, Walt (if the drug user is a man). This recreational use of Can-D allows colonists to experience a few minutes of an idealized life on Earth by participating in a collective hallucination.
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968) is the story of a bounty hunter policing the local android population. Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968 by Philip K Dick, is a Science fiction Novel about Rick Deckard, a Bounty hunter It occurs on a dying, poisoned Earth de-populated of all "successful" humans; the only remaining inhabitants of the planet are people with no prospects off-world. Androids, also known as andys, all have a preset "death" date. However, a few andys seek to escape this fate and supplant the humans on Earth. The 1968 story is the literary source of the film Blade Runner (1982). Blade Runner is a 1982 American Science fiction Film, directed by Ridley Scott. It is both a conflation and an intensification of the pivotally Dickian question, What is real, what is fake? Are the human-looking and human-acting androids fake or real humans? Should we treat them as machines or as people? What crucial factor defines humanity as distinctly 'alive', versus those merely alive only in their outward appearance?
Ubik (1969) uses extensive networks of psychics and a suspended state after death in creating a state of eroding reality. Ubik (pronounced "yoo-bik" is a 1969 Science fiction Novel by Philip K A group of psychics is sent to investigate a group of rival psychics, but several of them are apparently killed by a saboteur's bomb. Much of the novel flicks between a number of equally plausible realities; the 'real' reality, a state of half-life and psychically manipulated realities. In 2005, Time Magazine listed it among the "All-TIME 100 Greatest Novels". Time (trademarked in capitals as TIME) is a weekly American Newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and 
Flow My Tears, The Policeman Said (1974) concerns Jason Taverner, a television star living in a dystopic near-future police state. Flow My Tears The Policeman Said is a 1974 Science fiction Novel by Philip K The term police state describes a State in which the government exercises rigid and repressive controls over the social economic and political After being attacked by an angry ex-girlfriend, Taverner awakens in a dingy Los Angeles hotel room. He still has his money in his wallet, but his identification cards are missing. This is no minor inconvenience, as security checkpoints (manned by 'pols' and 'nats', the police and National Guard) are set up throughout the city to stop and arrest anyone without valid ID. Jason at first thinks that he was robbed, but soon discovers that his entire identity has been erased. There is no record of him in any official database, and even his closest associates do not recognize or remember him. For the first time in many years, Jason has no fame or reputation to rely on. He has only his innate charisma to help him as he tries to find out what happened to his past and avoid the attention of the pols. The novel was Dick's first published novel after years of silence, during which time his critical reputation had grown, and this novel was awarded the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel. This page describes the award for best science fiction novel for other awards see Campbell Award (disambiguation It is the only Philip K. Dick novel nominated both for a Hugo and for a Nebula Award. The Nebula Award is an award given each year by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA for the best Science fiction / Fantasy fiction
In an essay written two years before dying, Dick described how he learned from his Episcopalian priest that an important scene in Flow My Tears, The Policeman Said--involving its other main character, Police General Felix Buckman, the policeman of the title--was very similar to a scene in the Book of Acts. The Acts of the Apostles is a book of the Bible, which now stands fifth in the New Testament.  Richard Linklater talks about this novel in his film Waking Life, which begins with a scene reminiscent of another Dick novel, Time out of Joint. Richard Stuart Linklater (born July 30, 1960) is an Academy Award -nominated American Film director and Screenwriter Waking Life is a digitally enhanced live action rotoscoped film directed by Richard Linklater and made in 2001. Time Out of Joint is a Novel by Philip K Dick, first published in novel form in the United States in 1959.
A Scanner Darkly (1977) is a bleak mixture of science fiction and police procedural novels; in its story, an undercover narcotics police detective begins to lose touch with reality after falling victim to the same permanently mind altering drug, Substance D, he was enlisted to help fight. A Scanner Darkly is a 1977 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Dick. The police procedural is a sub-genre of the mystery story which attempts to convincingly depict the activities of a Police force as they investigate Crimes Substance D is instantly addictive, beginning with a pleasant euphoria which is quickly replaced with increasing confusion, hallucinations and eventually total psychosis. In this novel, as with all Dick novels, there is an underlying thread of paranoia and dissociation with multiple realities perceived simultaneously. It was adapted to film by Richard Linklater. A Scanner Darkly is a 2006 film directed by Richard Linklater based on the novel of the same name by Philip K Richard Stuart Linklater (born July 30, 1960) is an Academy Award -nominated American Film director and Screenwriter
VALIS, (1980) is perhaps Dick’s most postmodern and autobiographical novel, examining his own unexplained experiences (see above). VALIS is a 1981 Science fiction novel by Philip K Dick. The title is an acronym for Vast Active Living Intelligence System, Postmodernism literally means 'after the modernist movement' While " Modern " itself refers to something "related to the present" the movement of modernism An autobiographical novel is a Novel based on the life of the author It may also be considered his most academically studied work, and was adapted as an opera by Tod Machover. Opera is an art form in which Singers and Musicians perform a Dramatic work (called an opera which combines a text (called a Libretto Tod Machover (born November 24, 1953 in Mount Vernon New York) the son of a pianist and a computer scientist, is a Composer  VALIS was voted Philip K. Dick‘s best novel at the website philipkdickfans. com.  Later works like the VALIS trilogy were heavily autobiographical, many with "two-three-seventy-four" (2-3-74) references and influences. In February and March 1974 science fiction author Philip K Dick experienced a series of visions and other inexplicable perceptual and cognitive phenomena An autobiography, from the Greek αὐτός autos "self" βίος bios "life" and γράφειν graphein "to write" The word VALIS is the acronym for Vast Active Living Intelligence System; it is the title of a novel (and is continued thematically in at least three more novels). VALIS is a 1981 Science fiction novel by Philip K Dick. The title is an acronym for Vast Active Living Intelligence System, Later, PKD theorized that VALIS was both a "reality generator" and a means of extraterrestrial communication. A fourth VALIS manuscript, Radio Free Albemuth, although composed in 1976, was discovered after his death and published in 1985. This work is described by the publisher (Arbor House) as "an introduction and key to his magnificent VALIS trilogy. "
Regardless of the feeling that he was somehow experiencing a divine communication, Dick was unable, ever, to fully rationalize the events. For the rest of his life, he struggled to fully comprehend what was occurring, questioning his own sanity and perception of reality. He transcribed what thoughts he could into an eight-thousand-page, one million word journal dubbed the Exegesis. A journal (through French from late Latin diurnalis, daily has several related meanings a daily record of events or business a private The Exegesis is a Journal kept by Science fiction writer Philip K From 1974 until his death in 1982, Dick spent sleepless nights writing in this journal, often under the influence of prescription amphetamines. A recurring theme in Exegesis is PKD's hypothesis that history had been stopped in the 1st century A. History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology D. , and that "the Empire never ended". The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial He saw Rome as the pinnacle of materialism and despotism, which, after forcing the Gnostics underground, had kept the population of Earth enslaved to worldly possessions. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 The Philosophy of materialism holds that the only thing that can be truly proven to exist is Matter, and is considered a form of Physicalism. Despotism is a Form of government by a single authority either an individual or tightly knit group, which rules with absolute political power Gnosticism (γνώσις gnōsis, Knowledge) refers to a diverse Syncretistic Religious movement consisting of various Belief systems Dick believed that VALIS had communicated with him, and anonymous others, to induce the impeachment of U. Impeachment is the first of two stages in a specific process for a legislative body to forcibly remove a Government official S. President Richard M. Nixon, whom Dick believed to be the current Emperor of Rome incarnate.
During his lifetime, Dick received the following awards and nominations:
Also of note is the convention Norwescon which each year presents the Philip K. Dick Award. The Hugo Awards are given every year for the best Science fiction or Fantasy works and achievements of the previous year The Man in the High Castle is a 1962 Alternate history Novel by Science fiction writer Philip K Flow My Tears The Policeman Said is a 1974 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Faith Of Our Fathers is a Science fiction Short story by Philip K The Nebula Award is an award given each year by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA for the best Science fiction / Fantasy fiction Dr Bloodmoney or How We Got Along After the Bomb is a 1965 Science fiction Novel by Philip K The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch is a 1965 Novel by American Science fiction writer Philip K Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968 by Philip K Dick, is a Science fiction Novel about Rick Deckard, a Bounty hunter Flow My Tears The Policeman Said is a 1974 Science fiction Novel by Philip K The Transmigration of Timothy Archer is a 1982 novel by Philip K This page describes the award for best science fiction novel for other awards see Campbell Award (disambiguation Flow My Tears The Policeman Said is a 1974 Science fiction Novel by Philip K A Scanner Darkly is a 1977 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Dick. Norwescon is one of the largest regional Science fiction and Fantasy conventions in the United States. The Philip K Dick Award is a science fiction award given annually at Norwescon sponsored by the Philadelphia Science Fiction Society and (since 2005 supported
A number of Dick's stories have been made into movies. Dick himself wrote a screenplay for an intended film adaptation of Ubik in 1974, but the film was never made. Ubik (pronounced "yoo-bik" is a 1969 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Many film adaptations have not used Dick's original titles. When asked why this was, Dick's ex-wife Tessa said, "Actually, the books rarely carry Phil's original titles, as the editors usually wrote new titles after reading his manuscripts. Phil often commented that he couldn't write good titles. If he could, he would have been an advertising writer instead of a novelist. " Films based on Dick's writing have accumulated a total revenue of around US $700 million as of 2004. 
The most famous film adaptation is Ridley Scott's Blade Runner (based on Dick's 1968 novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?). Sir Ridley Scott (born November 30 1937 in South Shields, Tyne and Wear) is a British Academy Award Nominated and Golden Globe Emmy Award and BAFTA Award winning Blade Runner is a 1982 American Science fiction Film, directed by Ridley Scott. Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968 by Philip K Dick, is a Science fiction Novel about Rick Deckard, a Bounty hunter A screenplay had been in the works for years before Scott took the helm, with Dick being extremely critical of all versions. Dick was still apprehensive about how his story would be adapted for the film when the project was finally put into motion. Among other things, he refused to do a novelization of the film. But contrary to his initial reactions, when he was given an opportunity to see some of the special effects sequences of Los Angeles 2019, Dick was amazed that the environment was "exactly as how I'd imagined it!" Following the screening, Dick and Scott had a frank but cordial discussion of Blade Runner's themes and characters, and although they had incredibly differing views, Dick fully backed the film from then on. Dick died from a stroke less than four months before the release of the film.
Total Recall (1990), based on the short story We Can Remember It for You Wholesale, evokes a feeling similar to that of the original story while streamlining the plot; however, the action-film protagonist is totally unlike Dick's typical nebbishy protagonist, a fearful and insecure anti-hero. Total Recall is a 1990 Academy Award -winning American Science fiction film. We Can Remember It for You Wholesale is a Novelette by Philip K The film includes such Dickian elements as the confusion of fantasy and reality, the progression towards more fantastic elements as the story progresses, machines talking back to humans, and the protagonist's doubts about his own identity. Total Recall 2070 (1999), a single season Canadian TV show (22 episodes), based on thematic elements from We Can Remember It for You Wholesale and Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? and interwoven with snippets of other Dick stories, is much closer in feel to both Dick's works than the better-known films based on them. Total Recall 2070 is a short-lived science fiction television series first broadcast in 1999 on the Canadian television channel CHCH-TV and later the same We Can Remember It for You Wholesale is a Novelette by Philip K Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968 by Philip K Dick, is a Science fiction Novel about Rick Deckard, a Bounty hunter The main character is aptly named David Hume. David Hume (26 April 1711 25 August 1776 Scottish Philosopher, Economist, and Historian is an important figure in Western philosophy
Steven Spielberg's adaptation of The Minority Report faithfully translates many of Dick's themes, but changes major plot points and adds an action-adventure framework. Steven Allan Spielberg, KBE (Hon (born December 18 1946 is an American Film director, Screenwriter and producer. Minority Report is a 2002 Science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, loosely based on the Philip K The Minority Report is a Science fiction Short story by Philip K
Dick's 1953 story Imposter has been adapted twice: first in 1962 for the British anthology television series Out of This World and then in 2002 for the movie Impostor. An anthology series is a radio or television series that has a different story and a different set of characters in every episode Out of This World was a British Science fiction Anthology Television series made by ABC Television Impostor is a 2002 Science fiction film based upon a short story written by Philip K Impostor utilizes two of Dick's most common themes: mental illness, which diminishes the sufferer's ability to discriminate between reality and hallucination, and a protagonist persecuted by an oppressive government.
The film Screamers (1995) was based on a Dick short story Second Variety; the location was altered from a war-devastated Earth to a generic science fiction environment of a distant planet. Screamers is a 1995 Dystopian science fiction Horror film directed by Christian Duguay based on the Short story "Second Variety" is an influential Short story by Philip K
John Woo's 2003 film, Paycheck, was a very loose adaptation of Dick's short story of that name, and suffered greatly both at the hands of critics and at the box office. John Woo Yu-Sen (born May 1, 1946) is an internationally and critically acclaimed Chinese Film director and producer. Paycheck is a 2003 Film adaptation of the Short story of the same name by Science fiction writer Philip K "Paycheck" is a Short story by Science fiction writer Philip K
The French film Barjo ("Confessions d'un Barjo") is based on Dick's non-science-fiction book Confessions of a Crap Artist. Confessions of a Crap Artist is a 1975 Novel by Philip K Dick, originally written in 1959 Reflecting Dick's popularity and critical respect in France, Barjo faithfully conveys a strong sense of Dick's aesthetic sensibility, unseen in the better-known film adaptations. A brief science fiction homage is slipped into the film in the form of a TV show.
An animated film of A Scanner Darkly was directed by Richard Linklater. A Scanner Darkly is a 2006 film directed by Richard Linklater based on the novel of the same name by Philip K Richard Stuart Linklater (born July 30, 1960) is an Academy Award -nominated American Film director and Screenwriter It stars Keanu Reeves as Fred/Bob Arctor and Winona Ryder as Donna. Robert Downey Jr. and Woody Harrelson, actors both noted for drug issues, were also cast in the film. The film was produced using the process of rotoscoping: it was first shot in live-action and then the live footage was animated over. Rotoscoping is an Animation technique in which Animators trace over live-action film movement frame by frame for use in Animated films Originally
Next, a loose adaptation of the short story The Golden Man, was released in American theaters on April 27, 2007. Next is a 2007 Film, the original script is very loosely based on the Science fiction short story " The Golden Man " by The Golden Man is a 1954 Science fiction short story by Philip K It stars Nicolas Cage, Julianne Moore and Jessica Biel. Nicolas Cage (born Nicholas Kim Coppola; January 7, 1964) is an Academy Award -winning American actor Julianne Moore (born December 3 1960 is an Academy - and BAFTA -nominated and Emmy - and Golden Globe -winning American Actress Jessica Claire Biel (born March 3, 1982) is an American actress and former model, who has appeared in several Hollywood
The Walt Disney Animation Studios is to produce a CGI adaptation of King of the Elves set to be released in winter 2012. Walt Disney Animation Studios (as Walt Disney Feature Animation is a key element of The Walt Disney Company, and the oldest existing Animation studio in the world
At least two of Dick's works have been adapted for the stage. The first was the opera VALIS, composed and with libretto by Tod Machover, which premiered at the Pompidou Center in Paris on December 1, 1987, with a French libretto. Opera is an art form in which Singers and Musicians perform a Dramatic work (called an opera which combines a text (called a Libretto VALIS is a 1981 Science fiction novel by Philip K Dick. The title is an acronym for Vast Active Living Intelligence System, Tod Machover (born November 24, 1953 in Mount Vernon New York) the son of a pianist and a computer scientist, is a Composer Centre Georges Pompidou (constructed 1971–1977 and known as the Pompidou Centre in English) is a complex in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Events 800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican Year 1987 ( MCMLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar) It was subsequently revised and readapted into English, and was recorded and released on CD (Bridge Records BCD9007) in 1988. The second known stage adaptation was Flow My Tears, The Policeman Said, produced by the New York-based avant-garde company Mabou Mines. Flow My Tears The Policeman Said is a 1974 Science fiction Novel by Philip K Mabou Mines is an Avant-garde Theatre company founded in 1970 and based in New York City. It premiered in Boston at the Boston Shakespeare Theatre (June 18-30, 1985) and was subsequently staged in New York and Chicago.
A radio drama adaptation of Dick's short story Mr. Spaceship was aired by the Finnish Broadcasting Company (Yleisradio) in 1996 under the name Menolippu Paratiisiin. Radio dramatizations of Dick's short stories Colony and The Defenders were aired by NBC in 1956 as part of the series X Minus One. The National Broadcasting Company ( NBC) is an American Television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's X Minus One was a half-hour science fiction radio series broadcast from April 24, 1955 to January 9, 1958 in various timeslots
Since his death, Dick has appeared as a character in a number of novels and stories, most notably Michael Bishop's The Secret Ascension (1987; published in the UK under the author's preferred title Philip K. Michael Lawson Bishop (born November 12, 1945 in Lincoln Nebraska) is an award-winning American Writer. Dick is Dead, Alas), which is set in a Gnostic alternative universe where his non-genre work is published but his science fiction is banned by a totalitarian USA in thrall to a demonically possessed Richard Nixon. Gnosticism (γνώσις gnōsis, Knowledge) refers to a diverse Syncretistic Religious movement consisting of various Belief systems
Other fictional post-mortem appearances by Dick include:
A 2005 play entitled 800 Words: the Transmigration of Philip K. Dick by Victoria Stewart re-imagines Dick's final days. 
Few other writers of fiction have had such an impact on contemporary philosophy as Dick. His foreshadowing of post modernity has been noted by philosophers as diverse as Jean Baudrillard, Fredric Jameson and Slavoj Žižek. Jean Baudrillard ( July 29, 1929   – March 6, 2007) (ʒɑ̃ bo Fredric Jameson (born April 14, 1934) is an American literary critic and Marxist political theorist. Slavoj Žižek (ˈslavoj ˈʒiʒɛk (born 21 March 1949) is a Post-Marxist Sociologist, Philosopher, and Cultural critic Žižek is especially fond of using Dick's short stories to articulate the ideas of Jacques Lacan. Jacques-Marie-Émile Lacan (French ʒak lakɑ̃ ( April 13, 1901 &ndash September 9, 1981) was a French Psychoanalyst  Jean Baudrillard offers this interpretation:
"It is hyperreal. It is a universe of simulation, which is something altogether different. And this is so not because Dick speaks specifically of simulacra. SF has always done so, but it has always played upon the double, on artificial replication or imaginary duplication, whereas here the double has disappeared. There is no more double; one is always already in the other world, an other world which is not another, without mirrors or projection or utopias as means for reflection. The simulation is impassable, unsurpassable, checkmated, without exteriority. We can no longer move "through the mirror" to the other side, as we could during the golden age of transcendence. "
|NAME||Dick, Philip Kindred|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||American science fiction author|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 16, 1928|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Chicago, Illinois|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 2, 1982|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Santa Ana, California|
Wired is a full-color monthly American Magazine and on-line periodical published in San Francisco, California since March 1993 Stanisław Lem ( sta'ɲiswaf lɛm 12 September 1921 – 27 March 2006 was a Polish Science fiction, philosophical and satirical writer The Open Directory Project ( ODP) also known as dmoz (from directory Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. Founded in 1869 Santa Ana ( is the most populous city in Orange County California and is the County seat and a city of about 353184 people.