A people mover or automated people mover (APM) is a fully automated, grade-separated mass transit system. A minivan, multi-purpose vehicle (abbreviated MPV) people-carrier, people-mover or multi-utility vehicle (shortened Bukit Panjang LRT Line is a 78 km Light rail line opened on 6th November 1999 and part of Singapore 's LRT system. Grade separation is the process of aligning a junction of two or more transport axes at different heights ( The term is generally used only to describe systems serving relatively small areas such as airports, downtown districts or theme parks, but is sometimes applied to considerably more complex automated systems.
The term was originally applied to two different systems, developed roughly at the same time. One was the Skybus, an automated mass transit system produced by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation beginning in 1964. Founded in 1886 as Westinghouse Electric Company and later renamed Westinghouse Electric Corporation by George Westinghouse.  The other, which was called PeopleMover or Goodyear PeopleMover, was an attraction sponsored by the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company which opened at Disneyland in 1967. The PeopleMover ( July 2, 1967 &ndash August 21, 1995) was a transport attraction in Tomorrowland at Disneyland in The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company was founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling.  Now, however, the term "people mover" is generic, and may use technologies such as monorail, duorail, automated guideway transit or maglev. A monorail is a transportation system based on a single beam The term is also used variously to describe the beam of the system or the vehicles travelling on such a beam or Automated guideway transit (AGT is a fully automated grade-separated transit system in which vehicles (usually rubber-tired are guided (usually by horizontally running guide MAGLEV, or magnetic levitation, is a system of transportation that suspends guides and (usually propels vehicles predominantly trains using magnetic forces Propulsion may involve conventional on-board electric motors, linear motors or cable traction. A linear motor or linear induction motor is essentially a multi-phase Alternating current (AC Electric motor that has had its Stator "unrolled" A cable car or cable railway is a Mass transit system using rail cars that are propelled by a continuously moving cable running at a constant speed
Some complex APMs deploy fleets of small vehicles over a track network with off-line stations, and supply near non-stop service to passengers. These taxi-like systems are more usually referred to as personal rapid transit (PRT). Personal rapid transit (PRT, also called personal automated transport (PAT or podcar, is a Public transportation concept that offers on-demand non-stop Other complex APMs have similar characteristics to mass transit systems, and there is no clear cut distinction between a complex APM of this type and an automated mass transit system.
One of the first automated systems for human transportation was the Never Stop Railway, constructed for the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley, London in 1924. The British Empire Exhibition was a Colonial exhibition held at Wembley, Middlesex in 1924 and 1925 Wembley is an area located in North-West London, England which forms the northern part of the London Borough of Brent. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Year 1924 ( MCMXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. This railway consisted of 88 unmanned carriages circling the exhibition. The carriages ran on narrow gauge track, and were propelled by a gripping a revolving screw thread running between the tracks; by adjusting the pitch of this thread at different points in the track the carriages could be speeded up, or slowed down to a slow walking pace in stations to allow passengers to join and leave. A narrow gauge railway (or narrow gauge railroad) is a Railway that has a Track gauge narrower than the of Standard gauge railways The railway ran for the two years of the exhibition and was then dismantled. 
Late 1949, Mike Kendall, Chief Engineer and Chairman of the Board of Stephens-Adamson Mfg. Year 1949 ( MCMXLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Co asked Al Neilson an engineer in the Industrial Products Division of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., if Goodyear had ever considered working on People Movers. The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company was founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling. He felt that with Goodyear’s ability to move materials in large quantities on conveyor belts they should consider moving batches of people. A belt conveyor consists of two or more Pulleys with a continuous loop of material - the conveyor belt - that rotates about them
Four years of engineering design, development, and testing, led to a joint patent being issued for three types of people movers which had been named Speedwalk, Speedramp, and Carveyor. Goodyear would sell the concept and Stephens-Adamson would manufacture and install the components.
A speedwalk consisted of a flat conveyor belt riding on a series of rollers, or a flat slippery surface, moving at 1. 5 mph. (approximately half the speed of walking) the passengers would walk onto the belt and could stand or walk to the exit point. They were supported by a moving handrail. Handrails are railings used on Stairways and Escalators They are designed to be grasped by the hand while ascending or descending the stairs
Customers were expected to be airport terminals, ballparks, train stations, etc. An airport terminal is a building at an Airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from Airplanes A baseball park, baseball stadium, or ball park / ballpark is the field of play in the game of Baseball and the spectator seating areas |}A train station, railway station, railroad station, or station yard is a facility at which Passengers may board and alight from Trains Today several manufacturers produce similar units called moving walkways. A moving walkway, moving sidewalk (in the US moving pavement (elsewhere walkalator, travelator, autowalk, horizontal escalator
A Speedramp was very similar to a Speedwalk but it was used to change elevations, up or down a floor level. This could have been accomplished by an escalator, but the Speedramp would allow wheeled luggage, small handcarts etc. "CARTS" redirects here For the transportation system see Capital Area Rural Transportation System, or Chautauqua CARTS. to ride the belt at an operating cost predicted to be much lower than escalators or elevators. An escalator is a Conveyor transport device for transporting people consisting of individual linked steps that move up or down on tracks which keep the treads An elevator or lift is a Transport device used to move people or goods vertically from one floor to another
The first successful installation of a Speedramp, spring of 1954, was in the Hudson and Manhattan RR Station in Jersey City to connect the Erie RR to the Hudson & Manhattan Tubes, This unit was 227 feet long, rose up 22 feet on a 15 degree grade and only cost $75,000. The Erie Railroad was a Railroad that operated in New York State, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and
A Carveyor consisted of many small cubicles or cars carrying ten people riding on a flat conveyor belt from Point A to Point B. The belt would be riding on a series of Motorized Rollers. The purpose of the motorized rollers was to facilitate the gradual acceleration and deceleration speeds on the conveyor belt and over come the tendency of all belts to stretch at start up and during shutdown. At point “A” passengers would enter a Speedwalk running parallel to the belts and cars of the Carveyor. The cars would be moving at the same speed as the Speedwalk; the passengers would enter the cars and be seated, while the motorized rollers would increase the speed of the cars up to the traveling speed (which would be preset depending on the distance to be covered).
At point B Passengers could disembark and by means of a series of flat slower belts (Speedwalks) go to other Carveyors to other destinations or out to the street. The cars at point B would continue on rollers around a semicircle and then reverse the process carrying passengers back to point A. The target installation was to be the 42nd street shuttle in NYC between Times Square and Grand Central Terminal station. Times Square is a major intersection in Manhattan, New York City at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue and stretching from West "Grand Central Station" redirects here For other uses see Grand Central.
Colonel Sydney H. Bingham, Chairman of the New York City Board of Transportation had several meetings with a group of architects who were trying to revamp the whole NYC subway system in the heart of town to connect Penn. The New York City Subway is a Rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary agency Station, Madison Square Garden, Times Square, Grand Central and several new office complexes together. Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, and known colloquially as The Garden, has been the name of four Arenas in New York City. Office Complex Commonly referred to as a Plaza, an office complex is often confused with an office building Several of these architects were involved in other programs and in later years many variations of the Carveyor people movers developed.
In November 1954 the New York City Transit Authority issued an order to Goodyear and Stephens-Adamson to build a Complete Carveyor System between Times Square and Grand Central. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) The New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA is a Public authority in the U A brief Summary and confirmation can be found in Time Magazine Monday November 15, 1954. Events 655 - Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) under the heading “Subway of the Future”. The cost was to be under $4 million.
Unfortunately the order was never fulfilled due to some very unpleasant politics and many other nasty little happenings that had nothing to do with the capabilities of the system.
Chocolate World in Hershey Pa. Hershey’s Chocolate World (opened June 30, 1973) is the name of Hershey’s visitor center in Hershey Pennsylvania, United States , Disneyland in California, and Disney World in Florida are among many other locations that have used variations of the Carveyor concept. Walt Disney World Resort is the most visited and largest recreational resort in the world containing four Theme parks two Water parks twenty-three themed hotels If You Had Wings used the Omnimover
The term 'people mover' was used by Walt Disney, when he and his Imagineers were working on the new 1967 Tomorrowland at Disneyland. If You Had Wings ( June 5, 1972 &ndash June 1, 1987) was a two-person Omnimover Dark ride in Tomorrowland in the Magic The Omnimover is an amusement ride system used for Disney Theme park attractions Walter Elias Disney (December 5 1901 – December 15 1966 was a multiple Academy Award -winning American Film producer, director, Screenwriter Walt Disney Imagineering was formed by entertainment mogul Walt Disney on December 16, 1952 as WED Enterprises (WED Walter Elias Disney to Tomorrowland is one of the many "themed lands" at the many theme parks owned or licensed by The Walt Disney Company around the world The name was used as a working title for a new attraction, the PeopleMover. The PeopleMover ( July 2, 1967 &ndash August 21, 1995) was a transport attraction in Tomorrowland at Disneyland in According to Imagineer Bob Gurr, "the name got stuck," and it was no longer a working title. Robert Henry Gurr (born 1931 is an American amusement ride designer and Imagineer.
The world's first airport people mover was installed in 1971 at Tampa International Airport in the United States. Tampa International Airport is a public Airport located six miles (10 km) west of the Central business district of Tampa, in Hillsborough The United States of America —commonly referred to as the APMs have now become common at large airports and progressive hospitals in the United States.
Driverless metros have become common in Europe and parts of Asia. The economics of automated trains tend to reduce the scale so tied to "mass" transit, so that small-scale installations are feasible. Thus cities normally thought of as too small to build a metro (e. g. Rennes, Lausanne, Brescia, etc. Rennes ( Gallo: Resnn, Roazhon Condate Condate Riedonum is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern Lausanne ( pronounced, Losanna is a city in Romandy, the French -speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva Brescia ( Lombard: Brèsa) is a city in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy. ) are now doing so.
On September 30, 2006, the Peachliner in Komaki, Aichi Prefecture, Japan became that nation's first people mover to cease operations. Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The was a People mover in the city of Komaki, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. is a city located in Aichi, Japan. It is commonly associated with Nagoya Airport, which is partly located in the city WikipediaWikiProject Japanese prefectures for guidelines --> is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics.
Many large international airports around the world feature people mover systems to transport passengers between terminals or within a terminal itself. Advanced Rapid Transit or ART is the current name given to a Rapid transit system manufactured by Bombardier Transportation; it was originally named Bombardier CX-100 is an automated People mover (APM rolling stock first developed by Adtranz (now Bombardier Transportation) intended mainly Parry People Movers (PPM is a British company manufacturing lightweight railbuses that use Flywheel energy storage (FES to store energy for traction VAL is a type of automatic rubber-tired People mover technology based on an invention by Professor Robert Gabillard ( Université Lille Nord de France is the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture and a prominent port city in Japan with a population of about 1 Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario The Scarborough RT (sometimes shortened to SRT or RT) is a Rapid transit line in the Scarborough district of Toronto, Ontario Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario The LINK Train is an automated People mover (APM service installed by DCC Doppelmayr Cable Car which connects Terminals 1 and 3 and a big parking lot at Vancouver (vænˈkuːvɚ is a coastal The SkyTrain is a two-line urban mass transit system in Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The Copenhagen Metro, also known simply as the Metro, is a rail Rapid transit system serving Copenhagen, Frederiksberg and Tårnby The Docklands Light Railway (DLR is a Light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of East London England. The Poma 2000 in Laon, France, is an automated guideway transit a cable-driven People mover which runs between the railway station and Laon (lɑ̃ is a city and commune in Picardie in northern France, préfecture (capital} of the Aisne department Dortmund (ˈdɔʁtmʊnt is a City in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. The H-Bahn in Dortmund ("Hängebahn" or "hanging railway" is an automatic passenger monorail system Capelle aan den IJssel (population 65605 in 2005) is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of Honshū The Japanese city of ( is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshū, the largest of Japan 's The is a new transit system operated by Hiroshima Rapid Transit in Hiroshima, Japan. is the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture and a prominent port city in Japan with a population of about 1 Route As the map indicates the present system consists of one straight line originating at Sannomiya Station and terminating at Kobe Airport Station, and a The, commonly known as is an Automated guideway transit system in Kobe, Japan. is a city located in Aichi, Japan. It is commonly associated with Nagoya Airport, which is partly located in the city The was a People mover in the city of Komaki, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. is the third-largest incorporated city and the fourth most populous urban area in Japan. formally the is a Magnetic levitation train line in Aichi, Japan, near the city of Nagoya. is a Bus rapid transit line in Nagoya, Aichi, Japan. The line is officially called. is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of Honshū History March 16, 1981 - The Nankō Port Town Line from Nakafuto to Suminoekōen opened Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau (大阪市交通局 Ōsaka-shi Kōtsū-kyoku) is an organization of Transportation in Osaka City Japan is the capital and the most populous city of Saitama Prefecture in Japan, situated in the south-east of the prefecture The New Shuttle (ニューシャトル Nyū Shatoru frequently truncated to Shatoru) is a Japanese human-operated Automated guideway transit is a city located in Chiba, Japan. The city was founded on March 31, 1954. Description Length 41  km Stations 6 Track single Traction electric 750  V   DC The, also referred to as the Tama Monorail, is an important part of the Western Tokyo public transport network is a city in Saitama, Japan. It is located in the central part of the Musashino plain about 30 km west of downtown Tokyo. is a conglomerate based in Tokorozawa, Japan, with principal business areas in railways, Tourism and Real estate. The of Seibu Railway is a human operated People mover that runs between Seibu-Yūenchi in Higashimurayama, Tokyo and Seibu-Kyūjōmae Station officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and located on the eastern side of the main island Honshū. formally the is an Automated guideway transit service operated by the Tokyo Waterfront New Transit Corporation connecting Shimbashi to Toyosu, passing through The is an Automated guideway transit (AGT system between Nippori Station in Arakawa and Minumadai-shinsuikōen Station in Adachi, Tokyo is the capital of Kanagawa Prefecture, located in the Kantō region of the main island of Honshū and is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area is a new transportation system line operated by and transits from Shin-Sugita ( Isogo Ward) to Kanazawa-Hakkei ( Kanazawa Ward) in The Kelana Jaya Line (coloured Pink on the Kuala Lumpur transit map is one of the two light rail transit lines in the Kuala Lumpur Rail Transit System The Manila Light Rail Transit System, popularly known as the LRT, is the main metropolitan rail system serving the Metro Manila area in the Philippines The Manila Metro Rail Transit System, popularly known as the MRT, Metrostar Express or Metrostar, is part of the metropolitan rail system Oeiras ( pron o'ɐjɾɐʃ is a civil parish and a municipality in western Lisbon Metropolitan Area. Bukit Panjang LRT Line is a 78 km Light rail line opened on 6th November 1999 and part of Singapore 's LRT system. The Sengkang LRT Line is a 107 km Light rail line which partly opened on 18 January 2003. The Punggol LRT Line is the third line of the LRT system in Singapore The Taipei Metro Muzha Line is a medium-capacity line in Taipei, Taiwan. The Detroit People Mover is a 29 Mile (46 km) automated people mover system which operates a single-track one-way loop through the central business district A monorail is a transportation system based on a single beam The term is also used variously to describe the beam of the system or the vehicles travelling on such a beam or The JTA Skyway is a People mover in Jacksonville, Florida, in the United States. Metromover is a free People mover train system operated by Miami-Dade Transit. Las Colinas is a developed area in the Dallas suburb of Irving Texas. The Las Colinas Area Personal Transit System is a People mover system that serves the Las Colinas area of Irving Texas, a suburb of Dallas. AirTrain is a fully automated People mover at San Francisco International Airport (SFO The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city San Francisco International Airport is a major international Airport located south of downtown San Francisco, California, United States adjacent to the AirTrain JFK is an 81- Mile (13- km) People mover system in New York City that connects John F John F Kennedy International Airport is an International airport located in Queens County on Long Island in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 Skylink is the world's largest high-speed airport train system This is a list of automated People mover systems located at airports around the world Some people mover systems at airports connect with other public transportation systems to allow passengers to travel into the airport's city.
Air-Rail Link at Birmingham International Airport, UK
An underground people mover station at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport
LINK Interterminal Shuttle at Toronto Pearson International Airport