A partido is an administrative subdivision of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Regions See also Geography of Argentina The country is also divided into six or seven regions (seven when The Pampas is divided into the Pampas' plains Buenos Aires Province (ˈbwenos ˈaiɾes Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires is the most populated province of Argentina. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. A partido is formally a single municipality, though it usually comprises one or more population centers (towns and cities). A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly denotes a City, Town, or Village, or
All the other provinces of Argentina call their first-level subdivisions departamento (see Departments of Argentina), which are further subdivided into distinct municipalities. Regions See also Geography of Argentina The country is also divided into six or seven regions (seven when The Pampas is divided into the Pampas' plains Departments (departamentos form the second level of administrative division in the Provinces of Argentina.
By the end of XVII century the municipal council of Buenos Aires or cabildo established the first partidos in the countryside: San Isidro del Pago de la Costa (San Isidro) in 1779 and San Vicente, Quilmes, Magdalena, La Matanza, Cañada de Morón (Morón), Las Conchas (Tigre) and San Pedro in 1784. Buenos Aires is the Capital and largest city of Argentina. It is geographically located on the southern shore of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern For a discussion of the contemporary Spanish and Latin American cabildo see Ayuntamiento. San Isidro is a partido of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina found in the north of Greater Buenos Aires. San Vicente Partido is a partido located in the centre-east of Buenos Aires Province in Argentina. Quilmes is a partido of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, within the Gran Buenos Aires Conurbation. Magdalena Partido is a partido located in the north eastern part of Buenos Aires Province in Argentina. La Matanza Partido is a partido located in the Greater Buenos Aires in Buenos Aires Province in Argentina. Morón is a Partido (county of the Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. For other uses please see Tigre (disambiguation Tigre Partido is a Partido or municipality of Buenos Aires Province, San Pedro Partido is a Partido located in the north of the Argentine province of Buenos Aires, whose capital city is San Pedro
At the head of every partido the cabildo appointed a rural judge called Alcalde de la Santa Hermandad. The judge or alcalde (from Arabic al-qadi ( قاضي,), meaning "the judge") had the mission to maintain the law and order in the surrounding rural area of Buenos Aires, fighting against cattle raiders. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Qadi (also known as Qazi or Kazi or Kadi) (قاضي is a judge ruling in accordance with the Sharia, Islamic religious law The alcalde was helped by a constabulary called Santa Hermandad (in English, Holy Brotherhood) created in the late XV century by the Catholic Monarchs and transplanted to the colonies. Constabulary may have several definitions A civil non-paramilitary Police force consisting of police officers called Constables This is the usual English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The Catholic Monarchs (los Reyes Católicos is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon
In 1821 the Governor Martín Rodríguez and his minister Bernardino Rivadavia dissolved the cabildo and since then was the governor itself who appointed the judge, now called Juez de Paz (in English, Justice of Peace). Martín Rodríguez ( Buenos Aires; 1771 &ndash Montevideo; 1845 was an Argentine politician and soldier Bernardino de la Trinidad Gónzalez Rivadavia y Rivadavia ( May 20, 1780 &ndash September 2, 1845) was the first President of
In 1856 the office of Juez de Paz was replaced by a Presidente de la Municipalidad or Municipal President. It was appointed by the Governor from a list of three candidates presented by the Municipales or Councillors, who were elected by the citizens of the different partidos. A councillor or councilor ( Cllr, Coun, Clr or Cr for short is a member of a Local government council such as a
Since 1890 the head of the government is called Intendente or Mayor and it is directly elected by the citizens. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government
On October 24 1864 the Legislature of the Province of Buenos Aires sanctioned law № 422 dividing the province into 45 partidos: Arrecifes, Baradero, Barrancas al Sud (Avellaneda), Belgrano (Barrio Belgrano), Cañuelas, Carmen de Areco, Chacabuco, Chascomús, Chivilcoy, del Pilar, Ensenada, Exaltación de la Cruz, General las Heras, General San Martín, Giles, Junín , Matanza, Las Conchas (Tigre), Lobos, Lomas de Zamora, Luján, Magdalena, Mercedes, Merlo, Monte, Moreno, Morón, Navarro, Pergamino, Quilmes, Ramallo, Ranchos, Rivadavia, Rojas, Salto, San Antonio, San Fernando, San Isidro, San José de Flores (Barrio Flores), San Nicolás, San Pedro, San Vicente, Suipacha, Viedma and Zárate. Belgrano is a leafy northern barrio or neighborhood of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Flores is a middle class barrio or district in the centre part of Buenos Aires city Argentina.
Every partido is administrated by a municipality. It is divided in an executive and a legislative branch: the mayor or intendente and the city council or consejo deliberante, respectively. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town. The municipality is a strong mayor-council form of government. The Mayor-Council government system sometimes called the Mayor-Commission government system is one of two variations of Government used for the most part in modern
The mayor is elected to four-year terms and can be reelected indefinitely.
The City Council is a unicameral body consisting and one-half of the members are elected every two years to serve four-year term.
The mayor and councilors can be reelected indefinitely.
The number of councillors depends on the population of every partido. According to decret-law 6769/58 the number of councillors varies as follows:
|at most 5,000||6|
|more than 200,000||24|