Pearl Bailey in “St. Louis Woman”, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1946
|Born||Pearl Mae Bailey|
March 29, 1918
Southampton County, Virginia
|Died||August 17, 1990 (aged 72)|
|Years active||1947 - 1989|
|Spouse(s)||John Randolph Pinkett (1948-1952)|
Louie Bellson (1952-1990)
Pearl Mae Bailey (March 29, 1918 – August 17, 1990) was an American singer and actress. Carl Van Vechten ( June 17, 1880 &ndash December 21, 1964) was an American Writer and Photographer who was a Events 1461 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Southampton County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə Luigi Paulino Alfredo Francesco Antonio Balassoni (born 6 July 1924) better known by the Stage name Louie Bellson (his own preferred spelling Events 1461 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) After appearing in vaudeville, she made her Broadway debut in St. Louis Woman in 1946. Vaudeville was a Genre of variety entertainment prevalent on the stage in the United States and Canada, from the early 1880s Broadway theater, commonly called simply Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 39 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located St Louis Woman is a musical by Harold Arlen (music and Johnny Mercer (lyrics based upon the novel God Sends Sunday  She won a Tony Award for the title role in the all-black production of Hello, Dolly! in 1968. The Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Awards, recognize achievement in live American Theatre and are presented Hello Dolly! is a musical with lyrics and music by Jerry Herman and a book by Michael Stewart, based on Thornton Wilder 's 1938 In 1987, she won a Daytime Emmy award for her performance as a fairy godmother in the ABC Afterschool Special, Cindy Eller: A Modern Fairy Tale. The Daytime Emmy Awards are awards presented by the New York -based National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences and the Los Angeles -based Academy The American Broadcasting Company coined the term After School Special with a series of made for television movies usually dealing with controversial or socially relevant
Her rendition of "Takes Two to Tango" hit the top ten in 1952. " Takes Two to Tango " is a popular Song written by Al Hoffman and Dick Manning and published in 1952.
Bailey was born in Southampton County, Virginia, to Rev. Southampton County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. Joseph and Ella Mae Bailey, and raised in the Bloodfields neighborhood of Newport News, Virginia. Newport News is an Independent city in Virginia. It is at the south-western end of the Virginia Peninsula, on the north shore of the James River
She made her stage-singing debut when she was 15 years old. Bailey’s brother Bill was beginning his own career as a tap dancer, and suggested she enter an amateur contest at Philadelphia’s Pearl Theater. Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə She entered, won first prize, later won a similar contest at Harlem’s famous Apollo Theater, and decided to pursue a career in entertainment. Harlem is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan, long known as a major African American cultural and business center
Bailey began by singing and dancing in Philadelphia’s black nightclubs in the 1930s, and soon started performing in other parts of the East Coast. In 1941, during World War II, Bailey toured the country with the USO, performing for American troops. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including "USO" redirects here for other uses see USO (disambiguation The United Service Organizations Inc After the tour, she settled in New York. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Her solo successes as a nightclub performer were followed by acts with such entertainers as Cab Calloway. Cabell "Cab" Calloway III ( December 25, 1907 &ndash November 18, 1994) was a famous American Jazz Singer In 1946, Bailey made her Broadway debut in St. Louis Woman. Broadway theater, commonly called simply Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 39 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located St Louis Woman is a musical by Harold Arlen (music and Johnny Mercer (lyrics based upon the novel God Sends Sunday Bailey continued to tour and record albums in between her stage and screen performances.
In 1954, she took the role of Frankie in the film version of Carmen Jones, and her rendition of "Beat Out That Rhythm on the Drum" is one of the highlights of the film. This article is about the 1954 film for the musical the film was based on see Carmen Jones Carmen Jones is a 1954 Musical She also starred in the Broadway musical House of Flowers. Broadway theater, commonly called simply Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 39 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located House of Flowers is a musical by Harold Arlen (music and lyrics and Truman Capote (lyrics and book based on his own novella In 1959, she played the role of Maria in the film version of Porgy and Bess, starring Sidney Poitier and Dorothy Dandridge. Porgy and Bess is an Opera, first performed in 1935, with music by George Gershwin, Libretto by DuBose Heyward, and Sir Sidney Poitier, KBE (ˈpwɑːtie born February 20, 1927) is an Oscar - Golden Globe - BAFTA - and Grammy Dorothy Jean Dandridge ( November 9, 1922 &ndash September 8, 1965) was an American Actress and Popular singer Also that year she played the role of "Aunt Hagar" in the movie St. Louis Blues, alongside Mahalia Jackson, Eartha Kitt, and Nat King Cole. Mahalia Jackson (October 26 1911 In 1929 Jackson met the composer Thomas A Eartha Mae Kitt (born on January 17 1927) is an American actress, Singer, and Cabaret star Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17 1919 &ndash February 15 1965 known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American musician
In 1968 she and Cab Calloway headlined an all-black cast version of HELLO, DOLLY!. The touring version was so successful David Merrick took it to Broadway where it played to sold out houses and revitalized the long running musical. Also in the cast was Emily Yancy as Irene Molloy. Pearl Bailey was given a special Tony Award for her role and RCA made a second original cast album. . That is the only recording of the score to have an Overture which was written espcially for that recording.
During the 1970s she had her own television show, and she also provided voices for animations such as Tubby the Tuba (1976) and Disney's The Fox and the Hound (1981). Walter Elias Disney (December 5 1901 – December 15 1966 was a multiple Academy Award -winning American Film producer, director, Screenwriter The Fox and the Hound is a 1981 Animated feature produced by Walt Disney Productions, first released to Movie theatres in the U She returned to Broadway in 1975, playing the lead in an all-black production of Hello Dolly. She earned a B.A. in theology from Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. in 1985. Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective Georgetown University is a Jesuit Private university located in Georgetown Washington D Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D
Later in her career, Bailey was a fixture as a spokesperson in a series of Duncan Hines commercials. Duncan Hines ( March 26, 1880 &ndash March 15, 1959) was a US
On November 19, 1952, Bailey married jazz drummer Louie Bellson in London. Events 1095 - The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land Year 1952 ( MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Jazz is an American Musical art form which originated in the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States A drummer is a Musician who plays a Drum or drums particularly a Drum kit ("drum set" or "trap set" Marching percussion Luigi Paulino Alfredo Francesco Antonio Balassoni (born 6 July 1924) better known by the Stage name Louie Bellson (his own preferred spelling London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom.
Bailey, a Republican, was appointed by President Richard Nixon as America's "Ambassador of Love" in 1970. She attended several meetings of the United Nations and later took part in a campaign ad for President Gerald Ford in the 1976 election. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr (July 14 1913 December 26 2006 was the thirty-eighth President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977 and the fortieth Vice President The United States presidential election of 1976 followed the resignation of President Richard M
She was awarded a Presidential Medal of Freedom on October 17, 1988. The Presidential Medal of Freedom is a decoration bestowed by the President of the United States and is along with the equivalent Congressional Gold Medal bestowed Events 539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar)
Pearl Bailey died in the Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia on August 17, 1990. Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) Following an autopsy, Dr. An autopsy, also known as a post-mortem examination, necropsy, or obduction, is a Medical procedure that consists of a thorough Examination Emanuel Rubin, professor and chairman of the Department of Pathology at Jefferson Medical College, announced the cause of death as arterioscerotic coronary artery disease with significant narrowing of the coronary artery. Coronary artery disease (CAD (or atherosclerotic Heart disease) is the end result of the accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls Coronary circulation is the circulation of blood in the Blood vessels that supply Blood to and from the Heart muscle She is buried at Rolling Green Memorial Park in Westchester, Pennsylvania. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern
Pearl Bailey: With a Song in Her Heart, a children's biography by Keith Brandt, illustrated by Gershom Griffith, was published in 1992.
Dandridge and Harry Belafonte were dubbed by Marilyn Horne and LaVern Hutcherson. The album was issued by RCA.
|NAME||Bailey, Pearl Mae|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||American singer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 29, 1918|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Southampton County, Virginia|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 17, 1990|
|PLACE OF DEATH||West Chester, Pennsylvania|