Muharram (Arabic: محرم) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar ( Arabic: التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری Safar (ar صفر is the second month in the Islamic calendar. Rabi' al-awwal (ar ربيع الأول is the third month in the Islamic calendar. Rabi’ al-Thani (ar ربيع الثاني the second of spring) is the fourth month in the Islamic Calendar. Jumada al-awwal (ar جمادى الأول is the fifth month in the Islamic calendar. Jumada al-thani (ar جمادى الآخر أو جمادى الثاني is the sixth month in the Islamic Calendar. Rajab ( Arabic: ar رجب is the seventh month of the Islamic calendar. Sha'aban ( Arabic: ar شعبان is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. Ramadan or Ramadhan or Ramazan ( Arabic: ar رمضان is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Shawwal (ar شوّال is the tenth month of the lunar Islamic calendar. Dhu al-Qi'dah (ar ذو القعدة is the eleventh month in the Islamic calendar. Dhu al-Hijja (ar ذو الحجة is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic Calendar. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar ( Arabic: التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری It is one of the four months of the year in which fighting is prohibited. Since the Islamic calendar is lunar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar. For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used Calendar in the world today Muharram is so called because it was unlawful to fight during this month; the word is derived from the word ‘haram’ meaning forbidden. It is held to be the most sacred of all the months, excluding Ramadan. Ramadan or Ramazan ( Arabic: رمضان Ramaḍān) is a Muslim religious observance that takes place during the ninth month of the Islamic Some Muslims fast during these days. The tenth day of Muharram is called Yaumu-l 'Ashurah, meaning, ‘the tenth day’, and it is a day of voluntary fasting. Fasting differs among the Muslim groupings; mainstream Shia Muslims stop eating and drinking during sunlight hours but do not eat until the evening. Sunni Muslims also fast during Muharram and on either the ninth or the eleventh day, the choice of which additional day being at the discretion of the individual.
The word "Muharram" is often considered synonymous with Ashura. Ashura, which literally means "tenth" in Arabic, refers to the tenth day of Muharram.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. The Day of Ashura ( ar عاشوراء, Ashura Ashoura and other spellings is on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar and marks the climax The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar ( Arabic: التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری A lunar calendar is a Calendar that is based on cycles of the Moon phase. This article is about the lunar phase for other uses see New Moon (disambiguation. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Muharram migrates throughout the solar years. A tropical year (also known as a solar year) is the length of time that the Sun takes to return to the same position in the cycle of seasons as seen from Earth The estimated start and end dates for Muharram are as follows (all future dates are estimates):