|Newport News, Virginia|
City Center at Oyster Point
Location in the State of Virginia
|- Mayor||Joe Frank|
|- City||119. The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Joe S Frank is the current mayor of Newport News Virginia. He was born November 14 1942 in Newport News Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status 1 sq mi (308. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 3 km²)|
|- Land||68. To help compare sizes of different geographic regions we list here Areas between 10 km² (1000 Hectares and 100 km² (10000 hectares 3 sq mi (176. 9 km²)|
|- Water||50. 8 sq mi (131. 5 km²) 42. 64%|
|Elevation||15 ft (4. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit 5 m)|
|- Density||1,085. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 3/sq mi (419. 0/km²)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1497043|
Newport News is an independent city in Virginia. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during Daylight saving time ( DST The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−4 is the Time offset used in the Atlantic Standard Time Zone in Canada in winter and the North American Eastern Time Zone during A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks ImageArea code 757png|right|The area colored red indicates the southeast corner of Virginia served by area code 757poly 60 2 11 58 12 78 32 106 40 109 45 105 68 123 73 119 Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout An independent city is a City that does not form part of another general-purpose Local government entity The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state It is on the south-western end of the Virginia Peninsula, on the north shore of the James River extending from Skiffe's Creek along many miles of waterfront to the river's mouth at Newport News Point on the harbor of Hampton Roads. The Virginia Peninsula is a Peninsula in southeast Virginia, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake The James River in the US state of Virginia is a long River, including its Jackson River source Skiffe's Creek is located in James City County and the Independent city of Newport News in the Virginia Peninsula area of the Hampton Roads Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA.
The area now known as Newport News was long-located in Warwick County, one of the eight original shires of Virginia formed by the House of Burgesses in the British Colony of Virginia by order of King Charles I in 1634. Warwick County was a County in Virginia which was consolidated with the city of Newport News in 1958 The eight Shires of Virginia were formed in 1634 in the Virginia Colony. The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first elected lower house in the legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in The Colony of Virginia (also known frequently as the Virginia Colony and occasionally as the Dominion and Colony of Virginia) was the English colony Charles I, (19 November 1600 &ndash 30 January 1649 was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution. The entire county was largely composed of farms and undeveloped land until almost 250 years later. In 1881, 15 years of explosive development began under the leadership of Collis P. Huntington, who built a new railroad, coal piers, and a large shipyard in the southeastern portion closest to the harbor. Collis Potter Huntington ( April 16 or October 22 1821 – August 13 1900) was one of The Big Four of western railroading (along with A coal pier is a Transloading facility designed for the transfer of Coal between rail and ship Shipyards and dockyards are places which repair and build ships These can be Yachts military
In 1896, the new unincorporated town of Newport News, which had briefly replaced Denbigh as the county seat of Warwick County, became a separate city from the county. In Law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not a part of any Municipality. Denbigh was a small Unincorporated community in Warwick County Virginia, and was long the County seat. A county seat is a term for an Administrative center for a County, primarily used in the United States. In 1900, 19,635 people lived in Newport News, Virginia; in 1910, 20,205; in 1920, 35,596; and in 1940, 37,067. However, in 1958, by mutual consent, Newport News consolidated with the former Warwick County (itself a separate city from 1952 to 1958), rejoining the two localities to basically their pre-1896 geographic size, thus forming what was then Virginia's third largest independent city in population. Warwick is an extinct Independent city which was located in the State of Virginia in the United States from 1952 until 1958 As of the 2000 census, the city population was 180,150. A more recent 2006 estimate indicates the city's population has declined to 178,281, ranking it as Virginia's fifth largest incorporated city by population.
With many residents employed at the expansive Northrop Grumman Newport News Shipbuilding, the U. Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding ( NGS) formerly called Northrop Grumman Newport News ( NGNN) or Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company S. Army base at Fort Eustis, and other area bases and suppliers, the city's economy is connected to the military. Fort Eustis is a United States Army military installation located in Newport News Virginia. The location on the harbor and along the James River facilitates a large boating industry which can take advantage of its many miles of waterfront. Newport News also serves as a junction between the rails and the sea with the Newport News Marine Terminals located at the East End of the City.
The original area near the mouth of the James River was first referred to as "Newportes Newes" as early as 1621. The James River in the US state of Virginia is a long River, including its Jackson River source 
The source of the name "Newport News" is not known with certainty. Several versions are recorded, and it is subject of popular speculation locally. Probably the best-known explanation holds that when an early group of Jamestown colonists left to return to England after the Starving Time during the winter of 1609-1610 aboard a ship of Captain Christopher Newport, they encountered another fleet of supply ships under the new Governor Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr in the James River off Mulberry Island with reinforcements of men and supplies. Jamestown, located on Jamestown Island in the Virginia Colony, was founded on May 14 1607 The Starving Time at Jamestown in the English Colony of Virginia killed all but 60 of 500 colonists during the winter of 1609 – 1610 Christopher Newport (c 1561&ndash1618 was an English sailor and Privateer. Thomas West 3rd (or 12th Baron De La Warr ( July 9, 1577 &ndash June 7, 1618) was the Englishman after whom the bay, The James River in the US state of Virginia is a long River, including its Jackson River source Mulberry Island is located along the James River in southeastern Virginia at the confluence of the Warwick River on the Virginia Peninsula. The new governor ordered them to turn around, and return to Jamestown. Under this theory, the community was named for Newport's "good news. " (It is probable that not all of those intending to depart thought returning to the harsh conditions of Jamestown was "good" news, however). Another possibility is that the community may have derived its name from an old English word "news" meaning "new town. " At least one source claims that the "New" arose from the original settlement's being rebuilt after a fire. 
According to a 1901 article in the College of William and Mary's Quarterly Magazine, the well-documented case is made that it is more probable that the original name was "New Port Newce", named for a person with the name Newce and the town's place as a new seaport. The College of William and Mary (officially The College of William and Mary in Virginia, also known as William & Mary or W&M) is a Public university The namesake, Sir William Newce, was originally an English soldier and settler in Ireland where he had established Newcestown near Bandon in County Cork. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Newcestown ( Baile Nuis in Irish) is a small Village located 35 km from the city of Cork in the western part of County Cork, Ireland County Cork (Contae Chorcaí is the most southerly and the largest of the modern counties of Ireland. Newce sailed to Virginia with Sir Francis Wyatt in October, 1621 and was granted 2,500 acres (10 km²) of land, but died two days after. Sir Francis Wyatt, ( 1588 – 1644) the first English colonial governor of Virginia. His brother, Capt. Thomas Newce, was given "600 acres at Kequatan, now called Elizabeth Cittie. Kecoughtan in Virginia was originally named Kikotan (also spelled Kiccowtan Kikowtan as well as Kecoughtan presumably a word for the Native Americans living there Elizabeth City (or cittie as it was then called was one of four incorporations established in the Virginia Colony in 1619 by the proprietor the Virginia Company. " A partner Daniel Gookin, completed the establishment of the settlement. Major-General Daniel Gookin ( 1612 - 19 March 1687) was a settler of Virginia and Massachusetts, and a writer on the subject of In the General History of Virginia edited by Captain John Smith, occurs this reference: "November 22, 1621, arrived Master Gookin out of Ireland, with fifty men of his own, and thirty passengers exceedingly well furnished with all sorts of provisions and cattle, and planted himself at Newports Newes. Captain Sir John Smith (c January 1580– June 21 1631) Admiral of New England was an English Soldier, Sailor Events 498 - Kofi Aseidu- After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran " Records following the Indian Massacre of 1622 state "Daniel Gookin successfully defended his settlement at Neport News against all attacks. The Indian massacre of 1622 (also known as the Jamestown Massacre) occurred in the Virginia Colony on Good Friday, March 22, 1622. "
Regardless of the origin of the name, the fact it was formerly written as "Newport's News" is verified by numerous early documents and maps, and by local tradition. The change to Newport News apparently was brought about by usage, for by 1851 the Post Office Department sanctioned "New Port News" (three words) as the name of the first post office, and in 1866 it approved the name as "Newport News", the current form. 
During the 17th century, shortly after establishment of the Jamestown Settlement in 1607, English settlers explored and began settling the areas adjacent to Hampton Roads. Newport News has a long history dating back to the days of Jamestown Virginia. Warwick County was a County in Virginia which was consolidated with the city of Newport News in 1958 The James Settlement was the first permanent English settlement in North America. In 1610, Sir Thomas Gates took possession of a nearby Native American village which became known as Kecoughtan. Thomas Gates may refer to Sir Thomas Gates (governor (1585–1621 of the Virginia Company an early leader and governor of the Colony of Virginia Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States Kecoughtan in Virginia was originally named Kikotan (also spelled Kiccowtan Kikowtan as well as Kecoughtan presumably a word for the Native Americans living there
In 1619, the area of Newport News was included in one of four huge corporations of the Virginia Company of London, and became known as Elizabeth Cittie, which extended west all the way to Skiffe's Creek (currently the border between Newport News and James City County. The London Company (also called the Charter of the Virginia Company of London) was an English Joint stock company established by royal charter by Elizabeth City (or cittie as it was then called was one of four incorporations established in the Virginia Colony in 1619 by the proprietor the Virginia Company. Skiffe's Creek is located in James City County and the Independent city of Newport News in the Virginia Peninsula area of the Hampton Roads James City County (formally the County of James City) is a county located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region of the Elizabeth Cittie also included all of present-day South Hampton Roads. South Hampton Roads, also known as Southside, is a region located in the extreme southeastern portion of Virginia in the United States. 
By 1634, the English colony of Virginia consisted of a total population of approximately 5,000 inhabitants and was redivided into eight shires of Virginia, which were renamed as counties shortly thereafter. The eight Shires of Virginia were formed in 1634 in the Virginia Colony. A county is a Land area of Regional Government within a larger State. The area of Newport News became part Warwick River Shire, which became Warwick County in 1637. Warwick River Shire was one of eight shires created in colonial Virginia in 1634. Warwick County was a County in Virginia which was consolidated with the city of Newport News in 1958 By 1810, the county seat was at Denbigh. A county seat is a term for an Administrative center for a County, primarily used in the United States. Denbigh was a small Unincorporated community in Warwick County Virginia, and was long the County seat. For a short time in the mid-19th century, the county seat was moved to Newport News. 
Newport News was merely an area of farm lands and a fishing village until the coming of the railroad and the subsequent establishment of the great shipyard. Following a huge growth spurt of railroad and shipyard development, the new "City of Newport News" was formally organized and became independent of Warwick County in 1896 by an act of the Virginia General Assembly. Shipyards and dockyards are places which repair and build ships These can be Yachts military The Virginia General Assembly is the legislative body of the Commonwealth of Virginia. It was one of only a few cities in Virginia to be newly established without earlier incorporation as a town. A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan (Virginia has had an independent city political subdivision since 1871). An independent city is a City that does not form part of another general-purpose Local government entity Walter A. Post served as the city's first mayor. Walter A Post (died February 12, 1912) was the first Mayor of Newport News Virginia. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government 
The area which formed the present-day southern end of Newport News had long been established as an unincorporated town. However, during the period after the American Civil War, the new City of Newport News was essentially founded by Collis P. Huntington. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Collis Potter Huntington ( April 16 or October 22 1821 – August 13 1900) was one of The Big Four of western railroading (along with Huntington, who was one of the builders of the country's first transcontinental railroad, became a major investor and guiding light, and helped complete the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway to the Ohio River. Transcontinental Railroad is a Railroad that crosses a Continent from "coast-to-coast" The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from many smaller railroads begun in the 19th century The Ohio River is the largest Tributary by volume of the Mississippi River. His agents began acquiring land in Warwick County in 1865, and in the 1880s, he oversaw extension of the C&O's new Peninsula Subdivision, which extended from the Church Hill Tunnel in Richmond southeast down the peninsula through Williamsburg to Newport News, where the company developed coal piers on the harbor of Hampton Roads. Church Hill Tunnel is an old Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O tunnel extending for approximately 4000 feet under the Church Hill section of Richmond Virginia This article is about the city of Richmond the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region in southeastern Virginia A coal pier is a Transloading facility designed for the transfer of Coal between rail and ship 
His next project was to develop Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, which became the world's largest shipyard. Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding ( NGS) formerly called Northrop Grumman Newport News ( NGNN) or Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company Opened as Chesapeake Dry Dock & Construction Company, the Shipbuilding was originally meant to build boats to transition goods from the rails to the seas. With President Theodore Roosevelt's declaration to create a Great White Fleet, the company would enter the warship business by building seven of the first sixteen warships. Theodore Roosevelt (ˈroʊzəvɛlt October 27 1858 January 6 1919 also known as T The Great White Fleet was the popular nickname for the United States Navy battle fleet that completed a Circumnavigation of the globe from December 16, Today, shipbuilding holds a dominant position in the American warship construction business. In addition to Collis, other members of the Huntington family also played major roles in Newport News. From 1912-1914, his nephew, Henry E. Huntington, assumed leadership of the shipyard. Henry Edwards Huntington ( February 27 1850 &ndash May 23 1927) was a railroad Magnate Huntington Park, developed after World War I near the northern terminus of the James River Bridge, is named for him. Huntington Park is a park located in Newport News Virginia, USA. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The James River Bridge is a four-lane Divided highway Lift bridge across the James River in the U 
Collis Huntington's son, Archer Milton Huntington and his wife, sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington, developed the Mariners' Museum beginning in 1932, creating a natural park and the community's Lake Maury in the process. Archer Milton Huntington ( March 10 1870 &ndash December 11 1955) was the son of Arabella (née Duval Huntington and the stepson Anna Vaughn Hyatt Huntington ( March 10 1876 – October 4,1973 was an American Sculptor. The Mariners' Museum is located in Newport News Virginia. It is one of the largest Maritime museums in the world Lake Maury is a man-made Lake which was created as part of the natural park on the grounds of the Mariners' Museum located in the independent city of Newport A major feature of Newport News, the Mariners' Museum has grown to become one of the largest and finest maritime museums in the world. A maritime museum (sometimes nautical museum) is a Museum specializing in the display of objects relating to Ships and travel on large bodies of water 
Independent city status guarantees protection against annexation of territory by adjacent communities. After years of resisting annexation efforts by Newport News, in 1952, Warwick County was successful in petitioning the Virginia General Assembly to become the independent City of Warwick. Warwick County was a County in Virginia which was consolidated with the city of Newport News in 1958 Warwick is an extinct Independent city which was located in the State of Virginia in the United States from 1952 until 1958 In 1958, the citizenry of the cities of Warwick and Newport News voted by referendum to consolidate the two cities, choosing to assume the better-known name of Newport News, and forming the third largest city population-wise in Virginia with a 65 square miles (168 km²) area. The boundaries of the City of Newport News today are essentially the boundaries of the original Warwick River Shire and those of Warwick County for most of its existence, with the exception of minor border adjustments with neighbors. 
The city's original downtown area, located on the James River waterfront, changed rapidly from a few farms to a new city in the last quarter of the 19th century as part of the development of the railroad terminal with its coal piers and other harbor-related facilities and the shipyard. The James River in the US state of Virginia is a long River, including its Jackson River source The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar Although fashionable housing and businesses developed there as well, gradually these moved outward to the west and north following a national trend suburban development during the 20th century. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on Despite some efforts at large-scale revitalization, by the beginning of the 21st century, the downtown area largely consisted of the coal export facilities, the shipyard, and municipal offices, bordered by some harbor-related smaller businesses and lower income housing. 
Newport News grew in population from the 1960s through the 1990s. The city began to explore New Urbanism as a way to develop areas midtown. New Urbanism is an American Urban design movement that arose in the early 1980s City Center at Oyster Point was developed out of a small portion of the Oyster Point Business Park and opened in phases from 2003 through 2005. The city invested $82 million of public funding in the project.  Closely following Oyster Point, Port Warwick opened as an urban residential community in the new midtown business district. 1500 people now reside in the Port Warwick area which also includes a three acre city square where festivals and events take place. 
Newport News is located at Hampton is an Independent city in Virginia, and therefore not part of any Virginia county Portsmouth is an Independent city located in the US Commonwealth of Virginia. Norfolk is an Independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state 071046, -76. 484557). (37.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 119. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 1 square miles (308. 3 km²), of which, 68. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 3 square miles (176. 9 km²) of it is land and 50. 8 square miles (131. 5 km²) of it (42. 64%) is water.
The city is located at the Peninsula side of Hampton Roads in the Tidewater region of Virginia, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA. The Tidewater region of Virginia is a term used to refer to the eastern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The Hampton Roads Metropolitan Statistical Area (officially known as the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA) is the 34th largest in the United States, with a total population of 1,576,370. Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas|Table of United States Core Based Statistical AreasIn the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB has produced See also Metropolitan Statistical Area, Core Based Statistical Area Table of United States Core Based Statistical AreasThe United States Census Bureau has defined The area includes the Virginia cities of Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Williamsburg, and the counties of Gloucester, Isle of Wight, James City, Mathews, Surry, and York, as well as the North Carolina county of Currituck. Poquoson (pəˈkoʊsən is an Independent city located on the Virginia Peninsula, in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region in southeastern Virginia Gloucester is a county of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the USA. Isle of Wight County is a county located in the South Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the James City County (formally the County of James City) is a county located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region of the Mathews County is a County located on the Middle Peninsula in the U Surry County is a county located in the South Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United York County is a county located on the north side of the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States Currituck County is a County located in the US state of North Carolina. Newport News serves as one of the business centers on the Peninsula. The city of Norfolk is recognized as the central business district, while the Virginia Beach oceanside resort district and Williamsburg are primarily centers of tourism.
Newport News shares land borders with James City County on the northwest, York County on the north and northeast, and Hampton on the east. James City County (formally the County of James City) is a county located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region of the York County is a county located on the north side of the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia Hampton is an Independent city in Virginia, and therefore not part of any Virginia county Newport News shares water borders with Portsmouth on the southeast and Suffolk on the south across Hampton Roads, and Isle of Wight County on the southwest and west and Surry County on the northwest across the James River. Portsmouth is an Independent city located in the US Commonwealth of Virginia. Suffolk is an Independent city located in the South Hampton Roads area of eastern Virginia. Isle of Wight County is a county located in the South Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the Surry County is a county located in the South Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United The James River in the US state of Virginia is a long River, including its Jackson River source
The older "downtown" area was part of the earlier portion which became a city in 1896. The Newport News Victory Arch (or simply Victory Arch) is a Monument erected in Newport News Virginia, first in 1919 and then rebuilt in 1962 The earlier city portions includes the traditional downtown area, the shipyard and coal piers, with public housing projects and lower income housing nearby. While the shipyard and coal facilities, and other smaller harbor-oriented businesses have remained vibrant, the downtown area went into substantial decline, and crime problems have plagued the nearby lower-income residential areas. 
West of the traditional downtown area, another early portion of the city was developed as Huntington Heights, and is known during modern times as the North End. Developed primarily between 1900 and 1935, North End is features a wealth of architectural styles and eclectic vernacular building designs. Year 1900 ( MCM) was an exceptional Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar Year 1935 ( MCMXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Extending along west to the James River Bridge approaches, it includes scenic views of the river. The James River Bridge is a four-lane Divided highway Lift bridge across the James River in the U A well-preserved community, the North End is both a Virginia Historic Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of 
North of Mercury Boulevard, the city takes on a suburban nature. Mercury Boulevard in the cities of Hampton and Newport News in the Peninsula region of southeastern Virginia carries U Many neighborhoods have been developed, some around the former small towns, with miles of waterfront along the James River and tributaries such as Deep Creek and Lucas Creek occupied by higher-end single family homes. At the western reaches, some residential development has occurred in an area where much land has been set aside for natural protection with recreational and historical considerations. Along with some newer residential areas, major features of the western end include the reservoirs of the Newport News Water System (which include much of the Warwick River), the expansive Newport News Park, a number of public schools, and the military installations of Fort Eustis and a small portion of the Naval Weapons Station Yorktown. The Warwick River is a short Tidal estuary which empties into the James River a few miles from Hampton Roads at the southern end of Chesapeake Bay Fort Eustis is a United States Army military installation located in Newport News Virginia. Naval Weapons Station Yorktown is a United States Navy base in York County and James City County in the Hampton Roads region of Virginia
At the extreme southwestern edge adjacent to Skiffe's Creek and the border with James City County is the Lee Hall community, which retains historical features including the former Chesapeake and Ohio Railway station which served tens of thousands of soldiers based at what became nearby Fort Eustis during World War I and World War II. Skiffe's Creek is located in James City County and the Independent city of Newport News in the Virginia Peninsula area of the Hampton Roads Lee Hall is a former unincorporated town (or village long located in the former Warwick County. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from many smaller railroads begun in the 19th century World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The larger-than-normal rural two story frame depot is highly valued by rail fans and rail preservationists. 
Downtown Newport News Victory Arch, built to commemorate the Great War, sits on the downtown waterfront in Newport News. City Center at Oyster Point is one of the fastest-growing central business districts in the Oyster Point section of Newport News Virginia. The Newport News Victory Arch (or simply Victory Arch) is a Monument erected in Newport News Virginia, first in 1919 and then rebuilt in 1962 The "Eternal Flame" which sits under the arch was cast by Womack Foundry, Inc. in the 1960s, and was hand crafted by the Foundry's founder and president, Ernest D. Womack. There are a number of landmarks and architecturally interesting buildings in the downtown area that seem to have been largely abandoned in favor of building new areas in the northwest areas of the city. City leaders are working to bring new life into this area, by renovating and building new homes and attracting businesses. The completion of Interstate 664 restored the area to access and through traffic which had been largely rerouted with the completion of the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel in 1958 and discontinuance of the Newport News-Norfolk ferry service at that time. Interstate 664 ( I-664) is an Interstate Highway in the US state of Virginia, forming part of the Hampton Roads Beltway. The Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel (HRBT is the -long (56 km Hampton Roads crossing for Interstate 64 and U The larger capacity Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel and the rebuilt James River Bridge each restored some accessibility and through traffic to the downtown area. Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel (MMMBT is the 46 mile-long (7 The James River Bridge is a four-lane Divided highway Lift bridge across the James River in the U 
Much of the newer commercial development has been along the Warwick Boulevard and Jefferson Avenue corridors, with newer planned industrial, commercial, and mixed development such as Oyster Point, Kiln Creek and the City Center. While the downtown area had long been the area of the city that offered the traditional urban layout, the idea is being revisited with the introduction of a number of New Urbanism projects. New Urbanism is an American Urban design movement that arose in the early 1980s One is Port Warwick, named after the fictional city in William Styron's novel, Lie Down in Darkness. Port Warwick is a new project located in the Oyster Point area in Newport News Virginia. William Clark Styron Jr ( June 11 1925 &ndash November 1 2006) was an American Novelist and Essayist. Port Warwick includes housing for a broad variety of citizens, from retired persons to off-campus housing for Christopher Newport University students. Christopher Newport University, or CNU, is a liberal arts university located in Newport News Virginia. Also included are several high-end restaurants and upscale shopping. 
The Oyster Point City Center, located near Port Warwick, has been touted as the new "downtown" because of its new geographic centrality on the Virginia Peninsula, its proximity to the retail/business nucleus of the city, etc. City Center at Oyster Point is one of the fastest-growing central business districts in the Oyster Point section of Newport News Virginia. Locally, it is often called simply "City Center".  Nearby, the Virginia Living Museum recently completed a $22. 6 million expansion plan.
Currently under planning stages are a number of other New Urbanism projects, including "Asheton", a mega-development at the north end of the city bordering the city’s historic attraction of that area. 
Newport News has many distinctive communities and neighborhoods within its boundaries, including City Center, Colony Pines, Christopher Shores-Stuart Gardens, Denbigh, East End, Glendale, Hidenwood, Hilton Village, Huntington Heights (Overtown), Jefferson Park, Kiln Creek, Lee Hall, Menchville, Morrison (also known as Harpersville), Newmarket, North End (roughly from 50th to 70th streets, east of Mercury Boulevard and James River Bridge), Oyster Point, Parkview, Port Warwick, Richneck, Riverside, Summerlake, Village Green, and Warwick. City Center at Oyster Point is one of the fastest-growing central business districts in the Oyster Point section of Newport News Virginia. Denbigh was a small Unincorporated community in Warwick County Virginia, and was long the County seat. Glendale is the anglicised version of its Gaelic name Gleann Dail which means valley of fertile low-lying arable land. Hilton Village is a planned English-village-style neighborhood in Newport News Virginia. Kiln Creek is Newport News ’ newest planned community — a mixed residential use development planned around an eighteen-hole golf course Lee Hall is a former unincorporated town (or village long located in the former Warwick County. Morrison was a small Unincorporated community in Warwick County Virginia. Mercury Boulevard in the cities of Hampton and Newport News in the Peninsula region of southeastern Virginia carries U The James River Bridge is a four-lane Divided highway Lift bridge across the James River in the U Oyster Point lies at the mouth of Stoney Creek about one kilometre south of Cardwell in northern Australia. Port Warwick is a new project located in the Oyster Point area in Newport News Virginia. A village green is a common open area which is a part of a settlement Warwick is an extinct Independent city which was located in the State of Virginia in the United States from 1952 until 1958
Newport News's mild four season climate means outdoor activities can be enjoyed year round. The weather in Newport News is temperate and seasonal. Summers are hot and humid with cool evenings. Summer is one of the four Temperate Seasons Summer marks the warmest time of year with the longest days The mean annual temperature is 60 °F (15 °C), with an average annual snowfall of 6 inches and an average annual rainfall of 47 inches. Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736 a German Physicist who proposed it in 1724 The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale. No measurable snow fell in 1999. "Snowfall" redirects here For other uses see Snow (disambiguation or Snowfall (disambiguation. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) The wettest seasons are the spring and summer, although rainfall is fairly constant all year round. Spring is one of the four Temperate Seasons Spring marks the transition from Winter into Summer. Summer is one of the four Temperate Seasons Summer marks the warmest time of year with the longest days The highest recorded temperature was 105. 0°F in 1980. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) The lowest recorded temperature was -3. 0°F on January 21, 1985. Events 1189 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade. Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) 
Additionally, the geographic location of the city, with respect to the principal storm tracks, is especially favorable, as it is south of the average path of storms originating in the higher latitudes, and north of the usual tracks of hurricanes and other major tropical storms. 
|Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures|
|Rec High °F (°C)||79 (26)||82 (27)||87 (31)||90 (34)||95 (37)||102 (37)||103 (39)||105 (39)||99 (40)||95 (34)||85 (31)||79 (27)|
|Avg High °F (°C)||47 (10)||49 (12)||57 (15)||66 (20)||73 (24)||81 (28)||85 (31)||84 (30)||78 (27)||68 (22)||60 (17)||51 (12)|
|Avg Low °F (°C)||32 (0)||34 (1)||41 (4)||49 (8)||58 (13)||67 (18)||72 (21)||71 (21)||65 (18)||53 (12)||44 (7)||36 (3)|
|Rec Low °F (°C)||-3 (-24)||4 (-12)||11 (-9)||28 (-3)||35 (n/a)||43 (8)||54 (11)||50 (8)||44 (7)||26 (-1)||20 (-9)||6 (-15)|
|Precip (in)||4. 08||3. 60||4. 73||3. 35||4. 03||3. 34||4. 86||4. 74||4. 84||3. 45||3. 35||3. 43|
|Source: The Weather Channel|
As of the census of 2000, there were 180,150 people, 69,686 households, and 46,341 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 2,637. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 9 people per square mile (1,018. 5/km²). There were 74,117 housing units at an average density of 1,085. 3/sq mi (419. 0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53. 50% White, 39. 07% African American, 0. 42% Native American, 2. 33% Asian, 0. 12% Pacific Islander, 1. 79% from other races, and 2. 77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4. 22% of the population.
There were 69,686 households out of which 35. 7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44. 6% were married couples living together, 17. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33. 5% were non-families. 27. 0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 50 and the average family size was 3. 04.
The age distribution is: 27. 5% under the age of 18, 11. 5% from 18 to 24, 32. 2% from 25 to 44, 18. 8% from 45 to 64, and 10. 1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93. 8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90. 3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,597, and the median income for a family was $42,520. Males had a median income of $31,275 versus $22,310 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,843. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 11. 3% of families and 13. 8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 6% of those under age 18 and 9. 8% of those age 65 or over.
Among the city's major industries are shipbuilding, military, and aerospace. Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, owned by Northrop Grumman, and the large coal piers supplied by railroad giant CSX Transportation, the modern Fortune 500 successor to the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O). Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding ( NGS) formerly called Northrop Grumman Newport News ( NGNN) or Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company Please do not add the complete list of fortune 500 companies The list is copyrighted by Fortune which makes money by selling the content The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from many smaller railroads begun in the 19th century Miles of the waterfront can be seen by automobiles crossing the James River Bridge and Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel, which is a portion of the circumferential Hampton Roads Beltway, linking the city with each of the other Seven Cities of Hampton Roads via Interstate 664 and Interstate 64. The James River Bridge is a four-lane Divided highway Lift bridge across the James River in the U Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel (MMMBT is the 46 mile-long (7 The Hampton Roads Beltway is a loop of Interstate 64 and Interstate 664, which links the communities of the Virginia Peninsula and South Hampton Roads The Seven Cities of Hampton Roads are seven independent cities located in the Hampton Roads region of southeastern Virginia in the United States Interstate 64 in Virginia runs west to east through the middle of the state from West Virginia to the Hampton Roads region a total of 298 miles Many U. S. defensive industry suppliers are based in Newport News, and these and nearby military bases employ many residents, in addition to those working at the shipyard and in other harbor-related vocations.
Newport News plays a role in the maritime industry. At the end of CSX railroad tracks lies the Newport News Marine Terminal. Covering 140 acres, the Terminal has heavy-life cranes, warehouse capabilities, and container cranes. 
Newport News' location next to Hampton Roads along with its rail network has provided advantages for the city. The city houses two industrial parks which enabled manufacturing and distribution to take root in the city. As technology-oriented companies flourished in the 1990s, Newport News became a regional center for technology companies. 
Additional companies headquartered out of Newport News include Ferguson Enterprises and L-3 Flight International Aviation. Ferguson Enterprises Inc, headquartered in Newport News Virginia is the country's largest wholesale distributor of plumbing supplies pipes valves and fittings heating and L-3 Flight International Aviation is an Airline based in Newport News, Virginia, USA. 
Northrop Grumman Newport News Shipbuilding serves as the city's largest employer with over 15,000 employees. Fort Eustis employs over 10,000, making it the second largest employer in the city. Newport News School System creates over 5000 jobs and acts as the city's third largest employer. 
Established during World War I at historic Mulberry Island, the large base at Fort Eustis in modern times hosts the U.S. Army's Transportation Corps and other important activities. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Mulberry Island is located along the James River in southeastern Virginia at the confluence of the Warwick River on the Virginia Peninsula. Fort Eustis is a United States Army military installation located in Newport News Virginia. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities.  In adjacent localities, other U. S. military facilities include Fort Monroe, Langley Air Force Base, Naval Weapons Station Yorktown, and Camp Peary. Fort Monroe (also known as Fortress Monroe) is a Hampton Virginia, military installation located at Old Point Comfort, which is on the tip of the Langley Air Force Base is located three Nautical miles (6 km) north of the Central business district of the city of Hampton, Virginia Naval Weapons Station Yorktown is a United States Navy base in York County and James City County in the Hampton Roads region of Virginia Camp Peary is a military reservation in York County near Williamsburg Virginia. Across the harbor in South Hampton Roads, the world's largest naval base, the Naval Station Norfolk and other installations are also located. South Hampton Roads, also known as Southside, is a region located in the extreme southeastern portion of Virginia in the United States. Naval Station Norfolk, in Norfolk, Virginia, is a base of the United States Navy, supporting naval forces operating in the Atlantic Ocean, 
Research and education play a role in the City's economy. The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is housed in Newport News. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility ( TJNAF) commonly called Jefferson Lab (JLAB is a U TJNAF employs over 675 people and more than 2,000 scientists from around the world conduct research using the facility. Its stated mission is "to provide forefront scientific facilities, opportunities and leadership essential for discovering the fundamental structure of nuclear matter; to partner in industry to apply its advanced technology; and to serve the nation and its communities through education and public outreach. "
As with most of Virginia (the Northern Virginia/Washington D.C metro area being the notable exception), Newport News is most often associated with the larger American South. Near the city's western end a historic C&O railroad station as well as American Civil War battle sites near historic Lee Hall along U Northern Virginia (colloquially referred to as "NOVA" or "NoVA" consists of several The Southern United States &mdashcommonly referred to as the American South, Dixie, or simply the South &mdashconstitutes a large distinctive People who have grown up in the Hampton Roads area have a unique Tidewater accent which sounds different than a stereotypical Southern accent. Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA. Tidewater Accent is an American English Accent and is also a Dialect. Southern American English is a group of Dialects of the English language spoken throughout the Southern region of the United States, from Southern Vowels have a longer pronunciation than in a typical southern accent.
Near the city's western end, a historic C&O railroad station, as well as American Civil War battle sites near historic Lee Hall along U.S. Route 60 and several 19th century plantations have all been protected. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Lee Hall is a former unincorporated town (or village long located in the former Warwick County. US Route 60 in Virginia runs 312 miles west to east through the central part of the state generally close to and paralleling the Interstate 64 corridor Fundamentally a plantation is usually a large Farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country on which Cotton, Tobacco Many are located along the roads leading to Yorktown and Williamsburg, where many sites of the Historic Triangle are of both American Revolutionary War and Civil War significance. Yorktown is a Census-designated place (CDP in York County, Virginia, United States. Williamsburg is a city located on the Virginia Peninsula in the Hampton Roads region in southeastern Virginia The Historic Triangle is located on the Virginia Peninsula of the United States and includes the colonial communities of Jamestown, Colonial Williamsburg In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" The first modern duel of ironclad warships, the Battle of Hampton Roads, took place not far off Newport News Point in 1862. An ironclad was a steam-propelled Warship of the later 19th century protected by Iron or Steel armor plates The Battle of Hampton Roads, often called the Battle of Monitor and Merrimack, was a 
Recovered artifacts from the USS Monitor are displayed at the Mariners' Museum, one of the more notable museums of its type in the world. Design Monitor was one of three ironclad warships ordered by the U The Mariners' Museum is located in Newport News Virginia. It is one of the largest Maritime museums in the world The Museum’s collection totals approximately 35,000 artifacts, of which approximately one-third are paintings and two-thirds are three-dimensional objects. The scope of the Museum's collection is international. Included are 10 permanent galleries, changing and traveling exhibits, and virtual galleries available through the museum website. The collection of over 600,000 prints and 35,000 maritime artifacts is international in scope and includes miniature ship models, scrimshaw, maritime paintings, decorative arts, carved figureheads, and working steam engines. 
The Virginia War Museum covers American military history. The Virginia War Museum is located in Huntington Park on Warwick Blvd The Museum's collection includes, weapons, vehicles, artifacts, uniforms and posters from various periods of American history. Highlights of the Museum's collection include a section of the Berlin Wall and the outer wall from Dachau Concentration Camp. The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer was a physical barrier separating West Berlin from the German Democratic Republic (GDR ( East Germany) including Dachau was a Nazi German Concentration camp, and the first one opened in Germany located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions Factory near the 
The Peninsula Fine Arts Center contains a rotating gallery of art exhibits. The Peninsula Fine Arts Center is an Art museum located in Newport News Virginia and is associated with the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. The Center also maintains a permanent "Hands On For Kids" gallery designed for children and families to interact in what the Center describes as "a fun, educational environment that encourages participation with art materials and concepts. "
The U.S. Army Transportation Museum is a United States Army museum of vehicles and other U. S. Army transportation-related equipment and memorabilia. The U S Army Transportation Museum is a United States Army Museum of Vehicles and other U The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. A museum is a "permanent institution in the service of society and of its development open to the public which acquires conserves researches communicates and exhibits the Vehicles, derived from the Latin word vehiculum, are non-living Means of transport. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. Military supply chain management is a cross-functional approach to procuring, producing and delivering products and services The broad A souvenir (from French, for memory) memento or keepsake is an object a traveler brings home for the memories associated with Located on the grounds of Fort Eustis, The museum reflects the history of the Army, especially of the United States Army Transportation Corps, and includes close to 100 military vehicles such as land vehicles, watercraft and rolling stock, including stock from the Fort Eustis Military Railroad. Fort Eustis is a United States Army military installation located in Newport News Virginia. The Fort Eustis Military Railroad is a United States Army Rail transportation system existing entirely within the post boundaries of the United States It is officially dedicated to General Frank S. Besson, Jr., who was the first 4 star general to lead the transportation command, and extends over 6 acres of land, air and sea vehicles and indoor exhibits. Frank Schaffer Besson Jr was born on May 30 1910 in Detroit Michigan. An officer of 4 star rank is a very senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO code of OF-9. The acre is a unit of Area in a number of different systems including the imperial and U The exhibits cover transportation and its role in US Army operations, including topic areas from the American Revolutionary War through operations in Afghanistan. In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" The War in Afghanistan, which began on October 7 2001 as the U 
The Ferguson Center for the Arts is a theater and concert hall on the campus of Christopher Newport University. Performing arts venues The Ferguson Center for the Arts contains three distinct separate concert halls the Concert Hall, the Music and Theatre Hall, and the Christopher Newport University, or CNU, is a liberal arts university located in Newport News Virginia. The complex fully opened in September of 2005 and contains three distinct, separate concert halls: the Concert Hall, the Music and Theatre Hall, and the Studio Theatre. 
The Port Warwick area hosts the annual Port Warwick Art and Sculpture Festival where art vendors gather in Styron Square to show and sell their art. Judges have the chance to name art work best of the Festival. 
Newport News has been the home to sports franchises, including the semi-pro football Mason Dixon League's Peninsula Pirates and Peninsula Poseidons.  The Christopher Newport University Captains field fourteen sports and compete in the USA South Athletic Conference in Division III of the NCAA. Member schools Conference Stadia Division III (or DIII) is a division of the National Collegiate Athletic Association of the United States. The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations 
High school sports play a large role in the City's culture. Sporting stars such as Michael Vick, Allen Iverson, and Mike Tomlin have all spent time in Newport News. Michael Dwayne Vick (born June 26 1980 in Newport News Virginia) is a suspended National Football League (NFL Quarterback under contract Allen Ezail Iverson (born June 7 1975 in Hampton, Virginia) is an American professional Basketball player for the Denver Nuggets Mike Tomlin (born March 15, 1972) is an American football Head coach for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League The City's stadium, John B. Todd Stadium, houses five high schools' worth of football games usually spread over Thursday, Friday, and Saturday nights. John B Todd Stadium is a football stadium located on Warwick Blvd The stadium also holds the schools' track and field meets. 
Additional sports options can be found just outside Newport News. On the collegiate level, the College of William and Mary, Hampton University, Norfolk State University and Old Dominion University offer NCAA Division I athletics. The College of William and Mary (officially The College of William and Mary in Virginia, also known as William & Mary or W&M) is a Public university Hampton University is a historically black university located in Hampton Virginia, United States. Norfolk State University (NSU is a four-year state-supported coed liberal arts historically black university located in Norfolk, Virginia. Old Dominion University (ODU is a large public Research university located in historic Norfolk Virginia. The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations Division I (or D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States Virginia Wesleyan College also provides sports at the NCAA Division III level. Virginia Wesleyan College is a small Methodist Liberal arts college on the border of Virginia Beach and Norfolk Virginia offering a Bachelor The Peninsula Pilots play just outside the city limits at War Memorial Stadium in Hampton. History The team is named for the successful Peninsula Pilots franchise of the Carolina League that played in Hampton from 1976 to 1992 before relocating to Wilmington The Pilots play in the Coastal Plain League, a summer baseball league. The Coastal Plain League (CPL is a collegiate summer league, featuring college players from throughout the nation In Norfolk, the Norfolk Tides of the International League and the Norfolk Admirals of the American Hockey League. The Norfolk Tides are a Minor league baseball team in the Triple-A International League. The International League ( IL) is a Minor league baseball league which operates in the eastern United States. The Norfolk Admirals are a minor professional Ice hockey team in the American Hockey League, and affiliate of the Tampa Bay Lightning. American Hockey Association (1926–1942The American Hockey League (AHL is a Professional Ice hockey league in North America that serves as the primary In Virginia Beach, the Hampton Roads Piranhas field men's and women's professional soccer teams. Hampton Roads Piranhas is a professional American women’s Soccer team founded in 1995 which is a member of the United Soccer Leagues W-League, 
Newport News Parks is responsible for the maintenance of thirty-two city parks. This is a list of municipal parks located in Newport News Virginia under the authority of the Newport News Department of Parks Recreation and Tourism. The Newport News Department of Parks Recreation and Tourism (also known as Newport News Parks) is the government agency responsible for maintaining city parks and other sites The smallest is less than half an acre (2,000 m²). The largest, Newport News Park, is 8,065 acres (33 km²), the second-largest city park in the United States. Newport News Park, located in Newport News Virginia, is the largest Park in the system of municipal parks maintained by the Newport News Department of Parks The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The parks are scattered throughout the city, from Endview Plantation in the northern end of the city to King-Lincoln Park in the southern end near the Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel. Lee Hall is a former unincorporated town (or village long located in the former Warwick County. King-Lincoln Park is an 188 acre (76000 m² Park in Newport News Virginia. Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel (MMMBT is the 46 mile-long (7 The parks offer a variety of services to visitors, ranging from traditional park services like camping and fishing to activities like archery and disc golf. Definition Camping describes a range of activities Survivalist campers set off with little more than their boots whereas Recreational vehicle travelers arrive equipped For the computer security term see Phishing. Fishing is the activity of catching Fish. Archery is the practice of using a bow or Crossbow to shoot Arrows Archery has historically been used in Hunting and Combat and has Disc golf (also called Frisbee Golf is a disc game in which individual players throw a Flying disc into a basket or at a target 
Newport News Park is located in the northern part of the city of Newport News. The city's golf course also lies within the Park along with camping and outdoor activities. There are over 30 miles (50 km) of trails in the Newport News Park complex. The park has a 5. 3 mile (8. 5 km) multi-use bike path. The park offers bicycle and helmet rental, and requires helmet use by children under 14. Newport News Park also offers an archery range, disc golf course, and an "aeromodel flying field" for remote-controlled aircraft, complete with a 400 ft (120 m) runway. 
The city also supplies two public boat ramps for its citizens, Denbigh Park Boat Ramp and Hilton Pier/Ravine. The Denbigh Park Boat Ramp (also known simply as Denbigh Park) is a park located in the Denbigh area of Newport News Virginia. The Hilton Pier/Ravine (often simply Hilton Pier) is a park located in the Hilton Village historic district in Newport News Virginia. Denbigh Park allows access into the Warwick River, a tributary of the James River. The Warwick River is a short Tidal estuary which empties into the James River a few miles from Hampton Roads at the southern end of Chesapeake Bay The James River in the US state of Virginia is a long River, including its Jackson River source Denbigh Park also offers a small fishing pier. A pier is a raised Walkway over water supported by widely spread Piles or pillars. Hilton Pier offers a small beach at the location of the park in addition to a Ravine. Croaker and trout are the fish primarily caught during the summer months and the pier is accessible to visitors in wheelchairs. Sciaenidae is a family of Fish commonly called drums, croakers, or hardheads for the repetitive throbbing or drumming sounds Trout is the common name given to a number of Species of Freshwater Fish belonging to the Salmonidae family 
Newport News's daily newspaper is the Daily Press. Other papers include the Port Folio Weekly, the New Journal and Guide, and the Hampton Roads Business Journal. Port Folio Weekly is a free weekly Alternative newspaper serving the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. The New Journal and Guide is a regional weekly publication based out of Norfolk Virginia and serves the Hampton Roads area The Hampton Roads Business Journal is a regional publication serving Norfolk Virginia and the Hampton Roads area
Christopher Newport University publishes its own newspaper, The Captain's Log. Christopher Newport University, or CNU, is a liberal arts university located in Newport News Virginia.  Hampton Roads Magazine serves as a bi-monthly regional magazine for Newport News and the Hampton Roads area. Hampton Roads Magazine is a regional bi-monthly magazine that serves Norfolk Virginia and the Hampton Roads area Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA.  Newport News is served by a variety of radio stations on the AM and FM dials, with towers located around the Hampton Roads area. Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA. 
Newport News is also served by several television stations. The Hampton Roads designated market area (DMA) is the 42nd largest in the U. A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area, DMA or simply market is a region where the Population S. with 712,790 homes (0. 64% of the total U. S. ).  The major network television affiliates are WTKR-TV 3 (CBS), WAVY 10 (NBC), WVEC-TV 13 (ABC), WGNT 27 (CW), WTVZ 33 (MyNetworkTV), WVBT 43 (FOX), and WPXV 49 (ION Television). WTKR is the CBS affiliate serving the Hampton Roads area of Virginia, officially known as the Norfolk - Portsmouth - Newport News CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network. WAVY-TV is the NBC affiliate serving the Norfolk / Portsmouth / Newport News Virginia television market ( DMA) The National Broadcasting Company ( NBC) is an American Television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's WVEC-TV is the ABC affiliate for the Hampton Roads area of Virginia, which includes Norfolk, Portsmouth, Newport News, The American Broadcasting Company ( ABC) is an American Television network. WGNT, channel 27 is a CW Television Network -owned and operated station licensed to Portsmouth Virginia, and serving the Portsmouth- Norfolk - Virginia WTVZ-TV is the My Network TV affiliate serving the Norfolk - Portsmouth - Newport News Virginia (or Hampton Roads) television market MyNetworkTV (unofficially abbreviated MyNet or MNT) is a Television network in the United States, owned by the Fox Broadcasting Company WVBT, channel 43 is the Fox -affiliated Television station for the Hampton Roads area of southeast Virginia that is licensed WPXV is the ION Television affiliate for Hampton Roads, licensed to Norfolk Virginia. Ion Television is a broadcast television network first broadcast on August 31 1998 The Public Broadcasting Service station is WHRO-TV 15. The Public Broadcasting Service ( PBS) is a Non-profit Public broadcasting Television service with 354 member TV stations in the WHRO-TV channel 15 is the PBS member for Hampton Roads, Virginia (the Norfolk &ndash Portsmouth &ndash Newport News television Newport News residents also can receive independent stations, such as WSKY broadcasting on channel 4 from the Outer Banks of North Carolina and WGBS broadcasting on channel 7 from Hampton. WSKY-TV, which launched in October 2001 is a full-power/full market independent station serving the Norfolk - Portsmouth - Newport News VA television market WGBS-LP is a low-power Television station in Hampton Virginia, broadcasting locally on channel 7 and serving the Greater Hampton Roads area Hampton is an Independent city in Virginia, and therefore not part of any Virginia county
Newport News is an independent city with services that both counties and cities in Virginia provide, such as a sheriff, social services, and a court system. An independent city is a City that does not form part of another general-purpose Local government entity SHERIFF is a telecom fraud detection and management system originally developed by BT and MCI. Newport News operates under a council-manager form of government.
Newport News city government consists of a city council with representatives from three districts serving in a legislative and oversight capacity, as well as a popularly elected, at-large mayor. A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government The city manager serves as head of the executive branch and supervises all City departments and executing policies adopted by the Council. A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a City, in a council-manager form of city government In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. Citizens in each of the three wards elect two council representatives each to serve a four-year term. The city council meets at City Hall weekly and, as of May, 2008, consists of: Vice Mayor Charles C. Allen, Mayor Joe S. Frank, Madeline McMillan, Herbert H. Bateman, Jr. , Sharon P. Scott, William F. Haskins, Jr. , and Joseph C. Whitaker. William Haskins has not sought reelection for his term expiring June 30th, 2008. His successor, Patricia Woodbury, a current Newport News School Board member, was elected to replace him during the municipal election held May 6, 2008. The City Manager is Randy W. Hildebrandt. 
Newport News also has a federal courthouse for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia is one of two United States district courts serving the Commonwealth of Virginia. A new courthouse will be constructed in the future.  Additionally, Newport News has its own General District and Circuit Courts which convene downtown. 
Newport News is located in the Virginia's 1st congressional district, served by U. Virginia's first congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. S. Representative Rob Wittman and in the Virginia's 3rd congressional district, served by U. Robert J Wittman (born February 3, 1959) is currently the Republican representative of Virginia's 1st congressional district. Virginia's third congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. S. Representative Robert C. Scott. Robert Cortez "Bobby" Scott (born April 30, 1947) is a Democratic Politician from the Commonwealth of Virginia, currently
The main provider of primary and secondary education in the city is Newport News Public Schools. Newport News Public Schools (NNPS is the public education system for residents of Newport News Virginia. The school system includes many elementary schools, six middle schools, and the high schools, Heritage High School, Warwick High School, Menchville High School, Denbigh High School, and Woodside High School. Heritage High School, established in 1996 is a public school in Newport News Virginia Warwick High School is a High school in Newport News Virginia. Menchville High School is one of five high schools in Newport News, Virginia Denbigh High School may refer to Denbigh High School Luton in Luton Bedfordshire England which was the subject of a law suit over a student's Islamic dress Woodside High School may refer to Woodside High School (Newport News in Newport News Virginia Woodside High School (Woodside California All high schools and many middle schools are fully accredited. 
Several private schools are located in the area, including Denbigh Baptist Christian School, Hampton Roads Academy, Peninsula Catholic High School, and Warwick River Christian School. For the film of this title see Private School (film. Private schools, or Independent schools are Schools not administered 
The city contains Christopher Newport University, a public university. Christopher Newport University, or CNU, is a liberal arts university located in Newport News Virginia. Other nearby public universities include Old Dominion University, Norfolk State University and The College of William and Mary. Old Dominion University (ODU is a large public Research university located in historic Norfolk Virginia. Norfolk State University (NSU is a four-year state-supported coed liberal arts historically black university located in Norfolk, Virginia. The College of William and Mary (officially The College of William and Mary in Virginia, also known as William & Mary or W&M) is a Public university Hampton University, a private university, also sits a few miles from the City limits. Hampton University is a historically black university located in Hampton Virginia, United States. Thomas Nelson Community College serves as the community college. Thomas Nelson Community College (abbreviated form TNCC) is a two-year college located in southeastern Virginia. Located in neighboring Hampton and in nearby Williamsburg, Thomas Nelson offers college and career training programs. 
Newport News has an elaborate transportation network, including interstate and state highways, bridges and a bridge-tunnel, freight and passenger railroad service, local transit bus and intercity bus service, and a commercial airport. The Dwight D Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called the Interstate Highway System (or simply the Interstate System) State highway, state road or state route can refer to one of three related concepts two of them related to a State government in a country that is divided A bridge is a Structure built to span a Gorge, Valley, Road, railroad track, River, Body of water A transit bus (US (also known as a commuter bus, city bus, or public bus) is a Bus used for Public transport purposes An airport is a location where Aircraft such as airplanes, Helicopters and blimps take off and land There are miles of waterfront docks and port facilities.
Newport News is served by two airports. Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport, located in Newport News, and Norfolk International Airport, in Norfolk, both cater to passengers from Hampton Roads. Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport is an airport located 9 mi (14 km northwest of downtown Newport News Virginia, and serves the entire Hampton Roads Norfolk International Airport is a public Airport located three miles (5 km) northeast of the Central business district of Norfolk, a city The primary airport for the Virginia Peninsula is the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport. The Airport is experiencing a 4th year of record, double-digit growth, making it one of the fastest growing airports in the country. In January 2006, the airport reported having served 1,058,839 passengers.  Norfolk International Airport (IATA: ORF, ICAO: KORF, FAA LID: ORF), serves the region. Norfolk International Airport is a public Airport located three miles (5 km) northeast of the Central business district of Norfolk, a city An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many The ICAO (ˌaɪˌkeɪˈoʊ Airport code or location indicator is a four-letter Alphanumeric Code designating each airport around The Federal Aviation Administration ( FAA) is an agency of the United States Department of Transportation with authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of A location identifier is a symbolic representation for the name and the location of an Airport, navigation aid, or Weather station, and is used for manned The airport is located near Chesapeake Bay, along the city limits of Norfolk and Virginia Beach. Norfolk is an Independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States Virginia Beach (pronounced /vɚˌdʒɪnjəˈbiːtʃ/ is an Independent city located in the South Hampton Roads area and one of the largest cities in  Seven airlines provide nonstop services to twenty five destinations. ORF had 3,703,664 passengers take off or land at its facility and 68,778,934 pounds of cargo were processed through its facilities.  The Chesapeake Regional Airport provides general aviation services and is located on the other side of the Hampton Roads Harbor. Chesapeake Regional Airport is a double runway airport located near Chesapeake Virginia, serving the entire Hampton Roads area 
Amtrak serves the city with three trains a day. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Doing business as Amtrak, is a Government-owned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971 The line runs west along the Virginia Peninsula to Richmond and points beyond. The Virginia Peninsula is a Peninsula in southeast Virginia, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake This article is about the city of Richmond the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Connecting buses are available to Norfolk and Virginia Beach. A high speed rail connection at Richmond to both the Northeast Corridor and the Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor are also under study. The Northeast Corridor ( NEC) is the busiest passenger rail line in the United States by ridership and service frequency Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor ( SEHSR) is a passenger rail transportation project in the United States to extend high speed passenger rail services from 
Transportation within the city, as well as with other Seven Cities of Hampton Roads is served by a regional bus service, Hampton Roads Transit. Hampton Roads Transit (HRT formed in October 1999 by the merging of PENTRAN ( Peninsula Transportation District Commission) on the Virginia Peninsula and 
The Newport News Waterworks was begun as a project of Collis P. Huntington as part of the development of the lower peninsula with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, the coal piers on the harbor of Hampton Roads, and massive shipyard which were the major sources of industrial growth which helped found Newport News as a new independent city in 1896. Collis Potter Huntington ( April 16 or October 22 1821 – August 13 1900) was one of The Big Four of western railroading (along with The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from many smaller railroads begun in the 19th century A coal pier is a Transloading facility designed for the transfer of Coal between rail and ship Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the region of land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the USA. It included initially an impingement of the Warwick River in western Warwick County. The Warwick River is a short Tidal estuary which empties into the James River a few miles from Hampton Roads at the southern end of Chesapeake Bay Warwick County was a County in Virginia which was consolidated with the city of Newport News in 1958 Later expansions included more reservoirs, including one at Skiffe's Creek and another near Walker's Dam on the Chickahominy River. Skiffe's Creek is located in James City County and the Independent city of Newport News in the Virginia Peninsula area of the Hampton Roads For the tribe see Chickahominy (tribe. Chickahominy also known as "the Chick" is a River in the southeastern portion For the tribe see Chickahominy (tribe. Chickahominy also known as "the Chick" is a River in the southeastern portion
A regional water provider, in modern times it is owned and operated by the City of Newport News, and serves over 400,000 people in the cities of Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson, and portions of York County and James City County. 
The City provides wastewater services for residents and transports wastewater to the regional Hampton Roads Sanitation District treatment plants. 
Because of the prominence of the Portsmouth Naval Hospital and V. A. Hospital in Hampton, Newport News has had a strong role in medicine. Newport News is served by Riverside Medical Center and Bon Secours Mary Immaculate Hospital. 
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911 is a 29-volume reference work that marked the beginning of the Encyclopædia Britannica The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone