A municipal corporation is a legal definition for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs. Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status A county is a Land area of Regional Government within a larger State. A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan A township (or Municipality) is a settlement which has the status and powers of a unit of local government A charter township is a form of Local government in the US state of Michigan. A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet, but smaller than a Town or City. A borough is an Administrative division of various countries In principle the term borough designates a self-governing Township although in practice Municipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly denotes a City, Town, or Village, or Often, this event is marked by the award or declaration of a municipal charter. A city charter or town charter (generically municipal charter) is a legal Document establishing a Municipality such as a City or
The term has fallen out of favour in the United Kingdom, but the concept remains central to local government in the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Local government in the United Kingdom is arranged into four different systems with one each for England Northern Ireland Scotland and Wales
In India a Municipal Corporation is a local government body that administers a city of population 200,000 or more. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government, though it is administratively part of the district it is located in. The Panchayat is a South Asian Political system. ‘Panchayat’ literally means assembly ( yat) of five ( panch) wise and respected elders chosen The largest Municipal Corporations in India currently are Mumbai, followed by Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai. Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial Delhi (दिल्ली ਦਿੱਲੀ دلی d̪ɪlːiː sometimes referred to as Dilli) is the second largest metropolis of India, with a population
The Municipal Corporation consists of members elected from the wards of the city. In Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, a ward is an Electoral district The Mayor and Deputy Mayor are elected by the members among themselves. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government A Municipal Commissioner, who is from the Indian Administrative Service is appointed to head the administrative staff of the Municipal Corporation, implement the decisions of the Corporation and prepare its annual budget. Municipal Commissioner (kommunalråd is an office and political title in the Municipalities of Sweden for councillors with executive responsibilities The Indian Administrative Service ( IAS) is the administrative Civil service of the Indian government.
The Municipal Corporation is responsible for water supply, records of births and deaths (delegated from Central Govt Birth and Death Registration Act), drainage, sewage removal, fire brigade service, gardens and maintenance of buildings. The sources of income of the Corporation are taxes on water, house-tax, entertainment and octroi(now abolished from many cities). Octroi (0 Fr octroyer, to grant authorize Lat auctor) is a local Tax collected on various articles brought into a District for