|Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin)|
(Translation: "Loyal she began, loyal she remains")
|Largest metro||Greater Toronto Area|
|Official languages||English (de facto)|
|Lieutenant-Governor||David C. Onley|
|Premier||Dalton McGuinty (Liberal)|
|Federal representation||in Canadian Parliament|
|Confederation||July 1, 1867 (1st)|
|Area ||Ranked 4th|
|Total||1,076,395 km² (415,598 sq mi)|
|Land||917,741 km² (354,342 sq mi)|
|Water (%)||158,654 km² (61,257 sq mi) (14. The current Flag of Ontario was proclaimed the official flag of the Canadian province of Ontario by the Flag Act on May 21, 1965 The Coat of Arms of Ontario (formally known as The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Ontario) was granted by Royal Warrant of Queen A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario The table below lists the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2006 census for Census subdivisions This list The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population using data from the Canada 2001 Census[http //www12 The Greater Toronto Area (locally abbreviated as the GTA) is the most populous Metropolitan area in Canada. An official language is a Language that is given a special legal status in a particular Country, State, or other territory English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The Lieutenant Governor of Ontario is the vice-regal representative of the Queen of Canada in the province of Ontario. David Charles Onley OOnt (born June 12, 1950) is the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, Canada. The Premier of Ontario is the first Minister of the Crown for the Canadian province of Ontario. Dalton James Patrick McGuinty Jr MPP (born July 19, 1955, in Ottawa Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician The Ontario Liberal Party is a Centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada is Canada 's legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. The House of Commons (Chambre des communes is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and The Senate of Canada (Le Sénat du Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the sovereign (represented by the governor general Canadian Confederation was the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed beginning 1 July 1867 from the "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1867 ( MDCCCLXVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This is a list of Canadian provinces 8%)|
|Total (2008)||12,861,940 (est. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This is a list of Canadian provinces )|
|Density||13. 9 /km² (36 /sq mi)|
|Total (2008)||C$597. This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. 2 billion|
|Per capita||C$43,847 (6th)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 & -6|
|Postal code prefix||K L M N P|
|Tree||Eastern White Pine|
|Rankings include all provinces and territories|
Ontario (IPA: /ɒnˈtɛɹi.oʊ/) is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest, after Quebec, in total area. This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. This is a list of Canadian provincial and territorial postal abbreviations. ISO 3166-2CA is an ISO standard which defines Geocodes it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Canada. Postal codes by province and territoryA Canadian postal code Eastern Ontario - 84 FSAs Note No postal codes yet begin with K3* or K5* Central Ontario - 160 FSAs Metropolitan Toronto - 102 FSAs Note There are no rural FSAs in Toronto hence no postal codes start with M0 Western Ontario - 119 FSAs Northern Ontario - 58 FSAs Trillium grandiflorum, commonly known as white trillium, great white trillium, white wake-robin, or in French as trille Eastern White Pine' ( Pinus strobus) is a large Pine native to eastern North America, occurring from Newfoundland west to Minnesota The Great Northern Diver, known in North America as the Common Loon ( Gavia immer) is a large member of the Loon, or diver Family The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second largest country in total area. A province is a territorial unit almost always an Administrative division. Central Canada (sometimes the Central provinces) is a region consisting of Canada 's two largest and most populous provinces: Ontario and Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk  (Nunavut and the Northwest Territories are larger but are not provinces. Nunavut (ˈnuːnəvʊt ( Inuktitut syllabics: ᓄᓇᕗᑦ is the largest and newest territory of Canada; it was separated officially from the The Northwest Territories (ˌnɔrθˌwɛstˈtɛrɨtɔriz ( NWT or NT; French, les Territoires du Nord-Ouest) is a territory ) Ontario is bordered by the provinces of Manitoba to the west, Quebec to the east, and the U.S. states (from west to east) of Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania (at Lake Erie), and New York. Manitoba (English ˌmænɨˈtoʊbə French /manitoba/ is a province of Canada, spanning 647797 square kilometres (250116  sq mi of North America A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers Michigan ( is a Midwestern state of the United States of America. Ohio ( is a Midwestern state of the United States. As part of the Great Lakes region, Ohio has long been a cultural and geographical crossroads The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern Lake Erie (ˈɪəriː is the fourth largest Lake (by surface area of the five Great Lakes, and the tenth largest globally New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Most of Ontario's borders with the United States are natural, starting at the Lake of the Woods and continuing through the four Great Lakes: Superior, Huron (which includes Georgian Bay), Erie, and Ontario, then along the Saint Lawrence River near Cornwall. Lake of the Woods (lac des Bois is a Lake occupying parts of the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba and the U The Laurentian Great Lakes are a chain of freshwater lakes located in eastern North America, on the Canada–United States border. Lake Superior is the largest of the five Great Lakes of North America. Lake Huron, bounded on the west by the US state of Michigan, and on the east by the province of Ontario, Canada, is one of the five Great Georgian Bay (French baie Georgienne) is a large bay of Lake Huron, located in Ontario, Canada. Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. Saint Lawrence River (in French: fleuve Saint-Laurent; Kahnawáˀkye in Tuscarora, Kaniatarowanenneh meaning big waterway Cornwall is a City in eastern Ontario, Canada and the seat of the United Counties of Stormont Dundas and Glengarry Ontario. Ontario is the only Canadian Province that borders the Great Lakes. The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second largest country in total area.
The capital of Ontario is Toronto, the largest city in Canada. Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario  Ottawa, the capital of Canada, is located in Ontario as well. Ottawa (ˈɒtəwə or sometimes /ˈɒtəwɑː/ is the Capital of Canada and the country's fourth largest municipality. The 2006 Census counted 12,160,282 residents in Ontario, which accounted for 38. The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population 5% of the national population. 
The province takes its name from Lake Ontario, which is thought to be derived from ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or possibly skanadario which means "beautiful water" in Iroquoian. Wyandot is the Iroquoian language traditionally spoken by the people known variously as Wyandot, Wendat or Huron The Iroquoian languages are a Native American Language family.  Along with New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Quebec, Ontario is one of the four original provinces of Canada when the nation was formed on July 1, 1867, by the British North America Act. New Brunswick ( French: Nouveau-Brunswick /nuvobʁɔnzwik/ is one of Canada 's three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally Nova Scotia (ˌnəʊvəˈskəʊʃə ( Latin for New Scotland; Alba Nuadh Nouvelle-Écosse is a Canadian province located on Canada 's "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1867 ( MDCCCLXVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The British North America Acts 1867&ndash1975 are the original names of a series of Acts at the core of the Constitution of Canada. 
Ontario is Canada's leading manufacturing province accounting for 52% of the total national manufacturing shipments in 2004. 
The province consists of four main geographical regions:
Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands, particularly within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and also above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south. The Canadian Shield &mdash also called the Laurentian Plateau, or Bouclier Canadien (French &mdash is a large geological shield covered by The Niagara Escarpment is a long Escarpment, or Cuesta, in the United States and Canada that runs westward from New York State, through The highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres (2,270 ft) above sea level located in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. The Ishpatina Ridge is the highest point of land in the Canadian province of Ontario. The term above mean sea level ( AMSL) refers to the Elevation (on the ground or Altitude (in the Air) of any object relative to the Temagami is a region and a municipality in northeastern Ontario, Canada, in the District of Nipissing with Lake Temagami at its heart
The Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern section, its northern extent is part of the Greater Toronto Area at the western end of Lake Ontario. The Carolinian forest is a life zone in eastern North America characterized primarily by a predominance of Deciduous, or broad-leaf trees The Greater Toronto Area (locally abbreviated as the GTA) is the most populous Metropolitan area in Canada. The most well-known geographic feature is Niagara Falls, part of the much more extensive Niagara Escarpment. The Niagara Falls are massive Waterfalls on the Niagara River, straddling the international border separating the Canadian province of Ontario The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. The St Lawrence Seaway is the common name for a system of Canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes Thunder Bay ( 2006 census population 109140 formerly the twin cities of Fort William and Port Arthur, is a City in and the seat of Thunder Northern Ontario occupies roughly 85% of the surface area of the province; conversely Southern Ontario contains 94% of the population. Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario lying south of the French River and Algonquin Park.
Point Pelee National Park is a peninsula in southwestern Ontario (near Windsor, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan) that extends into Lake Erie and is the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Point Pelee National Park (in French Parc National de la Pointe-Pelée extends from the mainland of Essex County in southwestern Ontario, Canada. Windsor is the southernmost city in Canada and lies at the western end of the heavily populated Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend slightly farther. Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada, is an Island in the western half of Lake Erie. Middle Island is the southernmost point of land in Canada, located at 41°41'N 82°41'W or about 41 All are south of 42°N – slightly farther south than the northern border of California. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean.
Land was not legally subdivided into administrative units until a treaty had been concluded with the native peoples ceding the land. The Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763 by King George III following Great Britain 's acquisition of French territory In 1788, while part of the Province of Quebec (1763-1791), southern Ontario was divided into four districts: Hesse, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, and Nassau. The Province of Quebec was a colony in North America created by Great Britain after the Seven Years' War. Districts are a type of Administrative division, in some countries managed by a Local government. Western District was one of four districts of Upper Canada created in 1788. Eastern District was one of four districts of Upper Canada created in 1788. The Midland District was a historic District in Upper Canada which existed until 1849 The Home District was one of four districts of Upper Canada created in 1788.
In 1792, the four districts were renamed: Hesse became the Western District, Lunenburg became the Eastern District, Mecklenburg became the Midland District, and Nassau became the Home District. Counties were created within the districts.
By 1798, there were eight districts: Eastern, Home, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, and Western. The Johnstown District was a historic District in Upper Canada which existed until 1849 The London District was a historic District in Upper Canada. It was formed in 1798 from the counties of Middlesex Norfolk The Newcastle District was a historic District in Upper Canada which existed until 1849 The Niagara District was a historic District in Upper Canada which existed until 1849
By 1826, there were eleven districts: Bathurst, Eastern, Gore, Home, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, Ottawa, and Western. The Bathurst District was a historic District in Upper Canada which existed until 1849 The Gore District was a historic District in Upper Canada which existed until 1849 The Ottawa District was a historic District in Upper Canada which existed until 1849
By 1838, there were twenty districts: Bathurst, Brock, Colbourne, Dalhousie, Eastern, Gore, Home, Huron, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, Ottawa, Prince Edward, Simcoe, Talbot, Victoria, Wellington, and Western. The Dalhousie District was a historic District in Upper Canada which existed until 1849 Simcoe is a County located in central Ontario, originally established as "Simcoe District" in 1843 by the Legislature of Upper Canada The Wellington District was a historic District in Upper Canada which existed until 1849
In 1849, the districts of southern Ontario were abolished by the Province of Canada, and county governments took over certain municipal responsibilities. The Province of Canada or the United Province of Canada was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867 A county is a Land area of Regional Government within a larger State. The Province of Canada also began creating districts in sparsely populated Northern Ontario with the establishment of Algoma District and Nipissing District in 1858. Algoma District is a District and Census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. Nipissing District Ontario is a District in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The northern and western boundaries of Ontario were in dispute after Confederation. A confederation is a group of empowered states or communities usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1884 and confirmed by the Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act, 1889 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is one of the highest courts in the United Kingdom, established by the Judicial Committee Act 1833 By 1899, there were seven northern districts: Algoma, Manitoulin, Muskoka, Nipissing, Parry Sound, Rainy River, and Thunder Bay. Four more northern districts were created between 1907 and 1912: Cochrane, Kenora, Sudbury and Timiskaming. Early Districts and Counties 1788-1899. Archives of Ontario (2006-09-05). Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1590 - Alexander Farnese 's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris. Retrieved on 2006-11-29. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe </ref>
|1851||952,004||n/a||208. Estimated population of Ontario: 12687000 (2006 est Percentage of National Population: 38 8||1|
|1961||6,236,092||15. 4||35. 6||1|
|1966||6,960,870||11. 6||28. 8||1|
|1971||7,703,105||10. 7||23. 5||1|
|1976||8,264,465||7. 3||18. 7||1|
|1981||8,625,107||4. 4||12. 0||1|
|1986||9,101,695||5. 5||10. 1||1|
|1991||10,084,885||10. 8||16. 9||1|
|1996||10,753,573||6. 6||18. 1||1|
|2001||11,410,046||6. 1||13. 1||1|
|2006*||12,160,282||6. 6||13. 1||1|
|Canadian||3,350,275||29. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page 7|
|Scottish||1,843,110||16. English Canada|Canadians of English descentAn English Canadian is a Canadian whose principal language is English or who is of English ancestry; it is used Scottish Canadians are people of Scottish descent or heritage living in Canada. 3|
|Irish||1,761,280||15. Irish Canadians are immigrants and descendants of immigrants who origninated in Ireland. 6|
|German||965,510||8. The 2006 Canadian census put the number of Canadians of German ethnicity at 3179425 6|
|Italian||781,345||6. An Italian Canadian' is a Canadian of Italian descent or heritage 9|
|Chinese||518,550||4. Chinese Canadians are Canadians of Chinese descent and constitute the second-largest Visible minority group in Canada standing at 1346510 which 6|
|Dutch (Netherlands)||436,035||3. According to the Canada 2006 Census, there are 1035965 Canadians of Dutch descent, including those of full or partial ancestry 9|
|East Indian||413,415||3. Indo-Canadians are Canadians whose origins trace back to the Indian sub-continent, often referred to in this way because the term Indian has been used 7|
|Polish||386,050||3. Polish Canadians are Canadians of Polish ancestry According to the 2001 census by Statistics Canada, 817085 Canadians claim full or partial Polish ancestry 4|
|Ukrainian||290,925||2. A Ukrainian Canadian is a person of Ukrainian descent or origin who was born in or immigrated to Canada. 6|
|North American Indian||248,940||2. First Nations is a term of Ethnicity that refers to the Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people 2|
|Portuguese||248,265||2. Portuguese Canadians' (luso-canadianos are Canadians of Portuguese descent 2|
|Jewish||196,260||1. Canada has the world's fourth-largest Jewish population According to the Canada 2001 Census, there are an estimated 351000 Jews currently living in Canada 7|
|Jamaican||180,810||1. A Jamaican Canadian' is a Canadian -born person of Jamaican descent or a Jamaican-born person with Canadian citizenship 6|
|Filipino||165,025||1. Filipino Canadians are Asian Canadians who trace their ancestry to the Philippines or Filipino people 5|
|Spanish (Latin America)||147,140||1. Canadians of Spanish descent are also known as Spanish Canadians, and in Spanish as Hispano Canadienses. 3|
|Welsh||142,740||1. Today about 440965 Canadians identify themselves as having some Welsh descent with 27115 of these identifying as exclusively Welsh 3|
|Hungarian (Magyar)||128,575||1. Notable Canadians of Hungarian ancestral lineage People B Attila Buday (born 1974- flatwater canoeist László Buday (born 1924 1|
|Greek||120,635||1. Greek Canadians are Canadian citizens of Greek origin According to the 2001 Canadian Census, there were 215105 Canadians who claimed 0|
|American (USA)||86,855||0. American-Canadians are a major part of the Canadian population and the two countries Canada and the United States share much cultural commonality but are 8|
|Serbian||78,230||0. Serbs ( Serbian: Срби Srbi) are a South Slavic people living in the Balkans and Central Europe, mainly in Serbia, 7|
|British, not included|
|76,415||0. British people, or Britons, are the native inhabitants of Great Britain and their descendants or citizens of the United Kingdom, of the 7|
|Vietnamese||67,450||0. Vietnamese began arriving in Canada in the mid 1970s and early 1980s as refugees or Boat people following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975 though 6|
|Finnish||64,105||0. According to the 2001 census number over 114000 Canadians claim Finnish ancestry 6|
|Croatian||62,325||0. The Croatian community is present in most major Canadian cities including the Greater Toronto Area, Hamilton, Ottawa, Vancouver, Calgary 6|
|Métis||60,535||0. A Métis is a person born to parents who belong to different groups defined by visible physical differences regarded as racial or the descendant of such persons 5|
 The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e. g. "French-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian"). Groups with greater than 200,000 responses are included. The majority of Ontarians are of British (English, Scottish, Welsh) and Irish ancestry.
The major religious groups in Ontario, as of 2001, are:
|No Religion||1,841,290||16. 3|
|Other Christians||301,935||2. A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth 7|
|Christian Orthodox||264,055||2. 3|
|Eastern Religions||17,780||0. 2|
|Other Religions||18,985||0. 2|
The vast majority of Ontarians are of British or other European descent. English Canada|Canadians of English descentAn English Canadian is a Canadian whose principal language is English or who is of English ancestry; it is used White People is the second album by Handsome Boy Modeling School. Slightly less than five percent of the population of Ontario is Franco-Ontarian, that is those whose native tongue is French, although those with French ancestry account for 11% of the population. Franco-Ontarians (franco-ontarien are French Canadian or Francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario.
Immigration is a huge population growth force in Ontario as it has been over the last two centuries, in relation to natural increase or inter-provincial migration. Immigration to Canada is the process by which people migrate to Canada and become nationals of the country More recent sources of immigrants with already large or growing communities in Ontario include Caribbeans (Jamaicans, Trinidadians, Guyanese), South Asians (for example, Pakistanis, Indians, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans), East Asians (mostly Chinese and Filipinos), Central/South Americans (such as Colombians, Mexicans, Hondurans, Argentinans, and Ecuadorians), Eastern Europeans such as Russians and Bosnians, and groups from Iran, Somalia and Western Africa. Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting Jamaica (ˈdʒəˈmeɪkə} is an Island nation of the Greater Antilles, in length and as much as in width situated in the Caribbean Sea. The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (ˈtrɪnɪdæd ən təˈbeɪgoʊ is an archipelagic state in the southern Caribbean, lying northeast of the South American Guyana (ɡaɪˈænə or /ɡiːˈɑːnə/ officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana and previously known as British Guiana, is the only Nation state Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country ( Bengali: বাংলাদেশ inc-Latn Bangladesh) officially Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka ( Sinhalese:, இலங்கை known as Ceylon before 1972 is an Island Han Chinese ( are an Ethnic group native to China and by most modern definitions the largest single Ethnic group in the world. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP Colombia (kəˈlʌmbɪə officially the Republic of Colombia () is a country in northwestern South America. Demographic dynamics In 1900 the Mexican population was 136 million Hondurans (Hondureños also es Catracho) are people inhabiting in originating or having significant heritage from Honduras. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Ecuador topics. Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. The Russian people (Русские— Russkie) are an East Slavic Ethnic group, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries This is page about Bosnians (as citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina) For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. Somalia ( Soomaaliya; الصومال) officially the Somali Republic ( Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya, جمهورية الصومال) and formerly known West Africa or Western Africa is the Westernmost Region of the African Continent. Most groups have settled in the Greater Toronto area. A smaller number have settled in other cities such as London, Kitchener, Hamilton, Windsor, Barrie, and Ottawa. London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor with a metropolitan area population of 457720 the city proper The City of Kitchener (ˈkɪtʃɨnɚ is a City in southwestern Ontario, Canada. Hamilton (ˈhæməltən ( 2006 population 504559 UA population 647634 CMA population Windsor is the southernmost city in Canada and lies at the western end of the heavily populated Quebec City-Windsor Corridor.
Statistics Canada's measure of a "metro area", the Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) roughly bundles together population figures from the core municipality with those from "commuter" municipalities. As far as I know the Golden Horseshoe is ancient history and this page should be renamed (or forwarded to to Greater Golden Horseshoe now that Statistics Canada is (finally using the same Detroit-Windsor region is an international urban area centered around the United States city of Detroit Michigan, and the Canadian city of Windsor Ontario. 
|CMA (largest other included municipalities in brackets)||2006||2001|
|Toronto CMA (Region of Peel, Region of York, City of Pickering)||5,813,149||4,682,897|
|Ottawa–Gatineau CMA (Clarence-Rockland, Russell Township)*||1,130,761*||1,067,800*|
|Hamilton CMA (Burlington, Grimsby)||692,911||662,401|
|London CMA (St. Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario Ottawa (ˈɒtəwə or sometimes /ˈɒtəwɑː/ is the Capital of Canada and the country's fourth largest municipality. Hamilton (ˈhæməltən ( 2006 population 504559 UA population 647634 CMA population London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor with a metropolitan area population of 457720 the city proper Thomas, Strathroy-Caradoc)||457,720||435,600|
|Kitchener CMA (Cambridge, Waterloo)||451,235||414,284|
|St. Catharines–Niagara CMA (Niagara Falls, Welland)||390,317||377,009|
|Oshawa CMA (Whitby, Clarington)||330,594||296,298|
|Windsor CMA (Lakeshore, LaSalle)||323,342||307,877|
|Barrie CA (Innisfil, Springwater)||177,061||148,480|
|Sudbury CMA (Whitefish Lake & Wanapitei Reserves)||158,258||155,601|
*Parts of Quebec (including Gatineau) are included in the Ottawa CMA. The City of Kitchener (ˈkɪtʃɨnɚ is a City in southwestern Ontario, Canada. Windsor is the southernmost city in Canada and lies at the western end of the heavily populated Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. Greater Sudbury (2006 Census population 157857 is a city in Northern Ontario, Canada. Kingston Ontario is a Canadian city located at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St Gatineau ( 2006 census population 242124 is a city in western Quebec, Canada. The entire population of the Ottawa CMA, in both provinces, is shown. Clarence-Rockland and Russell Township are not the second and third largest municipalities in the entire CMA, they are the largest municipalities in the Ontario section of the CMA.
|Toronto (provincial capital)||2,503,281||2,481,494||2,385,421|
|Ottawa (national capital)||812,129||774,072||721,136|
|Mississauga (part of the Greater Toronto Area)||668,549||612,925||544,382|
|Brampton (part of the Greater Toronto Area)||433,806||325,428||268,251|
|Markham (part of the Greater Toronto Area)||261,573||208,615||173,383|
|Vaughan (part of the Greater Toronto Area)||238,866||182,022||132,549|
Ontario has three main climatic regions. Most of Southwestern Ontario, plus the southern part of the Golden Horseshoe region including Toronto, have a moderate humid continental climate (Koppen climate classification Dfa), similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic States and the lower Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States. The humid continental climate is a Climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems It was developed by Wladimir Köppen, a German climatologist The Mid-Atlantic States (also called Middle Atlantic States or simply Mid Atlantic) form one of the nine geographic divisions within the United States that The region has warm, humid summers and cold winters. Extreme heat and cold can occur for usually short periods. It is considered a temperate climate when compared with most of Canada. In the summer, the air masses often come out of the southern United States, as the stronger the Bermuda High Pressure ridges into the North American continent, the more warm, humid air is drawn northward from the Gulf of Mexico. The Southern United States &mdashcommonly referred to as the American South, Dixie, or simply the South &mdashconstitutes a large distinctive The Gulf of Mexico ( Spanish: Golfo de México) is the ninth largest Body of water in the world Particularly in the fall and winter, temperatures are moderated by the waters of the Great Lakes, making it considerably milder than the rest of the provinces and allowing for a longer growing season than areas at similar latitudes in the continent's interior. Both spring and fall are generally pleasantly mild, with cool nights. Annual precipitation ranges from 75-100 centimetres (30-40 in) and is well distributed throughout the year with a summer peak. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes making for abundant snow in some areas while others receive less snow than Northern Ontario because of the shorter winter.
The more northern parts of Southern Ontario, plus all of Central and Eastern Ontario and the southern parts of Northern Ontario, have a more severe humid continental climate (Koppen Dfb). This region has warm and sometimes hot summers (although shorter in length than Southwestern Ontario) with cold, longer winters and a shorter growing season. The southern part of this zone lies on the windward side of Lake Huron. The Great Lakes also have a moderating effect for shoreline areas. However, the open lakes frequently result in lake effect snow squalls on the eastern and southern shores of the lakes, that affect much of the Georgian Bay shoreline including Killarney, Parry Sound, Muskoka and Simcoe County; the Lake Huron shore from east of Sarnia northward to the Bruce Peninsula, sometimes reaching London. Lake-effect snow is produced in the winter when cold Arctic winds move across long expanses of warmer lake water providing energy and picking up Water vapor which freezes Killarney is a municipality located on the northern shore of Georgian Bay in the Sudbury District of Ontario. Parry Sound District is a Census division of the Canadian province of Ontario. The District Municipality of Muskoka more generally referred to as the District of Muskoka or simply Muskoka is a Regional Municipality located in Central Ontario Simcoe is a County located in central Ontario, originally established as "Simcoe District" in 1843 by the Legislature of Upper Canada Sarnia is a City in Southwestern Ontario, Canada (city population 71419 census area population The Bruce Peninsula is a Peninsula in Ontario, Canada that lies between Georgian Bay and the main basin of Lake Huron. London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor with a metropolitan area population of 457720 the city proper Wind-whipped snow squalls or lake effect snow can affect areas as far as 100 kilometres (60 mi) or greater from the shore, but the heaviest snows usually occur within 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the shoreline. Some snowbelt areas receive an annual average of well over 300 centimetres (120 in) of snow annually.
The northernmost parts of Ontario—primarily north of 50°N—have a subarctic climate (Koppen Dfc) with long, very cold winters and short, warm summers and dramatic temperature changes. Regions having a subarctic climate (also called boreal climate) are characterized by long usually very cold winters and brief warm summers In the summer, hot weather occasionally reaches even the northernmost parts of Ontario, although humidity is generally lower than in the south. With no major mountain ranges blocking Arctic air masses, winters are generally very cold, especially in the far north and northwest where temperatures below -40 °C (-40 °F) are not uncommon. The snow stays on the ground much longer in the region as opposed to any other regions of Ontario; snow cover is usually seen between October and May.
Severe thunderstorms peak in frequency in June and July in most of the province when it becomes one of the most active thunderstorm zones on the continent, although in Southern Ontario they can occur at any time from March to November because of the collision of colder, Arctic air and warm, moist Gulf air. In summer they also form from daytime convective heating. These storms tend to be more isolated in nature than those associated with frontal activity. Derecho-type thunderstorms can also occur in summer, often nocturnally, bringing severe straight-line winds over wide areas. derecho ( from Spanish: " derecho " meaning "right" is a widespread and long-lived violent convectively induced straight-line windstorm that is These storms usually develop along stationary frontal boundaries during hot weather periods and can occur in most areas of the province. Only the Hudson/James Bay Lowlands region rarely experience one. The region with the highest severe weather frequency is Southwestern and Central Ontario, which is caused by the localized Lake Breeze Front.  London has the most lightning strikes per year in Canada and is also one of the most active areas in the country for storms. London is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada along the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor with a metropolitan area population of 457720 the city proper In typical year Ontario averages 20 or more confimred tornado touchdowns, with the highest frequency in southwestern Ontario and near Lake Simcoe. A tornado is a violent rotating column of air which is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a Cumulonimbus cloud or in rare cases the base of a Cumulus Lake Simcoe is a Lake in southern Ontario, Canada, the twelfth-largest lake in the province They are rarely destructive (the vast majority are classified as F0 or F1 on the Fujita Scale). The Fujita scale ( F-Scale) or Fujita-Pearson scale, is a scale for rating Tornado intensity based on the damage tornadoes inflict on human-built structures In Northern Ontario, some tornadoes go undetected by ground spotters because of the sparse population and remote landscape; they are often discovered after the fact by aircraft pilots, where aerial observations of destroyed forest confirm occurences.
Ontario's rivers, including its share of the Niagara River, make it rich in hydroelectric energy. The Economy of Ontario is a rich and diversified economy however it is several hundred millions of dollars in debt The Niagara River flows to the north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. Hydroelectricity is electricity generated by Hydropower, ie the production of power through use of the gravitational force of falling water  Since the privatization of Ontario Hydro which began in 1999, Ontario Power Generation runs 85% of electricity generated in the province, of which 41% is nuclear, 30% is hydroelectric and 29% is fossil fuel derived. Ontario Hydro was the official name from 1974 of the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario which was established in 1906 by the provincial Power Commission Ontario Power Generation (OPG is a Public company wholly owned by the Government of Ontario. Nuclear power is any Nuclear technology designed to extract usable Energy from atomic nuclei via controlled Nuclear reactions Hydroelectricity is electricity generated by Hydropower, ie the production of power through use of the gravitational force of falling water Fossil fuels or mineral fuels are fossil source Fuels that is Hydrocarbons found within the top layer of the Earth’s crust. OPG is not however responsible for the transmission of power, which is under the control of Hydro One. Hydro One Incorporated delivers electricity across the Canadian province of Ontario. Despite its diverse range of power options, problems related to increasing consumption, lack of energy efficiency and aging nuclear reactors, Ontario has been forced in recent years to purchase power from its neighbours Quebec and Michigan to supplement its power needs during peak consumption periods. Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Michigan ( is a Midwestern state of the United States of America.
An abundance of natural resources, excellent transportation links to the American heartland and the inland Great Lakes making ocean access possible via ship containers, have all contributed to making manufacturing the principal industry, found mainly in the Golden Horseshoe region, which is the largest industrialized area in Canada. Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, "making by hand" is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" Important products include motor vehicles, iron, steel, food, electrical appliances, machinery, chemicals, and paper. A motor Vehicle is a Machine which incorporates a motor (sometimes known as an Engine) and which is used for Transportation Iron (ˈаɪɚn is a Chemical element with the symbol Fe (ferrum and Atomic number 26 Steel is an Alloy consisting mostly of Iron, with a Carbon content between 0 A chemical substance is a Material with a definite chemical composition. Paper is thin material mainly used for writing upon printing upon or packaging Ontario surpassed Michigan in car production, assembling 2. 696 million vehicles in 2004.
However, as a result of steeply declining sales, on November 21, 2005, General Motors announced massive layoffs at production facilities across North America including two large GM plants in Oshawa and a drive train facility in St. Catharines which by 2008 will result in 8,000 job losses in Ontario alone. Events 164 BC - Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. General Motors Corporation ( GM) ( is a multinational automobile manufacturer founded in 1908 and headquartered in the United States. Subsequently in January 23, 2006, Ford Motor Company announced between 25,000 and 30,000 layoffs phased until 2012; Ontario was spared the worst, but job losses were announced for the St. Thomas facility and the Windsor casting plant. Events 393 - Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Ford Motor Company is an American Multinational corporation and the world's fourth largest automaker based on Worldwide vehicle sales, following St Thomas is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. It is the seat for Elgin County and gaining its city Charter on Windsor is the southernmost city in Canada and lies at the western end of the heavily populated Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. However, these losses will be offset by Ford's recent announcement of a hybrid vehicle facility slated to begin production in 2007 at its Oakville plant and GM's re-introduction of the Camaro which will be produced in Oshawa. Oakville ( 2006 population 165613, was auctioned off to William Chisholm in 1827 The Chevrolet Camaro is a " Pony car " made in North America by the Chevrolet Motor Division of General Motors. Toyota also announced plans to build a new plant in Woodstock by 2008, and Honda also has plans to add an engine plant at its facility in Alliston. (pronounced) is a Multinational corporation headquartered in Japan, and is currently the world's largest Automaker. Woodstock (2006 population 35480 is a City and the county seat of Oxford County in southwestern Ontario () is a Multinational corporation, engine Manufacturer and engineering corporation headquartered in Japan. Alliston Ontario is a community in Simcoe County in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Toronto, the capital of Ontario, is the centre of Canada's financial services and banking industry. Suburban cities in the Greater Toronto Area like Brampton, Mississauga and Vaughan are large product distribution centres, in addition to having manufacturing industries. The Greater Toronto Area (locally abbreviated as the GTA) is the most populous Metropolitan area in Canada. Brampton (pronounced bramton is the third-largest city in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada and the seat of Peel Region. Mississauga (ˌmɪsɪˈsɑgə) incorporated in 1974 is a City located in the Regional Municipality of Peel The information technology sector is also important, particularly in Markham, Waterloo and Ottawa. Information technology ( IT) as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA is "the study design development implementation support Markham ( pronounced /ˈmɑrkəm/ 2006 population 261573 is a town located in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo is a City in Ontario, Canada. It is the smallest of the three cities in the Regional Municipality Hamilton is the largest steel manufacturing city in Canada, and Sarnia is a centre for petrochemical production. Construction employs at least 7% of the work force, but because of undocumented workers, the figure is likely over 10%. In the fields of Architecture and Civil engineering, construction is a process that consists of the Building or assembling of Infrastructure This sector has thrived over the last ten years because of steadily increasing new house and condominium construction combined with low mortgage rates and climbing prices, particularly in the Greater Toronto area. Mining and the forest products industry, notably pulp and paper, are vital to the economy of Northern Ontario. Mining is the extraction of valuable Minerals or other geological materials from the earth usually (but not always from an Ore body The Pulp and paper industry is one of the most important in Canada. More than any other region, tourism contributes heavily to the economy of Central Ontario, peaking during the summer months owing to the abundance of fresh water recreation and wilderness found there in reasonable proximity to the major urban centres. At other times of the year, hunting, skiing and snowmobiling are popular. Hunting is the practice of pursuing Animals for Food, Recreation, or Trade. Snow skiing is a group of sports utilizing Skis as primary equipment A snowmobile (known locally as snowmachine, snowsled or by the Brandname Ski-Doo) is a land vehicle that is commonly propelled by This region has some of the most vibrant fall colour displays anywhere on the continent, and tours directed at overseas visitors are organized to see them. Tourism also plays a key role in border cities with large casinos, among them Windsor, Rama, and Niagara Falls, which attract many U. Rama is the Ontario, Canada home of the Chippewas of Mnjikaning First Nation and Casino Rama. Niagara Falls is a Canadian City of 82184 residents Geography and Climate Niagara Falls Ontario S. visitors. 
Once the dominant industry, agriculture occupies a small percentage of the population. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture The number of farms has decreased from 68,633 in 1991 to 59,728 in 2001, but farms have increased in average size, and many are becoming more mechanized. Cattle, small grains and dairy were the common types of farms in the 2001 census. A dairy is a facility for the extraction and processing of animal Milk &mdashmostly from goats or cows, but also from buffalo, Sheep The fruit, grape and vegetable growing industry is located primarily on the Niagara Peninsula and along Lake Erie, where tobacco farms are also situated. The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Ontario, Canada lying on the south shore of Lake Ontario. Tobacco is an Agricultural product recognized as an addictive drug processed from the fresh Leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. Tobacco production has decreased leading to an increase in some other new crop alternatives gaining popularity, such as hazelnuts and ginseng. The Common Hazel ( Corylus avellana) is a species of Hazel native to Europe and western Asia, from the British Isles Ginseng refers to species within Panax, a genus of 11 species of slow-growing Perennial plants with fleshy roots in the family Araliaceae. The Ontario origins of Massey-Ferguson Ltd. Massey Ferguson Limited was a major Agricultural equipment manufacturer based in England , once one of the largest farm implement manufacturers in the world, indicate the importance agriculture once had to the Canadian economy. Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, "making by hand" is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale
Southern Ontario's limited supply of agricultural land is going out of production at an increasing rate. Urban sprawl and farmland severances contribute to the loss of thousands of acres of productive agricultural land in Ontario each year. Over 2,000 farms and 150,000 acres (610 km²) of farmland in the GTA alone were lost to production in the two decades between 1976 and 1996. This loss represented approximately 18% of Ontario's Class 1 farmland being converted to urban purposes. In addition, increasing rural severances provide ever-greater interference with agricultural production.
Historically, the province has used two major east-west routes, both starting from Montreal in the neighbouring province of Quebec. See also Vehicle registration plates of Ontario The province of Ontario began requiring its residents to register their vehicles and display Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec The northerly route, which was pioneered by early French-speaking fur traders, travels northwest from Montreal along the Ottawa River, then continues westward towards Manitoba. This is about the river in Canada For other uses see Ottawa River (disambiguation. Manitoba (English ˌmænɨˈtoʊbə French /manitoba/ is a province of Canada, spanning 647797 square kilometres (250116  sq mi of North America Major cities on or near the route include Ottawa, North Bay, Sudbury, Sault Ste. Marie, and Thunder Bay. North Bay ( time zone EST) is a city in Northeastern Ontario, Canada (2006 population 53966 Greater Sudbury (2006 Census population 157857 is a city in Northern Ontario, Canada. Sault Ste Marie (nicknamed "the Sault" or "the Soo" is a City on the St Thunder Bay ( 2006 census population 109140 formerly the twin cities of Fort William and Port Arthur, is a City in and the seat of Thunder The much more heavily travelled southerly route, which was driven by growth in predominantly English-speaking settlements originated by the United Empire Loyalists and later other European immigrants, travels southwest from Montreal along the St. The name United Empire Loyalists is a honorific name which has been given after the fact to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other The European peoples are the various Nations and Ethnic groups of Europe. Lawrence River, Lake Ontario, and Lake Erie before entering the United States in Michigan. Major cities on or near the route include Kingston, Oshawa, Toronto, Mississauga, Kitchener/Waterloo, London, Sarnia, and Windsor. Kingston Ontario is a Canadian city located at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St Mississauga (ˌmɪsɪˈsɑgə) incorporated in 1974 is a City located in the Regional Municipality of Peel The City of Kitchener (ˈkɪtʃɨnɚ is a City in southwestern Ontario, Canada. Most of Ontario's major transportation infrastructure is oriented east-west and roughly follows one of these two original routes.
400-Series Highways make up the primary vehicular network in the south of province, and they connect to numerous border crossings with the U. The 400-series highways are a network of controlled-access Freeways throughout the southern portion of the province of Ontario, Canada, forming a special S. , the busiest being the Detroit-Windsor Tunnel and Ambassador Bridge (via Highway 401) and the Blue Water Bridge (via Highway 402). The Detroit–Windsor Tunnel is a partially submerged Highway tunnel connecting Detroit Michigan in the United States, with Windsor Ontario The Ambassador Bridge is a Privately-owned Suspension bridge that connects Detroit, Michigan, in the United States, with Windsor The Blue Water Bridge is a twin-span bridge that spans the St Highway 402 is a 400-Series Highway in southwestern Ontario, Canada that runs 103  km (64  mi) from the Blue Water Bridge The primary highway along the southern route is Highway 401, the busiest highway in North America and the backbone of Ontario's road network, tourism, and economy, while the primary highway across the northern route is Highway 417 /Highway 17, part of the Trans-Canada Highway. Highway 417 is a 400-series highway in Ontario. It is the backbone of the transportation system in the Ottawa region where it is known as the Queensway Highway 17 is the primary route of the Trans-Canada Highway through Ontario, Canada The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial Highway system that joins all ten provinces of Canada. Highway 400/Highway 69 connects Toronto to Northern Ontario. The King's Highway 400, more commonly known as Highway 400 or the 400, is a key north-south 400-Series Highway in the Canadian province of Highway 69 is a major north-south highway in Central and Northern Ontario, linking Sudbury with Highway 400 in Parry Sound. Other provincial highways and regional roads inter-connect the remainder of the province. See also Provincial highways in Ontario This is a list of current and former Provincial highways in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The St. Lawrence Seaway, which extends across most of the southern portion of the province and connects to the Atlantic Ocean, is the primary water transportation route for cargo, particularly iron ore and grain. The St Lawrence Seaway is the common name for a system of Canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes In the past, the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River were also a major passenger transportation route, but over the past half century they have been nearly totally supplanted by vehicle, rail, and air travel. There was previously a ferry connecting Toronto with Rochester, New York. Rochester is a city in Monroe County, New York State, south of Lake Ontario in the United States.
Via Rail operates the inter-regional passenger train service on the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor, along with "The Canadian", a transcontinental rail service from Toronto to Vancouver. VIA Rail Canada (also referred to as VIA Rail and VIA; ˈviːə 'vee-ah' is an independent Crown corporation offering intercity passenger rail Vancouver (vænˈkuːvɚ is a coastal Additionally, Amtrak rail connects Ontario with key New York cities including Buffalo, Albany, and New York City. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 Buffalo (ˈbʌfəloʊ is the second largest city in New York State. Albany is the Capital of the State of New York and the County seat of Albany County. The City of New York Ontario Northland provides rail service to destinations as far north as Moosonee near James Bay, connecting them with the south. The Ontario Northland Railway is Moosonee is a town in Ontario, Canada, on the Moose River approximately 19 kilometres south of James Bay James Bay (Baie James is a large body of water on the southern end of Hudson Bay in Canada. Freight rail is dominated by the founding cross-country Canadian National Railway and CP Rail companies, which during the 1990s sold many short rail lines from their vast network to private companies operating mostly in the south. The Canadian Pacific Railway ( Short Line is also one of the four railroads in the popular Board game Monopoly, probably named after the Shore Fast Line, an Interurban streetcar Regional commuter rail is limited to the provincially owned GO Transit, which serves a train/bus network spanning the Golden Horseshoe region, with its hub in Toronto. Commuter rail, regional rail or suburban rail is a Passenger rail transport service between a city center and outer suburbs and Commuter towns GO Transit is the interregional public transit system serving the Conurbation in Ontario, Canada referred to by Metrolinx as the The Toronto Transit Commission operates the province's only subway and streetcar system, one of the busiest in North America. The Toronto Transit Commission ( TTC) is a Public transport authority that operates Buses streetcars, subways and Rapid transit A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train Outside of Toronto, the O-Train Light rail line operates in Ottawa with expansion of the line and proposals for additional lines. The O-Train was introduced in 2001 as a pilot project for light-rail service in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, which had long depended exclusively For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems.
Lester B. Pearson International Airport is the nation's busiest and the world's 29th busiest, handling over 30 million passengers per year. Lester B Pearson International Airport is a major International airport serving Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated 27 kilometres (17 mi northwest The following is a list of Canada's busiest airports by aircraft movements (how busy the runways are and passengers traffic (how busy the terminals are Other important airports include Ottawa International Airport and Hamilton's John C. Munro International Airport, which is an important courier and freight aviation centre. John C Munro Hamilton International Airport or Hamilton International,, is an International airport in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada Toronto/Pearson and Ottawa/Macdonald-Cartier form two of the three points in Air Canada's Rapidair triangle, Canada's busiest set of air routes (the third point is Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport). Air Canada () is Canada 's largest Airline and Flag carrier. The airline founded in 1937 has had its corporate headquarters in Montreal WestJet also operates many flights in the triangle. WestJet Airlines Ltd ( is a Canadian Low-cost carrier based in Calgary Alberta, that flies to most major cities in Canada and serves destinations A third and new airline, Porter Airlines recently made Toronto City Centre Airport their hub. Porter Airlines is a Regional airline based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Toronto/City Centre Airport, (TCCA, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada is a small Airport located on the Toronto Islands.
Most Ontario cities have regional airports, many of which have scheduled commuter flights from Air Canada Jazz or smaller airlines and charter companies—flights from the larger cities such as Thunder Bay, Sault Ste. Jazz Air LP (Air Canada Jazz is a Canadian Regional airline based in the Halifax Regional Municipality, at the Halifax Stanfield International Marie, Sudbury, North Bay, Timmins, Windsor, London, and Kingston feed directly into Toronto Pearson. North Bay ( time zone EST) is a city in Northeastern Ontario, Canada (2006 population 53966 Kingston Ontario is a Canadian city located at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St Bearskin Airlines also runs flights along the northerly east-west route, connecting Ottawa, North Bay, Sudbury, Sault Ste. Marie, and Thunder Bay directly without requiring connections at Toronto Pearson.
Isolated towns and settlements in the northern areas of the province rely partly or entirely on air service for travel, goods, and even ambulance services, since much of the far northern area of the province cannot be reached by road or rail. General aviation (abbr GA) is one of two categories of Civil aviation.
Before the arrival of the Europeans, the region was inhabited both by Algonquian (Ojibwa, Cree and Algonquin) and Iroquoian (Iroquois and Huron) tribes. Inhabited for millennia by First Nations ( aboriginal) the history of Canada has evolved from a group of European colonies into an officially Ontario came into being as a Province of Canada in 1867. This article also covers the history of the territory Ontario now occupies The Algonquian (also Algonkian, and pronounced both and) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic The Ojibwa or Chippewa (also Ojibwe, Ojibway, Chippeway) is the largest group of Native Americans - First Nations Not to be confused with the Creek. Cree is an Exonym applied to various people indigenous to North America namely the Nehiyaw Nehithaw Nehilaw The Algonquins (or Algonkins) are an aboriginal North American people speaking Algonquin, an Anishinaabe language. The Iroquoian languages are a Native American Language family. The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the "League of Peace and Power" the "Five Nations" the "Six Nations" or the "People of the Longhouse "Huron" redirects here For other uses see Huron (disambiguation.  The French explorer Étienne Brûlé explored part of the area in 1610-12. Étienne Brûlé ( c 1592 ( Champigny-sur-Marne, France) &ndash c  The English explorer Henry Hudson sailed into Hudson Bay in 1611 and claimed the area for England, but Samuel de Champlain reached Lake Huron in 1615, and French missionaries began to establish posts along the Great Lakes. Henry Hudson' (1570 &ndash 1611 was an English Sea explorer and Navigator in the early 17th century England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Samuel de Champlain (c 1575 - 25 December 1635) "The Father of New France " was a French navigator geographer cartographer This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. French settlement was hampered by their hostilities with the Iroquois, who allied themselves with the British. 
The British established trading posts on Hudson Bay in the late 17th century and began a struggle for domination of Ontario. The 1763 Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years' War by awarding nearly all of France's North American possessions (New France) to Britain. The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain The Seven Years' War (1756&ndash1763 involved all of the major European powers of the period causing 900000 to 1400000 deaths French colonization of the Americas began in the 14th century and continued in the following centuries as France established a colonial empire in the Western The Viceroyalty of New France (Nouvelle-France was the area colonized by France in North America during a period extending from the exploration of the  The region was annexed to Quebec in 1774. Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk  From 1783 to 1796, the United Kingdom granted United Empire Loyalists leaving the United States following the American Revolution 200 acres (0. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The name United Empire Loyalists is a honorific name which has been given after the fact to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" 8 km²) of land and other items with which to rebuild their lives.  This measure substantially increased the population of Canada west of the St. Lawrence-Ottawa River confluence during this period, a fact recognized by the Constitutional Act of 1791, which split Quebec into The Canadas: Upper Canada southwest of the St. Upper Canada and Lower Canada, collectively referred to as the Canadas, were two British colonies in Canada. The Province of Upper Canada (French Province du Haut-Canada) was a British colony located in what is now the southern portion of the Province of Ontario Lawrence-Ottawa River confluence, and Lower Canada east of it. The Province of Lower Canada (French Province du Bas-Canada) was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the John Graves Simcoe was appointed Upper Canada's first Lieutenant-Governor in 1793. Lieutenant-General John Graves Simcoe ( February 25, 1752 &ndash October 26, 1806) was the first Lieutenant governor of Upper A Lieutenant Governor is a high officer of state whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdiction 
American troops in the War of 1812 invaded Upper Canada across the Niagara River and the Detroit River but were defeated and pushed back by British regulars, Canadian militias, and First Nations warriors. The War of 1812 was fought between the United States of America and the British Empire, particularly Great Britain and her North American colonies The Detroit River is a river in the Great Lakes system about 32 miles (51 km long and 0 First Nations is a term of Ethnicity that refers to the Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people The Americans gained control of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, however, and during the Battle of York occupied the Town of York (later named Toronto) in 1813. The Battle of York was a battle of the War of 1812 fought on April 27 1813 at York Upper Canada, which was later to become Toronto Ontario. York was the name of Toronto, Ontario, between 1793 and 1834 and second capital of Upper Canada. The Americans looted the town and burned the Parliament Buildings but were soon forced to leave.
After the War of 1812, relative stability allowed for increasing numbers of immigrants to arrive from Britain and Ireland rather than from the United States. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world As was the case in the previous decades, this deliberate immigration shift was encouraged by the colonial leaders. Despite affordable and often free land, many arriving newcomers from Europe (mostly from Britain and Ireland) found frontier life with the harsh climate difficult, and some of those with the means eventually returned home or went south. However, population growth far exceeded emigration in the decades that followed. Still, a mostly agrarian-based society, canal projects and a new network of plank roads spurred greater trade within the colony and with the United States, thereby improving relations over time.
Meanwhile, Ontario's numerous waterways aided travel and transportation into the interior and supplied water power for development. As the population increased, so did the industries and transportation networks, which in turn led to further development. By the end of the century, Ontario vied with Quebec as the nation's leader in terms of growth in population, industry, arts and communications. 
Many in the colony, however, began to chafe against the aristocratic Family Compact that governed while benefiting economically from the regions resources, and who did not allow elected bodies the power to effect change (much as the Château Clique ruled Lower Canada). This article is about a group in nineteenth century Canadian history The Clique du Château or Château Clique was a group of wealthy families in Lower Canada in the early 19th century This resentment spurred republican ideals and sowed the seeds for early Canadian nationalism. Accordingly, rebellion in favour of responsible government rose in both regions; Louis-Joseph Papineau led the Lower Canada Rebellion and William Lyon Mackenzie led the Upper Canada Rebellion. Responsible government is a conception of a System of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster For the 20th century Canadian parliamentarian see Louis-Joseph Papineau (Canadian parliamentarian Louis-Joseph Papineau, ( October 7, 1786 The Lower Canada Rebellion is the name given to the armed conflict between the rebels of Lower Canada (now Quebec) and the British colonial power of that William Lyon Mackenzie ( March 12, 1795 &ndash August 28, 1861) was a Canadian Journalist, Politician, and The Upper Canada Rebellion was along with the Lower Canada Rebellion in Lower Canada, a rebellion against the British colonial government in 1837 and 1838
Although both rebellions were put down in short order, the British government sent Lord Durham to investigate the causes of the unrest. John George Lambton 1st Earl of Durham (also known as Radical Jack, and commonly referred to in history texts simply as Lord Durham) GCB PC He recommended that self-government be granted and that Lower and Upper Canada be re-joined in an attempt to assimilate the French Canadians. Accordingly, the two colonies were merged into the Province of Canada by the Act of Union (1840), with the capital at Kingston, and Upper Canada becoming known as Canada West. The Province of Canada or the United Province of Canada was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867 The Act of Union (3 & 4 Vict c 35 passed in July 1840 and proclaimed February 10, 1841, abolished the legislatures of Lower Canada and Upper Canada The Province of Upper Canada (French Province du Haut-Canada) was a British colony located in what is now the southern portion of the Province of Ontario Parliamentary self-government was granted in 1848. TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those Self-governance is an abstract concept that refers to several scales of Organization. There were heavy waves of immigration in the 1840s, and the population of Canada West more than doubled by 1851 over the previous decade. As a result for the first time the English-speaking population of Canada West surpassed the French-speaking population of Canada East, tilting the representative balance of power.
An economic boom in the 1850s coincided with railway expansion across the province further increasing the economic strength of Central Canada.
A political stalemate between the French- and English-speaking legislators, as well as fear of aggression from the United States during the American Civil War, led the political elite to hold a series of conferences in the 1860s to effect a broader federal union of all British North American colonies. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South The British North America Act took effect on July 1, 1867, establishing the Dominion of Canada, initially with four provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario. The British North America Acts 1867&ndash1975 are the original names of a series of Acts at the core of the Constitution of Canada. "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1867 ( MDCCCLXVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Nova Scotia (ˌnəʊvəˈskəʊʃə ( Latin for New Scotland; Alba Nuadh Nouvelle-Écosse is a Canadian province located on Canada 's New Brunswick ( French: Nouveau-Brunswick /nuvobʁɔnzwik/ is one of Canada 's three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally The Province of Canada was divided into Ontario and Quebec so that each linguistic group would have its own province. The Province of Canada or the United Province of Canada was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867 Both Quebec and Ontario were required by section 93 of the BNA Act to safeguard existing educational rights and privileges of the Protestant and Catholic minorities. Thus, separate Catholic schools and school boards were permitted in Ontario. A board of education or a school Board or school committee is the title of the Board of directors of a school local School district However, neither province had a constitutional requirement to protect its French- or English-speaking minority. Toronto was formally established as Ontario's provincial capital.
Once constituted as a province, Ontario proceeded to assert its economic and legislative power. In 1872, the lawyer Oliver Mowat became premier and remained as premier until 1896. Sir Oliver Mowat GCMG, PC, QC ( July 22, 1820 &ndash 19 April, 1903) was a Canadian politician He fought for provincial rights, weakening the power of the federal government in provincial matters, usually through well-argued appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is one of the highest courts in the United Kingdom, established by the Judicial Committee Act 1833 His battles with the federal government greatly decentralized Canada, giving the provinces far more power than John A. Macdonald had intended. Sir John Alexander Macdonald GCB, KCMG, PC ( January 11, 1815 – June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister He consolidated and expanded Ontario's educational and provincial institutions, created districts in Northern Ontario, and fought to ensure that those parts of Northwestern Ontario not historically part of Upper Canada (the vast areas north and west of the Lake Superior-Hudson Bay watershed, known as the District of Keewatin) would become part of Ontario, a victory embodied in the Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act, 1889. The District of Keewatin was a former territory of Canada and later an administrative district of the Northwest Territories. He also presided over the emergence of the province into the economic powerhouse of Canada. Mowat was the creator of what is often called Empire Ontario.
Beginning with Sir John A. Macdonald's National Policy (1879) and the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway (1875-1885) through Northern Ontario and the Canadian Prairies to British Columbia, Ontario manufacturing and industry flourished. The Canadian Pacific Railway ( The Canadian Prairies is a region in western Canada, which may correspond to several different definitions natural or political British Columbia (ˌbrɪtɨʃ kəˈlʌmbiə ( BC) ( (la Colombie-Britannique C However, population increase slowed after a large recession hit the province in 1893, thus slowing growth drastically but only for a few short years. Many newly arrived immigrants and others moved west along the railroad to the Prairie Provinces and British Columbia.
Mineral exploitation accelerated in the late 19th century, leading to the rise of important mining centres in the northeast like Sudbury, Cobalt and Timmins. A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition a highly ordered atomic structure and specific Greater Sudbury (2006 Census population 157857 is a city in Northern Ontario, Canada. Cobalt is a Town in the District of Timiskaming, Province of Ontario, Canada The province harnessed its water power to generate hydro-electric power and created the state-controlled Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, later Ontario Hydro. Ontario Hydro was the official name from 1974 of the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario which was established in 1906 by the provincial Power Commission Ontario Hydro was the official name from 1974 of the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario which was established in 1906 by the provincial Power Commission The availability of cheap electric power further facilitated the development of industry. The Ford Motor Company of Canada was established in 1904. General Motors of Canada Ltd. General Motors Corporation ( GM) ( is a multinational automobile manufacturer founded in 1908 and headquartered in the United States. was formed in 1918. The motor vehicle industry would go on to become the most lucrative industry for the Ontario economy.
In July 1912, the Conservative government of Sir James P. Whitney issued Regulation 17 which severely limited the availability of French-language schooling to the province's French-speaking minority. Sir James Pliny Whitney, KCMG ( October 2, 1843 &ndash September 25, 1914) was a politician in the Canadian Regulation 17 ( French: Règlement 17) was a regulation of the Ontario Ministry of Education, issued in July 1912 by the Conservative French-Canadians reacted with outrage, journalist Henri Bourassa denouncing the "Prussians of Ontario". Joseph-Napoléon-Henri Bourassa ( September 1, 1868 - August 31, 1952) was a French Canadian political leader and publisher It was eventually repealed in 1927.
Influenced by events in the United States, the government of Sir William Hearst introduced prohibition of alcoholic drinks in 1916 with the passing of the Ontario Temperance Act. Sir William Howard Hearst, KCMG ( February 15, 1864 &ndash September 29, 1941) was the Conservative Prohibition of alcohol, often referred to simply as prohibition, also known as Noble Experiment, refers to a Sumptuary law which prohibits Alcohol Ontario Temperance Act was a law passed in Ontario in 1916 to prohibit the sale of alcohol a period known as Prohibition. However, residents could distill and retain their own personal supply, and liquor producers could continue distillation and export for sale, which allowed Ontario to become a hotbed for the illegal smuggling of liquor into the United States, which was under complete prohibition. Prohibition came to an end in 1927 with the establishment of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario by the government of George Howard Ferguson. Pricing While it is impossible to generalize comparative pricing for the thousands of different alcoholic beverages available through LCBO the stores have acquired a reputation for George Howard Ferguson, PC ( June 18, 1870 - February 21, 1946) was a Conservative politician and Premier The sale and consumption of liquor, wine, and beer are still controlled by some of the most extreme laws in North America to ensure that strict community standards and revenue generation from the alcohol retail monopoly are upheld. In April 2007, Ontario Member of Provincial Parliament Kim Craitor suggested that local brewers should be able to sell their beer in local corner stores; however, the motion was quickly rejected by Premier Dalton McGuinty. Kim Craitor is a Politician in Ontario, Canada. He is a current member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, representing the constituency Dalton James Patrick McGuinty Jr MPP (born July 19, 1955, in Ottawa Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician
The post-World War II period was one of exceptional prosperity and growth. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Ontario, and the Greater Toronto Area in particular, have been the recipients of most immigration to Canada, largely immigrants from war-torn Europe in the 1950s and 1960s and after changes in federal immigration law, a massive influx of non-Europeans since the 1970s. The Greater Toronto Area (locally abbreviated as the GTA) is the most populous Metropolitan area in Canada. Immigration law refers to national Government policies which control the phenomenon of Immigration to their country From a largely ethnically British province, Ontario has rapidly become very culturally diverse.
The nationalist movement in Quebec, particularly after the election of the Parti Québécois in 1976, contributed to driving many businesses and English-speaking people out of Quebec to Ontario, and as a result Toronto surpassed Montreal as the largest city and economic centre of Canada. The Parti Québécois ' is a Sovereignist Political party that advocates national sovereignty for the Canadian province of Quebec and Depressed economic conditions in the Maritime Provinces have also resulted in de-population of those provinces in the 20th century, with heavy migration into Ontario. Atlantic Canada, also known as the Atlantic provinces, is the region of Canada comprising four provinces located on the Atlantic coast:
Ontario has no official language, but English is considered the de facto language. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Numerous French language services are available under the French Language Services Act of 1990 in designated areas where sizable francophone populations exist. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people The French Language Services Act is a law in the province of Ontario, Canada which is intended to protect the rights of Franco-Ontarians or French The adjective francophone (alternately Francophone) means French -speaking typically as primary language whether referring to individuals groups or places
The British North America Act 1867 section 69 stipulated "There shall be a Legislature for Ontario consisting of the Lieutenant Governor and of One House, styled the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. The British North America Acts 1867&ndash1975 are the original names of a series of Acts at the core of the Constitution of Canada. In Canada, the Lieutenant-Governor (lɛfˈtɛnənt often without a Hyphen) ( French: lieutenant-gouverneur, or: lieutenant-gouverneure See also Politics of Ontario The Legislative Assembly of Ontario (also known as Ontario Legislative Assembly or OntLA) is the Legislature " The assembly has 107 seats representing ridings elected in a first-past-the-post system across the province. An electoral district (also known as a Constituency or a riding in the Canadian English political Jargon) is a geographically-based The plurality voting system is a Single-winner voting system often used to elect executive officers or to elect members of a legislative assembly which is based on single-member The legislative buildings at Queen's Park in Toronto are the seat of government. Following the Westminster system, the leader of the party holding the most seats in the assembly is known as the "Premier and President of the Council" (Executive Council Act R. The Westminster system is a democratic Parliamentary system of Government modelled after the British government (the Parliament of the United The Premier of Ontario is the first Minister of the Crown for the Canadian province of Ontario. S. O. 1990). The Premier chooses the cabinet or Executive Council whose members are deemed "ministers of the Crown. A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of Government, typically representing the executive branch. The Executive Council of Ontario (informally and more commonly the Cabinet of Ontario) plays an important role in the Government of Ontario, in accordance with the " Although the Legislative Assembly Act (R. S. O. 1990) refers to members of the assembly, the legislators are now commonly called MPPs (Members of the Provincial Parliament) in English and députés de l'Assemblée législative in French, but they have also been called MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly), and both are acceptable. The title of Prime Minister of Ontario, while permissible in English and correct in French (le Premier ministre), is generally avoided in favour of "Premier" to avoid confusion with the Prime Minister of Canada.
Ontario has traditionally operated under a three-party system. The Monarchy in Ontario is the Constitutional system of government in which a hereditary Monarch is the sovereign and Head of state of the The Executive Council of Ontario (informally and more commonly the Cabinet of Ontario) plays an important role in the Government of Ontario, in accordance with the The Province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral legislature the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, which operates in the Westminster system of government In the last few decades the liberal Ontario Liberal Party, conservative Ontario Progressive Conservative Party, and social-democratic Ontario New Democratic Party have all ruled the province at different times. The Ontario Liberal Party is a Centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. The Ontario PC Party, formally known as the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario (in french Parti progressiste-conservateur de l'Ontario) is a Right-of-centre The Ontario New Democratic Party, formally known as New Democratic Party of Ontario, is a Social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada
Ontario is currently under a Liberal government headed by Premier Dalton McGuinty. The Ontario Liberal Party is a Centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. Dalton James Patrick McGuinty Jr MPP (born July 19, 1955, in Ottawa Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician The present government, first elected in 2003, was re-elected on 10 October 2007. The Ontario general election of 2007 was held on October 10 2007 to elect members ( MPPs) of the 39th Legislative Assembly of the Province Events 680 - Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, is decapitated Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.
Federally, Ontario is known as being the province that offers the strongest support for the Liberal Party of Canada. The Liberal Party of Canada ( Parti libéral du Canada) colloquially known as the Grits (originally " Clear Grits " is a major Canadian political The majority of the party's present 106 seats in the Canadian House of Commons represent Ontario ridings. The House of Commons (Chambre des communes is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and As the province has the most seats of any province in Canada, earning support from Ontario voters is considered a crucial matter for any party hoping to win a Canadian federal election. See also Canadian electoral system, Timeline of Canadian elections The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada has two chambers.
In 1967, in conjunction with the celebration of Canada's centennial, the song "A Place to Stand" was introduced at the inauguration of Ontario's pavilion at the Expo 67 World's Fair, and became the background for the province's advertising for decades. The Canadian Centennial was a year long celebration held in 1967 when Canada celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Canadian Confederation. The 1967 International and Universal Exposition, or Expo 67 as it was commonly known was the World's Fair held in Montreal, Canada from April 27 to October The 1967 International and Universal Exposition, or Expo 67 as it was commonly known was the World's Fair held in Montreal, Canada from April 27 to October Expo (short for "exposition" and also known as World Fair and World's Fair) is the name given to various large public exhibitions held since the
In 1973 the first slogan to appear on licence plates in Ontario was "Keep It Beautiful. See also Vehicle registration plates of the United States See also Vehicle registration plates of Canada Every state territory province commonwealth and " This was replaced by "Yours to Discover" in 1982, apparently inspired by a tourism slogan, "Discover Ontario," dating back to 1927.  (From 1988 to 1990, "Ontario Incredible" gave "Yours to Discover" a brief respite. )
In 2007, a new song replaced A Place to Stand after four decades. A Place to Stand A Place to Grow (Ontari-ari-ari-o! is the unofficial Anthem of the Canadian province of Ontario. "There's No Place Like This" (Un Endroit Sans Pareil) is featured in current television advertising, performed by Ontario artists including Molly Johnson, Brian Byrne, Tomi Swick (from Hamilton) and Keshia Chante (born in Ottawa). A television advertisement or television commercial (often just commercial or advert (US or ad (UK is a span of television programming produced Molly Johnson is a Canadian Singer-songwriter of pop and Jazz. Brian Byrne (born January 13, 1975 in Steady Brook Newfoundland and Labrador) is a Canadian Singer-songwriter and Musician Tomi Swick is a Canadian singer-songwriter from Hamilton Ontario signed to Warner Music Canada. Hamilton (ˈhæməltən ( 2006 population 504559 UA population 647634 CMA population Keshia Chanté (born as Keshia Chanté Harper on June 16, 1988) is a Juno Award -winning Canadian R&B / Pop Ottawa (ˈɒtəwə or sometimes /ˈɒtəwɑː/ is the Capital of Canada and the country's fourth largest municipality. 
The singer-songwriter, guitarist, and film director Neil Young was born in Toronto and spent part of his childhood in Omemee, a town he memorialized in his song "Helpless" (written for Young's band Crazy Horse but most famously recorded on the Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young album Déjà Vu). Neil Percival Young OM (born November 12, 1945, Toronto Ontario) is a Canadian Singer-songwriter, Musician Omemee is a community within the City of Kawartha Lakes, Ontario, Canada, formerly known as Victoria County. " Helpless " is a song written by Canadian singer-songwriter Neil Young, most famously recorded by Crosby Stills Nash & Young on their Crazy Horse is a rock band best known for its long association with Canadian singer/songwriter Neil Young, despite having released five albums of its own over Crosby Stills & Nash ( CSN) is a Folk rock / rock supergroup made up of David Crosby, Stephen Stills and Graham Nash Déjà Vu is the second album by rock band Crosby Stills & Nash, and their first as Crosby Stills Nash & Young, released on March 11 The first lines of the song read, "There is a town in north Ontario / With dream comfort memory to spare / And in my mind I still need a place to go / All my changes were there. "
Other famous artists originating from Ontario include musician Avril Lavigne (Napanee), Rush (Toronto), Sum 41 (Ajax), Billy Talent (Toronto), Our Lady Peace (Toronto), Alexisonfire (St. Catharines), The Tragically Hip, (Kingston), Three Days Grace (Toronto), singers Paul Anka, Keisha Chante, and Alanis Morissette (all from Ottawa), Gordon Lightfoot (Orillia), musician Shania Twain (Timmins), comics Jim Carrey (Newmarket), John Candy, Russell Peters, Mike Myers, music band Barenaked Ladies, wrestler Trish Stratus, and rapper Kardinal Offishall were all either raised or at one time resided in Scarborough, formerly an incorporated city which now makes up the eastern section of Toronto. Avril Lavigne Whibley (born September 27 1984 better known by her birth name of Avril Lavigne (ˈævrɨl ləˈviːn is a Canadian Grammy Award Greater Napanee (2001 population 15132 is a Town in Lennox and Addington County in eastern Ontario, Canada and is approximately 40 Rush is a Canadian rock band originally formed in August 1968 in the Willowdale neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario, currently comprised of Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario Sum 41 (sometimes referred to as The Sums) is a Canadian Pop punk band from Ajax Ontario. Billy Talent (formerly known as Pezz and often shortened to BT) is a Canadian Punk Rock band formed in 1993 in Mississauga Ontario Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario Alexisonfire (pronounced Alexis-on-fire is a five-piece band that formed in The Tragically Hip is a Canadian rock band from Kingston Ontario, consisting of Gordon Downie (lead vocals and occasional acoustic Kingston Ontario is a Canadian city located at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St Three Days Grace is a Post-grunge band based in Canada The band was formed under the name of Groundswell in Norwood Ontario, Canada in 1992 their Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario Paul Mustapha Abdi Anka, ( Arabic: بول مصطفى عبدي أنكا OC (born 30 July 1941, in Ottawa, Ontario) is a Keshia Chanté (born as Keshia Chanté Harper on June 16, 1988) is a Juno Award -winning Canadian R&B / Pop Alanis Nadine Morissette (born June 1 1974 is a Canadian-born Singer-songwriter, Record producer, and Actress. Ottawa (ˈɒtəwə or sometimes /ˈɒtəwɑː/ is the Capital of Canada and the country's fourth largest municipality. Gordon Meredith Lightfoot Jr, (born November 17, 1938) is a Canadian singer and songwriter who achieved international success in folk country and Shania Twain ʃəˈnaɪə 'tweɪn OC (born Eilleen Regina Edwards, August 28 1965 is a Canadian Singer and Songwriter in the James Eugene Redmond "Jim" Carrey (born January 17 1962 is a Canadian-American Film actor and Comedian. Newmarket ( 2006 Population 74295 is a Town located approximately 45 km north of Toronto, Ontario John Franklin Candy (October 31 1950 &ndash March 4 1994 was a Canadian Comedian and Actor. Russell Dominic Peters (born September 28 1970 is a Canadian Stand-up comic, and Actor of Indian descent Michael John "Mike" Myers (born May 25, 1963) is a Canadian Actor, Comedian, Screenwriter and Film producer Barenaked Ladies (often abbreviated BNL or occasionally BnL) is a Juno -winning and Grammy -nominated Canadian Alternative Patricia Anne Stratigias (born December 18 1975 strætɨˈdʒiːəs better known as Trish Stratus, is a former fitness model, former professional wrestler Jason Harrow (born c 1976 Biography Jason Harrow was born in Scarborough Ontario, in Toronto 's east end and raised by Jamaican immigrant Scarborough (ˈskɑrˌbəroʊ ( 2001 Census 593297 is the area that forms the eastern part of the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system.