The parquet is, in some countries, including France, the prosecution service. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the Common law Adversarial system, or the civil law The parquet général is the prosecution service of a cour d'appel or the Cour de Cassation. Court of Appeal, Court of Appeals, and Appellate Division redirect here for a list of specific courts using those titles see Court of Appeal The Court of Cassation ( Cour de cassation in French) is the main Court of last resort in France.
The word literally means "wooden floor"; this is because, as opposed to the judges, who sit on an elevated platform during trials, the prosecution pleads standing on the floor. Wood is hard fibrous lignified structural tissue produced as secondary Xylem in the stems of Woody plants notably trees but also shrubs A floor is the walking surface of a room or vehicle Floors vary from simple dirt in a cave to many-layered surfaces using modern technology A judge, or justice, is an Official who presides over a Court of law
This also explains why the judges are sometimes referred to as "sitting magistrates" (magistrature assise) or "magistrates of the Seat" (magistrats du siège) while the prosecutors are sometimes referred to as "standing magistrates" (magistrature debout).
In Romania, the prosecution office is also called parchet (IPA: [par'ket]). Romania ( dated: Rumania, Roumania
In Dutch, the parquet is translated as the parket. Dutch ( is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people 22 million of which are from the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname