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Parliamentary group and parliamentary party are terms used to refer to the representation of a political party or electoral fusion of parties in a legislative assembly such as a parliament or in a city council. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation Politics Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation This is a list of legislatures by country, whether parliamentary or congressional, that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. The leader or chairperson of a Parliamentary group holds an influential political post in a parliamentary system with strong Party discipline A congress is a formal meeting of representatives from different countries (or by extension Constituent States, or independent organisations (such as different Trade A Member of Congress is a Politician who is a member of a Congress. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or Parliamentary chamber In contrast to Unicameralism, Multicameralism or 'polycameralism' is the condition of having multiple legislative branches of Government. In Government, bicameralism (bi + Latin la ''camera'' chamber is the practice of having two legislative or Parliamentary chambers Thus a bicameral Tricameralism is the practice of having three legislative or Parliamentary chambers Many Parliaments or other Legislatures consist of two chambers (or houses) an elected Lower house, and an Upper house An upper house is one of two chambers of a Bicameral Legislature, the other chamber being the Lower house. A senate is a Deliberative body, often the Upper house or chamber of a Legislature or Parliament. A lower house is one of two chambers of a Bicameral Legislature, the other chamber being the Upper house. A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in American English) is a System of government in which A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town. A councillor or councilor ( Cllr, Coun, Clr or Cr for short is a member of a Local government council such as a A political party is a Political organization that seeks to attain and maintain political power within Government, usually by participating in electoral Electoral fusion is an arrangement where two or more political parties support a common Candidate, pooling the votes for all those parties TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town. A parliamentary group is led by a parliamentary group leader or chairperson, also called a whip in some countries. The leader or chairperson of a Parliamentary group holds an influential political post in a parliamentary system with strong Party discipline Whip is a role in party-based politics whose primary purpose is to ensure control of the formal decision-making process in a parliamentary legislature Generally, parliamentary groups have varying degrees of independence from the party itself, which depend on the country, since it is felt that it would be improper for elected MPs to take instructions from non-elected party officials or from the small subset of the electorate represented by party members. The exact relation between the parliamentary party and the party also varies from party to party.
The term especially applies to Australia and many European countries including, but not restricted to, Germany (where the term Fraktion is used), Switzerland (fraction/fraktion/frazione), to Austria (club), Belgium (fractie/fraction/fraktion), Italy (gruppo), Finland (eduskuntaryhmä/riksdagsgrupp), and the Netherlands (fractie), which all have recognized multiparty systems and strong party discipline. Politics of Germany takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic Republic, whereby the Federal Chancellor Politics of Switzerland takes place in the framework of a multi-party federal parliamentary democratic Republic, whereby the The Politics of Austria take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic Republic, with a Federal Chancellor Politics of Belgium takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic Constitutional monarchy, whereby the The politics of Italy take place in a framework of a parliamentary, democratic Republic, and of a Multi-party system. Politics of Finland takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic Republic and of a multi-party system The politics of the Netherlands take place within the framework of a parliamentary Representative democracy, a Constitutional monarchy and a Party discipline is the ability of the Parliamentary group of a Political party to get its members to support the policies of the party leadership In these and many other countries, the only way that parties and MPs can receive financial and personal support and can join parliamentary committees is by organizing themselves in parliamentary groups. A committee (some of which are titled instead as a "Commission" or other terms discussed below in) is a type of small Deliberative assembly that is usually intended Parliamentary group leaders are often important political players. Parties that are not in government often choose the party's political leader as the chairperson. Some parliamentary parties such as the German Bündnis 90/Die Grünen have a two-member chair. The Alliance '90/The Greens ( Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) the German Green party, is a Political party in Germany whose regional Parliamentary groups often use party discipline to control the votes of their members. Party discipline is the ability of the Parliamentary group of a Political party to get its members to support the policies of the party leadership MPs can also choose to leave their own party and (sometimes) set up their own parliamentary group.
The political groups of the European Parliament are similar to parliamentary groups. The European Parliament is unique among supranational assemblies because it organizes itself around ideological rather than national groups They are more regulated than other kinds of parliamentary groups: to gain financial support or to join committes, each parliamentary group must consist of no less than 19 MEPs from five different EU member states. A committee (some of which are titled instead as a "Commission" or other terms discussed below in) is a type of small Deliberative assembly that is usually intended A Member of the European Parliament ( English abbreviation MEP) is a member of the European Union 's legislative body the European Parliament. A Member State of the European Union is any one of the twenty-seven sovereign Nation states that have acceded the European Union (EU since its De facto
In the United States, the term caucus is used to describe similar organisations with members of only one party each but also multiparty (bipartisan) groups. Politics of the United States takes place in the framework of a presidential, Federal republic where the President of the United States (the Head of A Congressional caucus is a group of members of the United States Congress that meets to pursue common legislative objectives Similar organisations in the United Kingdom are All-Party Parliamentary Groups. An All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG is a grouping in the Parliament of the United Kingdom composed of politicians from all political parties.