The Parliament of Western Australia consists of the Western Australian Legislative Council, the Western Australian Legislative Assembly and the Governor of Western Australia. The Legislative Council, or upper house is one of the two chambers of parliament in the Australian state of Western Australia. The Legislative Assembly, or lower house is one of the two chambers of parliament in the Australian state of Western Australia. The Governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of Australia 's Monarch Queen Elizabeth II. The Parliament sits at Parliament House in Harvest Terrace, Perth. Parliament House Perth is located on Harvest Terrace in Perth, Western Australia. Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
For a bill to become law, it must be passed by both the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assesmbly and be assented to by the Governor.
The party or coalition with the most seats in the Legislative Assembly is invited by the Governor to form a government. The formation of the Government of Western Australia is prescribed in its Constitution which dates from 1890 although it has been amended many times since then The head of government is the Premier of Western Australia. This article focuses on the cases where the Head of Government is a separate office from the Head of State The Premier of Western Australia is the head of the executive government in the Australian State of Western Australia.
Western Australia first obtained responsible government in 1890, having previously been ruled since 1870 by a Governor and a Legislative Council made up of appointed officials and elected members. Responsible government is a conception of a System of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster The first Premier was John Forrest who held office until 1901. Sir John Forrest GCMG (22 August 1847 – 2 September 1918 was an Australian explorer the first Premier of Western Australia and a cabinet minister in Australia