Begam Nur Jahan (Persian/Pashto: نور جهان ) (alternative spelling Noor Jahan, Nur Jehan, Nor Jahan, etc. The Los Angeles County Museum of Art, also known as LACMA, is an Art museum in Los Angeles County California. Pashto ( Naskh: پښتو pəʂ'to also rendered as Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto, Pashtu, Pushtu, also known as ) (1577 – 1645) also known as Mehr-un-Nisaa was a Mughal empress of Persian-Afghan origin. An emperor (from the Latin " Imperator " is a (male Monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an Empire or another type of layout and formatting it should ensure no clashes with the top of the infobox
Begam Nur Jehan was the twentieth and favourite wife of Mughal Emperor Jehangir, who was her second husband - and the most famous Empress of the Mughal Empire. The Mughal Empire was the dominant power in the Indian subcontinent between the mid-16th century and the end of the 17th century Nuruddin Salim Jahangir (full title Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Khushru-i-Giti Panah Abu'l-Fath Nur ud-din Muhammad Jahangir Padshah Ghazi ''( September 20 The story of the couple's infatuation for each other and the relationship that abided between them is the stuff of many (often apocryphal) legends. She remains historically significant for the sheer amount of imperial authority she wielded - the true "power behind the throne," as Jehangir was battling serious addictions to alcohol and opium throughout his reign - and is known as one of the most powerful women in the history of India. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country
Begam Nur Jahan was born in 1577 in Kandahar, Afghanistan. For the 2001 film see Kandahar (film; for the Kandahar meteorite of 1959 see Meteorite falls; for the places in Azerbaijan see Cəndəhar and Afghanistan /æfˈgænɪstæn/ officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan ( Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت, Her Persian-born grandfather, who was in the service of Shah Tahmasp I, died in Yazd, laden with honours. The Persian Empire was a series of Iranian empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the original Persian homeland and beyond in Western Asia Tahmasp I ( 3 March, 1514-1576 was an influential Shah of Persia of the Safavid Dynasty Yazd (pronounced /jæzd/ (In Persian: یزد is the capital of Yazd province, "the second most ancient and historic city in the world" and a centre His heirs, however, soon fell upon hard times. His son Mirza Ghias Beg (known as Itmad-ud-Daulah, "Pillar of the State", a title conferred on him by Akbar) travelled to India with his family. Mirza Ghiyas Baig ( مرزا غياث بيگ) was an important official in the Mughal empire, and whose children served as wives mothers and generals of Mughal emperors Akbar redirects here For other uses see Akbar (disambiguation Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar ( Jalāl ud-Dīn Muhammad Akbar India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country For their journey, Ghias Beg and his wife, Asmat Begum, joined a caravan travelling southward under the leadership of a merchant noble named Malik Masud. While still in Persian territory, less than half the way to their destination, Ghias Beg's party was attacked by robbers and the family lost almost everything it owned. Left with only two mules, Ghias Beg, his expectant wife, their children, Muhammad Sharif, Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, and one daughter, took turns riding on the backs of the animals. Muhammad Sharif ( Urdu: محمد شریف) was a prominent industrialist and father of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of Pakistan. Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan was the father of Arjumand Banu Begum also known as Mumtaz Mahal, who was the wife of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. When the group reached Kandahar, Asmat Begum gave birth to her fourth child and second daughter, Mehr-un-Nisa.
The emperor Akbar died in 1605 and was succeeded by prince Salim, who took the regal name Jahangir. Akbar redirects here For other uses see Akbar (disambiguation Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar ( Jalāl ud-Dīn Muhammad Akbar After her husband Sher Afghan (who was appointed as jagirdar of Bardhaman at that time) was killed in 1607, Mehr-un-Nisaa became a lady-in-waiting to one of the Jahangir's stepmothers, Ruqayya Sultana Begam. Ali Quli Istajlu 'Sher Afghan Khan', also mentioned as Ali Quli Khan Istaju 'Sher Afghan Khan' was a Mughal Courtier of Persian origin earlier WikipediaWikiProject Indian cities for details --> Bardhaman (also Barddhaman; Bengali: বর্ধমান Bôrdhoman) is a city Ruqayya was the most senior woman in the harem and had been Akbar's first and principal wife and was also the daughter of Mirza Hindal. The father of Mehr-un-Nisaa was, at that time, a diwan to an amir-ul-umra, decidedly not a very high post.
The year 1607 had not been particularly good for Mehr-un-Nisaa. Her family had fallen into disgrace. Her father, who had been holding important posts under Akbar and Jahangir, had succumbed to his only weakness, money, and had been charged with embezzlement. Moreover, due to possible involvement in the pro-Khusrau assassination attempt on Jahangir in 1607, Two of Mehr-un-Nisaa's family members (one brother named Muhammad Sharif and her mother's cousin) were executed on the orders of the Emperor.
In march 1611, her fortune took a turn for the better. She met the emperor Jehangir at the palace meena bazaar during the spring festival Nowruz Afghan new year. Nowrūz ( /noruz/ ↔, (English New Day various local pronunciations and spellings) is the traditional Iranian New year Holiday celebrated Jehangir grew so infatuated by her beauty that he proposed immediately and they were married on 25 May of the same year becoming his twentieth wife. Events 1085 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo Spain back from the Moors.
Mehr-un-Nisaa received the name Nur Mahal ("Light of the Palace"), upon her marriage in 1611 and was conferred the title Nur Jahan ("Light of the world") in 1616. Jahangir's actual name was Nur-ud-din Muhammad, and thus the name that he gave to his wife was his own first name combined with the first part of his regal name.
For Mehr-un-Nisaa's own immediate family, marriage to Jahangir became a great boon with several members receiving sizeable endowments and promotions as a result. This affection led to Nur Jahan wielding a great deal of actual power in affairs of state. The Mughal state gave absolute power to the emperor, and those who exercised influence over the emperor gained immense influence and prestige. Jahangir's addiction to opium and alcohol made it easier for Nur Jahan to exert her influence. Opium is a Narcotic formed from the Latex (ie sap released by lacerating (or "scoring" the immature seed pods of opium poppies ( For many years, she effectively wielded imperial power and was recognized as the real force behind the Mughal throne. She even gave audiences at her palace and the ministers consulted with her on most matters. Indeed, Jehangir even permitted coinage to be struck in her name, something that traditionally defined sovereignty.
Through Nur Jahan's influence, her family, including her brother Asaf Khan, consolidated their position at court. Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan was the father of Arjumand Banu Begum also known as Mumtaz Mahal, who was the wife of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Asaf Khan was appointed grand Wazir (minister) to Jahangir, and his daughter Arjumand Banu Begum (later known as Mumtaz Mahal) was wed to Prince Khurram (the future Shah Jahan), the eldest son of Jehangir, born by a Rajput princess, Jagat Gosaini. Mumtāz Mahal (April 1593 - 17 June 1631 ( Persian, Urdu: ممتاز محل; pronunciation /mumtɑːz mɛhɛl/ meaning "beloved ornament of the palace" Shihab-ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I (full title Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abu'l-Muzaffar Shihab ud-din Muhammad Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani Shah Jahan I Padshah Ghazi Rajput constitute one of the major Hindu Kshatriya groups from India Khurram rebelled against his father and a war of succession broke out. Due to Khurram's intransigence, Nur Jehan shifted her support to his younger brother, Shahryar. Prince Shahryar (شاهزاد شهريار (b 1000 deposed 1068 d She arranged the marriage of her own daughter Ladli Begum, born of her first marriage, to her stepson Shahryar. The two weddings ensured that one way or another, the influence of Nur Jahan's family would extend over the Mughal Empire for at least another generation. The Mughal Empire ( Persian and self-designation گورکانی; مغلیہ سلطنت) was an Islamic imperial power which ruled most
Jahangir was captured by rebels in 1626 while he was on his way to Kashmir. This article is about the geographical region of greater Kashmir Nur Jahan intervened to get her husband released. Jahangir was rescued but died on October 28, 1627. Events 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor. 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine After Jahangir's death, Nur Jahan devoted some of her life to the making of perfume, an art form her mother had passed down.
When Jahangir died ,in 1628, Nur Jahan's brother Asaf Khan took the side of his son-in-law Khurrum against his sister. Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan was the father of Arjumand Banu Begum also known as Mumtaz Mahal, who was the wife of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. It was Khurram who became new Mughal emperor under the regal name Shah Jahan. Shihab-ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I (full title Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abu'l-Muzaffar Shihab ud-din Muhammad Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani Shah Jahan I Padshah Ghazi Nur Jehan was confined to a comfortable mansion for the rest of her life. During this period, she paid for and oversaw the construction of her father's mausoleum in Agra, known now as Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb. Agra ( pronounced) (आगरा آگرا is a city on the banks of the Yamuna River in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, Nur Jehan died in 1645 and is buried at Shahdara Bagh in Lahore, near the tomb of Jahangir. Shahdara Bagh, Lahore is a northern suburb of Lahore. It is situated on the northern side of the Ravi River. ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. Tomb of Jahangir, ( Urdu: مقبرہ جهانگير) is the mausoleum built for the Mughal Emperor Jahangir who ruled from 1605 Her brother Asaf's tomb is also located nearby.