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The National Council (German: Nationalrat) is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly of Austria, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich The Politics of Austria take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic Republic, with a Federal Chancellor The Constitution of Austria ( Österreichische Bundesverfassung) is the body of all constitutional law of the Republic of Austria on the federal level. The Austrian Federal President ( German language: Österreichischer Bundespräsident) is the federal Head of state of Austria. Heinz Fischer (born 9 October 1938) is the federal president of Austria. The Austrian Federal Government (Bundesregierung is the Austrian Cabinet. The Chancellor of Austria (in German: Bundeskanzler) is the Head of government in Austria. Alfred Gusenbauer (born February 8, 1960) has been Chancellor of Austria since January 2007 and the leader of the Social Democratic Party of Austria In Austrian politics, the Vice-Chancellor ( Vizekanzler) is a member of the federal government acting as a deputy to the Federal Chancellor. Wilhelm Molterer (born 14 May, 1955 in Steyr) is an Austrian politician currently Vice Chancellor of Austria and Minister of Finance In the Parliament of Austria ( Österreichisches Parliament) is vested the legislative power of the Republic of Austria. The Federal Assembly (in German, Bundesversammlung) is the name given to a formal joint-session of the two houses of the Austrian federal The Federal Council of Austria or Bundesrat is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Austria. This article lists political parties in Austria. Austria has a Multi-party system This article provides information on Elections and election results in Austria. The 2006 general election for the National Council in Austria was held on 1 October 2006. Presidential elections were held in Austria on 25 April 2004. The election for the National Council of 24 November 2002 took place prematurely only three years after the last elections In Austria, the legislative election of October 3, 1999 (elections for the National Council of Austria) caused a major upheaval in the political The Austrian presidential election of 1998 was won by the incumbent president Thomas Klestil, who sought reelection as an independent candidate Austria is a federal republic made up of nine States, known in German as Länder (singular Land) Six political parties are represented in the legislative assemblies of the nine Austrian states Austria is divided into 84 political districts ( Politische Bezirke ' and 15 Statutarstädte which form their own districts The 1955 Austrian State Treaty ended the four-power occupation and recognized Austria as an independent and sovereign state The European Union is a unique entity possessing elements of Intergovernmentalism, Supranationalism and a Multi-party Parliamentary democracy Information on politics by country is available for every Country, including both De jure and De facto independent The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. The Federal Assembly (in German, Bundesversammlung) is the name given to a formal joint-session of the two houses of the Austrian federal In Government, bicameralism (bi + Latin la ''camera'' chamber is the practice of having two legislative or Parliamentary chambers Thus a bicameral A federation ( Latin: foedus, covenant is a union comprising a number of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central ("federal" TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich According to the constitution, the National Council and the complementary Federal Council are peers. The Politics of Austria take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic Republic, with a Federal Chancellor The Federal Council of Austria or Bundesrat is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Austria. As a practical matter, the National Council is decidedly more powerful.
The National Council is where Austria's federal legislative authority is concentrated; for a bill to become federal law, it must be resolved upon by this chamber. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation Bills passed by the National Council are sent to the Federal Council for corroboration. The Federal Council of Austria or Bundesrat is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Austria. If the Federal Council approves of the bill or simply does nothing for eight weeks, the bill has succeeded. If the Federal Council vetoes the bill, the National Council may still force it into law by essentially just passing it again; a National Council resolution overruling a Federal Council objection merely has to meet a higher quorum than a regular resolution. In Law, a quorum is the minimum number of members of a Deliberative body necessary to conduct the business of that group In other words, the Federal Council does not have any real power to prevent adoption of legislation, the National Council being trivially able to override it. There are three exceptions to this rule: bills amending constitutional law, bills curtailing the rights of Austria's member states, and bills pertaining to the organization of the legislature itself cannot be forced into law against Federal Council opposition. Constitutional law is the study of foundational or basic Laws of nation states and other political organizations Austria is a federal republic made up of nine States, known in German as Länder (singular Land)
The approval of the National Council is also required for any of the prerogatives of the Federal Assembly to be exercised. The Federal Assembly (in German, Bundesversammlung) is the name given to a formal joint-session of the two houses of the Austrian federal For example, motions to impeach the President, motions to call for a referendum aimed at having the President removed from office by the electorate, and motions to declare war all need a two-thirds majority in the National Council. Impeachment is the first of two stages in a specific process for a legislative body to forcibly remove a Government official A referendum (plural referendums or referenda) ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita A declaration of war is a formal performative Speech act or signing of a document by an authorised party of a government in order to initate a state of War
The 183 members of the National Council are elected by nation-wide popular vote for a term of four years; each Austrian sixteen years or older on the day the election takes place is entitled to one vote. National Council elections are general elections. A general election is an Election in which all or most members of a given political body are up for election The voting system aims at party-list proportional representation, uses partially open lists, and is relatively straightforward:
In addition to voting for a party list, voters may express preference for one individual candidate. A candidate receiving sufficiently many personal votes can rise in rank on his or her district party list; voters thus have a certain degree of influence as to which particular individual wins which particular seat. It is not possible, however, to simultaneously vote for party X but exert influence on the candidate rankings on the party list of party Y.
Austria's federal constitution defines Austria to be a presidential democracy: the executive branch of government is supposed to be headed by the president and not to be answerable to the legislative branch. A presidential system is a System of government where an executive branch exists and presides (hence the term separately from the Legislature In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. President is a Title leaders of Organizations companies, Trade unions universities, and countries. In practice, however, Austria's federal administration as such has comparatively little scope and would be almost totally paralyzed should the National Council fail to support it. While the executive branch has the theoretical authority to dissolve a hostile National Council, constitutional convention prevents this power from being exercised. Alternative meaning Constitutional convention (political meeting A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is Austria accordingly functions as a parliamentary democracy: for all intents and purposes, the cabinet is subject to approval by the National Council, the president being little more than a figurehead. A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in American English) is a System of government in which
A related discrepancy between Austrian constitutional theory and Austrian political practice is that the constitution defines the President of the National Council to be Austria's second highest public official, junior only to the president proper. The Politics of Austria take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic Republic, with a Federal Chancellor As a practical matter, the President of the National Council is a representative of rather moderate significance: wielding less power than the president by extension means wielding less power than the head of cabinet or even most federal ministers. The President of the National Council thus serves mostly as a more or less nonpartisan moderator of parliamentary debate.
|Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs)||1,663,986||−128,513||35. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The 2006 general election for the National Council in Austria was held on 1 October 2006. The Social Democratic Party of Austria ( German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, or SPÖ) is one of the oldest parties in Austria. 34||−1. 17||68 (67)||−1|
|Austrian People's Party (Österreichische Volkspartei)||1,616,493||−460,340||34. The Austrian People's Party ( German: Österreichische Volkspartei, or ÖVP) is an Austrian Political party. 33||−7. 97||66||−13|
|The Greens – The Green Alternative (Die Grünen – Die Grüne Alternative)||520,130||+55,150||11. The Greens – The Green Alternative (Die Grünen – Die Grüne Alternative or Die Grünen, also translated as Austrian Green Party) is a Political party 05||+1. 58||21||+4|
|Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs)||519,598||+28,270||11. The Freedom Party of Austria ( Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ is a political party in Austria. 04||+1. 03||21||+3|
|Alliance for the Future of Austria (Bündnis Zukunft Österreich)||193,539||*||4. The Alliance for the Future of Austria ( Bündnis Zukunft Österreich, BZÖ is a right-wing political party in Austria led until his death on 11||*||7||+7|
|Liberal Forum (Liberales Forum) ||—||—||—||—||— (1)||—|
|Dr. Martin's List – For Democracy, Control, Justice (Liste Dr. The Liberal Forum (Liberales Forum LIF is a small liberal party in Austria. The Hans-Peter Martin's List – For genuine control in Brussels (Liste Dr Martin – Für Demokratie, Kontrolle, Gerechtigkeit)||131,688||*||2. 80||*||—||*|
|Communist Party of Austria (Kommunistische Partei Österreichs)||47,578||+20,010||1. The Communist Party of Austria ( de: Kommunistische Partei Österreichs, or KPÖ) is a Communist party based in Austria. 01||+0. 45||—||±0|
|EU Withdrawal – Neutral Free Austria (EU–Austritt – Neutrales Freies Österreich) ||10,594||*||0. The Neutral Free Austria Federation (Bündnis Neutrales Freies Österreich NFÖ is a political party in Austria founded on 17 March 2003. 23||*||—||*|
|Socialist Left Party (Sozialistische LinksPartei) ||2,257||−1,649||0. The Socialist Left Party ( de: Sozialistische LinksPartei, or SLP) is a Trotskyist Political party in Austria. 05||−0. 03||—||±0|
|Safe – Absolutely – Independent, Franz Radinger (Sicher – Absolut – Unabhängig, Franz Radinger) ||1,514||*||0. 03||*||—||*|
|Initiativ€2000 (Initiativ€2000) ||592||*||0. 01||*||—||*|
|Stark's List (Liste Stark) ||312||*||0. 01||*||—||*|
|Total (turnout 78. 48%; −5. 8)||4,708,281||100. 0||183|