|Ville de Nice|
Motto: Nicæa civitas.
|Time Zone||CET (GMT +1)|
|Intercommunality||Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte d'Azur|
|Mayor||Christian Estrosi (UMP)|
|Land area¹||71. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. France is divided into 26 regions or régions (in French of which 21 are in continental Metropolitan France, one is the island of Corsica, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA ( Provençal Occitan: Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur in classical norm or Prouvènço-Aup-Costo d'Azur in Mistralian In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division Alpes-Maritimes ( Occitan: Aups Maritims) is a department in the extreme southeast corner of France. The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. The Agglomeration community of Nice Côte d'Azur ( French: communauté d'agglomération Nice Côte d'Azur) also known by its initials CANCA, A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Reference Christian Estrosi career statistics at MotoGPcom 92 km²|
|- Ranking||5th in France|
|- Density||4,826/km² (2004)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0. As of January 1, 2008, 64473140 people live in the French Republic. This is a list of communes in France with a population over 20000 at the March 8 1999 census. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. An estuary is a semi-enclosed Coastal body of Water with one or more Rivers or Streams flowing into it and with a free connection to the open|
|2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) only counted once. C D E|
Nice (IPA: [nis]; Niçard Occitan: Nissa or Niça [classical norm], Italian: Nizza, Greek: Νίκαïα, Latin: "Nicaea") is a city in southern France located on the Mediterranean coast, between Marseille, France, and Genoa, Italy, with 1,197,751 inhabitants in the metropolitan area at the 2007 estimate. Niçard ( Classical orthography) Nissart/Niçart ( Mistralian orthography) Niçois ( French) or Nizzardo ( Italian Occitan ( IPA BrE: /ˈɒksɪtn/ AmE: /ˈɑksəˌtɑn/ known also as Lenga d'òc or Langue d'oc (native name occitan Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Southern France (or the South of France) colloquially known as Le Midi, is a loosely defined geographical area consisting of the regions of France that This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Marseille, ( English alt Marseilles mɑrˈseɪ — French: maʁsɛj locally — Provençal Occitan: Marselha maʀˈsijɔ This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Genoa ( Genova, ˈdʒɛːnova in Italian; Zena in Genoese and Ligurian; Genua in Latin and archaically in English Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Nice metropolitan area (aire urbaine as defined by INSEE is a residential area near Nice. The city is a major tourist centre and a leading resort on the French Riviera (Côte d'Azur). The French Riviera (Côte d'Azur Occitan: Còsta Azzura) is one of the most famous resort areas in the world extending along the Mediterranean Sea west It is the historical capital city of the County of Nice. The County of Nice or Niçard Country ( French: Comté de Nice / Pays Niçois, Italian: Contea di Nizza / Paese Nizzardo, Niçard
For the ecclesiastical history, see bishopric of Nice The first known human settlements in the Nice area date back approximately 400,000 years; the Terra Amata archeological site shows one of the earliest uses of fire and construction of houses. -- 216175714 ( talk) 0344 7 October 2008 (UTC Terra Amata is an Archaeological site near the French town of Nice. Fire is the heat and light energy released during a Chemical reaction, in particular a combustion reaction. Nice (Nicaea) was probably founded around 350 BC by the Greeks of Massilia (Marseille), and was given the name of Νικαία ("Nikaia") in honour of a victory over the neighbouring Ligurians (Nike is the Greek goddess of victory). The Greeks ( Greek: Έλληνες) are a Nation and Ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus and neighbouring regions Marseille, ( English alt Marseilles mɑrˈseɪ — French: maʁsɛj locally — Provençal Occitan: Marselha maʀˈsijɔ In Greek mythology, Nike ( Greek Νίκη níːkɛː meaning Victory) was a Goddess who personified Triumph Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and Heroes the nature of the world and the origins and significance A goddess is a Female Deity. Many Cultures have goddesses Often deities are part of a polytheistic system that includes several deities The city soon became one of the busiest trading ports on the Ligurian coast; but it had an important rival in the Roman town of Cemenelum, which continued to exist as a separate city until the time of the Lombard invasions. Cimiez is an Upper class neighborhood in Nice, France. The area contains the Henri Matisse Museum and the Roman Ruins (arena amphitheatre thermal The Lombards ( Latin Langobardi, whence the alternative names Langobards and Longobards) were a Germanic people originally from The ruins of Cemenelum are located in Cimiez, which is now a district in Nice. Cimiez is an Upper class neighborhood in Nice, France. The area contains the Henri Matisse Museum and the Roman Ruins (arena amphitheatre thermal
In the 7th century, Nice joined the Genoese League formed by the towns of Liguria. Genoa ( Genova, ˈdʒɛːnova in Italian; Zena in Genoese and Ligurian; Genua in Latin and archaically in English Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions In 729 the city repulsed the Saracens; but in 859 and again in 880 the Saracens pillaged and burned it, and for most of the 10th century remained masters of the surrounding country. Saracen was a term used by Europeans in the Middle Ages for Fatimids at first then later for all who professed the religion of Islam.
During the Middle Ages, Nice participated in the wars and history of Italy. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest As an ally of Pisa it was the enemy of Genoa, and both the King of France and the Emperor endeavoured to subjugate it; but in spite of this it maintained its municipal liberties. Pisa is a city in Tuscany, central Italy, on the right bank of the mouth of the Arno River on the Ligurian Sea. Genoa ( Genova, ˈdʒɛːnova in Italian; Zena in Genoese and Ligurian; Genua in Latin and archaically in English List of Queens and Empresses of France Wikipedia_talkFeatured_lists#Proposed_change_to_all_featured_lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in A township (or Municipality) is a settlement which has the status and powers of a unit of local government Liberty, the freedom to act or believe without being stopped by unnecessary force During the course of the 13th and 14th centuries the city fell more than once into the hands of the Counts of Provence; and at length in 1388 the commune placed itself under the protection of the Counts of Savoy. The land of Provence has a history quite separate from that of any of the larger nations of Europe. For the later history of Savoy see Duchy of Savoy. The Counts of Savoy (Savoia Savoie emerged along with the free communes Nice (called Nizza in Italian) participated - directly or indirectly - in the history of Savoy up until 1860.
The maritime strength of Nice now rapidly increased until it was able to cope with the Barbary pirates; the fortifications were largely extended and the roads to the city improved. The Barbary pirates, also sometimes called Ottoman corsairs, were Muslim Pirates and Privateers that operated from North Africa, from In 1561 Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, abolished the use of Latin and established the Italian language as the official language of Nice. Emmanuel Philibert (in Italian Emanuele Filiberto; 8 July 1528 &ndash 30 August 1580) was Duke of Savoy Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy.
During the struggle between Francis I and Charles V great damage was caused by the passage of the armies invading Provence; pestilence and famine raged in the city for several years. Francis I (September 12 1494 &ndash March 31 1547 was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547 Charles V (24 February 1500 &ndash 21 September 1558 was Provence ( Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm is a region of southeastern France It was in Nice that the two monarchs in 1538 concluded, through the mediation of Pope Paul III, a truce of ten years. Pope Paul III ( February 29, 1468 &ndash November 10, 1549) born Alessandro Farnese, was Pope of the Roman The Italian War of 1535 between Charles V and Francis I of France began with the death of Francesco Maria Sforza, the Duke of Milan.
In 1543, Nice was attacked by the united forces of Francis I and Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha; and, though the inhabitants repulsed the assault which succeeded the terrible bombardment, they were ultimately compelled to surrender, and Barbarossa was allowed to pillage the city and to carry off 2,500 captives. Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha ( Turkish: Barbaros Hayreddin Paşa or Hızır Hayreddin Paşa; also Hızır Reis before being promoted to the Pestilence appeared again in 1550 and 1580.
In 1600, Nice was briefly taken by the duke of Guise. The House of Guise was a French Ducal family partly responsible for the French Wars of Religion. By the opening the ports of the countship to all nations, and proclaiming full freedom of trade (1626), the commerce of the city was given great stimulus, the noble families taking part in its mercantile enterprises. Captured by Catinat in 1691, Nice was restored to Savoy in 1696; but it was again besieged by the French in 1705, and in the following year its citadel and ramparts were demolished. Nicolas Catinat ( 1 September, 1637 &ndash 22 February, 1712) was a French military commander and Marshal of France under For the two French départements of the region of Savoy see Savoie and Haute-Savoie Savoy ( French A citadel is a fortress for protecting a Town, sometimes incorporating a Castle. See also List of cities with defensive walls A defensive wall is a Fortification used to defend a city or settlement from potential aggressors
The treaty of Utrecht in 1713 once more gave the city back to Savoy; and in the peaceful years which followed the "new town" was built. The Treaty of Utrecht that established the Peace of Utrecht, rather than a single document comprised a series of individual peace treaties signed in the Dutch From 1744 till the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) the French and Spaniards were again in possession. In 1775 the king of Sardinia destroyed all that remained of the ancient liberties of the commune. Kingdom of Sardinia, also known as Piedmont-Sardinia or Sardinia-Piedmont, was the name given to the possessions of the House of Savoy in 1720 when the The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. Conquered in 1792 by the armies of the First French Republic, the County of Nice continued to be part of France until 1814; but after that date it reverted to the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont. The First Republic in France, officially the French Republic (République française was proclaimed on 21 September 1792 during the French Revolution. Kingdom of Sardinia, also known as Piedmont-Sardinia or Sardinia-Piedmont, was the name given to the possessions of the House of Savoy in 1720 when the
By a treaty concluded in 1860 between the Sardinian king and Napoleon III, the County was again ceded to France as a territorial reward for French assistance in the Second Italian War of Independence against Austria, which saw Lombardy unified with Piedmont-Sardinia. Napoléon III, also known as Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (full name Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte) (20 April 1808 9 January 1873 was the first President The Second War of Italian Independence, Franco-Austrian War, or Austro-Sardinian War was fought by Napoleon III of France and the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Lombardy (Lombardia Latin: Langobardia, Western Lombard: Lumbardìa, Eastern Lombard: Lombardia) is one of the Kingdom of Sardinia, also known as Piedmont-Sardinia or Sardinia-Piedmont, was the name given to the possessions of the House of Savoy in 1720 when the The cession was ratified by over 25,000 electors out of a total of 30,700. Savoy was also transferred to the French crown by similar means.
Giuseppe Garibaldi, born in Nice, strongly opposed the cession to France (arguing that was not done with "universal" vote) and in 1866 there were even popular riots in the city, promoted by "Garibaldini" in favour of the unification of Nice to Italy. Garibaldi redirects here for other meanings see Garibaldi (disambiguation. The Italian Irredentists considered Nice one of their main nationalistic requests and in 1942/3 the city was occupied and administered by Italy during World War II.
The dawn of the 20th century was the arrival of a modern mode of transport. In 1900, the Tramway de Nice electrified its horse drawn tramway and spread its network to Menton and Cagnes-sur-Mer, equipping the city of a modern mode of transport. This article is about the historical Nice tramway for the modern system see Tramway de Nice The Tramway de Nice was a tramway system serving the city of Menton (mɑ̃tɔ̃ Occitan: Menton in classical norm or Mentan in Mistralian norm Italian: Mentone) is a commune Cagnes-sur-Mer is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern
In the second half of the 20th century, Nice bore the influence of mayor Jean Médecin (mayor for 33 years from 1928 to 1943 and 1947 to 1965) and his son Jacques (mayor for 24 years from 1966 to 1990). A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Jean Médecin ( December 2, 1890 - November 18, 1965) was a French lawyer and politician Jacques Médecin (1928-1998 was a French politician A member of the Gaullist RPR, he served as mayor of the city of Nice from 1966 to 1990 On October 16, 1979 23 people died when the coast of Nice was hit by a tsunami. Events 456 - Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) A tsunami ((tsuːˈnɑːmi is a series of waves created when As accusations of political corruption against Jacques Médecin grew, he fled France in 1990 and was arrested in Uruguay in 1993, leading to his extradition in 1994. Political corruption is the use of governmental powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain Uruguay.(official full name in República Oriental del Uruguay;, Oriental Republic of Uruguay) is a country located in the southeastern part of South America He was then convicted of several counts of corruption and associated crimes and sentenced to prison. A prison, penitentiary, or correctional facility is a place in which individuals are physically confined or interned and usually deprived of a range of
In 2003, local head prosecutor Éric de Montgolfier alleged that some judicial cases involving local personalities had been suspiciously derailed by the local judiciary, which he suspected of having unhealthy contacts, through Masonic lodges, with the very people that they are supposed to prosecute or judge. The prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the Common law Adversarial system, or the civil law Éric de Montgolfier is a famous French Prosecutor ( procureur de la République) A controversial official report stated that de Montgolfier had made unwarranted accusations.
Christian Estrosi is the mayor of Nice since 2008. He is a member of the UMP party.
Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région, Nice is a commune and the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Alpes-Maritimes département. Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA ( Provençal Occitan: Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur in classical norm or Prouvènço-Aup-Costo d'Azur in Mistralian France is divided into 26 regions or régions (in French of which 21 are in continental Metropolitan France, one is the island of Corsica, The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. A prefecture ( préfecture) in France can refer to: the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a ''département'' Alpes-Maritimes ( Occitan: Aups Maritims) is a department in the extreme southeast corner of France. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division However, it is also the largest city in France that is not a regional capital; the much larger Marseille is its regional capital. Marseille, ( English alt Marseilles mɑrˈseɪ — French: maʁsɛj locally — Provençal Occitan: Marselha maʀˈsijɔ
Before referring to climate tables, one should be aware that the official Nice temperatures are recorded at the airport, which is a climatically different place than the rest of the town, being more vulnerable to marine air and winds from the Var valley. The Promenade des Anglais ("Walk of the English" is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. Airport temperatures are therefore different from town ones : daytime airport temperatures are slightly higher, while nighttime temperatures are significantly lower. For example, on the 24th of January 2007, a minimum of 0. 9°C was recorded at the airport while the temperature didn't go below 6°C in the city itself. The following statistics and descriptions use official temperatures.
Nice has a Mediterranean climate : the city enjoys mild temperatures most of the year; rainfall is very moderate and mainly concentrated in the darkest part of the year (September to March).
Winters, starting in December, are cool to mild with daytime temperature generally remaining between 10°C and 17°C and colder overnight lows. However, the temperature rarely reaches freezing point, which occur only once or twice a year. During winter, overcast skies are common and sporadic rain falls.
As winter ends in March, weather becomes more unstable and unpredictable : warm, sunny days (26°C the 2nd of March 2007) can be followed by sudden hailstorms and cold fronts (7°C the 1st of April 2007).
However, generally, the weather becomes increasingly sunny as summer approaches.
Summers start quite late because of a notable season lag. Drought starts in July, and really hot temperatures become common in August, which is the warmest month with daytime highs frequently reaching 35°C. Summer heat is however often moderated by a cool and pleasant sea breeze.
Autumn, starting in late September, is generally warm until mid-November, and rainy (especially October with an average rainfall of 140mm).
Nice is a windy city, especially in spring.
Snow is so rare that it is remembered by inhabitants as special events.
|Mean daily maximum temperature (°C)||13||13||15||17||20||24||27||28||25||21||16||14|
|Mean daily minimum temperature (°C)||6||6||8||10||14||17||20||20||17||14||9||6|
|Source: MSN Meteo|
Nice is the seat of Chambre de commerce et d'industrie Nice Côte d'Azur. The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale. The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale. Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France. It manages both the Nice Côte d'Azur Airport, the Cannes-Mandelieu Airport as well as the Port of Nice. Cannes (kan in Occitan Canas) is a city in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Mandelieu-La Napoule is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France, located on the French Riviera just
Nice has the second market of national interest of France, the first port cement-manufacturer of France as well as a great number of museums and hotels. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics.
Nice is the second most popular French city among tourists after Paris, which, combined with the difficulties of the terrestrial communications at long distance (because of the Alpes), allows Nice to have the second busiest airport of France in terms of passenger numbers (close to 10,000,000 passengers in 2005). Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Alpes may refer to Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (formerly Basses-Alpes a French department in the south of France Hautes-Alpes, a department An airport is a location where Aircraft such as airplanes, Helicopters and blimps take off and land
Nice has two conference centres, Palais des Congrès Acropolis and Palais des Congrès de Nice. The Palais des Congrès Acropolis (also known as Acropolis Exhibition Hall is a Convention center for Nice, France. Nice has several business parks; l' Arenas, Nice the Plain, Nice Méridia, Saint Isidore, Northern Forum. There are also several shopping centres in Nice like Nice Star, Nice TNL, Nice Lingostière, Northern Forum, St-Isidore, the Trinity (around the Auchan hypermarket) and Cape 3000 with Saint-Laurent-du-Var. Saint-Laurent-du-Var is a commune in southeastern France, in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Sophia Antipolis is a technology park northwest of Antibes. Sophia Antipolis is a Technology park northwest of Antibes and southwest of Nice, France. Antibes ( Provençal Occitan: Antíbol in classical norm or Antibo in Mistralian norm is a resort town in the Alpes-Maritimes Much of the park is within the commune of Valbonne. Valbonne is a commune near Nice in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern Established between 1970 and 1984, it primarily houses companies in the fields of computing, electronics, pharmacology and biotechnology. Several institutions of higher learning are also located here, along with the European headquarters of W3C.
Sophia Antipolis is named after Sophie Glikman-Toumarkine, the wife of French Senator Pierre Laffitte, founder of the park, and incidentally, Sophia, the goddess of wisdom, and Antipolis, the ancient Greek name of Antibes. Sophia Antipolis is a Technology park northwest of Antibes and southwest of Nice, France.
The port of Nice is also known as Lympia port. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo This name comes from the Lympia source which fed a small lake in a marshy zone where in 1745 work of the port ¹ was started. It constitutes today the principal harbour installation of Nice - there is also a small port in the Carras district. The port of Nice is the first port cement manufacturer of France in connection with the treatment plants of the rollers of the valley of Paillon. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, "making by hand" is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics.
Fishing activities remain but the number of professional fishermen is now lower than 10. Nice, being the point of continental France nearest to Corsica, has ferry connections with the island developed with the arrival of NGV or navires at high speed. Corsica (Corse Corsican and Italian: Corsica) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily "NGV" redirects here For the art gallery in Melbourne Australia see National Gallery of Victoria. Two companies ensure the connections: SNCM, a partially public company and Corsica Ferries - Sardinia Ferries, an entirely private company. SNCM ( Société Nationale Maritime Corse Méditerranée) is a French Ferry company operating in the Mediterranean Sea. Corsica (Corse Corsican and Italian: Corsica) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily See also Merchant ship A ferry is a form of transport usually a Boat or Ship, used to carry (or ferry) passengers and Sardinia (sɑrˈdɪnɪə Sardegna Sardigna or Sardinnya is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily) See also Merchant ship A ferry is a form of transport usually a Boat or Ship, used to carry (or ferry) passengers and Located in front of the port, the place Cassini was renamed place of Corsica. Corsica (Corse Corsican and Italian: Corsica) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily
The Côte d'Azur International Airport or Nice Côte d'Azur Airport (French: Aéroport Nice Côte d'Azur) (IATA: NCE, ICAO: LFMN) is an airport in Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes department of France. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many The ICAO (ˌaɪˌkeɪˈoʊ Airport code or location indicator is a four-letter Alphanumeric Code designating each airport around An airport is a location where Aircraft such as airplanes, Helicopters and blimps take off and land Alpes-Maritimes ( Occitan: Aups Maritims) is a department in the extreme southeast corner of France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. It is the third most important airport in France after Charles de Gaulle International Airport and Orly Airport, both in Paris. Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport (Aéroport Paris-Charles de Gaulle also known as Roissy Airport (or just Roissy in French in the Paris area is Paris - Orly Airport (Aéroport de Paris - Orly is an Airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, south of Paris Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city It is on the Promenade des Anglais, near l'Arénas and has two terminals. The Promenade des Anglais ("Walk of the English" is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. An airport terminal is a building at an Airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from Airplanes Due to its proximity to the Principality of Monaco, it also serves as that city-state's airport, with helicopter service linking the city and airport. For other uses see Monaco (disambiguation Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco ( French: Principauté de Monaco; Monégasque A city-state is a Region controlled exclusively by a City, usually having Sovereignty. History Since 400 AD Chinese children have played with bamboo flying toys.
It is run by the Chamber of Commerce and the Nice Côte d'Azur industry. Its director is Hervé de Place, director of the Côte d'Azur airports, which includes Côte d'Azur International Airport's cousin airport, Cannes-Mandelieu. Cannes (kan in Occitan Canas) is a city in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Mandelieu-La Napoule is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France, located on the French Riviera just In 2006, 9,948,035 passengers travelled through the airport.
The Promenade des Anglais ("Walk of the English") is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. The Promenade des Anglais ("Walk of the English" is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. The Hotel Negresco on the Promenade des Anglais on the Baie des Anges in Nice, France was named for Henri Negresco (1868-1920 who The Russian Orthodox Cathedral Nice ( Cathédrale Orthodoxe Russe Saint-Nicolas de Nice) is a Russian Orthodox Cathedral, and a National monument The Promenade des Anglais ("Walk of the English" is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Before Nice was urbanized, the coast at Nice was just bordered by a deserted band of beach covered by large pebbles. The first houses were located on higher ground well away from the sea.
Starting in the second half of the 18th century, the English took to spending the winter in Nice, enjoying the panorama along the coast. When a particularly harsh winter up north brought an influx of beggars to Nice, some of the rich Englishmen proposed a useful project for them: the construction of walkway (chemin de promenade) along the sea.
The city of Nice, intrigued by the prospect of a pleasant promenade, greatly increased the scope of the work. The Promenade was first called the Camin dei Anglès (the English Way) by the Niçois in their native dialect Nissart. Niçard ( Classical orthography) Nissart/Niçart ( Mistralian orthography) Niçois ( French) or Nizzardo ( Italian After the annexation of Nice by France in 1860 it was rechristened La Promenade des Anglais, replacing the former Nissart name with its French translation.
The Hotel Negresco on the Promenade des Anglais on the Baie des Anges in Nice, France was named for Henri Negresco (1868-1920) who had the palatial hotel constructed in 1912. The Hotel Negresco on the Promenade des Anglais on the Baie des Anges in Nice, France was named for Henri Negresco (1868-1920 who The Promenade des Anglais ("Walk of the English" is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. In keeping with the conventions of the times, when the Negresco first opened in 1913 its front opened on the side opposite the Mediterranean.
According to the estimates of INSEE, the population of Nice was 347,900 inhabitants on January 1 2005. For other senses of this word see Château (disambiguation. A château (plural châteaux) is a Manor house or residence Nice Cathedral ( Cathédrale Sainte-Réparate de Nice) is a Roman Catholic cathedral in the city of Nice, France. The Russian Orthodox Cathedral Nice ( Cathédrale Orthodoxe Russe Saint-Nicolas de Nice) is a Russian Orthodox Cathedral, and a National monument Sainte Jeanne d'Arc is a Catholic church located in Nice, France noticeable for its original architecture Stade Municipal du Ray is a football Stadium in Nice, France. Stade Charles-Ehrmann is a football Stadium located in Nice, France. Palais Nikaia is an indoor Concert hall and multi-purpose facility located in Nice, France. INSEE ( French: I nstitut N ational de la S tatistique et des É tudes É conomiques; inse (not) in French is the Nice is thus the fifth largest city in France, behind Paris, Marseilles, Lyon and Toulouse. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Marseille, ( English alt Marseilles mɑrˈseɪ — French: maʁsɛj locally — Provençal Occitan: Marselha maʀˈsijɔ ||-||} Lyon, also known as Lyons in English is a city in east-central France. Toulouse ( pronounced in standard French, and in the local accent ( Occitan: Tolosa, pronounced) is a city in southwest The Agglomeration of Nice, defined by INSEE, is home to 888,784 inhabitants (fifth of France) and its urban surface totals 933,080 inhabitants, which makes it the sixth largest in France. In the study of human settlements an agglomeration is an extended City or Town area comprising the built-up area of a central place ( usually a Municipality INSEE ( French: I nstitut N ational de la S tatistique et des É tudes É conomiques; inse (not) in French is the
The city saw a big demographic rise in second half of the 19th century, a period when the population more than doubled, mainly due to Italian immigration. At the beginning of the 20th century, this rise intensified with the arrival of internal immigrants from the County of Nice itself.
After the First World War, the city had a strong increase in population. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Immigration was again the reason of this growth. The hotel industry and that of the construction industry, in full strength in the 1920s, attracted world more and more and thus made it possible for Nice to become a town of national importance. In 1921, Nice then became the eleventh town of France, then in 1931, the eighth, before being classified with the sixth rank in 1946. The population increased very quickly in the 1950s, with the arrival of sixty thousand people. Thereafter, the city reached its current demographic level thanks to the repatriates of old French colonies, in particular those from Algeria. France was a dominant empire in the world from the 1600s to the late 1960s possessing many colonies in various locations around the world Algeria ( ar [[Arabic]] الجزائر, Al Jaza'ir ælʤæˈzæːʔir Amazigh: ⴷⵥⴰⵢⴻⵔ Dzayer) officially the People's
Since the 1970s, the number of inhabitants has not changed significantly; the relatively high migration to Nice is compensated by a negative natural increase of the population. Nice has a high proportion of elderly people.
Currently, the population of the city is growing again, the reason of which is undoubtedly heliotropism. Nice is projected to have 350000 citizens in 2005, 360000 in 2008, 370000 in 2012.
Like any Mediterranean city, the town of Nice has squares; allowing people to gather, to organize great shows, performances or public display, or just to sit down at a terrace.
The Place Masséna is the main square of the city. Before the covering of the Paillon River, the Pont-Neuf was the only practicable path between the old town and the modern one. The square was thus divided into two parts (North and South) in 1824. Since the destruction of the Masséna Casino in 1979, the Place Masséna became more spacious and less dense and is now bordered by red ochre buildings of Italian architecture. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The term architecture (from Greek αρχιτεκτονικήarchitektoniki) can be used to mean a process a profession or documentation
The recent re-building of the tram gave the square back to the pedestrians, restoring its status of a real Mediterranean square. It is lined with palm trees and stone pines, instead of being the rectangular roundabout of sorts it had become over the years. Since its construction, the Place Masséna has always been the spot for great public events. It is used for concerts, and particularly during the summer festivals, the Corso carnavalesque (carnival parade) in February, the military procession of July 14th (Bastille Day) or other traditional celebrations and banquets.
The Place Masséna is a two-minute walk from Promenade des Anglais, old town, town centre, and Albert I Garden (Jardin Albert Ier). The Promenade des Anglais ("Walk of the English" is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. It is also a large crossroads between several of the main streets of the city: avenue Jean Médecin, avenue Felix Faure, boulevard Jean Jaurès, avenue de Verdun and rue Gioffredo.
The Place Garibaldi also stands out for its architecture and history. It is named after Giuseppe Garibaldi, hero of the Italian unification (born in Nice, which was still a part of Sardinia-Piedmont at the time), who was ferociously attached to the union of Nice to Italy. Garibaldi redirects here for other meanings see Garibaldi (disambiguation.
A Statue of Garibaldi is erected in the centre of the place. The re-building of the square (still ongoing) will make this square semi-pedestrian, making it more pleasant.
It is a crossroads between the Vieux Nice (old town) and town centre. Place Garibaldi is close to the eastern districts of Nice, Port Lympia (Lympia Harbor), and the TNL commercial centre. This square is also a crossroads of important streets : the boulevard Jean Jaurès, the avenue de la république, the rue Cassini and the rue Catherine Ségurane.
Entirely enclosed and pedestrianised, this square is located in the heart of the old town. With typical buildings in red and yellow ochres surrounding the square, the cathédrale Sainte-Réparateand the fountain in the centre, place Rossetti is a must-see spot in the old town. By day, the place is invaded by the terraces of traditional restaurants and the finest ice-cream makers. By night, the environment changes radically, with tourists and youths flocking to the square, where music reverberates on the walls of the small square. The square's lighting at night gives it a magical aspect.
Place Rossetti is in the centre of the old town, streets Jesus, Rossetti, Mascoïnat and the Pont-vieux (old bridge)
In the past, it belonged to the upper classes. It probably is the most traditional square of the town, with its daily flower market. The court Saleya also opens on the Palais des rois Sard (Palace of the Kings of Sardinia). In the present, the court is mostly a place of entertainment. There are good restaurants serving typical Nicois cuisine, markets and many pubs. It is no doubt one of the most active spots in Nice.
It is situated parallel to the Quai des Etats-Unis.
As its name indicates, the place du palais is where the Palais de Justice (Law courts) of Nice is located. On this square, there also is the Palais Rusca, which also belongs to the justice department (home of the tribunal de grande instance).
The square is also notable due to the presence of the city clock. Nowadays, the Place du Palais is alive day and night. It is particularly appreciated by youths who hangout on the steps leading to the Palais de justice, often with alcoholic bottles in hand. The place is not a large open-air bar, though, concerts, animations and events are frequent.
It is situated halfway between cour Saleya and place Masséna.
The Observatoire de Nice (Nice Observatory) is located on the summit of Mont Gros. The Observatoire de Nice ( Nice Observatory) is located in Nice, France on the summit of Mont Gros. The Observatoire de Nice ( Nice Observatory) is located in Nice, France on the summit of Mont Gros. The observatory was initiated in 1879 by the banker Raphaël Bischoffsheim. An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial and/or celestial events The architect was Charles Garnier, and Gustave Eiffel designed the main dome. Charles Garnier (6 November 1825 - 3 August 1898 was a French Architect, designer of the Paris Opéra and the Opéra de Monte-Carlo. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel ( December 15, 1832 &ndash December 27, 1923; in French efɛl in English usually ˈaɪfəl was a French A dome is a common structural element of Architecture that resembles the hollow upper half of a Sphere.
The 76-cm (30-inch) refractor telescope that became operational in 1888 was at that time the world's largest telescope. A refracting or refractor telescope is a dioptric Telescope that uses a lens as its objective to form an image It was outperformed one year later by the 36-inch (91-cm) refractor at the Lick Observatory. The Lick Observatory is an astronomical Observatory, owned and operated by the University of California.
As a scientific institution, the Nice Observatory no longer exists. It was merged with CERGA in 1988 to form the Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur. The Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (OCA Côte d'Azur Observatory) originated in 1988 with the merger of two observatories: Observatoire
Nice is one of the oldest human settlements in the world. Terra-Amata, an archaeological site dating to the Lower Palaeolithic age is situated near Nice. The Lower Paleolithic (or Lower Palaeolithic) is the earliest subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age. Nice was established by the ancient Greeks. The Greeks ( Greek: Έλληνες) are a Nation and Ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus and neighbouring regions There was also an independent Roman city near Nice, where the hill of Cimiez is located. Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC It is an archaeological site with treasures, of which only a small part has been excavated. The excavated site includes thermal baths, arenas and Roman road.
Since the second century AD, the light of the city has attracted many famous painters such as Chagall, Matisse, Niki de Saint Phalle, Ben and Arman and inspired many artists and intellectuals in different countries (Berlioz, Nietzsche, Rossini…). Marc Chagall (מאַרק שאַגאַל&lrm Belarusian: Мойша Захаравіч Шагалаў Mojša Zaharavič Šagałaŭ; Russian: Марк Henri Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954 was a French Artist, known for his use of Colour and his fluid brilliant and original draughtsmanship Niki de Saint Phalle, born Catherine-Marie-Agnès Fal de Saint Phalle ( October 29 1930 &ndash May 22, 2002) was a French Ben is often a shortened version of the given name Benjamin or Benedict. Arman ( November 17, 1928 &ndash October 22, 2005) was a French -born American Artist. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15 1844 August 25 1900 ( was a nineteenth-century German philosopher and classical philologist
Nice also has numerous museums of all kinds: Musée Chagall, Musée Matisse (arenas of Cimiez where one can also see Roman ruins), Musée des Beaux-Arts Jules Chéret, Museum of Naïve arts, Musée Terra-Amata, Museum of Asian Art, Museum of Modern art and Contemporary art which devotes a broad place to famous “the Ecole of Nice ”), Museum of Natural History, Musée Massena, Naval Museum and Galerie des Ponchettes. The Musée des Beaux-Arts Jules Chéret in Nice France at 33 av -- 216175714 ( talk) 0344 7 October 2008 (UTC Terra Amata is an Archaeological site near the French town of Nice.
Being a vacation resort, Nice hosts many festivals throughout the year. For example, Carnaval de Nice and Nice Jazz Festival are among the festivals held in Nice.
Nice has a distinct culture due to its unique history. The local language Niçard (Nissart) is an Occitan dialect (but some Italian scholars argue that it is a Ligurian dialect), still spoken by a huge minority. Niçard ( Classical orthography) Nissart/Niçart ( Mistralian orthography) Niçois ( French) or Nizzardo ( Italian Occitan ( IPA BrE: /ˈɒksɪtn/ AmE: /ˈɑksəˌtɑn/ known also as Lenga d'òc or Langue d'oc (native name occitan Strong Italian and (less) Corsican influences make it more intelligible than other non-extinct Provençal dialects. The Culture of Italy can be found in the Roman ruins remaining in much of the country the precepts of the Roman Catholic Church, the spirit of the
Nice has a few local dishes. There is a local tart made with onions and anchovies (or anchovy paste), named "Pissaladière" (French spelling). Organicsalsajpg||thumb|right|Onions used in salsa.]]Cooked onions in frying pan The anchovies are a family ( Engraulidae) of small common salt-water fish Socca is a type of pancake made from chickpea flour. Socca is a specialty of southeastern French cuisine particularly in and around the city of Nice. The chickpea ( Cicer arietinum) (also garbanzo bean, Indian pea, ceci bean, bengal gram, chana, kadale kaalu, Nice is also known for bouillabaisse and various fish soups; "Stockfish" (traditionally pronounced as "Stoquefiche" (French spelling) with special emphasis on the first "e"). Bouillabaisse ( Occitan: bolhabaissa) is a traditional Provençal fish Stew originating from the port city of Marseille. Stockfish is unsalted Fish, especially Cod, dried by sun and wind on wooden racks on the foreshore called flakes, or in special drying houses Farcis niçois is a dish made from vegetables stuffed with breadcrumbs; and salade niçoise is a tomato salad with green peppers of the "Corne" breed, baked eggs, tuna or anchovies and olives. Niçoise salad (niˡswaz sometimes referred to as Salade niçoise or insalata nizzarda, is a type of Salad.
In the past, Nice welcomed many immigrants from Italy (who continue to make a large proportion of the population), as well as Spanish and Portuguese immigrants. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The Portuguese people (os Portugueses literally the Portuguese) are the Ethnic group or Nation native to the country of Portugal, in the west Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term However, in the past few decades immigration has been opened to include immigrants from all over the world, particularly those from former Northern and Western African colonies, as well as southeastern Asia. Traditions are still alive, especially in folk music and dances. Folk music can have a number of different meanings including Traditional music: The original meaning of the term "folk music" was synonymous The most famous is farandole. The farandole is an open-chain community Dance popular in the County of Nice, France.
The cuisine of Nice uses resources of the local countryside (olive oil, anchovies, fruit and vegetables) but also resources from more remote regions, in particular those from Northern Europe because ships which came to seek olive oil arrived full with food products. Cuisine (from French cuisine, "cooking culinary art kitchen" ultimately from Latin coquere, "to cook" is a specific set Olive oil is a fruit oil obtained from the olive ( Olea europaea; family Oleaceae along with Lilacs Jasmine and ash trees The term fruit has different meanings dependent on context and the term is not synonymous in Food preparation and Biology. The term " vegetable " generally means the edible parts of Plants The definition of the word is traditional rather than Scientific, however Thus one finds specialities such as those using stockfish made from dried haddock.
Local meat comes from neighbouring valleys, such as the sheep of Sisteron. Local fish, such as mullets, bream, sea urchins, and anchovies (alevins) are used to a great extent, so much so that it has given birth to a proverb: "fish are born in the sea and die in oil. ” Naturally, this refers to the olive oil made in the Nice hills. Indeed, seafood is generally much appreciated in the delicate and healthy cuisine of Nice.
Examples of Niçois specialties include:
Nice is home to many preparatory schools which prepare students for entrance to the Grandes Ecoles (e. Socca is a specialty of southeastern French cuisine particularly in and around the city of Nice. The University of Nice Sophia Antipolis (Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis is a university located in Nice, France and neighboring areas Pierre and Marie Curie University ( Université Pierre et Marie Curie or UPMC - Paris Universitas or Paris 6) is a French University EDHEC or École De Hautes Études Commerciales du Nord is a French Business school and Grande école founded in 1906 g. the Ecole Normale Supérieure). École Normale de Musique de ParisThe École normale supérieure (also known as Normale Sup’, Normale, ENS, ENS-Paris, ENS-Ulm or
Nice's town twins are: