In 1493, Christopher Columbus returned to Spain from his first voyage to the Americas, and on 1 November that year Peter Martyr d'Anghiera referred to Columbus in a letter as the discoverer of "the New World" (novi orbis). Christopher Columbus (1451 &ndash May 20 1506 was an Italian Navigator, colonizer Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Events 996 - Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk Bishop of Freising which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi Peter Martyr d'Anghiera (in Italian, Pietro Martire d'Anghiera; in Spanish Pedro Mártir De Anghiera, Latin, Petrus Martyr  In another letter a year later he again referred to "the New World" (orbo novo).  In 1516, Martyr published a work whose title began De orbe novo ("On the New World"). In 1524, the term was also used by Giovanni da Verrazzano in a record of his voyage that year along the coast of what would later become the United States and Canada. Giovanni da Verrazzano (c 1485 &ndash c 1528 was an Italian Explorer of North America, in the service of the French crown. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page 
Currently, they might speak of the "New World" in a historical context when discussing the voyages of Christopher Columbus, the Spanish conquest of Yucatán, and other events contemporaneous to the term; additionally, the term "New World" is sometimes used in a biological context, when one speaks of Old World and New World species. History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology Christopher Columbus (1451 &ndash May 20 1506 was an Italian Navigator, colonizer The Spanish Conquest of Yucatán was the campaign undertaken by the Spanish Conquistadores ' against the Late Postclassic Maya states and Foundations of modern biology There are five unifying principles
While the term "New World" always encompasses the Americas, Australasia may only be described as "New but" in certain contexts. Australasia is a Region of Oceania: New Zealand, Australia, Papua New Guinea, and neighbouring Islands in the Pacific In a biological context, Australasia is neither New World nor Old, as flora and fauna differ markedly from both those of Eurasia and of the Americas. In Botany, flora ( Plural: floras or florae has two meanings The first meaning flora of an area or of time period, refers to all Fauna is all of the Animal life of any particular region or time For the superstate in George Orwell 's novel see Nations of Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Long before Columbus, legends existed in Europe of Western continents across the sea. Examples include: the Norse Great Ireland or Hvítramannaland ("White Men's Land"); the "abode of saints" visited by St. Brendan, Abbot of Cluainfert, documented in the Irish Book of Lismore; the Welsh Legend of Madoc; and Plato's Atlantis. Great Ireland or Ireland the Great ( Irland it mikla in Old Norse) or Greater Ireland, also known in Old Norse as Hvítramannaland Saint Brendan of Clonfert or Bréanainn of Clonfert (c 484 &ndash c Book of Lismore, is an Irish Vellum manuscript compiled in early 15th century Lismore, Ireland. Madoc (Standard Welsh: Madog) ab Owain Gwynedd was according to folklore a Welsh prince who discovered America in 1170 over three Atlantis (in Greek,, "island of Atlas " is the name of a Legendary Island, first mentioned in Plato 's dialogues See the article Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact for more details. Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact describes alleged interactions between the Indigenous peoples of the Americas and peoples of other continents – Africa,