|National Elk Refuge|
|IUCN Category IV (Habitat/Species Management Area)|
|Location||Teton County, Wyoming, USA|
|Nearest city||Jackson, WY|
|Area||25,000 acres (101 km²)|
|Governing body||U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
The National Elk Refuge is located in the U.S. state of Wyoming and was created in 1912 to protect habitat and provide sanctuary for the largest elk (also known as the wapiti) herd on Earth. Teton County is a County located in the US state of Wyoming. As of 2000 the population is 18251 The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Jackson is a Town located in the Jackson Hole Valley of Teton County, Wyoming, United States. Year 1912 ( MCMXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government The State of Wyoming ( is a sparsely populated state in the western region of the United States. Year 1912 ( MCMXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting The elk, or wapiti ( Cervus canadensis) is one of the largest Species of Deer in the world and one of the largest Mammals in EARTH was a short-lived Japanese vocal trio which released 6 singles and 1 album between 2000 and 2001 The refuge borders the town of Jackson, Wyoming on the northeast while Bridger-Teton National Forest is to the east and Grand Teton National Park borders the refuge to the north. Jackson is a Town located in the Jackson Hole Valley of Teton County, Wyoming, United States. Bridger-Teton National Forest is located in western Wyoming, United States. Grand Teton National Park is a United States National Park located in northwestern Wyoming, south of Yellowstone National Park. It is home to an average of 7,500 elk each winter. The refuge is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, an agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior. The United States Department of the Interior ( DOI) is a Cabinet department of the United States government that manages and conserves most federally
Elk migrate from as far away as southern Yellowstone National Park and historically migrated south of the present location of the refuge into southwestern Wyoming during the fall, wintering on grassy plains that were usually snowfree most of the winter. The State of Wyoming ( is a sparsely populated state in the western region of the United States. During the spring, the herd would follow the retreating snows back into the Yellowstone National Park region. The original size of the elk herd has been estimated to have been in excess of 25,000. The expansion of the town of Jackson blocked off the migration route by the end of the 19th century and the elk herd was severely reduced in size due to the hostile climate and lack of food supply.
A movement to protect and enlarge the remaining herd was commenced in the early 1900's, resulting in the creation of the refuge. The elk herd is kept alive during the hard winters of Jackson Hole through feeding and culling of the herd, a lottery based hunting permit program, which is highly regulated. Jackson Hole is a Valley located in the west-central US state of Wyoming. Hunting is the practice of pursuing Animals for Food, Recreation, or Trade. The elk have antlers which are shed each year and the Boy Scouts of America have been collecting the antlers under permit since the 1950's and selling them at auction under agreement that 80% of the proceeds are returned to the refuge to feed, research and manage the herd to assure its survival. Antlers are the usually large and complex horn -like appendages of most Deer species mostly worn by males only for some species such as Caribou by both The Boy Scouts of America ( BSA) is the largest youth organization in the United States with over five million Ten to eleven thousand pounds (4,500 to 5,000 kg) of antlers are auctioned each year. The increase in value has resulted in a commensurate rise in antler theft []
The refuge also provides horse drawn sleigh rides to the public during the winter months so that visitors have the opportunity to see portions of the herd up close. A sled, sledge or sleigh is a Vehicle with runners for sliding instead of wheels for rolling The furthest consistent migration of elk to the refuge is currently from the southern portion of Yellowstone National Park , making it the second longest ungulate migration in the lower 48 states. (The migration of pronghorn between the Green River basin and Jackson Hole in Wyoming is longer).
The refuge is nearly 25,000 acres (101 km²) of meadows and marshes along the valley floor, sagebrush and rock outcroppings along the mountain foothills. The largest single herd of Bison under federal management, comprising 1,000 plus individuals, also winter on the refuge. This is an article about an animal For other uses see Bison (disambiguation. Bighorn sheep can be found here, along with Pronghorn, Mule deer and even a few Trumpeter swans along Flat Creek, which flows out of the refuge south into the town of Jackson. Bighorn Sheep ( Ovis canadensis) is a species of sheep in North America and Siberia with large horns which can weigh up to. The pronghorn ( Antilocapra americana) also pronghorn antelope or prong buck, is a species of Ungulate Mammal native to interior The mule deer ( Odocoileus hemionus) is a Deer whose habitat is in the western half of North America. The Trumpeter Swan, Cygnus buccinator, is the largest native North American bird if measured in terms of weight and length and is (on average the largest waterfowl species Rare sightings of Wolves and Grizzly have occurred and a total of 47 mammal species and 147 bird species have been documented on the refuge. The grey wolf or gray wolf ( Canis lupus) also known as the timber wolf or simply wolf, is a Mammal of the order Carnivora