Newburyport's State Street in June 2005
Location in Essex County in Massachusetts
|- Type||Mayor-council city|
|- Mayor||John F. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties Essex County is a County located in the northeastern part of the U The Mayor-Council government system sometimes called the Mayor-Commission government system is one of two variations of Government used for the most part in modern A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Moak|
|- Total||10. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 6 sq mi (27. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 4 km²)|
|- Land||8. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 4 sq mi (21. 7 km²)|
|- Water||2. 2 sq mi (5. 7 km²)|
|Elevation||37 ft (11 m)|
|- Density||2,050. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 3/sq mi (791. 6/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||351 / 978|
|GNIS feature ID||0614293|
Newburyport is a small coastal city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, 38 miles (61 km) northeast of Boston. The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during Daylight saving time ( DST The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−4 is the Time offset used in the Atlantic Standard Time Zone in Canada in winter and the North American Eastern Time Zone during A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks Area code 351 are Commonwealth of Massachusetts Area codes serving the communities of Fitchburg and Peabody as well as northeastern Area code 978 is a Commonwealth of Massachusetts Area code serving the communities of Haverhill, Lawrence, Lowell, Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout Essex County is a County located in the northeastern part of the U The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The population was 17,189 at the 2000 census. A historic seaport with a vibrant tourism industry, Newburyport includes part of Plum Island. ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo Plum Island Massachusetts is an island located off the northeast Coast of Massachusetts, North of Cape Ann. The mooring, winter storage and maintenance of recreational boats, motor and sail, still contribute a large part of the city's income. A coast guard station keeps a watchful eye on boating activity, especially in the swift tidal currents of the Merrimack River. The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an earlier spelling that is sometimes still used is a -long river in the northeastern United States.
At the edge of Newbury Marshes delineating Newburyport to the south an industrial park provides a wide range of jobs. Newburyport is on a major north-south highway, Interstate 95. The outer circumferential highway of Boston, Interstate 495, passes nearby in Amesbury. The Town of Amesbury is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. A colonial road, the Newburyport Turnpike (U. S. Route 1), still traverses Newburyport on its way north. The commuter rail line to Boston ends in a new station at Newburyport. The earlier Boston and Maine Railroad leading further north was discontinued.
Newburyport was first settled in 1635 as part of "Newberry Plantation," now Newbury. Newbury is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. On January 28, 1764, the General Court of Massachusetts passed "An act for erecting part of the town of Newbury into a new town by the name of Newburyport. The Massachusetts General Court (formally styled The General Court of Massachusetts) is the state legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts " The act begins:
Whereas the town of Newbury is very large, and the inhabitants of that part of it who dwell by the water-side there, as it is commonly called, are mostly merchants, traders and artificers, and the inhabitants of the other parts of the town are chiefly husbandmen; by means whereof many difficulties and disputes have arisen in managing their public affairs - Be it enacted . . . That that part of the said town of Newbury . . . be and hereby are constituted and made a separate and distinct town . . . .
The act was approved by governor Francis Bernard on February 4, 1764. Sir Francis Bernard 1st Baronet ( 1712 - 16 June 1779) was a British colonial administrator who served as Governor in New Jersey Year 1764 ( MDCCLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The new town was the smallest in Massachusetts, covering an area of 647 acres, and had a population of 2800 living in 357 homes. There were three shipyards, no bridges, and several ferries, one of which at the foot of Fish Street, now State Street, carried the Portsmouth Flying Stage Coach, running between Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and Boston, Massachusetts. 
The town prospered and became a city in 1851. 1851 ( MDCCCLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year Situated near the mouth of the Merrimack River, it was once a fishing, shipbuilding and shipping center, with an industry in silverware manufacture. The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an earlier spelling that is sometimes still used is a -long river in the northeastern United States. For the computer security term see Phishing. Fishing is the activity of catching Fish. See also Shipbuilding (song. Shipbuilding is the construction of Ships It normally takes place in a specialized facility known as a Shipping is physical process of Transporting goods and Cargo. The captains of old Newburyport (as elsewhere in Massachusetts) had participated vigorously in the triangular trade, importing West Indian molasses and exporting rum made from it. Triangular trade is a historical term indicating Trade between three ports or regions Rum is a Distilled beverage made from Sugarcane by-products such as Molasses and sugarcane Juice by a process of fermentation The distilleries were located around Market Square near the waterfront. Caldwell's Old Newburyport rum was manufactured locally until well into the 19th century.
Although the purchase of slaves in Massachusetts was illegal, ownership of slaves purchased elsewhere was not; consequently the fine homes on High Street were staffed by African and native American slaves until the newly independent General Court of Massachusetts abolished slavery altogether in the Revolutionary War.
Newburyport had never been comfortable with slavery. It had been a frequent topic of pulpit rhetoric. After the Revolutionary War abolitionism took a firm hold. Abolitionism was a political movement of the 18th and 19th century which sought to make Slavery illegal particularly in the United States and British West Indies Several citizens are recognized by the National Park Service for their contributions to the Underground Railroad. The National Park Service ( NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation The Underground Railroad was an informal network of secret routes and Safe houses used by 19th century Black slaves in the United States The abolitionist movement reached a peak with the activities of William Lloyd Garrison, who was born in Newburyport and raised in its anti-slavery climate. William Lloyd Garrison ( December 12 1805 – May 24 1879) was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer His statue stands in Brown square, which was the scene of abolitionist meetings.
Newburyport once had a fishing fleet that operated from Georges Bank to the mouth of the Merrimack River. Georges Bank is a large elevated area of the sea floor which separates the Gulf of Maine from the Atlantic Ocean and is situated between Cape Cod, It was a center for privateering during the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. A privateer was a private Warship authorized by a country's Government by Letters of marque to attack foreign shipping Beginning about 1832 it added numerous ships to the whaling fleet. Later clipper ships were built there. A clipper was a very fast Sailing ship of the 19th century that had multiple masts and a Square rig. Today, the city gives little hint of its former maritime importance. Notably missing are the docks, which are shown on earlier maps extending into the channel of the Merrimack River, and the shipyards, where the waterfront parking lot is currently located.
The city's historical highlights include:
Historic Houses & Museums:
Despite its former prosperity, in the 1950's and 1960's Newburyport's center fell into disrepair because of several factors, most notably strip malls taking away from local business and increased use of the automobile. William Lloyd Warner (b October 26 1898, Redlands California; d The problem was general over eastern Massachusetts. At this time construction of major highways brought larger cites such as Lawrence and Lowell into shopping range. Consequently, Newburyport by 1970 was scheduled to be razed prior to reconstruction with Federal money. Ideas to rebuild the city's downtown were numerous, ranging from hotels and new stores to, ironically, a strip mall, with few buildings left for historical reasons. At the last moment, however, the city changed its mind and signed a federal grant that allowed it to keep most of its historic architecture.
State Street in c. 1906. Year 1906 ( MCMVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Except for the trolley, the store fronts, and the pavement, the street has not changed.
Dexter House in c. 1908
Frog Pond in c. Year 1908 ( MCMVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year 1905. Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting High Street is visible in the background. The building in the center is the old court house.
Joppa Landing in c. 1906. The boats are fishing dories. For the fishes known as dories see Dory (fish. For the Greek Spear see Doru. The houses remain but the landing and the boats are gone and the street has been improved.
Newburyport is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 6 square miles (27. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 4 km²), of which, 8. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 4 square miles (21. 7 km²) of it is land and 2. 2 square miles (5. 7 km²) of it (20. 77%) is water.(42. 812391, -70. 877440).
Newburyport was laid out on the elevated right bank of the Merrimack River between the river and Newbury marshes. The Merrimack River (or Merrimac River, an earlier spelling that is sometimes still used is a -long river in the northeastern United States. Newbury is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The shipyards, now boatyards (and still vigorously active), extended along the bank at the edge of the river. They were connected by Merrimack Street, which ends upriver where the bank merges into bluffs covered with pine forest.
Colonial residences extend up the bank from Merrimac Street to High Street (which is high) running parallel to it near the top of the ridge. The homes of the seafaring entrepreneurs line High Street. Many feature "widow's walks", structures on the roof where the residents could look for the return of sailing vessels. A widow's walk (or roofwalk) is a railed Rooftop platform typically on a Coastal House, originally designed to observe vessels Nearly every home maintains a splendid flower garden, most dating to colonial times. Various cross streets, such as State Street, Green Street and Market Street, connect Merrimac Street and High Street.
The top of the ridge proved an ideal location for later institutions, such as Newburyport High School and nearby Anna Jaques Hospital. The ridge drops more sharply to the marsh on the other side. Along its margin a third parallel street developed, Low Street (which is low).
The river bank gradually descends to marshes at Joppa Flats beyond downtown Newburyport. The Plum Island Turnpike was pushed out over the marsh on a causeway to a narrow part of the Plum Island River just to the south of where it connects to the mouth of the Merrimack. A drawbridge was built there, the only access to the island by road. On the Newburyport side a small airport, Plum Island Airfield, was built at the edge of the marsh.
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,189 people, 7,519 households, and 4,428 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 2,050. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 3 people per square mile (792. 0/km²). There were 7,897 housing units at an average density of 942. 0/sq mi (363. 8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98. 11% White, 0. 42% African American, 0. 12% Native American, 0. 61% Asian, 0. 01% Pacific Islander, 0. 16% from other races, and 0. 56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 88% of the population. The top 5 ethnic groups are . Irish - 25% · English - 16% · Italian - 11% · French (except Basque) - 7% · German - 6%
There were 7,519 households out of which 25. 9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47. 7% were married couples living together, 8. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41. 1% were non-families. 33. 1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 24 and the average family size was 2. 90.
In the city the population was spread out with 20. 7% under the age of 18, 4. 4% from 18 to 24, 32. 7% from 25 to 44, 28. 2% from 45 to 64, and 14. 0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 86. 7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82. 9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $58,557, and the median income for a family was $73,306. Males had a median income of $51,831 versus $37,853 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,187. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About . 8% of families and . 2% of the population were below the poverty line, including . The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 3% of those under age 18 and . 9% of those age 65 or over.
Since its founding as a city in 1851, Newburyport has been run by a mayor with a two-year term and an eleven member City Council. During the middle twentieth century Newburyport enjoyed a typical "small community" approach, conducted, most notably, by city mayor and activist Ed Molin, who died in 2005. The current mayor of Newburyport is John Moak, and the next election year for mayor is 2009.
Newburyport currently has two major newspapers in circulation:
There also exists an alternative, politically focused journal called "The Undertoad", which was run by editor Tom Ryan until 2007 when it was sold to Salisbury resident Steve Nichols.
According to the Sixty-Fifth Edition of The Clipper's Compass: A Student Handbook for 2005-2006, Newburyport High School was the result of the union in 1868 of the Latin and English High School (1831), later called the Brown High School (1851), the Putnam Free School (1848) and the Female High School (1843). After the union it was the Consolidated High and Putnam School, to become Newburyport High School in 1889.
The current building, designed by Edwin S. Dodge, occupies the previous Mount Rural on High Street. The school has been renovated a number of times. Today it is a fine-looking building with a grand entrance overlooking lawns sweeping down to High Street. The hill continues to descend to the river. The slope supports a residential area of colonial and nineteenth century buildings in good repair.
The school colors are crimson and old gold; the emblem is a clipper ship. There is a song, and a flag. The school has a student government and athletic programs.
Concerning accreditation the handbook says: "Newburyport High School is an accredited member of the New England Association of Schools and Colleges and has met the evaluation requirements of the Commission on Public Secondary Schools. "
The current site of Newburyport High School was purchased from Harvard University early in the 20th century. Newburyport High School is one of the oldest public high schools in the United States. following are the oldest public high schools in the United States which are still in operation
The George W. Brown School is Pre-K and Kindergarten.
The Francis T. Bresnahan is grades 1-3.
The Edward G. Molin Upper Elementary School is grades 4 and 5.
The River Valley Charter School is grades Kindergarten to 8.
The Rupert A. Nock Middle School is grades 6 to 8.
The Newburyport High School is grades 9 to 12.
The Immaculate Conception Catholic school is grades kindergarten to 8.
"Yankee Homecoming" is the annual festival celebrating the natives coming home to Newburyport. The event was initiated in 1957 by native Newburyporter George Cashman, who sought to stimulate the economy and lift the spirit of the citizens.
It lasts only a week. The first Sunday of the festival, known as "Olde Fashioned Sunday," is celebrated at the Bartlet Mall in Newburyport, and features many activities, including an art show, an appearance by the city's oldest fire engine, the "Neptune," and the participation of many local businesses. A fire apparatus, fire engine, fire truck, or fire appliance is a vehicle designed to assist in fighting Fires by transporting Firefighters There is also an antique car parade. Each Yankee Homecoming features a grand marshal and numerous street vendors.
The festival includes eight days and over 200 events. There are concerts every night at Market Landing Park. Other popular events include the Newburyport Lions' 10-mile and 5-kilometer road races, which run through the city's downtown streets and neighborhoods. There is also an amazing 45-minute fireworks show, and, most notably of all, the famous Yankee Homecoming parade on the last Sunday of the festival. A firework is classified as a low explosive pyrotechnic device used primarily for aesthetic and entertainment purposes
Newburyport's "Yankee Homecoming" is the 2nd oldest homecoming festival in the United States. Many charities raise their funds during this time. The Yankee Homecoming Festival celebrates it's 51st year in Newburyport this year.
Held Friday evenings in Waterfront Park in downtown Newburyport, these free concerts are intended for all ages. The concerts are presented by the Newburyport Chamber of Commerce and the Waterfront Trust and are sponsored by a local insurance agency, Arthur S Page Insurance. Concert dates for 2008 are Fridays, July 18 and 25 and August 8 and 15 from 6-7:30 pm.
Held during the last weekend of April, The Newburyport Literary Festival was started in 2006 as a new effort by the city to increase interest in reading and literary arts. Many local authors are invited to sign and chat about their book, and schoolchildren create projects to show to an author that visits their school. Among the authors that regularly visit are Andre Dubus III and Tess Gerritsen. Andre Dubus III (b 1959 in Oceanside, California) is an American writer best known as the author of the novel House of Sand and Fog Dr Tess Gerritsen (born June 1953 is an international and New York Times -bestselling thriller writer published in over thirty countries
High Street is a remarkable street of fine old Federal-style houses, linking the Atkinson Common (1893-1894) with the Bartlett Mall, site of the Charles Bulfinch-designed Essex County Superior Courthouse (1805). Year 1908 ( MCMVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Year 1893 ( MDCCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1894 ( MDCCCXCIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Charles Bulfinch ( August 8 1763 – April 15 1844) was an early American Architect, and has been regarded by many Year 1805 ( MDCCCV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or Laid out in 1801, the Bartlett Mall was redesigned in the 1880s by noted Boston landscape architect Charles Eliot, with later improvements by Arthur Shurcliff. Year 1801 ( MDCCCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Tuesday Events and Trends Technology Development and commercial production of Electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered Charles Eliot ( November 1, 1859 &ndash March 25, 1897) was a leading American Landscape architect, whose career was cut Arthur Asahel Shurcliff (1865 - 1957 was a noted American Landscape architect.
First Presbyterian Church, Newburyport dates from 1756. The clock tower bell was cast by Paul Revere. Paul Revere (bap December 22, 1734 ( OS) / January 1 1735 (NS &ndash May 10, 1818) was an American Silversmith One of the most famous individuals in 18th century America, evangelist George Whitefield, before dying in Newburyport in 1770, asked that his remains be buried under the pulpit of the "Old South" church and they are there to this day. Early life He was born at the Bell Inn Southgate Street Gloucester, England.
Some other points of interest are: the city's historic waterfront, Atwood Park located in the south end of Newburyport, Market Square & Inn Street, Cashman Park and Brown Square, graced with a statue to "Garrison the Liberator", before the City Hall. The recently restored City Hall itself is a fine old building featuring in the first floor corridor a portrait gallery of some of those who have fallen in service of their country. Others are listed on the central monument in Atkinson Common.