Perrier is a brand of bottled mineral water made from a spring in Vergèze in the Gard département of France. Bottled water is Drinking water packaged in Bottles for individual consumption and retail sale In many places mineral water is often colloquially used to mean Carbonated water (which is usually carbonated mineral water as opposed to tap water A spring is a point where Groundwater flows out of the ground and is thus where the Aquifer surface meets the ground surface Vergèze is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. Gard ( Occitan: Gard) is a département located in southern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon region In the Terminology of Political geography and Historiography a National department (département departamento is an administrative This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Perrier is naturally carbonated. Both the water and natural carbonic gas are captured independently and the carbonic gas is added in the bottling phase. Perrier claims that the level of carbonation in every bottle of Perrier is the same as the water of the Vergèze spring.
Perrier is available in Europe in bottles of one litre, 750 ml, and 500 ml as well as 330 ml cans. All Perrier bottles are green and have a distinctive shape. It is one of the most common bottled waters in France. In August 2001 the company introduced a new bottling format using polyethylene terephthalate to offer Perrier in plastic, a change that took 11 years to decide which material would best help retain both the water's flavor and its purported "50 million bubbles. Uses PET can be semi-rigid to rigid depending on its thickness and is very lightweight "
Perrier now exists in five flavours: unflavoured, flavoured with lemon, and flavoured with lime. The lemon ( Citrus × limon) is a hybrid in cultivated wild plants In 2007, a new Citron Lemon-Lime flavor debuted. In France a new flavor, Pamplemousse Rose (Pink Grapefruit), is gaining popularity as well.
The spring it originates from, then called Les Bouillens, was bought in 1898 by a local doctor named Louis Perrier, who operated a spa. Year 1898 ( MDCCCXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The term spa is associated with water treatment which is also known as Balneotherapy, Spa towns or Spa resorts offering such treatment or the medication He later sold it to Sir St. John Harmsworth, an English aristocrat, and brother of Lord Northcliffe the founder of the Daily Mail who had been sent to France to learn the language. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Aristocracy is a form of Government, where rule is established through an internal struggle over who has the most status and influence over society and internal relations The title Viscount Northcliffe, of St Peter in the County of Kent was created in 1918 in the Peerage of the United Kingdom for the famous press baron Alfred Harmsworth The Daily Mail is a British newspaper currently published in a tabloid format Harmsworth cashed in his shares in the newspaper to buy the spring. Abandoning the spa treatment he renamed it Source Perrier and started bottling it in green bottles shaped like the Indian clubs he used for exercise. Bottled water is Drinking water packaged in Bottles for individual consumption and retail sale Indian clubs belong to a category of Exercise (and Juggling) equipment that was popular in the late 19th and early 20th century in 
Harmsworth marketed the product in the UK at a time when Frenchness was a desirable thing to the middle classes. It was advertised as the champagne of Mineral Water; there was a genuine champagne by the name of Perrier but no real connection. Advertising in newspapers like the Daily Mail established the brand. Some 95% of sales were to the UK and USA. It is also noteworthy that in the United States, Perrier is actually pronounced as it is spelled rather than with a French accent; a ploy made by their corporate division in France to raise decreasing sales in the US.
Perrier's reputation for purity suffered a blow in 1990 when a North Carolina study reported having found benzene in the water source. Benzene, or benzol, is an organic Chemical compound and a known Carcinogen with the molecular formula C 6 H 6 Perrier shifted from explanation to explanation on the issue, finally stating that it was an isolated incident of a worker having made a mistake in the filtering procedure and that the spring itself was unpolluted. The incident ultimately led to the recall of 160 million bottles of Perrier. 
From 1981 to 2005, the company sponsored an annual comedy award in the United Kingdom, the Perrier Comedy Award. Year 1981 ( MCMLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The ifcomedy awards, formerly the Perrier comedy awards, are a group of prizes awarded annually to comedy shows at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. In 2006 it was announced that Perrier would no longer sponsor the awards and they were renamed after their new sponsor, Intelligent Finance. Intelligent Finance ( IF) is an offset Bank operating in the United Kingdom, a division of Bank of Scotland plc which is part of HBOS plc 
From 2002, some new varieties have been introduced in France: Eau de Perrier (less carbonated than the original one, in a blue bottle) and Perrier Fluo, with trendy tastes such as ginger-cherry, peppermint,orange-litchi, raspberry or ginger-lemon. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar.
In 2004, a crisis erupted when the Nestlé group, owner of Perrier, announced a restructuring plan for Perrier. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Nestlé is a multinational packaged food company founded and headquartered in Vevey, Switzerland In 2005, Perrier was ordered to halt restructuring, because of a failure to consult adequately with staff.