|No. XC Squadron RAF|
|Active||October 8, 1917 - August, 1918|
March 15, 1937 - April 16, 1963
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
No. Events 314 - Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae, and loses Year 1917 ( MCMXVII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Other names In Arabic, the month is called أغسطسص ʾUġusṭuṣ or آب ʾĀb; usage varies from place to place and Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 44 BC - Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Year 1937 ( MCMXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1178 BC - A Solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. XC Squadron RAF was formed as a fighter squadron on 17 October 1917 but never reached operational duties and disbanded in August 1918. A fighter aircraft is a Military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other Aircraft, as opposed to a Bomber, which is designed A squadron is a small unit or formation of Cavalry, armour, Aircraft (including Balloons) or Warships Army
Reformed on 15 March 1937, it flew Bristol Blenheim aircraft as trainers until the unit, along with No. 35 Squadron became part of No. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout No XXXV (Madras Presidency or 35 Squadron of the Royal Air Force was formed on February 1 1916 at Thetford as a reconnaissance squadron equipped 17 OTU early in April 1940.
Reformed once more in early May 1941 it became part of No. 2 Group RAF and was chosen to initiate the introduction of the American Flying Fortress Mk. Number 2 Group is a Group of the Royal Air Force which was first activated in 1918 served from 1918-20 from 1936 through the Second World War to 1947 from 1948 WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout 1 into the RAF. This experiment proved unsuccessful due to acute tactical and mechanical problems and after a brief period flying Blenheims the Squadron was again disbanded in February 1942.
In November 1942 the Squadron again reformed as part of No. 3 (Bomber) Group this time equipped with Short Stirling Mk. Number 3 Group of the Royal Air Force was an RAF group first active in 1918 again in 1923-26 part of RAF Bomber Command from 1936 to 1967 and part of WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout 1 aeroplanes, the first operational venture being mining sorties in early January 1943. A naval mine is a self-contained Explosive device placed in water to destroy Ships or Submarines Unlike Depth charges mines are deposited
The months following saw the Stirling Mk. 3 (an improved version) introduced to the Squadron, which, as a 3 flight unit was theoretically capable of providing 24 aircraft to the Group's Operational Battle Order. The unit's resources were thrown into the Battle of the Ruhr and sent to many of the German targets that were most heavily defended, including Berlin. The Squadron suffered considerable losses over an eight month period and found it difficult to maintain reserves of men and machines.
The Stirlings, gallantly flown by brave crews, suffered from deficiencies in design, due to restrictions laid down in the original Air Ministry specifications. The Air Ministry was formerly a department of the British Government with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force. After suffering heavy proportionate losses by type, their operations were restricted to Special Duties ie: Dropping sea mines, low level supply dropping to the Maquis, shorter bombing raids on invasion objectives. The Maquis (ma'ki were the predominantly rural guerrilla bands of the French Resistance.
XC. Squadron was active on all these fronts.
By June 1944 the Squadron had been declared operational on Lancasters. "Lanc" redirects here Distinguish from Lank (adjective and from Amon Lanc (a place in Tolkien's fiction
In May 1947 the squadron re-equipped with Lincolns, which it operated until disbanding on 1 September 1950. The Avro Type 694 Lincoln was a British four-engined Heavy bomber of the Second World War, first flying on 9 June 1944 and entering service in August
The squadron reformed at Marham on 4 October 1950, equipped with Washingtons, from November 1953 the squadron began re-equipping Canberras. Royal Air Force Station Marham, commonly known as RAF Marham, is a Royal Air Force station, a Military Airbase, near the WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The squadron disbanded on 1 May 1956.
On 1 January 1957, the squadron reformed at RAF Honington as a V-Bomber squadron equipped with Valiants. RAF Honington is a Royal Air Force station 6 miles south of Thetford near Ixworth in Suffolk, England. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The squadron converted to an in-flight refueling role in April 1962 before disbanding on 16 April 1963. This was in part due to structural problems with the Valiant fleet caused by metal fatigue.