The Peace of Constance of 1183 was signed in Konstanz by Frederick Barbarossa and representatives of the Lombard League. Konstanz (in English formerly known as Constance) is a university town of around 80000 inhabitants at the western end of Lake Constance Frederick I Barbarossa (1122 &ndash 10 June 1190) was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of Northern Italy (although its membership changed in It confirmed the Peace of Venice of 1177. The Treaty or Peace of Venice, 1177, was an important peace treaty between the Papacy and its allies the north Italian city-states of the Lombard The Italian cities agreed to remain loyal to the Empire but retained local jurisdiction over their territories. After the death of Pope Alexander III, the relationship between the Lombard cities and the papacy cooled and the cities became eager to negotiate a new accord with the Emperor. Pope Alexander III (c 1100/1105 &ndash August 30, 1181) born Rolando (or Orlando) Bandinelli, was Pope from 1159 The cities had the freedom to elect their own councils and to enact their own legislation. The consequence of these freedoms was division and it greatly strengthened Frederick in Italy.