New Democracy (Simplified Chinese: 新民主主义) or the New Democratic Revolution (Simplified Chinese: 新民主主义革命) is a Maoist concept based on Mao Zedong's "Bloc of Four Classes" theory in post-revolutionary China. Maoism, variably and officially known as Mao Zedong Thought ( is a variant of Marxism derived from the teachings of the late Chinese leader Mao Zedong ( 26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976) was a Chinese Military and political leader who led Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions (or stratification) between individuals or groups in Societies or Cultures. 'For the full story of the war that led to the Communist seizure of power on Mainland China, see Chinese Civil War. Currently, the Shining Path, the New People's Army of the Philippines, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), and the Communist Party of India (Maoist) are conducting active guerrilla warfare ("people's war") with the intent of establishing New Democracy. The Communist Party of Peru (Spanish Partido Comunista del Perú) more commonly known as the Shining Path ( Sendero Luminoso) is a Maoist The New People's Army ( NPA) is the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist (नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (माओवादी is a Maoist Political party The Communist Party of India (Maoist is an underground Maoist Political party in India. Guerrilla warfare is the unconventional warfare and combat with which a small group of combatants use mobile tactics (ambushes raids etc People's War ( Chinese language: 人民战争 also called protracted people's war, is a military-political strategy invented by Mao Zedong.
The theory still aims to overthrow feudalism and/or achieve a country's national independence from colonialism, but it bypasses the rule of the capitalist class that usually follows such a struggle, claiming instead to seek to enter directly into socialism through a coalition of classes fighting the old ruling order. Feudalism, a term first used in the early modern period (17th century in its most classic sense refers to a Medieval Europe Political system composed See Colony and Colonization for examples of colonialism which do not refer to Western colonialism Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution A coalition is an alliance among individuals during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own Self-interest. This coalition is subsumed under the leadership and guidance of the working class and its communist party. Working class is a term used in academic Sociology and in ordinary conversation to describe depending on context and speaker those employed in specific fields or types A Political party described as a communist party includes those that advocate the application of the social principles of Communism through a communist form of
This bloc of classes is symbolized most recognizably by the stars on the Flag of China, with the largest star to symbolize the Communist Party of China's leadership, and the surrounding four smaller stars symbolizing the Bloc of Four Classes: proletarian workers, peasants, petty bourgeoisie, and the nationally-based capitalists. The Communist Party of China ( CPC) ( also known as the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the The proletariat (from Latin la ''proles'' "offspring" is a term used to identify a lower Social class; a member of such a class is proletarian A peasant is an agricultural worker who subsists by working a small plot of ground Petit-bourgeoisie (or petty bourgeois through Folk etymology) is a French term that originally referred to the members of the lower middle social-classes Capitalism is the Economic system in which the Means of production are owned by private Persons and operated for Profit and where This is the coalition of classes for Mao's "New Democratic Revolution" as he described it in his works. Mao's New Democracy explains the Bloc of Four Classes as an unfortunate but necessary consequence of imperialism as described by Lenin. Imperialism has two meanings one describing an action and the other describing an attitude
The classical Marxist understanding of the stages of economic and historical development of the modes of production under which a socialist revolution can take place is that the socialist revolution occurs only after the capitalist bourgeois-democratic revolution happens first. Marxism is the political philosophy and practice derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. In the writings of Karl Marx and the Marxist theory of Historical materialism, a mode of production (in German Produktionsweise, meaning 'the A communist revolution is a Proletarian revolution inspired by the ideas of Marxism that aims to replace Capitalism with Communism, typically The term "liberal" in "liberal democracy" does not imply that the government of such a democracy must follow the political ideology of The bourgeois-democratic revolution paves the way for the industrial proletarian class to emerge as the majority class in society, after which it then overthrows capitalism and begins constructing socialism. The proletariat (from Latin la ''proles'' "offspring" is a term used to identify a lower Social class; a member of such a class is proletarian Marx believed that primary communist revolutions in non-industrialized areas of the world would be unsustainable, given that they would be lacking what he considered the essential prerequisite economic and social conditions for such an undertaking. A communist revolution is a Proletarian revolution inspired by the ideas of Marxism that aims to replace Capitalism with Communism, typically But the success of the Russian Communist Revolution, in outlasting the failure of post-World War I socialist movements in Europe, seemed to validate Lenin's analysis, while calling Marx's into question, at least in certain cases. The October Revolution (Октябрьская революция Oktyabrskaya revolyutsiya) also known as the Soviet Revolution World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Thus Mao, in turn, took Lenin's perspective to the next level, saying essentially that bourgeois democracy and socialism could be combined into a single stage of construction, called New Democracy. The term "liberal" in "liberal democracy" does not imply that the government of such a democracy must follow the political ideology of Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution
Once New Democracy has been established, the country is claimed to be ideologically socialist and working towards communism under the leadership of the communist party. Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based A Political party described as a communist party includes those that advocate the application of the social principles of Communism through a communist form of Further, its people are actively involved in the construction of socialism (see the examples of the Great Leap Forward and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution for what Mao viewed as such participatory democracy) even as the country itself maintains and furthers many aspects of capitalism for purposes of rapid economic growth. The Great Leap Forward ( of the People's Republic of China (PRC was an economic and social plan used from 1958 to 1960 which aimed to use China 's vast population The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in the People’s Republic of China was a struggle for power within the Communist Party of China that manifested into Participatory democracy is a process emphasizing the broad Participation (decision making of constituents in the direction and operation of political systems Capitalism is the Economic system in which the Means of production are owned by private Persons and operated for Profit and where
It is in this way that New Democracy is considered a stepping stone to socialism — a two-stage theory of first New Democracy, then the dictatorship of the proletariat. The " dictatorship of the proletariat " or workers' state is a term employed by Marxists that refers to what they see as a temporary state between the Given that the self-proclaimed ultimate goal of socialist construction is the creation of a stateless, classless communist society, adding the New Democratic Revolution arguably makes the whole process a three-stage theory: first New Democracy, then the dictatorship of the proletariat, then communism. Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based