A multi-party system is a system in which three or more political parties have the capacity to gain control of government separately or in coalition. A political party is a Political organization that seeks to attain and maintain political power within Government, usually by participating in electoral Politics Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions Left-right politics or the Left-right political spectrum is a common way of classifying political positions political ideologies, or political parties In Politics, right-wing, the political right, and the Right are positions that uphold traditional values and/or authorities Syncretic politics involves taking political positions that attempt to reconcile seemingly opposed ideological systems usually by combining some elements associated with the A party platform, also known as a Manifesto, is a list of the principles which a Political party supports in order to appeal to the general public for the purpose A party system is a concept in comparative Political science concerning the system of government by political parties. A dominant-party system, or one party dominant system, is a Party system where only one Political party can realistically become the Government Non-partisan democracy (also no-party democracy) is a system of representative government or organization such that universal and periodic Elections A single-party state, one-party system or single-party system is a type of Party system Government in which a single Political party A two-party system is a form of Party system where two major Political parties dominate voting in nearly all Elections at every A political spectrum (plural Spectra) is a way of modeling different political positions by placing them upon one or more geometric axes See also List of political parties by United Nations geoscheme This is an overview of political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link See also List of political parties by country This is a lists of political parties by United Nations geoscheme around the world in the form This is a list of political parties around the world by ideology.
Unlike a single-party system (or a non-partisan democracy), it encourages the general constituency to form multiple distinct, officially recognized groups, generally called political parties. A single-party state, one-party system or single-party system is a type of Party system Government in which a single Political party Non-partisan democracy (also no-party democracy) is a system of representative government or organization such that universal and periodic Elections A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures goals or loyalty A political party is a Political organization that seeks to attain and maintain political power within Government, usually by participating in electoral Each party competes for votes from the enfranchised constituents (those allowed to vote). Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning "voting tablet" and figuratively "right to vote" probably from suffrago "hough" and originally A multi-party system is essential for representative democracies, because it prevents the leadership of a single party from setting policy without challenge. Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of the people's representatives A policy is a deliberate plan of action to guide decisions and achieve rational outcome(s
If the government includes an elected Congress or Parliament the parties may share power according to Proportional Representation or the First-past-the-post system. A congress is a formal meeting of representatives from different countries (or by extension Constituent States, or independent organisations (such as different Trade TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation or PR is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes The plurality voting system is a Single-winner voting system often used to elect executive officers or to elect members of a legislative assembly which is based on single-member In Proportional Representation, each party wins a number of seats proportional to the number of votes it receives. In first-past-the-post, the electorate is divided into a number of districts, each of which selects one person to fill one seat by a plurality of the vote. The plurality voting system is a Single-winner voting system often used to elect executive officers or to elect members of a legislative assembly which is based on single-member First-past-the-post is not conducive to a proliferation of parties, and naturally gravitates toward a two-party system, in which only two parties have a real chance of electing their candidates to office. A two-party system is a form of Party system where two major Political parties dominate voting in nearly all Elections at every This gravitation is known as Duverger's law. In Political science, Duverger's law is a principle which asserts that a plurality rule election system tends to favor a Two-party system. Proportional Representation, on the other hand, does not have this tendency, and allows multiple major parties to arise.
This difference is not without implications. A two-party system requires voters to align themselves in large blocs, sometimes so large that they cannot agree on any overarching principles. Along this line of thought, some theories argue that this allows centrists to gain control. In Politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting Moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes On the other hand, if there are multiple major parties, each with less than a majority of the vote, the parties are forced to work together to form working governments. This also promotes a form of centrism.
Germany, France, and Israel are examples of nations that have used a multi-party system effectively in their democracies (though in each case there are two parties substantially larger than all others). Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. In these nations, multiple political parties have often formed coalitions for the purpose of developing power blocs for governing. A coalition is an alliance among individuals during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own Self-interest.