|Paul M. Simon|
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Charles H. Percy|
|Succeeded by||Richard Durbin|
|Born||November 29, 1928|
|Died||December 9, 2003 (aged 75)|
|Spouse||Jeanne Hurley Simon, Patricia Derge|
|Profession||Newspaperman, intelligence officer|
Paul Martin Simon (November 29, 1928 – December 9, 2003) was an American politician from Illinois. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. Events 1431 - Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon. Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) Events 1431 - Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon. Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar Charles Harting "Chuck" Percy (born September 27, 1919) was chairman of the Bell & Howell Corporation from 1949 to 1964 and United States Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The city of Eugene ( "yoo-JEEN") is the County seat of Lane County, Oregon, Events 536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Springfield is the capital of the US state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County with a population of 116482 (U The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. A newspaper is a written Publication containing News, information and Advertising, usually printed on low-cost paper called Newsprint. An intelligence officer is a person employed by an organisation to collect compile and analyse information (known as intelligence) which is of use to that organisation Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. He served in the United States House of Representatives from 1975 to 1985 and United States Senate from 1985 to 1997. The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar He was a member of the Democratic Party. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) During the campaign, he briefly captured the national attention and was considered a major candidate. This led to an appearance on the popular television show Saturday Night Live, co-hosting with celebrated singer Paul Simon. Saturday Night Live ( SNL) is a weekly late-night 90-minute American Sketch comedy / Variety show based in New York City Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13 1941 is an American Songwriter, Musician, and member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. 
He later served as director of the Paul Simon Public Policy Institute at Southern Illinois University Carbondale in Carbondale, starting in 1997. Founded in 1997 by Paul Simon, a former two-term US Senator from Illinois and one-time candidate for the Democratic Party nomination for President Southern Illinois University Carbondale (SIUC but usually just referred to as SIU) is located in Carbondale, Illinois. Carbondale is a city in southern Illinois in the midwest United States, miles southeast of Saint Louis Missouri Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar There, he taught classes on politics, history and journalism.
Simon was noted for his distinctive professorial appearance that included a bow-tie and heavy-rimmed glasses. The bow tie is a men's Necktie popularly worn with Formal attire, such as suits or Dinner jackets It consists of a ribbon of fabric tied around Glasses, also called eyeglasses or spectacles, are frames bearing lenses worn in front of the Eyes normally for vision correction,
Simon, the son of a Lutheran minister who was a missionary to China, was born in Eugene, Oregon shortly after his parents were forced back to America following a controversy about what the appropriate Chinese term for God should be. Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National The city of Eugene ( "yoo-JEEN") is the County seat of Lane County, Oregon, He attended the University of Oregon and Dana College in Blair, Nebraska, but never graduated. The University of Oregon (UO is a public, Coeducational Research university in Eugene Oregon, United States. Dana College is an accredited baccalaureate College of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, located in Blair Nebraska. Blair is a city in and the County seat of Washington County, Nebraska, United States. After meeting with local Lions Club members, he borrowed $3,600 to take over the defunct Troy Call newspaper in 1948, becoming the nations' youngest editor-publisher of the renamed Troy Tribune in Troy, Madison County, Illinois, eventually building a chain of fourteen weeklies. Troy is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 8524 at the 2000 census Madison County is a County located in the US state of Illinois. His activism against gambling, prostitution, and government corruption while at the Troy Tribune forced the newly-elected governor, Adlai Stevenson, to take a stand on these issues, creating national exposure for Simon that later resulted in his testifying before the Kefauver Commission. This is about the mid-20th-century politician and diplomat for other American politicians so named see Adlai Stevenson (disambiguation. Between 1950 and 1951 the Kefauver Committee, officially the Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce, held all of America's attention 
Simon served in the United States Army during the Korean War from 1951 to 1953, becoming an intelligence officer. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the Year 1951 ( MCMLI) was a Common year starting on Monday. Events of 1951 January Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Upon his discharge, he began his political career, serving in the Illinois House of Representatives from 1955 to 1963. The Illinois House of Representatives is the Lower house of the Illinois General Assembly, the state legislature of the U Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar) Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. As a state legislator, he worked to achieve fiscal responsibility and to expand public utilities in rural parts of the state that did not yet have them. He was also active in promoting Civil Rights, and once hosted an event attended by former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt. Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (ˈɛlɪnɔr ˈroʊzəvɛlt October 11 1884 &ndash November 7 1962
He was one of the youngest elected state legislators in Illinois history (at 26 he was only a year older than Abraham Lincoln had been when he entered the state legislature). Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal He upset two Democratic Party machine candidates, and adopted his trademark bowtie when a newspaper account of a debate stated "the man with the bowtie did well. " When he married Jeanne Hurley Simon on April 21, 1960, she was a member of the state legislature (1957–1961) and it was the first time in Illinois history that two sitting members of the General Assembly were married to each other. They had two children, Sheila and Martin. She did not seek re-election but was an integral part of Simon's rise to national prominence. She later became a successful lawyer and author, and served as chairperson of National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. A lawyer, according to Black's Law Dictionary, is "a person learned in the law as an attorney, Counsel or Solicitor; a person An author is defined both as "the person who originates or gives existence to anything" and that authorship determines responsibility for what is created The National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS is one of the smallest policy agencies in the United States government and for the last 20 years has been She died in February of 2000 of brain cancer.  Upon her death, Illinois senator Richard Durbin delivered a tribute to Mrs. Simon on the senate floor. 
In 2001, Simon married Patricia Derge.
He moved to the Illinois State Senate in 1963, serving there until 1968. The Illinois Senate is the upper chamber of the Illinois General Assembly, the Legislative branch of the government of the State of Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He was elected Lieutenant Governor of Illinois in 1968 and served from 1969 to 1973. The Lieutenant Governor of Illinois is the second highest executive of the State of Illinois. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. As a Democrat, he served with Republican Governor Richard B. Ogilvie. Richard Buell Ogilvie ( February 22, 1923 – May 10, 1988) was an American Political figure. His bipartisan teamwork with Ogilvie produced the state's first income tax and paved the way for the state's constitutional convention in 1969, which created Illinois's fourth (and current) constitution. The Ogilvie-Simon administration was the only one in Illinois history in which the governor and lieutenant governor were from opposing political parties. (The state constitution ratified in 1970 requires the governor and lieutenant governor to run and be elected together on a joint ticket. )
His 1972 campaign to win the Democratic nomination for governor was upset by Dan Walker, who went on to win in the general election. Daniel Walker (born August 6, 1922) is a former Democratic governor of the U
Following his defeat, Simon became an adjunct professor at Sangamon State University in Springfield, Illinois in 1973, where he taught a course entitled "Non-Fiction Magazine and Book Writing", drawing upon his own experience as the author of four books. The meaning of the word professor ( Latin: professor, person who professes to be an expert in some art or science teacher of highest rank) varies The University of Illinois at Springfield ( UIS) is a small liberal arts university located in Springfield. Springfield is the capital of the US state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County with a population of 116482 (U He taught at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government in 1973. The John F Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (also known as Harvard Kennedy School and HKS) is a Public policy and
He resumed his political career and was elected as a Democrat to the 94th Congress in 1974 and was reelected to the four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1975–January 3, 1985). Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. He then ran and was elected to the United States Senate in 1984. Simon upset three-term incumbent Charles H. Percy with 50% of the vote to win the election. Charles Harting "Chuck" Percy (born September 27, 1919) was chairman of the Bell & Howell Corporation from 1949 to 1964 and United States
In 1987–88, he sought the Democratic nomination for president, narrowly losing the Iowa Caucus to Rep. President is a Title leaders of Organizations companies, Trade unions universities, and countries. The State of Iowa ( is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States of America. Richard Gephardt of Missouri. Richard Andrew "Dick" Gephardt (born January 31, 1941) is a former prominent American politician of the Democratic Party. Missouri ( or) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States bordered by Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee Gephardt won 31. 24 percent of the weighted delegates to Simon's 26. A delegate is a member of a group representing an organization (e 68 percent — a margin of 4. 56 points. Simon finished third in New Hampshire and won the Illinois Primary, but Michael Dukakis went on to win the Democratic nomination. New Hampshire ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. Michael Stanley Dukakis (born November 3, 1933) is an American Democratic politician former Governor of Massachusetts, and was the Democratic
He won re-election to the U. S. Senate in 1990 by defeating Congresswoman Lynn Morley Martin with 65 percent of the vote and by nearly 1 million votes — the largest plurality of any contested candidate for senator or governor of either party that year. Lynn Morley Martin (b December 26, 1939) is a Businesswoman and former United States Politician. A governor is a governing official usually the executive (at least nominally to different degrees also politically and administratively of a non-sovereign level of government While serving in the Senate, he co-authored an unsuccessful Balanced Budget Amendment with Republican Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah. The Balanced Budget Amendment is any one of various proposed amendments to the United States Constitution which would require a balance in the projected Revenues Orrin Grant Hatch (born March 22, 1934) is a Republican United States Senator from Utah, serving since 1977 The State of Utah (ˈjuːtɔː or) is a western state of the United States. 
Simon was remembered for famously criticizing President Bush during the 1992 presidential campaign when Bush made an attempt to play on his central role in overseeing the collapse of the Soviet Bloc and aggressively promoting the successes of his own presidency and the preceding Reagan Administration in Eastern Europe during a speech at Chicago's Taste of Polonia. George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 The United States presidential elections of 1992 featured a battle between incumbent President, Republican George H During the Cold War, the term Communist Bloc (or Soviet Bloc) was used to refer to the Soviet Union and countries it either controlled or that were The United States Presidency of Ronald Reagan, also known as the Reagan Administration, was a Republican administration headed by Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. The Taste of Polonia is a Chicago festival held at the Copernicus Cultural and Civic Center in the Jefferson Park community area of Chicago An attempt by President Bush to woo Chicago's large Polish Community to win Illinois which was seen as an important state in play during the election, Senator Simon roundly denounced Bush's claim and Bush would eventually lose the state. George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 Poles in Chicago, also known as Chicago Polonia, refers to both immigrant Poles and Americans of Polish heritage living in Chicago, Illinois The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 He did not seek reelection in 1996. Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar)
Simon was a prolific author. He came to national prominence in the 1960s, due in part to his well-researched book, Lincoln's Preparation for Greatness: The Illinois Legislative Years. Despite being published 100 years after Abraham Lincoln's death, it was the first book to exhaustively cite original source documents from Lincoln's eight years in the General Assembly. Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal He later went on to write more than 20 books on a wide range of topics, including interfaith marriages (he was a Lutheran and his wife, Jeanne, was a Catholic), global water shortages, United States Supreme Court nomination battles that focused heavily on his personal experiences with Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas (he was on the Senate Judiciary Committee during these hearings), his autobiography, and even a well-received book on slain Illinois preacher Elijah Lovejoy. Catholic is an Adjective derived from the Greek adjective '' / 'katholikos' meaning "whole" or "complete". The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. Robert Heron Bork (born March 1, 1927) is a conservative American legal scholar who advocates the judicial philosophy of Originalism. Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an American Jurist. He has been serving as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United His last book, Our Culture of Pandering, was published in October 2003. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar.
After his retirement from politics, he continued to play a role in public life by writing books, and through the SIU Public Policy Institute, which was named for him after his death.
An avowed social liberal, Simon spent his career denouncing racism, supporting women's rights, and encouraging equality for racial and ethnic minorities. He was a fiscal conservative who described himself as "a pay-as-you-go Democrat. Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favour Tradition, where tradition refers to various religious cultural or nationally defined " As a senator, he overhauled the college student loan program to allow students and their families to borrow directly from the federal government, thus saving money by not using private banks to disperse the loans. 
He fiercely took a stand against obscenity and violence in the media in the 1990s. His efforts against media violence partly led to the adoption of V-chip. V-chip is a generic term used for Television receivers allowing the blocking of programs based on their ratings category 
He opposed the Contract with America and Clintonian welfare reforms, and was one of 21 senators who voted against the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act. The Contract with America was a document released by the United States Republican Party during the 1994 Congressional election campaign Clintonian is an ambiguous term that either refers to the political behavior of United States President Bill Clinton or his administrative style and personal group of political Welfare reform is a movement for policy change in countries with a state-administered social welfare systems The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 ( PRWORA,) is a United States federal law considered to be a fundamental shift in both the method 
In foreign affairs, he promoted the military response to Somalia during the presidency of George H.W. Bush, and he was an outspoken critic of President Bill Clinton's response to the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Somalia ( Soomaaliya; الصومال) officially the Somali Republic ( Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya, جمهورية الصومال) and formerly known George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19 1946 served as the forty-second President of the United States Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass killing of hundreds of thousands of Rwanda 's minority Tutsis and the moderates of its Hutu majority Simon believed America should have acted faster, and Clinton later said his belated response was the biggest mistake of his presidency.  He is, together with Jim Jeffords, credited by Canadian Lieutenant-General Roméo Dallaire, Force Commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) from 1993 to 1994, for actively lobbying the U. James Merrill "Jim" Jeffords (born May 11, 1934) is a former U Lieutenant-General Roméo Antonius Dallaire, OC, CMM, GOQ, MSC, CD (born June 25, 1946 in The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda ( UNAMIR) was a mission instituted by the United Nations to aid the implementation S. administration into mounting a humanitarian mission to Rwanda during the genocide. The Republic of Rwanda (ruːˈændə or /rəˈwɑːndə/ in English ɾwanda or in Kinyarwanda is a small Landlocked country in the According to Dallaire's book Shake Hands with the Devil, he "owe[s] a great debt of gratitude" to both senators.
Simon was also a supporter of Taiwan and opposed United States' policy to isolate Taiwan. Taiwan ( Taiwanese: Tâi-oân/Tāi-oân (historically 大灣/台員/大員/台圓/大圓/台窩灣 is an Island in East Asia. He was one of the senators that convinced Bill Clinton to allow the visit of then-Republic of China president Lee Teng-hui to visit United States. William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19 1946 served as the forty-second President of the United States REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES Lee Teng-hui ( POJ: Lí Teng-hui born 15 January 1923 is a Politician of Taiwan. 
Senator Simon was a staunch opponent to the mandatory minimum sentence. A mandatory sentence is a court decision setting where Judicial discretion is limited by Law. In 1996 he and libertarian researcher Dave Kopel co-authored an article in National Law Journal denouncing the practice
Simon lived for many years in the small town of Makanda, south of Carbondale, where he was a professor and director of the SIU Public Policy Institute. Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar) Libertarianism is a term used by a broad spectrum of political philosophies which prioritize individual Liberty and seek to minimize or even abolish the Dave Kopel is an American Author, Attorney, Political science researcher and Contributing editor to several publications The National Law Journal, a US Periodical founded in 1978, reports legal information of national importance to attorneys including federal Makanda is a village in Jackson County, Illinois, United States. While there, he tried to foster the Institute into becoming a think tank that could advance the lives of all people. Activities included going to Liberia and Croatia to oversee their elections, bringing major speakers to campus, denouncing the death penalty, trying to end trade restrictions with communist Cuba, fostering political courage among his students, and promoting amendments to the Constitution to end the Electoral College and to limit the president to a single six-year term of office. Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between An election is a Decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold formal office Public speaking is the process of speaking to a group of people in a structured deliberate manner intended to inform influence or entertain the listeners A campus is traditionally the land on which a College or University and related institutional buildings are situated Capital punishment, the death penalty or execution, is the Killing of a person by judicial process as Punishment. The Republic of Cuba (ˈkjuːbə or) consists of the island of Cuba (the largest and second-most populous island of the Greater Antilles) Isla de la The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme Law of the United States. The Electoral College consists of 538 popularly elected representatives who formally select the President and Vice President of the United States. Concerning the Electoral College during the controversial Election 2000 fiasco, Simon said, "I think if somebody gets the majority vote, they should be president. The United States presidential election of 2000 was a contest between Democratic candidate Al Gore, then Vice President, and Republican A majority, also known as a simple majority in the US, is a Subset of a group that is more than half of the entire group But, I don't think the system is going to be changed. "
Simon believed modern presidents practice "followship," rather than leadership, saying, "We have been more and more leaning on polls to decide what we're going to do, and you don't get leadership from polls. The word leadership can refer to Those entities that perform one or more acts of leading Polymerase (DNA directed lambda, also known as POLL, is a human Gene. . . and not just at the presidential level. It's happening with senators, House members and even state legislators sometimes [when they] conduct polls to find out where people stand on something. In the United States of America, a state legislature is a generic term referring to the legislative body of any of the country's 50 states. "
Paul Simon is the brother of Arthur Simon, founder of Bread for the World. Arthur Simon (born Eugene Oregon, 1930 is founder and President Emeritus of Bread for the World, where he served for almost two Bread for the World is a Non-partisan, Christian citizens' movement in the United States to end hunger
In 1960 state Rep. Paul Simon married state Rep. Jeanne Hurley (Simon)(ca. 1923–2000). The Simons had 2 children and were married for nearly 40 years. Mrs. Simon died in 2000 at the age of 77 due to brain cancer.
Paul Simon remarried in May of 2001 to Patricia Derge. Both Sen. Simon and his second wife were widowed. The marriage lasted until his death 2-1/2 years later at the age of 75. His widow is also the widow of former Southern Illinois University president David Derge.
Simon died in Springfield, Illinois following heart surgery at the age of 75 in 2003. Springfield is the capital of the US state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County with a population of 116482 (U Cardiac surgery is Surgery on the Heart and/or Great vessels performed by a Cardiac surgeon. On TV, WBBM (CBS 2 Chicago) reported his death as a "massive gastric blow-out". Just four days before, despite being hospitalized and awaiting surgery, he had endorsed Howard Dean's 2004 presidential bid in a telephone conference call he conducted from his hospital bed. Howard Brush Dean III, (born November 17 1948 is an American A Conference call is a Telephone call in which the Calling party wishes to have more than one Called party listen in to the audio portion  He was also an early supporter of current Illinois Senator Barack Obama, having made a television commercial that later aired in downstate Illinois after his death. His endorsement was used effectively and was considered a major reason for Obama's surprise victory in the Democratic primary. In the Senate, Obama has praised late senator Paul Simon as a "dear friend. " In July 2005, the U. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. S. Senator Paul Simon Museum was opened in Troy, Illinois, where Simon lived for 25 years. It includes memorabilia throughout his life, including the desk and camera from his days as a young editor of the Troy Tribune, items from his presidential campaign, and his lieutenant governor license plates. The museum is open to the public. 
Paul Simon made a brief cameo appearance as himself in the 1993 political drama film, Dave. Dave is a 1993 Comedy-drama movie written by Gary Ross, directed by Ivan Reitman, and starring Kevin Kline (in 
Simon's daughter, Sheila Simon, served as councilwoman of Carbondale. Carbondale is a city in southern Illinois in the midwest United States, miles southeast of Saint Louis Missouri
Samuel H. Shapiro
|Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|
|United States House of Representatives|
Kenneth J. Gray
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Illinois's 24th congressional district
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Illinois's 22nd congressional district
Kenneth J. Gray
|United States Senate|
Charles H. Percy
|United States Senator (Class 2) from Illinois|
Served alongside: Alan J. Dixon, Carol Moseley Braun
|NAME||Simon, Paul Martin|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Former United States Senator from Illinois|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 29, 1928|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Eugene, Oregon|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 9, 2003|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Springfield, Illinois|