|Comune di Padova|
Municipal coat of arms
Location of Padua in Italy
|Mayor||Flavio Zanonato (since June 14, 2004)|
|Elevation||12 m (39 ft)|
|Area||92 km² (36 sq mi)|
|Population (as of December 31, 2004)|
|- Density||2,292/km² (5,936/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET, UTC+1|
|Gentilic||Padovani or Patavini|
|Frazioni||Altichiero, Arcella, Bassanello, Brusegana, Camin, Chiesanuova, Forcellini, Guizza, Mandria, Montà, Mortise, Paltana, Ponte di Brenta, Ponterotto, Pontevigodarzere, Sacra Famiglia, Salboro, Stanga, Terranegra, Volta Brusegana|
|Patron||St. Anthony of Padua|
|- Day||June 13|
Padua, Italy, (Italian: Padova IPA: ['padova], Latin: Patavium, Venetian: Padoa) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Veneto or Venetia ( Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy. In Italy, a Province (in Italian provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between Municipality ( Comune The Province of Padua ( Provincia di Padova) is a province in the Veneto region of Italy. Flavio Zanonato ( Padua, 24 July 1950) is an Italian politician who is currently Mayor of Padua Events 1276 - While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Central European Time ( CET) is one of the names of the Time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. UTC+1 is used in the following locations Central European Time West Africa Time Western European Summer Time A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place Here are a list of area codes in Italy. All numbers here begin with the country code (0039 A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a Comune; for other Administrative Saint Anthony ( August 15, 1195 – June 13, 1231) also venerated as Saint Anthony of Lisbon and Saint Anthony of Padua, Events 1525 - Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the Celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Venetian or Venetan is a Romance language spoken by over two million people mostly in the Veneto region of Italy. Veneto or Venetia ( Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest It is the capital of Padova province and the economic and communications hub of the province. The Province of Padua ( Provincia di Padova) is a province in the Veneto region of Italy. Padua's population is 211,985 (2004). "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " The city is sometimes included, with Venice (Italian Venezia), in the Padua-Venice Metropolitan Area, population 1,600,000. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy.
Padua stands on the Bacchiglione River, and Brenta river (which once passed inside the city) still touches northern districts, 40 km west of Venice and 29km southeast of Vicenza. The Bacchiglione (Latin Medoacus minor) is a river that flows through northern Italy Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the Vicenza, a city in northern Italy, is the capital of the eponymous province in the Veneto region at the northern base of the Monte Berico Its agricultural setting is the Pianura Veneta, the "Venetian plain," To the city's south west lies the Euganaean Hills, praised by Lucan and Martial, Petrarch, Ugo Foscolo, and Shelley. Colli Euganei ( English: Euganean Hills) are located in the Veneto region of northern Italy, a few kilometers south of Padua Marcus Annaeus Lucanus ( November 3, 39 AD – April 30, 65 AD better known in English as Lucan, was a Roman Marcus Valerius Martialis (known in English as Martial) (March 1 40 AD - ca Francesco Petrarca ( July 20, 1304 – July 19, 1374) known in English as Petrarch, was an Italian scholar Ugo Foscolo ( February 6, 1778 - September 10, 1827) was an Italian writer and poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (August 4 1792 – July 8 1822 ˈpɝːsɪ ˈbɪʃ ˈʃɛlɪ was one of the major English Romantic poets and is widely considered to be among
The city is picturesque, with a dense network of arcaded streets opening into large communal piazze, and many bridges crossing the various branches of the Bacchiglione, which once surrounded the ancient walls like a moat. The Bacchiglione (Latin Medoacus minor) is a river that flows through northern Italy A moat is deep broad Trench, usually filled with Water, that surrounds a structure installation or town normally to provide it with a preliminary line of
Padua is the setting for most of the action in Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew. William Shakespeare ( baptised The Taming of the Shrew is an early comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written between 1590 and 1594
For the great desire I had to see
fair Padua, nursery of arts, I am arrived…
and am to Padua come, as he that leaves
a shallow plash to plunge in the deep, and
with satiety seeks to quench his thirst.
Padua claims to be the oldest city in northern Italy. William Shakespeare ( baptised According to a tradition dated at least to Virgil's Eneide, and rediscovered by the medieval commune to glorify itself, it was founded in 1183 BC by the Trojan prince Antenor, who was supposed to have led the people of Eneti or Veneti from the Balcanic region to Italy. Publius Vergilius Maro ( October 15, 70 BCE &ndash September 21, 19 BCE later called Virgilius, and known in English as Virgil or For the group of nine Ancient Egyptian deities see Ennead. The Aeneid (əˈniːɪd in Troy ( Greek: grc Τροία Troia, also, Ilion; Latin: Trōia, Īlium, Hittite: Wilusa or This article is about the historical sculptor For the mythological figure see Antenor. The city exhumed a large stone sarcophagus in the year 1274 and declared these to represent Antenor's relics.
Patavium, as Padua was known by the Romans, was inhabited by (Adriatic) Veneti. The Roman Republic was the phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by a Republican form of government a period which began with the overthrow of the The Veneti ( Enetoi Ενετοί in Greek) were an ancient people who inhabited north-eastern Italy, in an area corresponding to the modern-day They were reputed for their excellent breed of horses and the wool of their sheep. Its men fought for the Romans at Cannae. Cannae is also a band from Boston Massachusetts Cannae (mod Canne della Battaglia) is an ancient village of the Apulia region The city was a Roman municipium since 45 BC (os 43. A municipium (pl municipia) belonged to the second highest class of Roman cities being Year 45 BC was the year the Julian calendar went into effect According to this calendar it was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar Year 43 BC was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Julian calendar. It became so powerful that it was reportedly able to raise two hundred thousand fighting men. Abano, which is nearby, is the birthplace of the reputed historian Livy. Abano may refer to Pietro d'Abano Abano Georgia Abano Terme Abano Healthcare Group Titus Livius (traditionally 59 BC &ndash AD 17 known as Livy in English, was a Roman historian who wrote a monumental history of Rome Padua was also the birthplace of Valerius Flaccus, Asconius Pedianus and Thrasea Paetus. Gaius Valerius Flaccus (died ca AD 90 was a Roman Poet who flourished in the " Silver Age " under the emperors Vespasian and Titus Quintus Asconius Pedianus (c 9 BC - c AD 76) Roman Grammarian and Historian, was probably a native of Patavium ( Padua) Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus, Roman senator and Stoic Philosopher, lived during the reign of Nero
The area is said to have been Christianized by Saint Prosdocimus. Saint Prosdocimus (Prosdecimus of Padua (Prosdocimo Prosdozimus (d He is venerated as the first bishop of the city.
The history of Padua after Late Antiquity follows the course of events common to most cities of north-eastern Italy. Late Antiquity (c 300-600 is a Periodization used by historians to describe the transitional centuries from Classical Antiquity to the Middle Ages, in
Padua, in common with north-eastern Italy, suffered severely from the invasion of the Huns under Attila (452). The Huns were an early confederation of Central Asian equestrian nomads or semi-nomads with a Turkic core of aristocracy Events By Place Western Roman Empire Attila, king of the Huns, invades Italy. It then passed under the Gothic kings Odoacer and Theodoric the Great. The Goths ( Gothic: Gothic usvg|14px|u]]Gothic asvg|14px|a]]Gothic s Odoacer (435–493 also known as Odovacar (from the Germanic Audawakrs, meaning "watchful of wealth" was a Roman general and the Theodoric the Great (454 – August 30, 526) known to the Romans as Flavius Theodoricus, was king of the Ostrogoths (471-526 ruler of However during the Gothic War it submitted to the Greeks in 540. See Gothic War (376-382 for the war on the Danube The Gothic War was a war fought in Italy and the adjoining regions of Dalmatia, Sardinia Events By place Byzantine Empire General Belisarius conquers Milan and the Ostrogothic capital Ravenna The city was seized again by the Goths under Totila, but was restored to the Eastern Empire by Narses in 568. Totila (died Jul 1 552) was king of the Ostrogoths from 541 until his death For other historical figures with similar names see Narses (disambiguation. Events By Place Europe April 1 — King Alboin leads the Lombards into Italy refugees fleeing from them go on
It then fell under the control of the Lombards. The Lombards ( Latin Langobardi, whence the alternative names Langobards and Longobards) were a Germanic people originally from In 601, the city rose in revolt, against Agilulf, the Lombard king. Events By Place Byzantine Empire Peter (Byzantine General defeats the Eurasian Avars. Agilulf, called the Thuringian, was the duke of Turin and king of the Lombards (590 &ndash 616 in Italy, the cousin of his predecessor After suffering a long (12 years) and bloody siege, it was stormed and burned by him. The Padua of Antiquity was annihilated: the remains of an amphitheater (the Arena) and some bridge foundations are all that remain of Roman Padua today. The townspeople fled to the hills and returned to eke out a living among the ruins; the ruling class abandoned the city for Laguna, according to a chronicle. The city did not easily recover from this blow, and Padua was still weak when the Franks succeeded the Lombards as masters of northern Italy. The Franks or Frankish people (Franci or gens Francorum) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an Ethnic group
At the Diet of Aix-la-Chapelle (828), the duchy and march of Friuli, in which Padua lay, was divided into four counties, one of which took its title from the city of Padua. Events By Place Europe Egbert of Wessex becomes the first King of England. Mark from the Old English mearc and march (or various plural forms of these words derived from the Frankish word marka ("boundary"
During the period of episcopal supremacy over the cities of northern Italy, Padua does not appear to have been either very important or very active. The general tendency of its policy throughout the war of investitures was Imperial and not Roman; and its bishops were, for the most part, Germans. The Investiture Controversy or Investiture Contest was an 11th century dispute between Henry IV Holy Roman Emperor and Pope Gregory VII over
The main event of the High Middle Ages was the sack of the city by the Magyars in 899. Hungarians (or Magyars, magyarok are an Ethnic group primarily associated with Hungary. Events By place Europe Edward the Elder becomes King of Wessex. It was many years before Padua recovered from this ravage.
Under the surface, several important movements were taking place that were to prove formative for the later development of Padua.
At the beginning of the 11th century the citizens established a constitution, composed of a general council or legislative assembly and a credenza or executive body.
During the next century they were engaged in wars with Venice and Vicenza for the right of water-way on the Bacchiglione and the Brenta. This meant that the city grew in power and self-reliance.
The great families of Camposampiero, Este and Da Romano began to emerge and to divide the Paduan district among themselves. Camposampiero is a Town in the Province of Padua, Veneto, Italy. "Este" redirects here For the city see Este Italy. For Tolkien's fictional character see Estë. The citizens, in order to protect their liberties, were obliged to elect a podestà. For information on the phantom island of the same name see Podesta (island. Their choice first fell on one of the Este family.
A fire devastated Padua in 1174. This required the virtual rebuilding of the city.
The temporary success of the Lombard League helped to strengthen the towns. The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of Northern Italy (although its membership changed in However their civic jealousy soon reduced them to weakness again. As a result, in 1236 Frederick II found little difficulty in establishing his tyrannical vicar Ezzelino da Romano in Padua and the neighbouring cities, where he practised frightful cruelties on the inhabitants. Frederick II ( December 26, 1194 &ndash December 13, 1250) of the Hohenstaufen dynasty was a Pretender to the title Ezzelino da Romano was the name of various seignors of fiefs and cities in northern Italy starting from the 12th century AD Ezzelino was unseated in June 1256 without civilian bloodshed, thanks to Pope Alexander IV. Pope Alexander IV (1199 or ca 1185 &ndash May 25 1261) was Pope from 1254 until his death
Padua then enjoyed a period of calm and prosperity: the basilica of the saint was begun; and the Paduans became masters of Vicenza. The university (the third in Italy) was founded in 1222, and it flourished in the 1200s. The University of Padua ( Italian Università degli Studi di Padova, UNIPD) located in Padua, Italy, was founded in 1222
However the advances of Padua in the 13th century finally brought them into conflict with Can Grande della Scala, lord of Verona. Cangrande (christened Can Francesco) della Scala (9 March 1291 – 22 July 1329 was an Italian nobleman the most celebrated of the della Scala family In 1311 Padua had to yield to Verona.
Jacopo da Carrara was elected lord of Padua in 1318. Jacopo or Giacomo da Carrara may refer to Jacopino da Carrara Jacopo I da Carrara, (died 1324 called the Great founder Carraresi From then till 1405, nine members of the enlightened Carraresi family succeeded one another as lords of the city, with the exception of a brief period of Scaligeri overlordship between 1328 and 1337 and two years (1388-1390) when Giangaleazzo Visconti held the town. The Carraresi (or da Carrara) were an important family of Northern Italy in the period 12th-15th centuries Gian Galeazzo Visconti (November 1351 – September 3, 1402) son of Galeazzo II Visconti and Bianca di Savoia, was the first Duke of Milan The Carraresi period was a long period of restlessness, for the Carraresi were constantly at war. In 1387 John Hawkwood won the Battle of Castagnaro for Padova, against Giovanni Ordelaffi, for Verona. Sir John Hawkwood (1320 &ndash 1394 was an English Mercenary or condottiero in 14th century Italy. The Battle of Castagnaro was fought on March 11, 1387 at Castagnaro (today's Veneto, northern Italy) between Verona Padua ( Padova 'padova Latin: Patavium, Padoa) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy. Giovanni Ordelaffi (1355-1399 was a member of the noble family of Ordelaffi, the Lords of Forlì, in Italy, in the 14th and in the 15th centuries Verona is a city and provincial capital in Veneto, Northern Italy.
The Carraresi period finally came to an end as power of the Visconti and of Venice grew in importance.
Padua passed under Venetian rule in 1405, and so mostly remained until the fall of the Venetian Republic in 1797. Year 1797 ( MDCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
There was just a brief period when the city changed hands (in 1509) during the wars of the League of Cambray. The War of the League of Cambrai, sometimes known as the War of the Holy League and by several other names was a major conflict in the Italian Wars. On 10 December 1508, representatives of the Papacy, France, the Holy Roman Empire, and Ferdinand I of Spain concluded the League of Cambrai against the Republic. Events 1041 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium elevates her adoptive son to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V Ferdinand II of Aragon the Catholic (Fernando II de Aragón y V de Castilla "el Católico" Ferran II d'Aragó "el Catòlic" Ferrando II d'Aragón The agreement provided for the complete dismemberment of Venice's territory in Italy and for its partition among the signatories: Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I of the Habsburg, was to receive Padua in addition to Verona and other territories. Verona is a city and provincial capital in Veneto, Northern Italy. In 1509 Padua was taken for just a few weeks by Imperial supporters. Venetian troops quickly recovered it and successfully defended Padua during siege by Imperial troops. See the Siege of Padua page.
The city was governed by two Venetian nobles, a podestà for civil and a captain for military affairs. Each was elected for sixteen months. Under these governors, the great and small councils continued to discharge municipal business and to administer the Paduan law, contained in the statutes of 1276 and 1362. The treasury was managed by two chamberlains; and every five years the Paduans sent one of their nobles to reside as nuncio in Venice, and to watch the interests of his native town. Nuncio is an ecclesiastical Diplomatic title, derived from the ancient Latin word Nuntius, meaning "envoy
Venice fortified Padua with new walls, built between 1507 and 1544, with a series of monumental gates.
In 1797 the Venetian Republic was wiped off the map by the Treaty of Campo Formio, and Padua was ceded to the Austrian Empire. Year 1797 ( MDCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Treaty of Campo Formio was signed on October 17, 1797 (26 Vendémiaire Year VI of the French Republic by Napoleon Bonaparte and Count Ludwig After the fall of Napoleon, in 1814, the city became part of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe. Year 1814 ( MDCCCXIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (Regno Lombardo-Veneto Lombardo-Venezianisches Königreich was a kingdom in northern Italy, and part of the Austrian Empire.
The Austrians were unpopular with progressive circles in northern Italy. In Padua, the year of revolutions of 1848 saw a student revolt which on February 8 turned the University and the Caffè Pedrocchi into battlegrounds in which students and ordinary Paduans fought side by side. The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout the European Events 421 - Constantius III becomes co- Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. The Pedrocchi Café is one of the biggest Cafés in the world
Under Austrian rule, Padua began its industrial development; one of the first Italian rail tracks, Padua-Venice, was built in 1845.
In 1866 the battle of Koniggratz gave Italy the opportunity to push the Austrians out of the old Venetian republic as Padua and the rest of the Veneto were annexed to the recently united Kingdom of Italy. Year 1866 ( MDCCCLXVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Battle of Königgrätz (Schlacht von Königgrätz also known as the Battle of Sadowa, Sadová, or Hradec Králové, was the decisive Battle Veneto or Venetia ( Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy. Italian Unification ( Italian: il Risorgimento, or "The Resurgence" was the political and social movement that unified different states of the Italian
Annexed to Italy during 1866, Padua was at the centre of the poorest area of Northern Italy, as Veneto was until 1960s. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Year 1866 ( MDCCCLXVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Related categories Central Italy Southern Italy Insular Italy Northeast Italy Veneto or Venetia ( Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy. Despite this, the city flourished in the following decades both economically and socially, developing its industry, being an important agricultural market and having a very important cultural and technological centre as the University. The city hosted also a major military command and many regiments.
When Italy entered the Great War on 24th May 1915, Padua was chosen as the main command of the Italian Army. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Year 1915 ( MCMXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano is the ground defense force of the Military of Italy. The king, Vittorio Emanuele III, and the commander in chief Cadorna went to live in Padua for the war period. After the defeat of Italy in the battle of Caporetto in autumn 1917, the front line was situated on the river Piave. Kobarid (Caporetto Karfreit is a town and a municipality in the upper Soča (Italian Isonzo) valley western Slovenia, near the Italian Year 1917 ( MCMXVII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year This was just 50-60km from Padu, and the city was now in range from the Austrian artillery. However the Italian military command did not withdraw. The city was bombed several times (about 100 civilian deads). A memorable feat was Gabriele D'Annunzio's flight to Vienna from the nearby San Pelagio Castle air field. Gabriele d'Annunzio ( 12 March 1863 &ndash 1 March 1938) was an Italian Poet, Journalist, Novelist Vienna ( in Wien; see also other names) is the Capital of Austria, and is also one of the nine States of Austria.
A year later, the danger to Padua was removed. In late October 1918, the Italian Army won the decisive battle of Vittorio Veneto (exactly a year after Caporetto), and the Austrian forces collapsed. This article is about the Italian city for the World War I battle see Battle of Vittorio Veneto. The armistice was signed in Padua, at Villa Giusti, on 3rd November 1918, with Austria-Hungary surrendering to Italy. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
During the war, industry progressed strongly, and this gave Padua a base for further post-war development. In the years immediately following the Great War, Padua developed outside the historical town, enlarging and growing in population. even if labour and social strife was rampant at the time.
Like elsewhere in Italy and abroad, in the years immediately following the Great War, Padua saw much social turmoil, with strikes and clashes, occupations of factories and fields, while war veterans struggled to re-enter civilian life. mainly supporting a new political way: Fascism. Fascism is a totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology As in other parts of Italy, the fascist party in Padua soon became the defender of property and order against revolution. The city was also theatre of one of the largest fascist mass rallies, with some 300,000 people supposedly attending one Mussolini speech.
New buildings, in typical fascist architecture, sprung up in the city. Rationalist-Fascist architecture was an Italian architectural style of the late 1920's promoted and practiced initially by the Gruppo 7 group whose architects included Examples today can be found in the buildings surrounding Piazza Spalato (today Piazza Insurrezione), the train station, the new part of City Hall, and part of the Bo Palace hosting the University.
Following Italy's defeat in the Second World War on 8th September 1943, Padua became part of the Italian Social Republic, i. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Italian Social Republic ( Italian: Repubblica Sociale Italiana or RSI) was a Puppet state of Nazi Germany led by the "Duce of the e. the puppet state of the Nazi occupiers. The city hosted the Ministry of Public Instruction of the new state, as well as military and militia commands and a military airport. The Resistenza, the Italian partisans, was very active against both the new fascist rule and the Nazis. One of the main leaders was the University vice-chancellor Concetto Marchesi.
Padua was bombed several times by Allied planes, and the worst hit areas were the train station and the northern district of Arcella. During one of these bombings, the beautiful Eremitani church, with Mantegna frescoes, was destroyed (considered by some art historians to be Italy's biggest wartime cultural loss). Andrea Mantegna (c 1431 &ndash September 13, 1506) was an Italian Renaissance artist a student of Roman Archeology, and son in law of
The city was finally liberated by partisans and British troops on 28th April 1945. Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar A small Commonwealth War Cemetery is in the west part of the city, to remember the sacrifice of these troops.
After the war, the city developed rapidly, reflecting Veneto's rise from being the poorest region in northern Italy to one of the richest and most active regions of modern Italy.
In the neighbourhood of Padua are numerous noble villas. These include:
|Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua*|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Region†||Europe and North America|
|Inscription||1997 (21st Session)|
|* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.|
† Region as classified by UNESCO.
Padua has long been famous for its university, founded in 1222. The University of Padua ( Italian Università degli Studi di Padova, UNIPD) located in Padua, Italy, was founded in 1222 Under the rule of Venice the university was governed by a board of three patricians, called the Riformatori dello Studio di Padova. The list of professors and alumni is long and illustrious, containing, among others, the names of Bembo, Sperone Speroni, the anatomist Vesalius, Copernicus, Fallopius, Fabrizio d'Acquapendente, Galileo Galilei, Pietro Pomponazzi, Reginald, later Cardinal Pole, Scaliger, Tasso and Sobieski. Pietro Bembo ( May 20, 1470 - either 11 January or 18 January, 1547 was an Italian scholar poet literary theorist and Sperone Speroni degli Alvarotti (1500 - 1588 was an Italian Renaissance humanist, scholar and dramatist Andreas Vesalius ( Brussels, December 31, 1514 - Zakynthos, October 15, 1564) was an anatomist, Physician Gabriele Falloppio ( 1523 - October 9, 1562) often known by his Latin name Fallopius, was one of the most important anatomists Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564 &ndash 8 January 1642 was a Tuscan ( Italian) Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, and Philosopher Pietro Pomponazzi ( September 16, 1462 &ndash May 18, 1525) was an Italian Philosopher. Reginald Pole (1500 &ndash November 17, 1558) was an English prelate a Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, and the last Roman Joseph Justus Scaliger ( August 5 1540 &ndash January 21 1609) was a French religious leader and scholar known for expanding the Torquato Tasso ( 11 March 1544 &ndash 25 April 1595) was an Italian Poet of the 16th century best known for his poem The university hosts the oldest anatomy theatre (built in 1594)
The university also hosts the oldest botanical garden (1545) in the world. The botanical garden Orto Botanico di Padova was founded as the garden of curative herbs attached to the University's faculty of medicine. The Orto Botanico di Padova is the world's oldest academic Botanical garden that is still in its original location It still contains an important collection of rare plants.
The place of Padua in the history of art is nearly as important as its place in the history of learning. The presence of the university attracted many distinguished artists, as Giotto, Fra Filippo Lippi and Donatello; and for native art there was the school of Francesco Squarcione, whence issued the great Mantegna. Fra' Filippo Lippi (1406 &ndash October 8 1469 Donatello ( Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi; c 1386 &ndash December 13, 1466) was a famous early Renaissance Italian Francesco Squarcione (c 1397 &ndash 1468 was a Padovan artist Andrea Mantegna (c 1431 &ndash September 13, 1506) was an Italian Renaissance artist a student of Roman Archeology, and son in law of
Padua is also the birth place of the famous architect Andrea Palladio, whose XVIth century "ville" (country-houses) in the area of Padua, Venice, Vicenza and Treviso are among the most beautiful of Italy, and they were often copied during XVIIIth and XIXth centuries; and of Giovanni Battista Belzoni, adventure-man, engineer and egyptologist. Andrea Palladio ( November 30, 1508 – August 19, 1580) was an Italian Architect, widely considered the most influential Giovanni Battista Belzoni; sometimes known as The Great Belzoni ( November 15 1778 &ndash December 3, 1823) was a prolific This is a partial list of Egyptologists. An Egyptologist is any Archaeologist, Historian, linguist, or Art historian who specializes in
The famous sculptor Antonio Canova made his first work in Padua, one among the statues of Prato della Valle (now a copy stays at open air, while the original is in the Musei Civici, Civic Museums).
One the most relevant places in the life of the city has certainly been The Antonianum. Settled among Prato della Valle, the Saint Anthony church and the botanic Garden it has been built in 1897 by the Jesuit fathers, and kept alive until 2002. During WWII, under the lead of P. Messori Roncaglia SJ, it became the center of the resistance war against the Nazism. Indeed, it briefly survived P. Messori's death, and it was sold by the Jesuits in 2004. Some sites are trying to collect what can still be found of the college: (1) a no-profit pixel site is collecting links to whatever is available on the web; (2) a student association created in the college is still operating and connecting Alumni.
The city counts today some 210,985 inhabitants (as of 2006). The commerce and jobs attract many immigrants into the city. Currently, 1 in 10 persons in the city are migrants who come mostly from Eastern Europe, and North Africa. Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. North Africa or Northern Africa is the Northernmost Region of the African Continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan
Immigrants have been increasing in number. Currently, more than 1 in 5 births are of foreign origin. As of 2007, 90. 7 percent of the population are Italian, 2. The' Italian people' are a Southern European Ethnic group located primarily in Italy, Switzerland, France and by virtue of a wide-ranging 0 percent Romanian, 1. The Romanians (dated Rumanians or Roumanians; Romanian: români or historically and today rather seldom and only regional rumâni 1 percent Moldovan, and 0. 8 percent Albanian. } Albanians (Shqiptarët are an Ethnic group and a Nation, in the sense of sharing a common Albanian culture speaking the Albanian language 
In Padua are located the consulates of: Canada, Croatia, Ivory Coast, Peru, Poland, Switzerland and Uruguay. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between Côte d'Ivoire (ˌkoʊt divˈwɑː(r ' in English, kot diˈvwaʀ in French) or Ivory Coast, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation Uruguay.(official full name in República Oriental del Uruguay;, Oriental Republic of Uruguay) is a country located in the southeastern part of South America South Korean consulate is to be opened soon. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː
The industrial area of Padova was born in 1946, in the east part of the city, now it's one of the biggest industrial zone in Europe, it has an area of 11 milion sqm. Here there are the main offices of 1300 industries and works 50. 000 people from all over the world. In Padua there's the biggest intermodal centre in Italy. From each part of Europe the goods arrive in Padua, where they are send in all over the world, especially in Asia. In the industrial zone there are 2 train stations, 1 fluvial port, three truck terminals, 2 highway exits and a lot of connected services, hotels, post offices, directional centre.
By car, there are 3 motorways (autostrade in Italian): A4 Brescia-Padova, connecting it to Verona (then to Brenner Pass, Innsbruck and Bavaria) and Milan (then Switzerland, Turin and France); A4 Padova-Venezia, to Venice then Belluno (for Dolomites holiday resorts like Cortina) Trieste and Tarvisio (for Austria, Slovenia, Croatia and Eastern Europe); A13 Bologna-Padova, to Ferrara and Bologna (then Central and South Italy). Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation Brenner Pass ( Italian: Passo del Brennero; German: Brennerpass; Latin: Brennus Mons) is a Mountain pass through Innsbruck is the capital city of the federal state of Tyrol in western Austria. Bavaria ( German:, with an area of 70553 Km² (27241 square miles and almost 12 Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the Belluno ( Italian: Belluno; Friulian: Belun; German: Beilun) is a town in the Veneto region of northern The Dolomites (Dolomiti Dolomiten Dolomitis are a section of the Alps. Trieste (Trieste Slovene and Croatian: Trst; German: Triest) is a city and port in northeastern Italy very near to Tarvisio ( German and Friulian: Tarvis, Slovenian: Trbiž) is a town in Italy located in the northeastern part of the region Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Slovenia, officially the Republic of Slovenia (Republika Slovenija) is a Country in southern Central Europe bordering Italy to the west Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital city of the Province of Ferrara. Bologna (boloɲa from Latin Bononia, Bulåggna in Bolognese dialect is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy Central Italy is a geographic area in Italy that encompasses four of the country's 20 autonomous regions: Lazio Marches Geography Southern Italy forms the lower "boot" of the Italian peninsula containing the ankle (Abruzzo and Molise and southern Lazio the toe (Calabria and the heel You have to pay a toll to use the most part of Italian motorways. Roads connect Padua with all the big and small centers of the region. A freeway with more than 20 exit surrounds the city, connecting districts and the small towns of the hinterland.
Padua has got more train stations. The most important in Padova Centrale, with 16 platforms, that is one of the biggest stations in Italy. From Padova leaves more than 450 trains per day. Other train stations are Padova Ponte di Brenta, Padova San Lazzaro, Padova Campo Marte. From Padova leaves a High speed train to Milan and Venice, you can reach Milan in 1h and 51 min and Venice in 20 min. From Padova you can reach these national destinations:
There are a lot of R/Ir/D, to each part of Veneto/Lombardia/Emilia Romagna/Friuli Venezia Giulia each 20 min in the peak hours.
From Padova you can reach these Intl. Destinations:
The city of Padua has also an airport the "Gino Allegri", or Aeroporto civile di Padova "Gino Allegri", or Aeroporto di Padova (Padua Airport), currently is not served by regular flights line, as a time was.
Padua is relatively close to airports at Venice, Verona, Treviso and Bologna. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the Verona is a city and provincial capital in Veneto, Northern Italy. Treviso (Venetian Trevizo, French Trévise, Latin Tarvisium) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy. Bologna (boloɲa from Latin Bononia, Bulåggna in Bolognese dialect is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy
Venice is the nearest port, approximately 50km away. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the
However in Padua there's one of the four Area Control Centre of Italy. In Air traffic control, an Area Control Center ( ACC) also known as a Center, is a facility responsible for controlling Instrument flight rules
Urban public transport includes public buses together with a new tramway line (connecting southern district of Guizza to train station then to northern district of Arcella - with another three lines yet to be built) and private taxis. A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train A taxicab, also taxi or cab, is a type of Public transport for a single passenger or small group of passengers typically for a non-shared ride There's also a CitySightseeing tour Hop on Hop Off.
The centre of the city is partly closed to vehicles, except for residents and permitted vehicles. There are some car parks surrounding the district. In this area, as well, there are some streets and squares restricted to pedestrian and bicycle use only.
Padua has got approximately 40 bus lines, which are served by new buses, 1 years old, with a television that displays the line plane and the next stop. Each tram/bus is equipped with security cameras and controlled by GPS. Basic concept of GPS operation A GPS receiver calculates its position by carefully timing the signals sent by the constellation of GPS Satellites high above the Earth
The Veneto Region is building in Padua a metro line around the city with 15 new stations, the name will be SFMR and included the province of Venice.
Padua is the home of Calcio Padova, a football team that plays in Italy's Serie C1 division, and who played 16 Serie A championships (last 2 in 1995 and 1996, but the previous 14 between 1929 and 1962); the Petrarca Padova rugby union team, winner of 11 national championships between 1970 and 1987; and a volleyball club, once called Petrarca Padova too, which plays in the Italian first division, and who won a CEV cup in 1994. Calcio Padova is an Italian football club based in Padua, Veneto. Petrarca Rugby is an Italian Rugby union club currently competing in Super 10. Overview See also Playing rugby union A rugby union match lasts for 80 minutes (plus stoppage time with a short Volleyball is an Olympic team sport in which two teams of 6 active players (5 normal players and one 'libero' are separated by a net that is usually four feet Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) Basketball, cycling (Padua has been for several years home of the famous Giro del Veneto), rowing (two teams among the best ones in Italy, Canottieri Padova and Padova Canottaggio), horse-riding and swimming are popular sports too. The Giro del Veneto is a semi classic European bicycle race held in the region of Veneto, Italy.
The venues of these teams are: Stadio Euganeo for football and athletic, about 32,000 seats; Stadio Plebiscito for rugby union, about 9,000 seats; Palazzetto dello Sport San Lazzaro for volleyball and basketball, about 5,000 seats; Ippodromo Breda - Le Padovanelle for horse races. Stadio Euganeo is a football stadium in Padua, Italy. Since 1994 it is the home of Calcio Padova which now plays in Serie The old and glorious Stadio Appiani, which hosted up to 25,000 people, reduced to 10,000 ones for security reasons twenty years ago, and near to Prato della Valle in a central area, is almost abandoned and is to be restored. A small ice stadium for skating and hockey and a new 10,000 places venue for volleyball and basketball are to be built during 2008.
The F1 racing driver Riccardo Patrese (vice-champion 1992, 3rd place in 1989 and 1991; holds the world record for having started the most Formula One races) was born and lives in Padova; the racing driver Alex Zanardi lives in Padova too. Riccardo Patrese (born April 17 1954) is an Italian former Racing driver, who raced in Formula One from to. Alessandro "Alex" Zanardi (born October 23, 1966 in Bologna Italy) is an Italian racing driver The Bergamasco brothers were also born in Padova, as well as Bortolami, of the Italian Rugby national team. The Bergamasco is a breed of Dog with its origins in the Italian Alps, where it was originally used as a Herding Bortolami is an Italian surname which may refer to Gianluca Bortolami (b
Nancy (nɑ̃si archaic Nanzig Nanzeg is a city and commune in the Lorraine région of northeastern France This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Year 1983 ( MCMLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar) Handan ( is a Prefecture-level city located in the southwestern part of Hebei Province of China. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) Iaşi (pronunciation in Romanian: /jaʃʲ/ or Jassy, is a city and municipality in north-eastern Romania. Romania ( dated: Rumania, Roumania Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 Beira is the second largest city in Mozambique. It lies in the central region of the country in Sofala Province, where the Pungue River meets the Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique, ʁɛ'publikɐ d musɐ̃'bik is a country in southeastern Africa Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 Coimbra (kuˈĩbɾɐ is a city and a municipality in Portugal, former capital of the country during the first dynasty period and home to the University of Coimbra Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar) Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Zadar is a city in Croatia on the Adriatic Sea, with a population of 72717 (2001 Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The Via Anelli Wall is a three metre high wall built of Steel with a length of eighty four metres which encircles the Via Anelli quarter of Padua, northern Italy United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16