|Coat of arms of the Nord department|
|President of the General Council:||Bernard Derosier|
| -Jan. The term administration, as used in the context of Government, differs according to Jurisdiction. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division France is divided into 26 regions or régions (in French of which 21 are in continental Metropolitan France, one is the island of Corsica, Nord-Pas de Calais (French Nord-Pas de Calais; Dutch Noord-Nauw van Kales) is one of the 26 regions of France. A prefecture ( préfecture) in France can refer to: the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a ''département'' Lille (lil Rijsel is a city in northern France. It is the principal city of the Lille Métropole, the fourth-largest Metropolitan area in the country Subprefectures (sous-préfectures are the administrative towns of arrondissements in France that do not contain the prefecture for its department. Avesnes-sur-Helpe is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Cambrai (Dutch Kamerijk; old spelling Cambray) is a French town and commune, in the Nord département, Douai ( Dutch: Dowaai) is a town and commune in the north of France in the département of Nord Dunkirk ( French: Dunkerque, dœ̃kɛʀk or; Dutch:; is a harbour city and a commune in the northernmost part of France, in the Valenciennes (Old Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a Town and commune in northern France in the The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. The 6 arrondissements of the Nord department are Arrondissement of Avesnes-sur-Helpe, ( subprefecture: Avesnes-sur-Helpe The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's 341 arrondissements and 100 departments. The following is a list of the 80 cantons of the Nord department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Arrondissement The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. The following is a list of the 652 communes of the Nord département, in France. In France, the President of the General Council (French Président du conseil général) is the locally-elected head of the General Council, the assembly As of January 1, 2008, 64473140 people live in the French Republic. 1, 2006 estimate|
-Mar. 8, 1999 census
|Land area¹:||5,743 km²|
|¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km². To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions we list here areas between 1000 km2 and 10000 km2 An estuary is a semi-enclosed Coastal body of Water with one or more Rivers or Streams flowing into it and with a free connection to the open|
Nord (English: North) is a department in the far north of France. Dutch ( is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people 22 million of which are from the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. It is the country's most populated department.
Nord was one of the original 83 departments that were created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Year 1790 ( MDCCXC) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year It was made up of three regions: the Spanish Netherlands Counties of Flanders and Hainaut, and the Bishopric of Cambrai, which were ceded to France in successive treaties (1659, 1668, and 1678). The Southern Netherlands (Zuidelijke Nederlanden Países Bajos del Sur Pays-Bas du sud were a part of the Low Countries controlled by Spain ( Spanish The County of Flanders was a historical region in the Low Countries. This article deals with the historical county of Hainaut for other meanings see Hainaut.
During the 4th and 5th centuries, the Roman practice of coopting Germanic tribes to provide military and defense services along the route from Boulogne to Cologne created a Germanic-Romance linguistic border in the region that persisted until the 8th century. As a means of recording the passage of Time, the 4th century (per the Julian calendar and Anno Domini / Common era) was that Century The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in Anno Domini / Common Era. The 8th century is the period from 701 to 800 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. Saxon colonization into the region from the 5th to the 8th centuries likely extended the linguistic border somewhat south so that by the 9th century most inhabitants north of Lille spoke a dialect of Middle Dutch, while the inhabitants to the south spoke a variety of Romance dialects. The 9th century is the period from 801 to 900 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. This linguistic border is still evident today in the place names of the region. After the 9th century, the linguistic border began to shift north and east, a process accelerated by modern government policies that recognize French as the country's official language. There are currently 20,000 speakers of a subset of the Dutch dialect West Flemish in the arrondissement of Dunkirk and this particular subset is in danger of extinction within decades. West Flemish (West Flemish Vlaemsch/Vlaams, Dutch: West-Vlaams, French: Flamand occidental) is a group of Dutch dialects spoken in 
Nord is part of the current Nord-Pas-de-Calais region and is surrounded by the French departments of Pas-de-Calais and Aisne, as well as by Belgium and the North Sea. Nord-Pas de Calais (French Nord-Pas de Calais; Dutch Noord-Nauw van Kales) is one of the 26 regions of France. France is divided into 26 regions or régions (in French of which 21 are in continental Metropolitan France, one is the island of Corsica, Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France. Its name is the French language equivalent of the Strait of Dover, which it borders Aisne (ɛn is a department in the northern part of France named after the Aisne River. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those The North Sea is a marginal, Epeiric sea of the Atlantic Ocean on the European Continental shelf.
Situated in the north of the country along the western half of the Belgian frontier, the department is unusually long and narrow. Its principal city is Lille, which with nearby Roubaix, Tourcoing and Villeneuve d'Ascq constitutes the center of a cluster of industrial and former mining towns totalling slightly over a million inhabitants. Lille (lil Rijsel is a city in northern France. It is the principal city of the Lille Métropole, the fourth-largest Metropolitan area in the country Roubaix ( Dutch Robaais) is a city of northern France, in the Nord département, located near the cities of Lille Tourcoing is a city and commune in the Nord department and Nord-Pas de Calais region of France. Villeneuve d'Ascq is a French commune, located between Lille and Roubaix, at the crossroads of the principal freeways towards Other important cities are Valenciennes, Douai, and Dunkirk. Valenciennes (Old Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a Town and commune in northern France in the Douai ( Dutch: Dowaai) is a town and commune in the north of France in the département of Nord Dunkirk ( French: Dunkerque, dœ̃kɛʀk or; Dutch:; is a harbour city and a commune in the northernmost part of France, in the The principal rivers are the following:
At the forefront of France's 19th century industrialisation, the area suffered severely during World War I and now faces the economic, social and environmental problems associated with the decline of coal mining with its neighbours following the earlier decline of the Lille-Roubaix textile industry. The Yser (IJzer Yser is a River that finds its origin in the north of France, enters Belgium and flows into the North Sea in the town The Scheldt (Dutch Schelde, French Escaut, Latin Scaldis) is a 350 km[http //www The Scarpe is a River in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, left tributary of the Scheldt. The Sambre is a River in northern France and southern Belgium, left tributary of the Meuse River. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Coal mining is the extraction or removal of Coal from the Earth by Mining.
Until recently, the department was dominated economically by coal mining, which extended through the heart of the department from neighbouring Artois into central Belgium. Artois (Artesië (adjective Artesian) is a former province of northern France. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those
Nord is the most heavily populated department, with a population of 2,583,493 and an area of 5,743 km².