|New Zealand Labour Party|
Rōpū Reipa o Aotearoa
|Number of MPs in the House of Representatives||50|
|Headquarters||Fraser House, Willis Street|
|Political Ideology||Democratic Socialism,|
|International Affiliation||Socialist International|
|See also:||Politics & Government|
The New Zealand Labour Party is a New Zealand political party. Helen Elizabeth Clark (born 26 February 1950 is the 37th and current Prime Minister of New Zealand. Mike Williams is the current and longest serving President of the New Zealand Labour Party. for the Australian ornithologist see John Michael Cullen Michael John Cullen (born 5 February 1945, London) is a Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Wellington (ˈwælɪŋtən is the Capital of New Zealand, the country's second largest urban area, the Democratic socialism is a description used by various socialist movements tendencies and organizations to emphasize the democratic character of their political orientation Social democracy is a Political ideology of the left and centre-left Social liberalism, also called new liberalism (as it was originally termed high liberalism radical liberalism, modern liberalism, or Progressivism is a term that refers to a broad school of international social and political philosophies. Socialist International is a worldwide organization of socialist ( social democratic and labour) political parties The politics of New Zealand takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic Monarchy. TalkCommonewalth realm.--> New Zealand The Governor-General of New Zealand (Te Kawana Tianara o Aotearoa is the representative of the Sovereign in right of New Zealand (currently Queen The New Zealand House of Representatives is the Legislature of New Zealand. In New Zealand the Speaker of the House of Representatives is the individual who chairs the country's legislative body the New Zealand House of Representatives New Zealand national politics feature a pervasive Party system. The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealand's Head of government consequent on being the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in The New Zealand Cabinet functions as the policy and decision-making body of the Executive branch within the New Zealand government system Members of New Zealand 's House of Representatives, commonly called " Parliament " normally gain their parliamentary seats through nationwide general Māori politics is the Politics of the Māori people who were the original inhabitants of New Zealand and who are now the country's largest minority The foreign relations of New Zealand are oriented chiefly toward developed democratic nations and emerging Pacific economies New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island It describes itself as centre-left  and socially liberal , and Progressive, and has been one of the two primary parties of New Zealand politics since 1935. The centre-left (or center-left) is a political term commonly used to describe or denote individuals political parties or organizations (such as Think Progressivism is a term that refers to a broad school of international social and political philosophies. Year 1935 ( MCMXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
It is currently the dominant party in the country's ruling coalition, holding 50 of the 121 seats in the New Zealand Parliament. The Parliament of New Zealand consists of the Queen of New Zealand and the New Zealand House of Representatives and until 1951 the New Zealand Legislative Council Labour candidates also stand in many territorial local authorities and councils across New Zealand.
Its current leader is Helen Clark, the Prime Minister of New Zealand. Helen Elizabeth Clark (born 26 February 1950 is the 37th and current Prime Minister of New Zealand. The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealand's Head of government consequent on being the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in Its deputy leader is Michael Cullen. for the Australian ornithologist see John Michael Cullen Michael John Cullen (born 5 February 1945, London) is a
The Labour Party was established in 1916, bringing together socialist groups advocating proportional representation and "the Recall" of Members of Parliament, as well as the nationalisation of production and of exchange. Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation or PR is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. Trade is the willing exchange of goods, services, or both Trade is also called Commerce. Its origins lie in the British working-class movement, heavily influenced by Australian radicalism and events such as the Waihi miners' strike. Working class is a term used in academic Sociology and in ordinary conversation to describe depending on context and speaker those employed in specific fields or types The Waihi miners' strike was a major Strike action in 1912 by Gold miners in the New Zealand town of Waihi. It is the oldest political party in New Zealand.
The Labour Party was an amalgamation of a number of early groups, the oldest of which was founded in 1901. Year 1901 ( MCMI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The process of unifying these diverse groups into a single party was difficult, with tensions between different factions running strong.
At the turn of the century, the radical side of New Zealand working class politics was represented by the Socialist Party, founded in 1901. The New Zealand Socialist Party was founded in 1901 promoting the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Year 1901 ( MCMI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The more moderate leftists were generally supporters of the Liberal Party. This article is about the original New Zealand Liberal Party At least three subsequent organisations unconnected to the original have used the same name the Liberal Party In 1905, a group of working class politicians who were dissatisfied with the Liberal approach established the Independent Political Labour League, which managed to win a seat in Parliament. Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The Independent Political Labour League (IPLL was a small New Zealand political party This established the basic dividing line in New Zealand's left-wing politics — the Socialists tended to be revolutionary and militant, while the moderates focused instead on progressive reform.
In 1910, the Independent Political Labour League was relaunched as an organisation called the Labour Party, distinct from the modern party. Year 1910 ( MCMX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The original New Zealand Labour Party (as distinct from the modern Labour Party) was a short-lived left-wing political party in New Zealand Soon, however, the leaders of the new organisation decided additional effort was needed to promote left-wing cooperation, and organised a "Unity Conference". The Socialists refused to attend, but several independent labour activists agreed. The United Labour Party was born. The United Labour Party of New Zealand was an early left-wing Political party.
Soon afterwards, the labour movement was hit by the Waihi miners' strike, a major industrial disturbance prompted by radicals in the union movement. The Waihi miners' strike was a major Strike action in 1912 by Gold miners in the New Zealand town of Waihi. The movement was split between supporting and opposing the radicals, and in the end, the conservative government of William Massey suppressed the strike by force. William Ferguson Massey (often known simply as Bill Massey or " Farmer Bill " served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1912 In the strike's aftermath, there was a major drive to end the divisions in the movement and establish a united front — another Unity Conference was called, and this time the Socialists attended. The resulting group was named the Social Democratic Party. The Social Democratic Party of New Zealand was an early Left-wing political party
Not all members of the United Labour Party accepted the new organisation, however, and some continued on under their own banner. Gradually, however, the differences between the Social Democrats and the ULP Remnant broke down, and in 1916, yet another gathering was held. Year 1916 ( MCMXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year This time, all major factions of the labour movement agreed to unite, establishing the modern Labour Party.
Almost immediately, the new Labour Party became involved in the acrimonious debate about conscription, which arose during World War I — the Labour Party strongly opposed conscription, and a number of its leaders were jailed for their stand against it. Conscription (also known as the draft, the call-up or national service) is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All This loss of leadership threatened to seriously destabilise the party, but in the end, the party survived.
In its first real electoral test as a united party, the 1919 election, Labour won eight seats. The New Zealand general election of 1919 was held December 17 to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 20th session of the New Zealand Parliament. This compared with 47 for the governing Reform Party and 21 for the Liberal Party. The Reform Party was New Zealand 's second major Political party, having been founded as a conservative response to the original Liberal Party This article is about the original New Zealand Liberal Party At least three subsequent organisations unconnected to the original have used the same name the Liberal Party
Although Labour had split with its more militant faction, (who went on to form various socialist parties) it maintained what were at the time radical socialist policies. Labour's 'Usehold' policy on land was in essence the replacement of freehold tenure by a system of perpetual lease from the State, with all land transfer conducted through the State(the full nationalisation of farmland). This policy was unpopular with voters and was dropped by Labour, along with other more radical policies, throughout the 1920s.
In the 1922 election, Labour more than doubled its number of seats, winning seventeen. The New Zealand general election of 1922 was held on December 7 to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 21st session of the New Zealand Parliament. In the 1925 election, it declined somewhat, but had the consolation of soon overtaking the Liberals as the second largest party. The New Zealand general election of 1925 was held November 4 to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 22nd session of the New Zealand Parliament. Harry Holland became the official Leader of the Opposition on 16 June 1926, after the Eden by-election on 15 April elected Rex Mason (Labour) to replace Christopher Parr (Reform) who had resigned. The Leader of the Opposition in New Zealand is the politician who at least in theory commands the support of the non-government bloc of members in the New Zealand The Eden by-election of 1926 was a By-election during the 22nd New Zealand Parliament. Henry Greathead Rex Mason ( 3 June 1885 - 2 April 1975) was a New Zealand politician Christopher James Parr, later known as Sir James Parr (1869-1941 was a New Zealand Politician of the Reform Party, and was Mayor of Auckland After the 1928 election, however, the party was left in an advantageous position — the Reform Party and the new United Party (a revival of the Liberals) were tied on 27 seats each, and neither could govern without Labour support. The New Zealand general election of 1928 was held on November 14 to elect 80 MPs to the 23rd session of the New Zealand Parliament. This article discusses the party which originated in 1927 from a faction of the Liberal Party Labour chose to back United, the party closest to its own views — this put an end to five terms of Reform Party government.
The rigours of the Great Depression brought Labour considerable popularity, but also caused tension between Labour and the United Party. In 1931, United passed a number of economic measures which Labour deemed hostile to workers, and the agreement between the two parties collapsed. Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. United then formed a coalition government with Reform, making Labour the Opposition. The coalition retained power in the 1931 election, but gradually, the public became highly dissatisfied with its failure to resolve the country's economic problems. The 1931 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament 's 24th term. In the 1935 election, the Labour Party won a massive victory, gaining 53 seats to the coalition's 19. The 1935 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament 's 25th term.
Several of the early Labour Party stalwarts were Australian-born: Harry Holland, Michael Joseph Savage, Bob Semple, Paddy Webb, and later Clarence Skinner, Mabel Howard and Hugh Watt. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. For the Reform Party politician and Mayor of Christchurch see Henry Holland Henry Edmund (Harry Holland ( 10 The New Zealand politician Michael Joseph Savage ( March 23, 1872 – March 27, 1940) became the first Labour Robert Semple (commonly known as Bob Semple, 21 October 1873 - 31 January 1955) was a union leader and later Minister of Public Works Patrick Charles (Paddy Webb 30 November 1884 &ndash 23 May 1950) was a New Zealand trade unionist and politician Clarence Skinner may refer to Clarence Skinner (politician - New Zealand Politician Clarence Skinner (minister - Universalist Minister Mabel Mabel Bowden Howard (18 April 1894 &ndash 23 June 1972 was a well known New Zealand Trade unionist and Politician. Hugh Watt (1912 – 1980 was a Labour member of Parliament and Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1972 - 1974
Michael Joseph Savage, leader of the Labour Party, became Prime Minister on 6 December 1935, marking the beginning of Labour's first term in office. The First Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1935 to 1949 The New Zealand politician Michael Joseph Savage ( March 23, 1872 – March 27, 1940) became the first Labour The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealand's Head of government consequent on being the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in Events 1060 - Béla I of Hungary is crowned king of Hungary 1240 - Mongol invasion of Rus: Kiev Year 1935 ( MCMXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The new government quickly set about implementing a number of significant reforms, including a reorganisation of the social welfare system and the creation of the state housing scheme. "Social welfare" redirects here For other uses see Welfare A social welfare provision refers to any program which seeks to provide State housing is the system of Public housing offered to citizens in New Zealand unable to afford private rents State housing was introduced by the Labour also pursued an alliance with the Māori Ratana movement. This article discusses the Māori people of New Zealand For their language see Māori language, and for other meanings see Māori (disambiguation. The Ratana movement is a Māori Religion and pan- tribal Political movement founded by Tahupotiki Wiremu Ratana in early 20th century Savage himself was highly popular with the working classes, and his portrait could be found on the walls of many houses around the country.
The opposition, meanwhile, attacked the Labour Party's more left-wing policies, and accused it of undermining free enterprise and hard work. The year after Labour's first win, the Reform Party and the United Party took their coalition to the next step, agreeing to merge with each other. The combined organisation was named the National Party, and would be Labour's main rival in future years. The New Zealand National Party ("National" or "the Nats" currently forms the second-largest (in terms of parliamentary seats Political party
Labour also faced opposition from within its ranks. While the Labour Party had been explicitly socialist at its inception, it had been gradually drifting away from its earlier radicalism. The death of the party's first leader, the "doctrinaire" Harry Holland, had marked a significant turning point in the party's history. For the Reform Party politician and Mayor of Christchurch see Henry Holland Henry Edmund (Harry Holland ( 10 Some within the party, however, were displeased about the changing focus of the party, most notably John A. Lee. John Alfred Alexander Lee DCM ( 31 October 1891 - 13 June 1982) was a New Zealand politician and writer Lee, whose views were a mixture of socialism and social credit theory, emerged as a vocal critic of the party's leadership, accusing it of behaving autocratically and of betraying the party's rank and file. Social Credit is a socio-economic Philosophy wherein Consumers fully provided with adequate Purchasing power, establish the policy of production After a long and bitter dispute, Lee was expelled from the party, establishing the breakaway Democratic Labour Party. The Democratic Labour Party was a political party in New Zealand.
Savage died in 1940, and was replaced by Peter Fraser, who became Labour's longest-serving Prime Minister. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Peter Fraser (1884 - 1950 served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from 27 March 1940 until 13 December 1949. Fraser is best-known as New Zealand's leader for most of World War II. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including In the post-war period, however, ongoing shortages and industrial problems cost Labour considerable popularity, and the National Party, under Sidney Holland, gained ground. Sir Sidney George Holland, GCMG, CH, ( October 18 1893 - August 5 1961) was Prime Minister of New Zealand Finally, in the 1949 elections, Labour was defeated. The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament 's 29th term.
Fraser died shortly afterwards, and was replaced by Walter Nash, the long-serving Minister of Finance. Sir Walter Nash, GCMG, CH ( 12 February 1882 &ndash 4 June 1968) served as Prime Minister of the Second The Minister of Finance is a senior figure within the Government of New Zealand. It was to be some time before Labour would return to power, however — Nash lacked the charisma of his predecessors, and National won considerable support for opposing the "industrial anarchy" of the 1951 waterfront dispute. The 1951 New Zealand waterfront dispute is the largest and most widespread industrial dispute in New Zealand history In the 1957 election, however, Labour won the narrowest of victories, and returned to office. The 1957 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament 's 32nd term.
Nash, Labour's third prime minister, took office in late 1957. The Second Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1957 to 1960 Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Upon coming to power, Labour decided that drastic measures were needed to address balance of payments concerns. In Economics, the balance of payments, (or BOP) measures the Payments that flow between any individual Country and all other countries This resulted in the (in)famous "Black Budget" of Arnold Nordmeyer, the new Minister of Finance. In New Zealand, the term Black Budget refers to the Government budget of 26 June 1958 in which Finance Minister Arnold Nordmeyer Sir Arnold Henry Nordmeyer ONZ KCMG, (1901&ndash1989 born Heinrich Arnold Nordmeyer, was a New Zealand politician The budget raised taxes, particularly on alcohol and cigarettes, and was highly unpopular. It is widely thought to have doomed the party to defeat. In the 1960 election, the National Party was indeed victorious. The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament 's 33rd term.
The elderly Nash retired in 1963, suffering from ill health. Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He was replaced by Nordmeyer, but the taint of the "Black Budget" ensured that Nordmeyer did not have any appreciable success in reversing the party's fortunes. In 1965, the leadership was assumed by the younger Norman Kirk, who many believed would revitalise the party. Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. Norman Eric Kirk ( 6 January 1923 &ndash 31 August 1974) was Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1972 until his sudden death in Labour was defeated again in the next two elections, but in the 1972 election, the party gained a significant victory. The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament.
Kirk proved to be an energetic Prime Minister, and introduced a number of new policies. The Third Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1972 to 1975 Particularly noteworthy were his foreign policy stances, which included strong criticism of nuclear weapons testing and of South Africa's apartheid system. A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from Nuclear reactions either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa Kirk's health was poor, however, and was worsened by his refusal to slow the pace of his work. In 1974, Kirk was taken ill and died. Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. He was replaced by Bill Rowling, who did not have the same charismatic appeal — in the 1975 election, Labour was defeated by National, which was led by Robert Muldoon. Sir Wallace Edward Rowling KCMG, ( 15 November 1927 - 31 October 1995) often known as Bill Rowling, was a Prime The 1975 New Zealand general election was held to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament. Sir Robert David ("Rob" Muldoon, GCMG, CH ( 25 September 1921 &ndash 5 August 1992) served as Prime Minister
Rowling remained leader of the Labour Party for some time after his defeat. In the 1978 election and the 1981 election, Labour won a larger share of the vote than National, but failed to win an equivalent number of seats. The 1978 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to elect the 39th New Zealand Parliament. The 1981 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament. Rowling himself was compared unfavourably to Muldoon, and did not cope well with Muldoon's aggressive style. Rowling was eventually replaced by David Lange, who was seen as more able to counter Muldoon's attacks. David Russell Lange, ONZ, CH (who pronounced his name ˈlɒŋi long-ee) (4 August 1942 – 13 August 2005 served as Prime Minister of New Zealand In the 1984 election, Labour was victorious. The 1984 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 41st New Zealand Parliament.
When the fourth Labour government came into power led by David Lange they uncovered a fiscal crisis that had been largely hidden by the outgoing National government. The Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 26 July 1984 to 2 November 1990 David Russell Lange, ONZ, CH (who pronounced his name ˈlɒŋi long-ee) (4 August 1942 – 13 August 2005 served as Prime Minister of New Zealand The Third National Government of New Zealand (often also known as the Muldoon government) was the government of New Zealand from 1975 to 1984 Government debt was skyrocketing, due largely to the costs of borrowing to maintain a fixed exchange rate. When the result of the election became clear Lange asked Muldoon to devalue the dollar, which he refused to do, resulting in a constitutional crisis and precipitating some of the changes in the Constitution Act 1986. The Constitution Act 1986 is the principal formal statement of New Zealand's Constitution.
Throughout the first term of the fourth Labour government, the cabinet remained largely unified and a number of radical financial reforms were embarked upon to improve the ailing economic and fiscal situation. In 1987 Labour won a first-past-the-post election for the last time (the mixed member proportional system was introduced in 1996). Mixed member proportional representation, also termed mixed-member proportional voting and commonly abbreviated to MMP, is an ' additional member ' It wasn't until this second term, which increased Labour's majority and was won mostly on the back of its anti-nuclear stance, that considerable divisions over economic policy began to arise within the cabinet. The Minister of Finance, Roger Douglas, was a supporter of free market theories, and sought to implement sweeping reforms ("Rogernomics") to the economy and tax system. Sir Roger Owen Douglas (born 5 December 1937) a New Zealand politician formerly served as a senior Cabinet minister A free market is a Market in which property rights are voluntarily exchanged at a price arranged completely by the mutual consent of sellers and buyers The term Rogernomics, a Portmanteau of "Roger" and "economics" was created by analogy with Reaganomics to describe the economic policies Others within the party, however, saw this as a betrayal of the party's left-wing roots. The party was also criticised by the Council of Trade Unions. The New Zealand Council of Trade Unions (NZCTU is a National trade union center in New Zealand.
Opposition to Douglas's reforms remained strong — eventually, a Labour MP, Jim Anderton, left to establish the NewLabour Party, eventually forming the basis of the left-wing Alliance. James Patrick Anderton, usually known as Jim Anderton (born 21 January 1938) is leader of the Progressive Party, a Political party NewLabour Party logo NewLabour was the name chosen by Jim Anderton, The Alliance, in New Zealand politics, is a Left-wing political party At the same time, Douglas was pressing onwards, proposing a flat tax rate. A flat tax (short for flat rate tax is a Tax system with a constant tax rate Finally, David Lange forced Douglas to resign, and shortly afterwards resigned himself.
Lange was replaced by Geoffrey Palmer. Sir Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer, KCMG, AC (born 21 April 1942) served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from August Palmer, however, was unable to counter widespread discontent among Labour's traditional supporters, and a few months before the 1990 election, Palmer was replaced by Mike Moore. The 1990 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament 's 43rd term. Michael Kenneth Moore ONZ (known as Mike Moore, born 28 January 1949) is a Politician from New Zealand who has served both The Labour Party suffered its worst defeat since it first took office in 1935.
Moore was eventually replaced by Helen Clark, who led the party in opposition to the National Party government of Jim Bolger. Helen Elizabeth Clark (born 26 February 1950 is the 37th and current Prime Minister of New Zealand. Rt Hon James Brendan "Jim" Bolger, ONZ (born 31 May 1935) was Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1990 to 1997 During the period in opposition, the party made a measured repudiation of Rogernomics, although has never returned to the strong left-wing stance it originally took (it defines itself today as "centre-left" rather than simply "left"). When the 1996 election, the first conducted under the MMP electoral system, gave the balance of power to the centrist New Zealand First party, many believed that Labour would return to power, but in the end New Zealand First allied itself with National. The 1996 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament. Mixed member proportional representation, also termed mixed-member proportional voting and commonly abbreviated to MMP, is an ' additional member ' New Zealand First is a Political party in New Zealand. It has had members in the New Zealand House of Representatives since 1993 This coalition was unstable, however, and eventually collapsed, leaving National to govern as a minority government. A minority government or a minority cabinet is a Cabinet of a Parliamentary system formed when the governing Political party or In the 1999 election, Labour returned to power at the head of a coalition government. The 1999 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 46th session of the New Zealand Parliament.
Major pieces of legislation:
Other important achievements:
After the 1999 election, a coalition government of Labour and the Alliance took power, with Helen Clark as Prime Minister. The New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990 (sometimes known by its acronym NZBORA or BORA) is a Statute of the New Zealand Parliament setting out The Royal Commission on the Electoral System was formed in New Zealand in 1985, and reported in 1986. In 1984, Prime Minister David Lange barred nuclear-powered or nuclear-armed ships from using New Zealand ports or entering New Zealand waters The Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand is the current government of New Zealand. This government, while undertaking a number of reforms, was not particularly revolutionary when compared to previous Labour governments, and maintained a high level of popularity. The Alliance, however, fell in popularity and split internally, the latter factor being one of the reasons cited by Helen Clark for her calling the 2002 election several months early, which Labour comfortably won. The 2002 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 47th New Zealand Parliament. Labour is now in coalition with the Progressive Party, a faction of the old Alliance. The Progressive Party is a Political party in New Zealand. It is presently the junior partner in the governing coalition being somewhat to the left of
In early 2004, the Labour Party came under attack for its policies on the foreshore and seabed controversy. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " The New Zealand foreshore and seabed controversy is a debate in the politics of New Zealand. There were significant internal tensions within the party, eventually culminating in the resignation of junior minister Tariana Turia and her establishment of the new Māori Party. Tariana Turia (born 8 April 1944) is a New Zealand politician The Māori Party, a Political party in New Zealand based around Māori citizens formed around Tariana Turia, a former Labour Party
Following the 2005 general election, Labour formed a coalition with the Progressive party, and entered into complex confidence and supply agreements with the centre-right United Future party and the centrist New Zealand First party, which gave both parties' leaders a Ministerial portfolio, while remaining outside of Cabinet. The 2005 New Zealand general election took place on 17 September 2005 and determined the composition of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. The Progressive Party is a Political party in New Zealand. It is presently the junior partner in the governing coalition being somewhat to the left of United Future New Zealand is a New Zealand Political party. As of 2008 it has two members of the New Zealand Parliament – party leader Peter Dunne New Zealand First is a Political party in New Zealand. It has had members in the New Zealand House of Representatives since 1993 A limited support agreement was also made with the Green party, whereby certain policy concessions were to be made to the Greens in return for abstention on confidence and supply votes. The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a Political party in the New Zealand parliament.
To date, Helen Clark is the longest serving leader of the Labour Party, although some dispute exists as to when Harry Holland officially became leader. Helen Elizabeth Clark (born 26 February 1950 is the 37th and current Prime Minister of New Zealand. For the Reform Party politician and Mayor of Christchurch see Henry Holland Henry Edmund (Harry Holland ( 10
The following is a complete list of Labour Party leaders:
|Leader||Term||Leader of the Opposition||Prime Minister|
|Harry Holland||1919 – 1933||16 June 1926 - 18 October 1928|
8 October 1933 – 1933
|Michael Joseph Savage||1933 – 1940||1933 – 1935||1935 - 1940|
|Peter Fraser||1940 - 1950||1949 - 1950||1940 – 1949|
|Walter Nash||1951 - 1963||1950 - 1957|
1960 - 1963
|1957 – 1960|
|Arnold Nordmeyer||1963 – 1965||1963 – 1965|
|Norman Kirk||1965 - 1974||1965 – 1972||1972 - 1974|
|Bill Rowling||1974 - 1983||1975 – 1983||1974 - 1975|
|David Lange||1983 - 1989||1983 - 1984||1984 - 1989|
|Geoffrey Palmer||1989 - 1990||1989 - 1990|
|Mike Moore||1990 - 1993||1990 - 1993||1990|
|Helen Clark||1993 - Present||1993 - 1999||1999 - present|
The following is a list of Labour Party presidents: