The Office of the United States Trade Representative, or USTR, is the United States government agency responsible for developing and recommending United States trade policy to the President of the United States, conducting trade negotiations at bilateral and multilateral levels, and coordinating trade policy within the government through the interagency Trade Policy Staff Committee (TPSC) and Trade Policy Review Group (TPRG). The federal government of the United States is the central United States Governmental body established by the United States Constitution. United States Trade policy has varied widely through various American historical and industrial periods The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Established as the Office of the Special Trade Representative (STR) under the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, the USTR is part of the Executive Office of the President. The Executive Office of the President ( EOP) consists of the immediate staff of the President of the United States, as well as multiple levels of support staff reporting With over 200 employees, the USTR has offices in Geneva, Switzerland, and Brussels, Belgium. Geneva (Genève is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French -speaking Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation Brussels (Bruxelles pronounced; Brussel pronounced) officially the Brussels Capital-Region, is The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those
The head of the office holds the title of United States Trade Representative (USTR), which is a Cabinet-level position (though not technically within the Cabinet). The United States Cabinet (usually simplified as "the Cabinet" is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the Executive branch of the Federal government The United States Trade Representative and Deputy United States Trade Representatives (DUSTR) carry the title of Ambassador. An ambassador is the highest ranking Diplomat who represents their country
On March 17, 2005, President George W. Bush nominated Congressman Rob Portman as USTR, and he was confirmed by the U. Events 45 BC - In his last victory Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. Robert Jones "Rob" Portman (born December 19 1955 is an American lawyer and politician who has served in two cabinet positions and as a member of Congress S. Senate on April 29, 2005. Events 1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orleans. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
On April 18, 2006, Bush appointed USTR Portman to be his Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), replacing Joshua B. Bolten, who the previous week replaced Andrew Card as White House Chief of Staff. Events 1025 - Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB is a Cabinet -level office and is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP Joshua Brewster Bolten (born August 16, 1954) is the current White House Chief of Staff serving U Andrew Hill "Andy" Card Jr (born May 10 1947 is an American politician and lobbyist former United States Cabinet member and head of George W The White House Chief of Staff is the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States and a senior aide to the President Bush immediately nominated Susan Schwab, the deputy USTR under Portman, to replace Portman as USTR; Schwab was confirmed by the U. Susan C Schwab (born March 23, 1955) is currently United States Trade Representative. S. Senate in June 2006.
In October 2006, eight former Trade Representatives endorsed the mission of the Capital-to-Capital Coalition, which is working to establish a non-stop flight between Washington, DC and Beijing, China.
Since the early 1980s, the USTR has played a key role in the expansion of intellectual property laws worldwide, and monitored efforts by other governments to protect IP rights. Intellectual property ( IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical literary and artistic works inventions and symbols names To this end the USTR issues an annual Special 301 Report which "examines in detail the adequacy and effectiveness of intellectual property rights" in many countries around the world. Countries may be designated in the categories of Priority Foreign Country, Section 306 Monitoring, Priority Watch List, or Watch List.
|Trade Representative||From||To||Appointed by|
|Christian A. Herter||1962||1966||John Kennedy|
|William M. Roth||1967||1969||Lyndon Johnson|
|Carl J. Christian Archibald Herter ( March 28, 1895 December 30, 1966) was an American politician and statesman Governor of Massachusetts John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29 1917&ndashNovember 22 1963 often referred to by his initials JFK, was the thirty-fifth President of William Matson Roth was a shipping executive special ambassador for trade member of the ACLU executive committee and Regent for the University of California. Gilbert||1969||1971||Richard Nixon|
|William D. Eberle||1971||1975||Richard Nixon|
|Frederick B. Dent||1975||1977||Gerald Ford|
|Robert S. Strauss||1977||1979||Jimmy Carter|
|Reubin O'Donovan Askew||1979||1981||Jimmy Carter|
|William E. Brock III||1981||1985||Ronald Reagan|
|Clayton K. Yeutter||1985||1989||Ronald Reagan|
|Carla A. Hills||1989||1993||George H. W. Bush|
|Mickey Kantor||1993||1997||Bill Clinton|
|Charlene Barshefsky||1997||2001||Bill Clinton|
|Robert Zoellick||2001||2005||George W. Bush|
|Rob Portman||2005||2006||George W. Bush|
|Susan Schwab||2006||George W. Bush|