|Ontario Liberal Party|
|Active Provincial Party|
10 St. Dalton James Patrick McGuinty Jr MPP (born July 19, 1955, in Ottawa Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician Mary Street
The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario Ontario (ɒnˈtɛrioʊ is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest after Quebec Liberalism is a broad array of related ideas and theories of Government that consider individual Liberty to be the most important political goal Red is any of a number of similar Colors evoked by light consisting predominantly of the longest wavelengths of Light discernible by the human eye in the wavelength In Politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting Moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes Ontario (ɒnˈtɛrioʊ is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest after Quebec Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page It has formed the Government of Ontario since the provincial election of 2003. The Ontario general election of 2003 was held on October 2, 2003, to elect the 103 members of the 38th Legislative Assembly (Members of Provincial The party is ideologically aligned with the Liberal Party of Canada but the two parties are organizationally independent and have separate, though overlapping, memberships. The Liberal Party of Canada ( Parti libéral du Canada) colloquially known as the Grits (originally " Clear Grits " is a major Canadian political The party is currently led by Dalton McGuinty who has been its leader since 1996. Dalton James Patrick McGuinty Jr MPP (born July 19, 1955, in Ottawa Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar)
The Liberal Party of Ontario is descended from the Reform Party of Robert Baldwin and William Lyon Mackenzie, who argued for responsible government in the 1830s and 1840s against the conservative patrician rule of the Family Compact. The Reform movement, sometimes referred to as the Reform Party, began in the 1830s as the movement in the English speaking parts of British North America Robert Baldwin (May 12 1804 – December 9 1858 was born at York (now Toronto) William Lyon Mackenzie ( March 12, 1795 &ndash August 28, 1861) was a Canadian Journalist, Politician, and Responsible government is a conception of a System of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster This article is about a group in nineteenth century Canadian history
The modern Liberals were founded by George Brown, who sought to rebuild the Reform Party after its collapse in 1854. George Brown (November 28 1818 May 10 1880 was a Scottish -born Canadian journalist politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation. In 1857, Brown brought together the Reformers and the radical "Clear Grits" of southwestern Ontario to create a new party in Upper Canada with a platform of democratic reform and annexation of the northwest. Clear Grits were reformers in the Province of Upper Canada, a British colony that is now the Province of Ontario, Canada. The Province of Upper Canada (French Province du Haut-Canada) was a British colony located in what is now the southern portion of the Province of Ontario The party adopted a position in favour of uniting Upper and Lower Canada into the United Province of Canada, a concept that eventually led to Canadian confederation. The Province of Lower Canada (French Province du Bas-Canada) was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the The Province of Canada or the United Province of Canada was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867 Canadian Confederation was the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed beginning 1 July 1867 from the
After 1867, Edward Blake became leader of the Ontario Liberal Party. Dominick Edward Blake, PC, QC ( October 13 1833 – March 1 1912) (known as Edward Blake) was Premier The party sat in opposition to the Conservative government led by John Sandfield Macdonald. The Ontario PC Party, formally known as the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario (in french Parti progressiste-conservateur de l'Ontario) is a Right-of-centre John Sandfield Macdonald QC ( December 12, 1812 &ndash June 1, 1872) was the first Premier of the Canadian Blake's Liberals defeated the Tories in 1871, but Blake left Queen's Park for Ottawa the next year, leaving the provincial Liberals in the hands of Oliver Mowat. The Ontario general election of 1871 was the second General election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. Sir Oliver Mowat GCMG, PC, QC ( July 22, 1820 &ndash 19 April, 1903) was a Canadian politician Mowat served as Premier of Ontario until 1896. The Premier of Ontario is the first Minister of the Crown for the Canadian province of Ontario.
While the Tories became a narrow, sectarian Protestant party with a base in the Orange Order, the Liberals under Mowat attempted to bring together Catholics and Protestants, rural and urban interests under moderate, pragmatic leadership. In the political tradition of some English-speaking countries, the term Tory has referred to a variety of political parties and Creeds since it was Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. The Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order or the Orange Lodge, is a Protestant fraternal organisation based predominantly
The Liberals were defeated in 1905 after over thirty years in power. The Ontario general election 1905 was the eleventh general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. The party had grown tired and arrogant in government and became increasingly cautious. As well, a growing anti-Catholic sectarian sentiment hurt the Liberals. The Liberals continued to decline after losing power, and, for a time, were eclipsed by the United Farmers of Ontario (UFO) when the Liberals were unable to attract the growing farmers' protest movement to its ranks. The United Farmers of Ontario (UFO were a Political party in Ontario, Canada.
Debates over the party's policy on liquor divided the membership, forced the resignation of at least one leader, and drove away many reform minded Liberals who supported the federal party under William Lyon Mackenzie King but found the provincial party too narrow and conservative to support. William Lyon Mackenzie King PC OM CMG ( December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950) was a Canadian The party was so disorganized that it was led for seven years (and through two provincial elections) by an interim leader, W.E.N. Sinclair, as there was not enough money or a sufficient level of organization, and too many divisions within the party to hold a leadership convention. An interim leader, in Canadian politics is a party leader appointed by the party's legislative caucus or the party's executive to temporarily act as leader to fill a gap between William Edmund Newton Sinclair ( June 28 1873 - November 26 1947) known as W In Canadian politics, a leadership convention is held by a political party when the party needs to choose a leader due to a vacancy or a challenge to the incumbent By 1930, the Liberals were reduced to a small, rural, largely Protestant and prohibitionist rump with a base in south western Ontario. Prohibition of alcohol, often referred to simply as prohibition, also known as Noble Experiment, refers to a Sumptuary law which prohibits Alcohol
After a series of ineffective leaders, the Liberals turned to Mitchell Hepburn, an onion farmer, federal Member of Parliament and former member of the UFO. Mitchell Frederick Hepburn ( August 12, 1896 - January 5, 1953) was Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1934 to 1942 A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. Hepburn was able to build an electoral coalition with Liberal-Progressives and attract reformers and urban voters to the party. Liberal-Progressive was a label used by a number of candidates in Canadian elections between 1926 and 1953 The Liberal-Progressives had previously supported the UFO and the Progressive Party of Canada. The Progressive Party of Canada was a political party in Canada in the 1920s and 1930s A "wet", Hepburn was able to end the divisions in the party around the issue of temperance which had reduced it to a narrow sect. See also Prohibition, Teetotalism The Temperance Movement attempted to reduce the amount of Alcohol consumed within a community or society in The revitalized party was able to win votes from rural farmers, particularly in southwestern Ontario, urban Ontario, Catholics and francophones. It also had the advantage of not being in power at the onset of the Great Depression. With the economy in crisis, Ontarians looked for a new government, and Hepburn's populism was able to excite the province.
In government, Hepburn's Liberals warred with organized labour led by the Congress of Industrial Organizations, who were trying to unionize the auto sector. The labour movement or labor movement is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better The Congress of Industrial Organizations, or CIO, proposed by John L Later, he battled with the federal Liberal government of William Lyon Mackenzie King, which, Hepburn argued, was insufficiently supportive of the war effort. The Liberal Party of Canada ( Parti libéral du Canada) colloquially known as the Grits (originally " Clear Grits " is a major Canadian political William Lyon Mackenzie King PC OM CMG ( December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950) was a Canadian The battle between Hepburn and King split the Ontario Liberal Party and led to Hepburn's ouster as leader. It also contributed to the party's defeat in the 1943 election, which was followed by the party's long stint in opposition. The Ontario general election of 1943 was held on August 4, 1943, to elect the 90 Members of the Legislative Assembly (Members of Provincial Parliament The Liberals declined to a right wing, rural rump. The "Progressive Conservatives" under George Drew established a dynasty which was to rule Ontario for the next 42 years. George Alexander Drew, PC, CC, QC ( May 7, 1894 - January 4, 1973) was a Canadian conservative
Ontario politics in recent times have been dominated by the Progressive Conservatives, also known as the Tories. The Ontario PC Party, formally known as the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario (in french Parti progressiste-conservateur de l'Ontario) is a Right-of-centre The Liberals had formed the Government for only five years out of sixty years from 1943 to 2003. For forty-two years, from 1943 to 1985, the province was governed by the Tories. During this period, the Liberal Party was a rural, conservative rump with a southwestern Ontario base, and were often further to the right of the moderate Red Tory Conservative administrations. In Politics, right-wing, the political right, and the Right are positions that uphold traditional values and/or authorities Red Tory is a term given to a political philosophy tradition and disposition in Canada.
Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, the Liberals were almost shut out of Metropolitan Toronto and other urban areas and, in 1975, fell to third place behind the dynamic Ontario New Democratic Party (NDP) under Stephen Lewis. The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto was the senior level of Municipal government in the Toronto, Ontario, Canada, area from 1954 to The Ontario New Democratic Party, formally known as New Democratic Party of Ontario, is a Social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada This article is about the Canadian politician and broadcaster With the NDP in ascendency in the late 1960s and 1970s, it appeared that the Liberals could disappear altogether.
The Liberals remained more popular than the Tories among Catholic and francophone voters, due to its support for extending Separate school funding to include Grades 11-13. Catholic is an Adjective derived from the Greek adjective '' / 'katholikos' meaning "whole" or "complete". A separate school is a publicly funded School which includes religious Education in its curriculum as opposed to a Private school or Public The Tories opposed this extension until 1985, when they suddenly reversed their position. This reversal angered traditional Conservative voters, and may have contributed to their defeat in the 1985 election. The Ontario general election of 1985 was held on May 2, 1985, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario,
The Ontario Liberal Party first broke the Tories' hold on the province in 1985 under the leadership of David Peterson. David Robert Peterson, PC (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province Peterson modernised the party and made it appealing to urban voters and immigrants who had previously supported the cautious, moderate government of Tory Premiers John Robarts and William Davis. John Parmenter Robarts, PC, CC, QC ( January 11, 1917 – October 18, 1982) was a Canadian William Grenville "Bill" Davis, PC, CC, OOnt, QC (born July 30, 1929 in Brampton Ontario) was
Peterson was able to form a minority government from 1985 to 1987 due to an accord signed with the NDP. A minority government or a minority cabinet is a Cabinet of a Parliamentary system formed when the governing Political party or Under this accord, the NDP exchanged its support in the Legislature for the implementation of several NDP policies. As the result of the 1987 election held once the accord expired, Peterson won a strong majority government with 95 seats, its most ever. The Ontario general election of 1987 was held on September 10, 1987, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario In the Westminster System, there is a majority government when the governing party enjoys an Absolute majority of seats in the Legislature or
Peterson's government ruled in a time of economic plenty where occasional instances of fiscal imprudence were not much remarked on. Peterson was a close ally of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney on the Meech Lake Accord, but opposed Mulroney on the issue of free trade. Martin Brian Mulroney PC CC GOQ (predominantly known as Brian Mulroney) (born March 20, 1939) was the eighteenth The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the provincial Free trade is a system in which the trade of goods and services between or within countries flows unhindered by government-imposed restrictions
The majority Liberal government of 1987 to 1990 was less innovative than the previous minority government. The Liberals' increasing conservatism caused many centre-left voters to look at the NDP and its leader Bob Rae, and consider the social democratic party as an alternative to the Liberals. Robert Keith "Bob" Rae PC OC QC OOnt MP (born August 2, 1948) is a Canadian Social democracy is a Political ideology of the left and centre-left The NDP's co-operation with the Liberals between 1985 to 1987 helped the party appear more moderate and acceptable to voters.
The Liberals went into the 1990 election with apparently strong support in the public opinion polls. The Ontario general election of 1990 was held on September 6, 1990, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario This support quickly evaporated, however. On the campaign trail, the media reported that the Liberals were met by voters who were angry at going to the polls just three years into the government's mandate. Another negative factor was Peteron's association with Mulroney and the failed 'Meech Lake accord' attempt at constitutional reform, about which the public felt strongly. The campaign was also poorly run: a mid-campaign proposal to cut the provincial sales tax was a particularly bad blunder. The party had also underestimated the impact of the Patti Starr fundraising scandal, as well as allegations surrounding the Liberal government's links with land developers.
Peterson's government lost to Bob Rae's NDP, who promised a return to the activist form of government Peterson had abandoned. The Liberals suffered their worst defeat ever, falling from 95 seats to 36; the 59-seat loss surpassed the 48-seat loss in 1943 that began the Tories' long rule over the province. Peterson himself was heavily defeated in his own riding by the NDP challenger.
By the 1995 election, the NDP government had become very unpopular due to perceived mismanagement, a few scandals, and because of the severe downturn in the economy. The Ontario general election of 1995 was held on June 8, 1995, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario The Liberal Party was expected to replace the unpopular NDP, but it ran a poor campaign under leader Lyn McLeod, and was beaten by the Progressive Conservatives under Mike Harris. Lyn McLeod (born 1942 is a Politician in Ontario, Canada. She served in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, Harris swept to power on a right-wing "Common Sense Revolution" platform. The phrase Common Sense Revolution (CSR has been used as a political slogan to describe Common sense conservative platforms in Australia and the U In 1996, the Ontario Liberals selected Dalton McGuinty as their leader in a free-wheeling convention. Starting in fourth place, McGuinty's fiscally prudent record and moderate demeanor made him the second choice of a convention polarized around the candidacy of former Toronto Food Bank head Gerard Kennedy. This article is about the politician For the actor see Gerard Kennedy (actor.
In the 1999 election, the governing Conservatives were reelected on the basis of strong economic growth and a negative campaign tightly focused on portraying McGuinty as "not up to the job". An Ontario general election was held on June 3 1999, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. A poor performance in the leader's debate and a weak overall campaign hamstrung the new leader, but he was able to rally his party in the final weeks of the campaign. The Ontario Liberals garnered 40% of the vote, at the time their second-highest total in 50 years.
McGuinty's second term as opposition leader was more successful than his first. With the Liberals consolidated as the primary opposition to Harris's Progressive Conservatives, McGuinty was able to present his party as the "government in waiting". He hired a more skilled group of advisors and drafted former cabinet minister Greg Sorbara as party president. Gregory "Greg" Sorbara MPP (born September 4, 1946 in Toronto, Ontario) a member of the Legislative Assembly of McGuinty also rebuilt the party's fundraising operation, launching the Ontario Liberal Fund. He personally rebuilt the party's platform to one that emphasized lowering class sizes, hiring more nurses, increasing environmental protections and "holding the line" on taxes in the buildup to the 2003 election. McGuinty also made a serious effort to improve his debating skills, and received coaching from Democratic Party trainers in the United States. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party.
In the 2003 election, however, the Tories ran the poor campaign, and their new leader, Ernie Eves was seen to be weak and untrustworthy. The Ontario general election of 2003 was held on October 2, 2003, to elect the 103 members of the 38th Legislative Assembly (Members of Provincial Ernest Lawrence Eves (born June 17, 1946) was the twenty-third Premier of the province of Ontario, Canada, from April 15 The Tories' attempt to repeat the 1999 attacks on McGuinty were unsuccessful. A strong performance by McGuinty on the campaign trail and in the debates led to a 72-seat majority government.
The new government called the Legislature back in session in late 2003, and passed a series of bills relating to its election promises. The government brought in auto insurance reforms (including a price cap), fixed election dates, rolled-back a series of corporate and personal tax cuts which had been scheduled for 2004, passed legislation which enshrined publicly-funded Medicare into provincial law, hired more meat and water inspectors, opened up the provincially-owned electricity companies to Freedom of Information laws and enacted a ban on partisan government advertising.
The McGuinty government also benefited from a scandal involving the previous government's management of Ontario Power Generation and Hydro One, which broke in the winter of 2003-04. It was revealed that a number of key figures associated with Mike Harris's "Common Sense Revolution" had received lucrative, untendered multi-million dollar consulting contracts from these institutions. Among the figures named in the scandal were Tom Long, former Harris campaign chairman, Leslie Noble, former Harris campaign manager and Paul Rhodes, former Harris communications director. For the Australian actor Tom Long see Tom Long (actor Tom Long (born 1958 is a Canadian political strategist Leslie Noble is a Canadian political strategist She was campaign chair for the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party in the 1995 and 1999 elections Paul Rhodes is a Canadian political strategist He was communications director for the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party during the 1995, 1999
On May 18, 2004, Provincial Finance Minister Greg Sorbara released the McGuinty government's first budget. Gregory "Greg" Sorbara MPP (born September 4, 1946 in Toronto, Ontario) a member of the Legislative Assembly of The centrepiece was a controversial new Health Premium of $300 to $900, staggered according to income. This violated a key Liberal campaign pledge not to raise taxes, and gave the government an early reputation for breaking promises. The Liberals defended the premium by pointing to the previous government's hidden deficit, and McGuinty claimed he needed to break his campaign pledge on taxation to fulfill his promises on other fronts. Deserved or not, however, the government's early reputation for breaking promises has created a lasting public relations difficulty.
The Ontario Health Premium also became a major issue in the early days of the 2004 federal election, called a week after the Ontario budget. Most believe that the controversy seriously hampered Liberal Prime Minister Paul Martin's bid for re-election. Paul Edgar Philippe Martin. PC, MP (also known as Paul Martin Jr
Also controversial were the elimination of coverage for health services not covered by the Canada Health Act including eye examinations and physical therapy. Other elements included a four-year plan to tackle the deficit left behind by the Conservatives, free immunization for children, investments in education and investments to lower waiting times for cancer care, cardiac care, joint replacement and MRI and CT scans.
Soon after the federal election, McGuinty hosted a federal-provincial summit on health-care funding which resulted in a new agreement for a national health accord. This accord allowed the premiers and territorial leaders to draw more money from Ottawa for health services, and requires the federal government to take provincial concerns such as hospital waiting-lists into account. McGuinty's performance at the summit was generally applauded by the Canadian media.
The McGuinty government brought forward a number of regulatory initiatives in the fall of 2004. These included legislation allowing bring-your-own-wine in restaurants, banning junk food in public schools to promote healthier choices, outlawing smoking in public places and requiring students to stay in school until age 18. Following a series of high-profile maulings, the government also moved to ban pit bulls.
During early 2005, McGuinty called the Legislature back for a rare winter session to debate and pass several high-profile bills. The government legislated a Greenbelt around Toronto. The size of Prince Edward Island, the Greenbelt protects a broad swath of land from development and preserves forests and farmland. In response to court decisions, the Liberals updated the definition of marriage to include homosexual couples.
McGuinty also launched a PR campaign to narrow the politically charged $23 billion gap between what Ontario contributes to the federal government and what is returned to Ontario in services. This came as a sharp turn after more than a year of cooperating with the federal government, but McGuinty pointed to the special deals worked out by the federal government with Newfoundland and Nova Scotia as compromising the nature of equalization. Equalization (or equalisation, EQ) is the process of changing the frequency envelope of a sound in Audio processing. In particular, McGuinty noted that immigrants in Ontario receive $800 in support from the federal government, while those in Quebec receive $3800.
In the 2003 campaign, the Liberals denounced public-private partnerships (also known as "3P" deals) for infrastructure projects such as the building of hospitals. Following the campaign, however, the McGuinty government allowed "3P" hospital construction deals arranged by the previous government to continue.
The Ontario Liberals won their second majority in a row on October 10, 2007, winning 71 of the province's 107 seats. Winning two majorities back to back is a feat that had not occurred for the party in exactly 70 years. .
Results of recent elections for the Legislative Assembly of Ontario:
|Year of election||# of seats won||# of seats available||# of votes||% of popular vote|
|1985||48||125||1,377,965||37. See also Politics of Ontario The Legislative Assembly of Ontario (also known as Ontario Legislative Assembly or OntLA) is the Legislature The Ontario general election of 1985 was held on May 2, 1985, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, 9%|
|1987||95||130||1,788,214||47. The Ontario general election of 1987 was held on September 10, 1987, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario 3%|
|1990||36||130||1,302,134||32. The Ontario general election of 1990 was held on September 6, 1990, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario 4%|
|1995||30||130||1,291,326||31. The Ontario general election of 1995 was held on June 8, 1995, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario 1%|
|1999||35||103||1,751,472||39. An Ontario general election was held on June 3 1999, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. 9%|
|2003||72||103||2,090,001||46. The Ontario general election of 2003 was held on October 2, 2003, to elect the 103 members of the 38th Legislative Assembly (Members of Provincial 5%|
|2007||71||107||1,867,192||42. The Ontario general election of 2007 was held on October 10 2007 to elect members ( MPPs) of the 39th Legislative Assembly of the Province 2%|
|Leader||Years in office|
|1||Sir George Brown||1857-1867|
|4||Sir Oliver Mowat||1872-1896|
|5||Arthur S. Hardy||1896-1899|
|6||George William Ross||1899-1907|
|7||George P. Graham||1907|
|8||Alexander Grant MacKay||1907-1911|
|9||Newton Wesley Rowell||1911-1917|
|13||W.E.N. Sinclair||1923-1930 [A]|
|14||Mitchell Hepburn||1930-1942 [B]|
|15||Gordon Daniel Conant||1942-1943 [B](interim)|
|17||Mitchell Hepburn||1944-1945 (second time)|
|20||Farquhar Oliver||1954-1958 (second time)|
|26||Robert Nixon||1990-1991 (interim) [C]|
|27||Murray Elston||1991 (interim) [D]|
|28||Jim Bradley||1991-1992 (interim)|