National Communism, is an islamic form of communism which had a strong nationalist element. Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based See also Marxian economics, Marxism Marxist philosophy or Marxist theory are terms which cover work in Philosophy Class struggle is the active expression of Class conflict looked at from any kind of socialist perspective International Socialism redirects here For the journal of the same name see International Socialism (journal Proletarian internationalism is a A Political party described as a communist party includes those that advocate the application of the social principles of Communism through a communist form of Marxism is the political philosophy and practice derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Leninism refers to various related political and economic theories elaborated by Bolshevik revolutionary leader Vladimir Lenin. Stalinism is the political regime named after Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union from 1929–1953 Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. Maoism, variably and officially known as Mao Zedong Thought ( is a variant of Marxism derived from the teachings of the late Chinese leader Titoism is an adaptation of communist ideology named after Josip Broz Tito, leader of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, primarily used to describe The Juche Idea (주체사상 Juche Sasang) is the official state Ideology of North Korea and the Political system based on it Left communism is the range of communist viewpoints held by the Communist Left, which opposes the political ideas of the Bolsheviks Council communism is a Far-left movement originating in Germany and the Netherlands in the 1920s Religious communism is a form of Communism centered on religious principles Eurocommunism was a new trend in the 1970s and 1980s within various Western European communist parties to develop a theory and practice of social transformation that The Communist League was the first Marxist international organisation The Second International (1889-1916 was an organization of socialist and labour parties formed in Paris on July 14, 1889. The Comintern ( Com munist Intern ational also known as the Third International) was an international Communist organisation founded in Moscow The Fourth International ( FI) is a communist international organisation working in opposition to both Capitalism and Stalinism. Friedrich Engels (28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895 was a German social scientist and philosopher, who Rosa Luxemburg (Róża Luksemburg 5 March 1870 or 1871 15 January 1919 was a Polish-born Jewish German Marxist theorist, socialist Joseph Stalin ( ნამდვილი გვარი ჯუღაშვილი|Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; March 5 1953 was General Secretary of the Communist Party Leon Trotsky ( Russian:, Lev Davidovich Trotsky, also transliterated Leo, Lyev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij Mao Zedong ( 26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976) was a Chinese Military and political leader who led Anarchism is a Political philosophy encompassing theories and attitudes which support the elimination of all compulsory Government, i Anti-capitalism describes a wide variety of movements ideas and attitudes which oppose Capitalism. Anti-communism refers to opposition to Communism. Historically the word "communism" has been used to refer to several types of communal social organization and Communist state is a term used by many Political scientists to describe a Form of government in which the State operates under a one-party system Communist symbolism consists of a series of Symbols that represent (either literally or figuratively a variety of themes associated with communism Criticisms of Communism can be divided in two broad categories Those concerning themselves with the practical aspects of 20th century Communist state and those concerning Democratic centralism is the name given to the principles of internal organization used by Leninist political parties and the term is sometimes used as a synonym for any Leninist The " dictatorship of the proletariat " or workers' state is a term employed by Marxists that refers to what they see as a temporary state between the This article intentionally focuses only on the history of communism as a self-contained self-aware political movement Luxemburgism (also written Luxembourgism) is a specific revolutionary theory within Communism, based on the writings of Rosa Luxemburg. The New Class is a term to describe the privileged Ruling class of Bureaucrats and Communist party functionaries which typically arises in a Stalinist The New Left were the Left-wing movements in different countries in the 1960s and 1970s that unlike the earlier leftist focus on union activism instead adopted a Post-Communism is a name sometimes given to the period of political and economic Transition in former Communist states located in parts of Europe and Primitive communism is A term usually associated with Karl Marx, but most fully elaborated by Friedrich Engels (in The Origin of the Family 1884 and referring Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution Stalinism is the political regime named after Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union from 1929–1953 Socialist economics is a broad and sometimes controversial term Titoism is an adaptation of communist ideology named after Josip Broz Tito, leader of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, primarily used to describe The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based The term nationalism can refer to an Ideology, a sentiment, a form of Culture, or a Social movement that focuses on the Nation It is distinct from Socialism in one country and National Bolshevism. Socialism in One Country was a thesis developed by Nikolai Bukharin in 1925 and adopted as state policy by Joseph Stalin. National Bolshevism is a political movement that claims to combine elements of Nationalism and Bolshevism.
Muslim National Communism historically lasted from around 1918 to 1928. . This was a synthesis of various contradictory ideologies including nationalism, communism and anarchism as well as religion, with people coming together from both left and right wing groups which predated the Revolution, joining the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian Bolshevik Communist Party) between 1917 and 1920 - some of whom were members of Stalin's Narkomnatz.
The Bolsheviks - particularly Lenin and Stalin hoped to use them as "schools of Marxism" spreading their doctrine in a part of Russia in which they did not have much influence - in particular the East. Joseph Stalin ( ნამდვილი გვარი ჯუღაშვილი|Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; March 5 1953 was General Secretary of the Communist Party The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST internal designation HT-7U is an experimental Superconducting Tokamak Magnetic fusion energy This strategy backfired as instead they became centres Islamic nationalism, although it was used by the USSR right up until the 1970s in particular in spearheading the invasion of Afghanistan.
Open conflict between prominment theorists such as Sultan Ghaliev and Lenin and Stalin broke out in 1919 at the Second Congress of Communist Organisations of Peoples of the East over the autonomy of the Muslim Communist Party as well as at the Congress of the Peoples of the East and the First Conference of the Turkic Peoples' Communists of the RSFSR and significantly at the 10th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (b) (April 1921). Mirsäyet Xäydärğäli ulı Soltanğäliev ( xæɪˌdærɣæˈli ulɯ sɔlˌtɑnɣæˈliəf}} Cyrillic Мирсәет Хәйдәргали улы Солтангалиев The Congress of the Peoples of the East was held in Baku in September 1920 The crisis resulted in the purge of the Communist Party of Turkestan in December 1922 and the arrest of Sultan Glaiev in 1923. The Communist Part of Turkestan was a the Turkestani branch of the Russian Communist Party (bolsheviks.
During this time however theorists such as Sultan Galiev, Turar Ryskulov, Nariman Narimanov and Ahmed Baytursan were very influential especially through the Communist University of the Workers of the East which opened in 1921 and was very active until its staff was purged in 1924. Nariman Kerbalai Najaf oglu Narimanov ( Azeri in full Nəriman Kərbəlayi Nəcəf oğlu Nərimanov Russian: Нариман Нариманов April 2 Communists from outside the Soviets such as Manabendra Nath Roy, Snevliet and Sultan Zade also taught there, formulating similar political positions. Manabendra Nath Roy (Bengali: মানবেন্দ্র নাথ রায় 1887 – January 25 Students pof the university included Sen Katayama, Tan Malaka, Liu Shao-Chi and Ho Chi Minh. Tan Malaka ( 1894 - February 21 1949) was an Indonesian nationalist activist and communist leader For the city named after him see Ho Chi Minh City. Hồ Chí Minh (name
The great purge in the Muslim republics began in 1928 with executions of Veli Ibrahimov of the Tatar Communist Party and Milli Firka followed by the leaders of Hummet, Tatar Communist Party and even the Tatar Union of the Godless. Milliy Firqa (Milliy Fırqa ملی فرقا - National Party, Милли фирка was a Muslim political group in Crimea which transferred en masse The Muslim Social Democratic Party, usually referred to as Hummet, was a Political party in Transcaucasus. The Tatar Union of the Godless was an Atheist political group in the Soviet Union, specifically in the territory nowadays known as Tataristan, consisting It also happened in Azerbyjan, Kazakhstan and the Young Bukharians.
The term is also used in association with the implementation of policies used after the death of Stalin as the Soviet government loosened its control over the other communist states. Joseph Stalin ( ნამდვილი გვარი ჯუღაშვილი|Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; March 5 1953 was General Secretary of the Communist Party Leaders of the communist regimes also felt the need to peruse more nationalistic policies in order to bolster their legitimacy in the eyes of the peoples they ruled. 
Which policies were refered to as national communism depended on different national contexts. In Romania or Albania, for example, it referred to a preservation of Stalinism and a cult of personality at the same time those techniques were being repudiated elsewhere. The History of Communist Albania essentially spans from 1945 until 1992 during which Albania had a Communist government Stalinism is the political regime named after Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union from 1929–1953 A cult of personality or personality cult arises when a country's leader uses Mass media to create a heroic public image through unquestioning flattery and praise  In East Germany it meant the rehabilitation of German historical figures such as Wagner and Friedrich the Great. The German Democratic Republic ( GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik DDR; commonly known in English as East Germany) was a Socialist state Frederick II (Friedrich II January 24 1712 August 17 1786) was a King of Prussia (1740&ndash1786 from the  In general throughout Eastern Europe national communism consisted of “de-emphasising the political hegemony of the Soviet Union and involved some accommodation of pre-socialist national identities. ”