The organization remains active in lobbying legislatures and media outlets on women's issues.
The current membership brochure paraphrases and expands upon the above excerpt to read: "Our purpose is to take action to bring women into full participation in society – sharing equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities with men, while living free from discrimination. " This brochure also states: "NOW is one of the few multi-issue progressive organizations in the United States. NOW stands against all oppression, recognizing that racism, sexism and homophobia are interrelated, that other forms of oppression such as classism and ableism work together with these three to keep power and privilege concentrated in the hands of a few. " (From About NOW. )
The same convention issued a "Declaration of Women's Political Independence. " An exploratory commission was formed for the possibilities of amending the United States Constitution to include freedom from sexual discrimination, the right to a decent standard of living, the right to clean air, clean water and environmental protections, and the right to be free from violence. The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme Law of the United States. Sexism is the belief or attitude that one Gender or Sex is inferior to or less valuable than the other and can also refer to a Hatred or distrust towards The standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way these goods and services are distributed within a population See also Nature The natural environment, commonly referred to simply as the environment, is a terminology that is comprised of all living and Violence is the exertion of force so as to injure or abuse The word is used broadly to describe the destructive action of natural phenomena like Storms and Earthquakes
Although NOW has given moral support to attempts to ratify the ERA, they continue to support the CEA as part of their official platform.
The Constitutional Equality Amendment, which has not been introduced into any session of Congress, reads;
- National Organization for Women (NOW) is established by a group of women, including Betty Friedan and Pauli Murray, who meet to discuss alternative action strategies during the Third Annual Conference of Commissions on the Status of Women in Washington, D. Betty Friedan ( February 4, 1921 – February 5, 2006) was an American feminist, activist and The Reverend Dr Anna Pauline (Pauli Murray ( November 20, 1910 – July 1, 1985) was an American C. Friedan famously writes the acronym NOW on a paper napkin.
- NOW holds its founding conference. Betty Friedan is elected president and Kay Clarenbach, chair of the board. Aileen Hernandez is elected executive vice president in absentia; Richard Graham, vice president; and Caroline Davis, secretary-treasurer. Aileen Clark Hernandez is an American union organizer and civil right activist Richard Graham may refer to Richard Graham (actor Richard Graham (English footballer Richard Graham (Northern Irish footballer NOW sets up seven Task Forces: Equal Opportunity of Employment; Legal and Political Rights; Education; Women in Poverty; The Family; Image of Women; and Women and Religion .
- NOW officers and members begin petitioning EEOC for public hearings on its advertising guidelines and pressuring the Commission to enforce its prohibition against sex discrimination. NOW officers and 35 members file a formal petition with the EEOC for hearings to amend regulations on sex-segregated "Help Wanted" ads.
- At its second national conference, NOW adopts passage of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), the repeal of all abortion laws, and publicly-funded child care among its goals in a "Bill of Rights for Women. The Equal Rights Amendment ( ERA) is a failed proposed amendment to the United States Constitution intended to guarantee equal rights under the " NOW is the first national organization to endorse the legalization of abortion.
- NOW's National Board adopts by-laws providing for the establishment of chapters, and establishing the national conference as the supreme governing body of the organization.
- In May, the EEOC holds hearings on sex discrimination in employment ads as a result of NOW's 1966 petition. NOW members demonstrate at EEOC field offices across the country in protest of EEOC's failure to end sex-segregated "Help Wanted" advertising. In December, four NYC newspapers, including the New York Times, de-sexigrate their Help Wanted ads.
- NOW chapters around the country demonstrate at facilities that deny admittance or service to women, demanding equal treatment of women in all public accommodations.
- NOW boycotts Colgate-Palmolive products, and demonstrates for five days in front of the company's NYC headquarters, protesting company rules that kept women out of top-paying jobs with a prohibition against lifting more than 35 pounds.
- In November, NOW member Shirley Chisholm becomes the first Black woman elected to the U. Shirley Anita St Hill Chisholm ( November 30, 1924 – January 1, 2005) was an American politician educator and author S. House of Representatives.
- On February 9, NOW proclaims "Public Accommodations Week," and holds national actions at "men only" restaurants, bars, and public transportation. A month before, the U. S. Court of Appeals rules in favor of EEOC guidelines prohibiting sex-segregated job advertising.
- In March, NOW attorney Sylvia Roberts (later NOW's Southern Regional Director, from Baton Rouge, LA) argues the first sex discrimination case appealed under Title VII. Roberts argues in the Fifth Circuit * U. S. Court of Appeals that it was sex discrimination for Lorena Weeks, a secretary, to be restricted from higher-paying employment as a "switchman" because of a 30-pound lifting limit. Weeks entered the courtroom with her typewriter, which she was regularly required to lift and move — yes, it weighed more than 30 pounds. The court later rules in Weeks v. Southern Bell that the weight limitation rule for women violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.
- NOW holds a week-long action called "Freedom for Women Week" at the White House, beginning on Mother's Day. Demonstrators call for "Rights, Not Roses. "
- NOW chapters work to establish women's studies courses, beginning at universities in California and Michigan, and at Princeton University. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Michigan ( is a Midwestern state of the United States of America. Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey.
- In February, about 20 NOW members, led by Wilma Scott Heide and Jean Witter, disrupt the Senate hearings on the 18-year-old vote to demand hearings on the Equal Rights Amendment. Wilma Scott Heide (1921&ndash1985 was an American feminist author and activist At a signal from Heide, the women rise and unfold posters they had concealed in their purses.
- NOW establishes a Federal Compliance Committee to press for enforcement of federal equal opportunity laws requiring that federal contractors not discriminate against women. NOW files a sex discrimination complaint with the Office of Federal Contract Compliance against 1,300 corporations for failing to file affirmative action plans for hiring women.
- NOW organizes "Women's Strike for Equality" on the 50th Anniversary of the 19th Amendment, with actions in more than 90 cities and towns in 40 states. 50,000 women march on Fifth Avenue in New York.
- In August, after an intense campaign by NOW, the House passes the ERA by a vote of 350-15.
- NOW purges lesbian members including writer Rita Mae Brown.
- NOW campaigns for the Comprehensive Child Care Act, sponsored in the Senate by Walter Mondale and Jacob Javits, and in the House by Shirley Chisholm and Bella Abzug; NOW lobbies the comprehensive legislation through both houses of Congress, but it is vetoed by President Richard Nixon, who calls it the "Sovietization of American children. "
- NOW protests the Department of Health, Education and Welfare's failure to deal with discrimination complaints against universities, and work begins on what will eventually become Title IX.
- NOW petitions the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to have women included in affirmative action programs for radio and television ownership and employment
- NOW stages nationwide demonstrations protesting AT&T's discriminatory practices towards women, thus beginning a campaign that will last several years and end in massive back pay for women who had been excluded. Before proposing a merge request please see Talk and see if the merger you propose has recently been made and
- NOW adopts a resolution recognizing that lesbian rights are "a legitimate concern of feminism. Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender social movements share related goals of social acceptance of Homosexuality, Bisexuality and Transgenderism Lesbian "
- NOW endorses Shirley Chisholm, a NOW member, in the democratic primary. Shirley Anita St Hill Chisholm ( November 30, 1924 – January 1, 2005) was an American politician educator and author Chisholm is the first African American woman to run for President, and NOW's first presidential endorsement.
- NOW organizes a national campaign to pass a law guaranteeing women and girls equal educational opportunities, including higher education admissions and athletic participation. In June, Congress passes the Education Amendments of 1972, which includes Title IX, a guarantee of equal educational opportunities, including sports. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, now known as the Patsy T
|1972 - 1982||After the Senate passes the ERA 84-8, NOW leads ERA ratification campaigns in all 50 states. By 1977, 35 of the necessary 38 states have ratified the amendment. |
- Roe v. Wade invalidates all state laws that restrict abortion in the first three months of pregnancy, grounding the decision on the right to privacy, and permits second trimester regulations only to protect the woman's health. An NOW chapters begin escorting patients into the newly established clinics, which are already being picketed.
- The NOW Task Force on Rape is created to set up Rape Crisis Centers and hotlines across the country; NOW begins campaigns to redefine rape as a crime of violence. Rape crisis centers evolved in order to help victims of Rape, Sexual abuse, and other forms of Sexual violence. Rape, also referred to as Sexual assault, is an Assault by a person involving Sexual intercourse with or Sexual penetration of another person
- NOW establishes the Task Force on Sexuality and Lesbianism.
- Conceived by NOW, August 26, the anniversary of the passage of the suffrage amendment, is declared Women's Equality Day by Congress and the President.
- In June, after a five year campaign by NOW and more than three years of litigation of the NOW complaint, the U. S. Supreme Court rules to prohibit sex-segregated employment advertisements.
NOW organizes an International Feminist Planning Conference in Massachusetts.
- NOW passes resolutions calling for the impeachment of Richard Nixon. In September, President Gerald Ford meets with NOW President Karen DeCrow and other women leaders. Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr (July 14 1913 December 26 2006 was the thirty-eighth President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977 and the fortieth Vice President Karen DeCrow (born 1937 is an American feminist attorney author and activist
- NOW helps defeat a proposal by the NCAA to narrow the scope of Title IX; the Educational Equity Act passes Congress after pressure from NOW and other feminist organizations. The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations
- NOW calls all members to the streets to protest violence against women and to "claim the night and the streets as ours" – the first "Take Back the Night" actions.
- Congress opens U. S. military academies to women, and NOW pushes for an immediate effective date.
- In October, NOW sponsors "Alice Doesn't Day," a women's strike, to draw attention to the many unnoticed services women provide.
- NOW Media Task Force testifies against funding of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting due to its poor record on women. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB is a private non-profit corporation created by an act of the United States Congress and partially funded by the United States
- NOW opens its Action Center in Washington, D. C. and projects its first $1 million budget. NOW continues its campaign for ERA ratification.
- The NOW Task Force on Battered Women is established.
- At the historic Houston Women's Conference, led by NOW President Eleanor Smeal, activists pass controversial lesbian rights plank despite opposition by conference organizers. Eleanor Smeal (born July 30 1939 in Ashtabula, Ohio) is a Feminist activist political analyst lobbyist and grassroots organizer Betty Friedan speaks in favor of the plank. The conference's final Plan of Action echoes NOW's "Bill of Rights" proposed a decade earlier.
- NOW adopts bylaws establishing regional election of board members and delegated National Conferences which elect full-time salaried national officers.
- In August, NOW organizes the first ERA march, demanding that President Jimmy Carter take action to ratify the ERA. Four thousand people attend. Days later, ERA walkathons on Women's Equality Day across the country raise $150,000 for the NOW ERA Strike Force.
- After considerable debate, NOW conference delegates resolve to form a Political Action Committee to influence the election of feminists to office.
- In June, NOW members demonstrate across the country on Gay Freedom Day.
- In July, NOW organizes over 100,000 people to march down Constitution Avenue to the Capitol, demanding an extension of the ERA ratification deadline. The House and Senate vote to extend the ratification deadline from 1979 until 1982--only half of the seven years extension that was requested, contributing to the defeat of the amendment.
- NOW continues to boycott states that have not ratified the ERA, gaining the support of 321 organizations and 35 cities and counties. NOW is sued by John Ashcroft, Missouri's attorney general, claiming the ERA boycott is unlawful; NOW prevails, establishing the right to use a boycott for the purpose of petitioning the government.
- NOW helps pass a Rape Shield Law, protecting the privacy of rape survivors by preventing cross examination into the woman's prior sexual history.
- The Pregnancy Discrimination Act, drafted by NOW founder Phineas Indritz, ends employment discrimination based on pregnancy, requiring that it be treated as any temporary disability by employers who are covered by Title VII. Phineas Indritz, (August 3 1916-October 15 1997 was an American constitutional Lawyer active in the Civil rights movement.
- NOW testifies in Congress against restrictions on abortion funding for military personnel and dependents.
- NOW unites with other organizations to counter a lobbying effort to limit Title IX. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, now known as the Patsy T
- NOW launches a new National ERA Campaign; action teams are set up in ratified states to prevent rescission. NOW activists defeat ERA rescission efforts in 13 states.
- NOW Minority Women's Committee organizes the conference "Racism and Sexism-A Shared Struggle for Equal Rights," in Washington , D. C.
- NOW conference adopts an affirmative action bylaw, reserving a minimum number of board seats for women of color. Affirmative action in the United States|Employment equity (Canada|Reservation in India|Numerus clausus The term affirmative action describes many policies aimed at a historically
- Over 90,000 ERA supporters gather in Chicago for a march coordinated by NOW.
- NOW delegation fights to pass the strongest ERA and reproductive rights planks in history at the 1980 Democratic Convention, over the objections of eventual party nominee, incumbent president Jimmy Carter. James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr (born October 1 1924 was the thirty-ninth President of the United States, serving from 1977 to 1981 and the recipient of the 2002
- NOW announces opposition to the draft, but states that if there is a draft, NOW supports the inclusion of women on the same basis as men.
- Sandra Day O'Connor is appointed to the US Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan. Sandra Day O'Connor (born March 26, 1930) is an American Jurist. NOW President Eleanor Smeal testifies in favor of her appointment. Eleanor Smeal (born July 30 1939 in Ashtabula, Ohio) is a Feminist activist political analyst lobbyist and grassroots organizer
- NOW launches a nationwide campaign to stop the so-called Human Life Amendment, which would prohibit all abortions and ban the use of some contraceptive pills and IUDs. State and local chapters across the country organize to counter anti-choice legislation.
- ERA Countdown Campaign Offices are opened nationwide, and rallies around the country occur to kick off the campaign. The "Last Walk for ERA" raises close to a million dollars.
- The ERA falls three states short of ratification. Supporters continue to reintroduce it in every session of Congress thereafter
- 1982 On Women's Equality Day, NOW's PACs launch a $3 million fundraising drive for fall state and congressional elections as part of their ERA vow to "Remember in November"
- NOW activists defeat almost all anti-abortion bills introduced in state legislatures this year. The U. S. Supreme Court rules 6-3 that government can not interfere with women's abortion rights unless it is clearly justified by "accepted medical practice. "
- With other leading civil rights groups, NOW is a lead organizer of the 20th anniversary march commemorating the 1963 Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King Jr ( January 15, 1929 April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, Activist and prominent leader "I Have a Dream" march. At NOW's urging, Equality is added to the march theme, making it a march for Peace, Justice and Equality.
- NOW leads a successful campaign to reinstate the cancelled TV series Cagney and Lacey, with Tyne Daly and Sharon Gless, which was the first to portray female police officers and strong role models for women. Ellen Tyne Daly (b February 21, 1946) is an American Emmy Award and Tony Award -winning stage and screen actress Sharon Marguerite Gless (born May 31, 1943) is an Emmy Award -winning American Actress, who is best known for her role as Sgt
- NOW endorses the Economic Equity Act. NOW chapters nationwide participate in a "National Day of Protest" against Allstate Insurance for employment discrimination.
- NOW makes its second presidential endorsement, supporting women's rights champion Walter Mondale, former Vice President, in the democratic primary. Walter Frederick "Fritz" Mondale (born January 5, 1928) is an American politician and member of the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party With NOW's urging a "Woman VP NOW," Mondale selects Geraldine Ferraro for Vice President. Geraldine Anne Ferraro (born August 26 1935) is an attorney and a Democratic politician and a former member of the United States House of Representatives NOW campaigns nationwide for Mondale/Ferraro.
- NOW's first Lesbian Rights Conference is held in Milwaukee, WI.
- 1984 NOW chapters around the country picket Republican Party offices in protest of President Reagan's anti-abortion leadership; carry out publicity campaigns with Women's Truth Squads. NOW pickets the White House, and demands an end to anti-abortion violence and harassment.
|1984 - 1988||NOW works to pass the Civil Rights Restoration Act, reversing Supreme Court cases that limited federal laws combating discrimination based on gender, race, age and disability. |
- NOW chapters conduct around-the-clock vigils in 30 abortion clinics in 18 states to guard against potential violence; NOW activists continue to provide clinic escort services for patients.
- In June, NOW organizes a national march in D. C. and "Witness for Women's Lives" rallies in 13 cities protesting the Catholic leadership's opposition to abortion and contraception.
- NOW organizes first East/West Coast March for Women's Lives, drawing 125,000 demonstrators to Washington, DC and 30,000 to Los Angeles despite torrential rains. The March for Women's Lives was a demonstration for Reproductive rights and Women's rights, held April 25, 2004 on the National Mall
- NOW Foundation is formed as the tax-deductible litigation, education and advocacy arm of NOW.
- After numerous assaults on abortion clinics, NOW announces that it has filed a federal civil suit in Delaware against Joseph Scheidler, the Pro Life Action League, and other groups attacking the clinics, for violation of anti-trust and other federal laws. Joseph M Scheidler (born 7 September, 1927) is a noted American Pro-life activist National Director of the Pro-Life Action League, former
|1986 - 1996|
- NOW convenes first conference on Women of Color and Reproductive Freedom, followed by regional conferences.
- NOW launches "The Great American Mother's Day Write-In" to counter the right-wing assault to prevent passage of the Family and Medical Leave Act. Parental leaveThe Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 ( enacted February 5, 1993) is a United States Labor law allowing an employee to take
- NOW "Campaign to Free Sharon Kowalski," successfully brings attention to the rights of lifetime partners in making medical decisions for each other. Facts and prior history Sharon Kowalski lived with her lesbian partner Karen Thompson in St
- NOW participates in organizing the National Gay and Lesbian Rights March that drew hundreds of thousands to D. C.
- NOW unites with NAACP and others to coordinate "Jobs with Justice" march in Texas. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, usually abbreviated as NAACP, is one of the oldest and most influential Civil rights organizations
- NOW holds its second Lesbian Rights Conference in San Diego, CA.
- Congress overrides President Reagan's veto to pass the Civil Rights Restoration Act, for which NOW fought. The act restored Title IX equal education laws, which had been effectively suspended since the 1984 Grove City v. Bell decision in the Supreme Court. Grove City College v Bell, 465 US 555 ( 1984) was a case in which the United States Supreme Court held that Title IX, which only
- NOW begins long battle with Operation Rescue, defending clinics across the country from blockades and suing (and eventually bankrupting) leader Randall Terry for breaking the law. For the national organization formerly known as Operation Rescue see Operation Rescue/Operation Save America. Randall A Terry is an American political and conservative religious activist and musician
- NOW's 2nd March for Women's Lives brings a record-setting 500,000 to the National Mall to influence the Supreme Court considering a reversal of Roe v. Wade. The March for Women's Lives was a demonstration for Reproductive rights and Women's rights, held April 25, 2004 on the National Mall The National Mall is an open-area National park in Downtown Washington D Roe v Wade, 410 US 113 (1973 is a controversial United States Supreme Court case that resulted in a Landmark decision regarding
- After Supreme Court decisions gut employment discrimination laws, NOW helps draft a new Civil Rights
- Act, which passes in 1991, giving women the right to money damages and jury trials for sex discrimination and sexual harassment.
- In November, NOW organizes another 350,000 people for a mass rally at the Lincoln Memorial, "Mobilization for Women's Lives" is an unprecedented second mass action in a single year.
|1990 - 1994||NOW lobbies for four years to pass the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), which is signed in 1994 with an unprecedented $1. The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 ( VAWA) is a United States federal law. 6 billion dollar budget for violence prevention and services. |
|1990||NOW's Freedom Caravan for Women's Lives begins state tours to recruit feminist candidates. |
- After employees are fired based on sexual orientation, NOW demands fair hiring practices at Cracker Barrel Country Stores. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store Inc, is a chain of 557 "Old Country Stores" (as of 2007 each combining a retail store and a Restaurant.
- NOW's National Conference in New York includes a march and rally of more than 7,500 people to protest the "gag rule. " Congress votes to overturn the George H. W. Bush Administrations "gag rule" that barred federally financed family planning clinics from giving women information about abortion, but Bush vetoes the legislation and the House does not have enough votes to override. A gag rule is a rule that limits or forbids the raising consideration or discussion of a particular topic by members of a legislative or decision-making body NOW chapters nationwide protest at Bush administration speaking events.
- NOW's WomenElect 2000 campaign helps recruit dozens of women candidates for the Louisiana legislature, which had just passed the country's worst abortion bill. The Louisiana State Legislature is the state legislature of the U The 9-month campaign takes the legislature from two women to ten women!
- NOW participates in a march for peace in the Middle East.
- After two years of intense lobbying, the Civil Rights Act of 1991 finally passes Congress with jury trials and money damages for sex discrimination – but recovery of punitive damages is capped at $250,000 in order to prevent a Bush veto.
- NOW's 25th Anniversary celebration includes a Global Feminist Conference that attracts women leaders from around the world.
- NOW's 3rd March for Women's Lives sets a record for the largest civil rights demonstration in the US to date, with 750,000 marching. The March for Women's Lives was a demonstration for Reproductive rights and Women's rights, held April 25, 2004 on the National Mall NOW chapters and National NOW participate in efforts throughout the year to defend clinics. As a commencement to a campaign of non-violent civil disobedience, NOW and Feminist Majority organize illegal speak-out in front of the White House protesting the U. The Feminist Majority Foundation (FMF is a Feminist Non-profit organization in the United State dedicated to "women's equality reproductive health S. Supreme Court decision in Casey v. Planned Parenthood.
- NOW runs "Elect Women for a Change" campaigns in several states, helping feminist candidates to win congressional, state, and local primaries. Founding convention of the 21st Century Party takes place in D. C.
- Dr. David Gunn, an abortion provider, is murdered in Pensacola. David Gunn (died March 10 1993) was a Physician, who was murdered at age 47 in Pensacola Florida by Michael F Pensacola is the westernmost city in the Florida Panhandle and the County seat of Escambia County. NOW demands that Clinton administration assign a multi-agency task force to identify and prosecute the perpetrators of this and other ongoing clinic violence.
- NOW demands that newly-elected President Bill Clinton and Congress support a ban on discrimination against lesbians and gay men in the military.
- A Texas school reverses a decision to ban pregnant girls from the cheerleading squad after NOW threatens to file a lawsuit. Cheerleading is a Sport that uses organized routines made from elements of Tumbling, Dance, jumps and stunting to direct spectators of events
|1994||U.S. Supreme Court in NOW v. Scheidler unanimously upholds NOW's right to use the anti-racketeering law against those coordinating violence against clinics. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (commonly referred to as RICO Act or RICO) is a United States federal law that provides for extended |
- NOW delegates at ERA Summit adopt outline of an expanded amendment calling for full Constitutional Equality.
- NOW brings over 250,000 people to D. C. to rally against Violence Against Women, pressuring the Newt Gingrich lead Congress to release VAWA funding. Domestic violence (also known as domestic abuse or spousal abuse) occurs when a family member partner or ex-partner attempts to physically or psychologically dominate Newton "Newt" Leroy Gingrich, (born Newton Leroy McPherson on June 17, 1943) is an American politician and author who served as the Speaker
- NOW's Women Friendly Workplace campaign names Mitsubishi Motors, where race and sex discrimination and harassment were rampant, its first NOW Merchant of Shame. is the sixth largest Automaker in Japan and the seventeenth largest in the world by global unit sales
- NOW launches "Hungry for Justice," a 17-day hunger strike in front of the White House to pressure President Bill Clinton to veto the punitive welfare "reform" bill that had just passed Congress and would increase U. William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19 1946 served as the forty-second President of the United States S. poverty among women and children.
- NOW "comes out" in favor of same-sex marriage rights. Same-sex marriage (also referred to as gay marriage) is a term for a legally or Socially recognized Marriage between two people of the same
- NOW pressures Congress to pass the Domestic Violence Option, allowing states to grant women escaping violence exemptions from punitive new welfare reform provisions.
- NOW National Conference resolution supports recognition of transgender oppression and calls for education on the rights of transgender people. Transgender (trænzˈdʒɛndɚ from ( Latin) derivatives
- After 12 years of litigation, NOW wins a unanimous jury verdict against Joseph Scheidler, Operation Rescue and others under RICO (anti-racketeering law); a nationwide injunction against violence at abortion clinics follows. Joseph M Scheidler (born 7 September, 1927) is a noted American Pro-life activist National Director of the Pro-Life Action League, former
- NOW campaigns for legislation to put teeth into the Equal Pay Act, allowing compensatory and punitive damages and making it easier to bring class action lawsuits.
- After years of lobbying, NOW allies in Congress add sex, sexual orientation and disability to federal hate crimes legislation.
- NOW holds its first Women of Color and Allies Summit, during which activists support equal wages for women janitors in the U. S. Capitol.
- NOW and NOW Foundation host the 3rd Lesbian Rights Summit.
- NOW forms Family Law committee, recognizing the impact of family courts on women's lives; NOW challenges anti-woman agenda of spreading "father's rights" movement.
- Fortune 500 Project launched as part of NOW's Women-Friendly Workplace Campaign
- NOW conference endorses multiple strategies aimed at achieving ratification of a constitutional equal rights amendment.
- In October, NOW organizes the U. S. event of the World March of Women; the same weekend NOW Foundation hosts the Women's International Symposium on Health (WISH)
- NOW activists across the country campaign against the election of George W. Bush as president. NOW PAC supports the election of feminists across the country, increasing feminists' representation in the Congress.
- NOW declares a state of emergency and organizes the "Emergency Action for Women's Lives" in D. C. to call attention to the Bush Administration's anti-woman agenda, including one of his first acts as president -- reinstating the Global Gag Rule which cut off funding to international family planning organizations.
- Following the 9-11 attacks, NOW joins labor and civil rights advocacy organizations and speaks out for low-wage workers and calls for a real "economic stimulus" package, including extending unemployment and health insurance for laid off workers. NOW calls for lifting the time limit on benefits for welfare recipients in light of the massive layoffs in the service sector.
- NOW immediately begins fighting Bush's judicial nominees, as he nominates even more extremists in the wake of 9-11.
- NOW releases report "Our Courts at Risk" and is one of the first groups to press for a filibuster strategy to save Roe v. Wade from extremist judges.
- Bush administration "marriage initiatives" targeting women on welfare raise ire, and NOW campaigns for their defeat with op-eds, letters to the editor, and grassroots lobbying.
- NOW Launches "The Truth About George" campaign and website, a public information campaign designed to keep the public eye trained on the Bush administration's track record on women's rights, civil liberties, judicial nominees, the environment, the economy and protections for the elderly and the poor.
|2002 - 2006||NOW's Women Friendly Workplace Campaign names Wal-Mart a Merchant of Shame because of their sex discrimination policies in hiring, pay and promotions. Wal-Mart Stores Inc (or Walmart as written in its new logo is an American public corporation that runs a chain of large discount department stores NOW chapters picket local stores for four years. |
|2002||Federal Marriage Amendment is introduced in Congress; NOW lobbies against the FMA and continues campaigning for equal marriage rights. The Federal Marriage Amendment (FMA (also referred to by proponents as the Marriage Protection Amendment) is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution |
- NOW endorses Carol Moseley Braun, the second African-American woman to run for U. Carol Elizabeth Moseley Braun (born August 16, 1947) is an American Politician and Lawyer who represented Illinois in the S. President
- NOW launches campaign to pressure the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to sell emergency contraception over the counter, and to restrict the availability of dangerous silicone gel breast implants.
- NOW is a lead organizer and speaker for the 40th anniversary of the 1963 MLK March on Washington
- NOW Foundation hosts Women with Disabilities and Allies Summit to draw attention and educate activists on disability rights and accessibility issues.
- NOW organizes campaign to expose threats posed to women by the Bush administration's proposed privatization of Social Security.
- NOW is a lead organizer of the massive March for Women's Lives in Washington, DC. With 1. 15 million marchers, it was the largest civil rights march in US history.
- NOW launches its formal Equal Marriage Campaign and committee, and hosts the Equal Marriage coalition meetings at the NOW Action Center. Information Kits are delivered to every member of Congress and chapters receive brochures and organizing materials.
- NOW Foundation undertakes campaigns to register voters, particularly women voters, achieving over 7 million voter contacts.
- NOW protests Justice Department's "medical guidelines" for treating rape survivors - it fails to mention emergency contraception, a standard precaution against pregnancy after rape.
- Second NOW Women of Color and Allies Summit draws hundreds of women to draft an action plan to empower and energize women of color.
- NOW declares a State of Emergency upon the resignation of Sandra Day O'Connor, holding a rally and demonstration the following day to demand that O'Connor's replacement be supportive of women's rights and civil rights.
- NOW establishes an advisory committee on Mothers and Caregivers Economic Rights.
- "Enraged and Engaged" NOW campaign brings activists from across the country to fight the nomination of Samuel Alito to replace O'Connor on the Supreme Court. Samuel Anthony Alito Jr (born April 1, 1950) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
- NOW is a lead organizer of the huge anti-war march in NYC, the March for Peace, Justice and Democracy in April, as part of NOW's ongoing "Peace is a Feminist Issue" opposition to war in the Middle East.
- NOW opposes punitive immigration "reform" measures and participates in national immigrants' rights marches in New York and Washington, DC
- In February, the Supreme Court rejects NOW's racketeering lawsuit against Joe Scheidler, Operation Rescue and others, and directs the lower court to invalidate the nationwide injunction that has protected clinics across the country for 7 years.
- NOW celebrates "Forty Fearless Years" at the national conference in Albany, New York, which includes a Young Feminist Summit and a tribute to NOW's founders and past presidents. Albany is the Capital of the State of New York and the County seat of Albany County.