The Oregon Daily Emerald is an independent daily newspaper published at the University of Oregon in Eugene, Oregon, United States. A newspaper is a written Publication containing News, information and Advertising, usually printed on low-cost paper called Newsprint. The University of Oregon (UO is a public, Coeducational Research university in Eugene Oregon, United States. The city of Eugene ( "yoo-JEEN") is the County seat of Lane County, Oregon, The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The paper, which has been published for more than 100 years, has trained many now-prominent writers and journalists and has made important contributions to journalism case law.
The Oregon Daily Emerald is published daily Monday through Friday during the school year and Monday, Wednesday and Friday during the summer by the Oregon Daily Emerald Publishing Co. Inc. The Emerald operates independently of the University with offices in Suite 300 of the Erb Memorial Union.
On May 24, 1966 the Emerald ran a story, "Students Condone Marijuana Use," by author Annette Buchanan, which included seven unnamed sources discussing their drug use. Events 1218 - The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt. 1276 - Magnus Ladulås is crowned Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. The interviews were granted under the condition that the sources’ names would not be revealed. After reading Buchanan's story, local law enforcement officials convened a grand jury investigation into the illegal use of drugs.
On June 1, 1966, the Lane County District Attorney subpoenas Buchanan, requesting names of sources. Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. Lane County is a county in the US state of Oregon. In 2000 its population was 322959 Buchanan refused and was fined $300 for contempt of court. FINE was created in 1998 and is an informal association of the four main Fair Trade networks F Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International Contempt of court is a court ruling which in the context of a court trial or hearing deems an individual as having been disrespectful of the court its process and its invested The case went through the court system until the Oregon Supreme Court dismissed Buchanan's claim that the Oregon Constitution protected her. The Oregon Supreme Court ( OSC) is the highest State court in the U The Oregon Constitution is a US state constitution, the governing document of the U  In 1968 the U.S. Supreme Court refused to grant certiorari. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. The Supreme Court of the United States is the only Court specifically established by the Constitution of the United States, implemented in 1789
Subsequently, the Oregon Legislative Assembly passed a journalistic shield law. The Oregon Legislative Assembly is the state legislature for the U A " shield law " is legislation designed to provide a news reporter with the right to refuse to testify as to information and/or sources of information obtained during the newsgathering  The Oregon Shield Law provides extensive protection for all members of the news and information media. The statute provides absolute protection from compelled disclosure of both sources and all information obtained by journalists in the course of their work. It is not clear whether the journalist must have promised confidentiality for the source of information to be covered by the law. The only exceptions to the Oregon statute exist where: (1) there is probable cause to believe that the journalist has or is about to commit a crime or (2) where the defendant in a defamation suit has asserted a defense based on the content or source of the information.
The newspaper became independent on July 1, 1971, completing a process initiated by 1969-70 editor-in-chief Paul Brainerd and 1970-71 editor Grattan Kerans but not finished until June 29, 1971. Branzburg v Hayes, 408 US 665 ( 1972) was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision invalidating the use of the First Amendment "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. Paul Brainerd (born 1947) is a pioneer in the field of computer-aided editing design and publishing Grattan Kerans is an American politician from Oregon. He was a member of the Oregon Legislative Assembly in the House of Representatives from Events 512 - A Solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland. Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. On that date, University President Robert Clark and Kerans signed documents creating the Oregon Daily Emerald board of directors.
Brainerd has said he was spurred to examine the issue of independence after an incident at the University of Washington.
"Anti-war protests were occurring throughout the U. S. and on the UO campus," he said. As a result of coverage decisions, an editor at the University of Washington was removed from office by the school's administration. In the legal challenge to the case, administrators argued that they were legally responsible for the student newspaper.
Court precedents said student newspapers had free speech, Brainerd said, but the social atmosphere of the 1960s led to a change in the line drawn between student newspapers and the administration. The current administration was supportive of the change because they wanted to avoid situations such as that at the University of Washington, Brainerd said.
The new board adopted a resolution to establish the Oregon Daily Emerald Publishing Company Inc. on June 29, 1971. Events 512 - A Solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland. Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. This step made the newspaper independent as of July 1 that year. A headline on an editorial that day declares, "We're on our own. "
Another catalyst for the change was cited by then-Editor Art Bushnell in the July 1 issue of the paper. "The reasons for going independent are primarily economic," he says in the article.
"In the past, the Emerald was unable to accumulate whatever profits might exist at the end of the fiscal year. Instead, those monies reverted back to the University. Now, we will be able to accumulate monies. We will have a growth potential that did not exist before. "
The main result, according to the article, would be the ability to purchase and update equipment and the ability to avoid potential control of the newspaper by any group, "from the State Board of Higher Education to the University administration to student government. "
The final step toward independence according to the agreement signed by Keran and Robinson was taken October 26, 1971, when the Oregon Daily Emerald Publishing Company Inc. Events 740 - An Earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. was incorporated under the provisions of the Oregon Nonprofit Corporation Act.
Soon after independence was finalized, the Emerald took further steps to separate itself from the University. In 1974, the offices moved from Allen Hall to its present offices in the EMU, and the corporation began paying rent for the space and financing all other services that had been provided by the University.
Students still pay a subscription fee through the incidental fee, but the paper is otherwise financially separated from the University.