This article refers to roads specifically called motorways. For other motorway-like roads, please see List of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic
Motorway is a term for both a type of road and a classification or designation. A road is an identifiable route, way or path between two or more places. Motorways are high capacity roads designed to carry fast motor traffic safely. Traffic on Roads may consist of Pedestrians ridden or herded Animals Vehicles Streetcars and other Conveyances either singly In the United Kingdom they are predominantly dual-carriageway roads, with two, three or four lanes in each direction (usually three), and all have grade-separated access, comparable with North American freeways and expressways as a road type, and interstates as a classification. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A dual carriageway or divided highway is a road or Highway in which the two directions of traffic are separated by a central barrier or strip of land known as a The word lane has several meanings including and especially a portion of a paved Road which is intended for a single line of vehicles and is marked by White Grade separation is the process of aligning a junction of two or more transport axes at different heights ( In the field of Road transport, an interchange is a road junction that typically An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. The Dwight D Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called the Interstate Highway System (or simply the Interstate System)
In English-speaking countries the term is used in the United Kingdom, parts of Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, some other Commonwealth nations, and Ireland (a motorway is also called a mótarbhealach (plural: mótarbhealaí) in Irish). The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and Ireland ( Irish: Éire, ˈeːrʲə is a country in north-western Europe. Irish (ga ''Gaeilge'' is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish. In Ireland, a road built to motorway standard, but without the designation (and the regulations and traffic restrictions resulting from that designation), is known as a high quality dual carriageway.
In Ireland, Hungary and the UK, motorways are verey packed at 6:00 pm so you try to keep off the roads 6:00 to 7:00pm (e. Rush hour at Shinjuku 02JPG|thumb|right|250px|Rush hour at Shinjuku Station, Yamanote Line]] A rush hour or peak hour is a part of the day during which To see information about the M25 motorway under construction in Ireland, see N25 road. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. g. M1) or suffixed (e. The M1 is a major south – north Motorway in England primarily connecting London to Leeds, where g. A1(M)) road number and blue signage, distinguishing them from A-roads, which are signed in green. This is at odds with some countries in Europe, where the colours are reversed. In New Zealand, motorways are distinguished from regular state highways with the word 'Motorway' on entrance signage. Historically, New Zealand's motorways had green signage while everywhere else had black, until green signage was spread to the entire State Highway network by Transit New Zealand.
The construction and surfacing of motorways is generally of a higher standard than conventional roads, and maintenance is carried out more frequently; in particular, motorways drain water very quickly to reduce hydroplaning/aquaplaning. Hydroplaning or aquaplaning by a Road Vehicle occurs when a layer of Water builds between the Rubber Tires of the vehicle The road surface is generally asphalt concrete (popularly referred to as tarmac) or portland cement concrete. Asphalt concrete, normally known simply as Asphalt, is a Composite material commonly used for construction of pavement, Highways and Tarmac (short for tarmacadam, a Portmanteau for Tar -penetration Macadam) is a type of highway surface, pioneered by John Portland cement is the most common type of Cement in general usage in many parts of the world as it is a basic ingredient of Concrete, mortar, Stucco Other features are crash barriers, cat's eyes and, increasingly, textured road markings (a similar concept to rumble-strips). A crash barrier is a barrier on a road designed to prevent vehicles from leaving the roadway to improve Road safety. Rumble strips (also known as audio tactile profiled markings) are a Road safety feature that alert drivers to potential danger by causing a Tactile
For a road to be classified as motorway a number of conditions must be fulfilled. Although they may vary from country to country, the following conditions generally apply:
In the UK and the Republic of Ireland there are further restrictions:
Note that these only apply to roads directly designated as motorways. Roads may also be indirectly designated as such, see Inheritance below.
Traffic on a motorway is required to keep moving at all times, except in exceptional circumstances (cases where traffic queues have built up, the vehicle has broken down, or the driver has been instructed to stop by a police officer). Police are agents or agencies usually of the executive, empowered to enforce the law and to effect public and social order through the legitimatized use of force A minimum speed limit of 50 km/h (30 mph) does not apply in the United Kingdom unlike in the Republic of Ireland. Traffic lights are very rarely present on motorways, but where they are installed (for example, at Junction 3 of the M50 in Ireland), they must be obeyed as usual. The traffic light, also known as traffic signal, stop light, traffic lamp, stop-and-go lights, robot or semaphore, The M50 motorway is a Motorway and National Primary Route ( N50) in Ireland running in a C-shaped ring around the north-eastern northern
A motorway in the UK, whether by design or inheritance, must have a Statutory Instrument (SI) defining a stretch of road and sliproads as a special road under the Highways Act 1980. A Statutory Instrument ( SI) is the principal form in which delegated or Secondary legislation is made in Great Britain. A special road is a classification of road in the United Kingdom. The Highways Act 1980 consolidated with amendments earlier legislation In the Republic of Ireland, a Motorway Scheme must be made under the Roads Act 1993.
Motorway speed limits are generally higher than those on single-carriageway roads, and some types of vehicle, such as heavy goods vehicles, may be subject to lower limits. The M4 motorway is a Motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. For a discussion of the maximum speed possible in the universe see Speed of light and Special relativity.
UK motorways originally had no speed limit, and were designed for traffic travelling up to 100mph. Although the design speed of 100mph remains, the majority of UK motorways and dual carriageways are now subject to the national speed limit of 70 mph (110 km/h) for motorcars and motorcycles; some may have lower limits for various local reasons. A UK Department for Transport (DfT) study at several sites in 2006 showed that over half of all motorway traffic was travelling in excess of this limit. In the United Kingdom, the Department for Transport (or DfT) ( Welsh: Adran am Drafnidiaeth) is the government department  In 2004 the Conservative Party proposed increasing the motorway speed limit to 80 mph (130 km/h) on some stretches, although this did not appear in their 2005 election manifesto. The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is a Political party in the United Kingdom.  Some road safety groups feel this would be a good idea, as it more closely represents the normal (and, they claim, safe) driving practice of the majority of motorway users.
In Ireland the speed limit for motorways and some dual-carriageways was changed from 70 mph to 120 km/h (75 mph) as part of the conversion to metric speed limits for roads on 20 January 2005. Events 250 - Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
In Pakistan, initially the speed limit on Motorway was 140 km/h (85 mph) for Light Vehicles and 120 km/h (75 mph) for Heavy Vehicles; however later it was restricted to 120 km/h (75 mph) for Light Vehicles and 110 km/h (70 mph) for Heavy Vehicles.
In New Zealand the speed limit on motorways and other dual carriageways is normally the top limit for state highways, 100 km/h (62 mph), with restrictions in some areas, such as the Auckland Harbour Bridge and Central Motorway Junction (both have limits of 80km/h (50mph)). The Auckland Harbour Bridge is an eight-lane box truss motorway bridge over the Waitemata Harbour, joining St Marys Bay in Auckland with The Central Motorway Junction or CMJ, best known as Spaghetti Junction, is the intersection of New Zealand State Highways 1 and 16 south of the city
Germany has no general speed limit on its motorways (Autobahn); there are only particular speed limits e. (German ˈaʊtoːbaːn plural Autobahnen; English /ˈɔːtəʊbɑːn/ is the German word for a major high- Speed Road restricted to motor g. at dangerous sections, sections with traffic jam hazards, road works or at motorways through cities. Recently, however, speeds on roughly 1/3 of the German motorway system have been restricted to 120-130 km/h.
Most motorway carriageways comprise a main running surface, with a hard shoulder along one edge, and a median or central reservation separating it from the other carriageway along the other edge. A hard shoulder, or simply shoulder, is a reserved area by the verge of a Road or Motorway. The hard shoulder is generally provided for use in emergencies, such as breakdowns, only. However the M42 in the UK has recently introduced a system whereby a small section of the hard shoulder can be used as an extra lane during busy periods.
The nearside edge (the edge up against the hard shoulder) of the running surface is marked with a solid white line, or in Ireland, a solid yellow line. The offside edge of the running surface (the edge nearest to the median) is marked with a solid white line. The running surface is divided into lanes by white dashed lines. On the M42 in the UK the hard shoulder line is not textured due to the frequent use of it as a running lane.
In the UK and Ireland the lanes in a given direction are numbered sequentially from the nearside (left) as lane 1, lane 2, lane 3, etc. Lane 1 is the lane next to the hard shoulder.
The lane closest to the nearside of the road (lane 1 in the UK) is generally intended for normal steady driving, while the other lane or lanes, those closer to the median, are intended for overtaking or passing slower-moving vehicles. Vehicles are expected to use the nearside-most lane which is clear. The Highway Code for the UK states that vehicles must pass on the right, unless in heavy traffic or when turning left. The Highway Code is the official road safety manual for Great Britain. Similar rules apply on German autobahns and in some other countries. In heavy traffic it may be acceptable to cruise in any lane and to pass slower vehicles on either side to avoid constant lane changes.
The most basic motorway junction is a two-lane flyover with four slip-roads, two on each side of the motorway, to exit or enter. In the field of Road transport, an interchange is a road junction that typically An overpass (called a flyover in the UK and most Commonwealth countries is a Bridge, Road, Railway or A simple crossroads or roundabout is present at each end of the flyover. A roundabout is a type of Road junction at which Traffic enters a one-way stream around a central island A rather large version of a roundabout, using two curved flyovers, is sometimes used to present a single large junction for users of the slip-roads or crossing road. The slip roads leading off the motorway are known as 'exit sliproads', those leading onto the motorway as 'entry sliproads'. The precise sliproad at any junction may be identified by reference to the direction of the carriageway, for example 'northbound entry slip'.
The signal-controlled roundabout is often used in these situations and has become very common in Ireland. A roundabout is a type of Road junction at which Traffic enters a one-way stream around a central island Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world A far greater degree of complexity is present in Britain, with varying types of Spaghetti Junction-style interchanges. Gravelly Hill Interchange, better known as Spaghetti Junction, is junction 6 of the M6 motorway where it meets the A38(M Aston Expressway in
Motorway junctions are usually given a number, indicated in the UK and in Ireland with a white number on a black background in the corner of signs approaching that junction. The same junction number is used in both directions on the motorway. Sometimes, where a junction is newly inserted between two existent junctions, it will be given a letter also (e. g. 2A). In Ireland, the junction numbering has only been used consistently on the M50 since it was opened, however a junction numbering scheme is now being applied to all motorways. The M50 motorway is a Motorway and National Primary Route ( N50) in Ireland running in a C-shaped ring around the north-eastern northern This has necessitated certain junctions being renumbered on the M7 (and, in future, on the M4). In Auckland, New Zealand, exit numbers are distance-based, and are indicated by a green sign reading "Exit XXX" (e. The Auckland metropolitan area or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest and most populous urban area in the country g. Exit 441) on top of exit signage.
Major intercity or national routes are often built or upgraded to motorway standard. Motorways are also commonly used for ring roads around cities or bypasses of built-up areas. A bypass is a Road or Highway that avoids or "bypasses" a built-up area town or village to let through Traffic flow without interference from In New Zealand, motorways tend to only occur in large cities, for purposes of taking commuters between the suburbs and the central city.
In Britain there are plans to improve many motorways as well as to upgrade some roads to motorway status. In Ireland, the National Roads Authority has been connecting main cities with motorways as part of a six-year National Development Plan. The National Roads Authority ( NRA) (An tÚdarás urn Bóithre Náisiúnta is a state body in Ireland, responsible for the national road network There are officially eleven cities in Ireland between the two jurisdictions in Ireland, five of these in Northern Ireland and six of them in the Republic of Ireland National Development Plan ( NDP, Plean Forbartha Náisiúnta is the title given by the Irish Government to a scheme of organised large-scale expenditure on (mainly The European Union has part-funded many motorway projects in the past, as part of a Trans-European Transport Networks, and there are plans to invest billions of euro in such projects in the next ten years. The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in The Trans-European Transport Networks are a planned set road rail air and water transport networks designed to serve the entire continent of Europe Please update other articles as well to avoid contradiction within Wikipedia e
One of the most recently constructed motorways in the UK is the M6 Toll, bypassing Birmingham and Wolverhampton, which opened in 2004 and is the only completely toll motorway in England. The M6 Toll (or Birmingham North Relief Road, or BNRR, or Midland Expressway) connects M6 Junction 4 at the NEC to M6 Junction 11A at Birmingham ( ˈbɜːmɪŋəm Ber -ming-um "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " A toll road, (also known as a tollway, turnpike, pike, or toll highway, especially if it is constructed to Freeway standards England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland There are tolled sections of motorway on the M4 and M48, where they cross the River Severn at the Severn crossings. The M4 motorway is a Motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. The M48 is a Motorway in Great Britain joining Gloucestershire and Monmouthshire over the original Severn Bridge. Severn crossing is a term used to refer to the two Motorway crossings over the River Severn estuary between England and Wales. Although the crossing of the River Thames east of London on the M25 is tolled, the bridge and tunnels themselves are officially designated the A282 to permit usage by non-motorway traffic. To see information about the M25 motorway under construction in Ireland, see N25 road. The A282 is a Road (also known as the Canterbury Way) that crosses the River Thames between Essex and Kent in England In Ireland, the M1, M4, and M50 are all tolled, with sections of the M6, M7 and M8 likely to face tolls also in the future. Road standard The road is a Dual carriageway from O'Connell Bridge, Dublin to Mullingar (including the motorway section The M50 motorway is a Motorway and National Primary Route ( N50) in Ireland running in a C-shaped ring around the north-eastern northern
In the UK and in Ireland certain types of traffic are not permitted on motorways. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Thus, to avoid people being forced to travel illegally, there are a number of rules about stretches of road which must be designated as motorways.
In all cases, there must be an escape route for traffic not wishing or not permitted to enter the motorway. As a result, the motorway technically begins as soon as the escape route has diverged from it; for example at a grade-separated junction, the motorway starts at the junction with the exiting slip road, and the opposite slip road is also part of the motorway for this and the following reason. An exception was the A1(M) near Leeds, which was "illegal", as pedestrians could legally cross 300 yards from the start, but cyclists and other types of traffic not permitted on motorways had no way of turning back - the escape route was the Boot & Shoe a mile before. Leeds ( is located on the River Aire in West Yorkshire, England This is remedied by the A1(M) extension. On some maps the start was disguised or covered so people could not see the blunder.
As a result, this creates a less-restrictive set of rules for the standard of the road. Roads whose only destination is a motorway must be assigned motorway status, notwithstanding the possibility of their not being built to normal motorway standards. For example, the A48(M) motorway outside Cardiff begins after the last exit to St Mellons, since by staying on the dual carriageway you cannot get anywhere other than the M4 eastbound; however, it is a motorway-grade highway. The A48(M is a Motorway in Wales between Cardiff and Newport. St Mellons (Llaneirwg is a district and Suburb of the Welsh Capital city of Cardiff, Wales. The M4 motorway is a Motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. A similar example in Ireland is the M6, currently a short 2 km section of the N6 eastbound that leads exclusively to the M4 motorway. Road standard The road is a Dual carriageway from O'Connell Bridge, Dublin to Mullingar (including the motorway section The equivalent westbound section of the N6 is not signed as a motorway however.
In England and Wales, the numbers of major motorways were a numbering system of their own not conterminous with that of the A-road network, though based on the same principle of zones. The Great Britain road numbering scheme is a Numbering system used to classify and identify all Roads in Great Britain.  Running clockwise from the M1 the zones were defined for Zones 1 to 4 based on the proposed M2, M3 and M4 motorways. The M1 is a major south – north Motorway in England primarily connecting London to Leeds, where The M2 is a Motorway in Kent, England. It is 257 Miles (414 Km) long and acts as a bypass of the section of the A2 The M3 motorway is a Motorway in Hampshire and Surrey, England. The M4 motorway is a Motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. The M5 and M6 numbers were reserved for the other two planned long distance motorways. This article is about the M5 motorway in England See M5 for other roads numbered "M5" This article concerns the M6 motorway in England There are also M6 motorways in Russia (see Caspian Highway) Hungary (see M6 motorway  The Preston Bypass, the UK's first motorway, should have been numbered A6(M) under the scheme decided upon, but it was decided to keep the number M6 as had already been applied. This article concerns the M6 motorway in England There are also M6 motorways in Russia (see Caspian Highway) Hungary (see M6 motorway  Certain portions or bypasses of A-roads may be designated as motorways, the name of these portions being given the suffix "(M)". An example is the A1(M). 
In Scotland, where the Scottish Office rather than the Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation had the decision, there is no zonal pattern, but rather the A-road rule is strictly enforced. The Scottish Office was a department of the United Kingdom Government from 1885 until 1999 exercising a wide range of government functions in relation to Scotland In the United Kingdom, the Department for Transport (or DfT) ( Welsh: Adran am Drafnidiaeth) is the government department It was decided to reserve the numbers 7, 8 & 9 for Scotland.  The M8 follows the route of the A8, and the M85 became part of the M90 when the A90 was re-routed along the path of the A85. The M90 is a Motorway in Scotland. It runs from Inverkeithing, at the north end of the Forth Road Bridge, to Perth, passing The A90 road is a major north to south Highway in eastern Scotland, running from Edinburgh to Fraserburgh in Aberdeenshire. The A85 is a major Road in Scotland. It runs east from Oban along the south bank of Loch Etive, through Lochawe and Tyndrum
In Northern Ireland a separate numbering system was used. Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of There is no known explanation for it. 
In Ireland, motorway and national road numbering is quite different to the UK convention. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Since the passage of the Roads Act 1993, all motorways are part of, or form, national primary roads. A national primary road (Príomhbhóithre Náisiúnta is a Road Classification in the Republic of Ireland. These routes are numbered in series, (usually, radiating anti-clockwise from Dublin, starting with the N1/M1) using numbers from 1 to 33 (and, separately from the series, 50). Motorways use the number of the route of which they form part, with an M prefix rather than N for national road (or in theory, rather than R for regional road).  In most cases, the motorway has been built as a bypass of a road previously forming the national road (e. g. M7 bypassing roads previously forming the N7) - the bypassed roads are reclassified as regional roads, although updated signposting may not be provided for some time, and adherence to signage colour conventions is lax (regional roads have black-on-white directional signage, national routes use white-on-green). Regional roads are also used in some parts of Ontario See County Road for more information
Under the previous legislation, the Local Government (Roads and Motorways) Act 1974, motorways theoretically existed independently to national roads, however the short sections of motorway opened during this act, except for the M50, always took their number from the national road which they were bypassing. The older road was not downgraded at this point (indeed, regional roads were not legislated for at this stage). Older signage at certain junctions on the M7 and M11 can be seen reflecting this earlier scheme, where for example "N11" and "M11" can be seen coexisting.
The M50, an entirely new national road, is an exception to the normal inheritance process, as it does not replace a road previously carrying an "N" number. The M50 motorway is a Motorway and National Primary Route ( N50) in Ireland running in a C-shaped ring around the north-eastern northern The M50 was nevertheless legislated in 1994 as the "N50" route (despite having no non-motorway sections). The M50's designation was chosen as a recognisable unique number. As of 2008 the N34 is the next unused national primary road designation. In theory, a motorway in Ireland could form part of a regional road. 
In Hungary, similar to Ireland, motorway numbers can be derived from the original national highway numbers (1-7), with an "M" prefix attached, eg. Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic M7 is on the route of the old Highway 7 from Budapest towards Lake Balaton and Croatia. The M7 motorway is a Hungarian Motorway which runs from Budapest towards the Croatian border reaching Székesfehérvár, then Siófok Budapest ( also /ˈbʊ-/) is the capital city of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary it serves as the country's principal Political, Lake Balaton, located in Hungary, is the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of the foremost regional tourist destinations Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between New motorways not following the original Budapest-centered radial highway system get numbers M8, M9, etc. , or M0 in the case of the ring road around Budapest.
In New Zealand, as well as in the Scandinavian countries, motorway numbers are also derived from the state highway route which they form a part of, but unlike Hungary and Ireland they are not distinguished from non motorway sections of the same state highway route. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island Terminology and usage As a cultural term "Scandinavia" has no official definition and is subject to usage by those who identify with the culture in question as well In the cases where a motorway acts as a bypass of a state highway route, the original state highway is either stripped of that status or renumbered (as in the case of the Auckland Northern Motorway extension from Albany to Silverdale, north of Auckland, where the new motorway was designated as part of State Highway 1, while the old state highway one route linking Albany to Silverdale was designated State Highway 17). The Northern Motorway, part of SH 1 for most of its length is the major northern route out of Auckland in New Zealand. The Auckland metropolitan area or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest and most populous urban area in the country State Highway 1 is the most significant road in the New Zealand roading network.
Motorway service areas, motorway service stations or simply motorway services are, as in the rest of the world, places where drivers can leave a motorway to refuel, rest, or take refreshments. Almost all motorway services in the UK are owned by the Department for Transport and let on 50-year leases to private operating companies. In the United Kingdom, the Department for Transport (or DfT) ( Welsh: Adran am Drafnidiaeth) is the government department
Food sold at motorway services is notoriously expensive (although discounts are frequently available; for instance, MOD (Ministry of Defence) and The AA breakdown members receive a little-publicised 20% discount on products in the retail outlets (AA Only) and in the restaraunt and BK Units at Moto service stations on production of their membership card). The Ministry of Defence ( MoD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and is the headquarters History On June 29, 1905 a group of motoring enthusiasts met at the Trocadero restaurant in the West End of London. Moto Hospitality is a company which operates Motorway service stations in the UK. This is often attributed to the fact that, under the terms of their leases, motorway services must provide free short-term parking and free toilet facilities and adequate provision for the sale of food and fuel; also, the vast majority of motorway services in the UK are owned by one of three companies: Moto, Welcome Break or RoadChef. Moto Hospitality is a company which operates Motorway service stations in the UK. Welcome Break is a company which operates twenty-six Motorway service stations in the UK. RoadChef is a company which operates Motorway service stations in the UK, which include service stations retail shops and restaurants Another factor may be that, unlike in other countries, the companies must pay the full cost of constructing the entry and exit ramps and all other required features for safe access to motorway services, as well as the motorway services facility itself. In other countries, the authority responsible for the highway tends to subsidise these costs on the grounds that these areas are partly a public service to drivers. The leases provide that motorway services must operate 24 hours a day, and the costs of providing utilities and services are high. With very few customers in the early morning, they need to earn the money in other ways.
Services are prohibited from selling alcohol as this might encourage drink driving. Driving under the influence of alcohol ( driving while intoxicated, drunk driving, drinking and driving, drink-driving) or other drugs However many now have video game areas and gambling areas with fruit machines and other electronic devices. A video game is a Game that involves interaction with a User interface to generate visual feedback on a video device. A slot machine ( American) fruit machine ( British) or poker machine ( Australian) is a Casino gambling machine with three Some service stations also have hotels next to them offering motorists cheap overnight accommodation.
The Republic of Ireland does not yet have motorway service areas – initially the National Roads Authority opposed them on the grounds that it preferred to see traffic using existing businesses in bypassed towns, and that the motorway network was not large enough for them anyway. The National Roads Authority ( NRA) (An tÚdarás urn Bóithre Náisiúnta is a state body in Ireland, responsible for the national road network However in 2006 it changed its mind, and the Roads Bill 2007 makes provision for a Motorway Service Area Scheme to be made for proposed motorway service areas. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
The first motorway ever built in the world was the Autostrada dei laghi, inaugurated on September 21, 1921 in Milan. The Autostrada A9 or Autostrada dei Laghi (“Autostrada of the Lakes” is a motorway in northern Italy. Events 1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights. Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. It linked Milan to Varese. See Edgard Varèse for the composer Varese (vaˈreze in Italian Varès in the local Lombard Dialect; Piero Puricelli, the engineer who designed this new type of road, decided to cover the expenses by introducing a toll to be paid by whoever used the motorway. A toll road, (also known as a tollway, turnpike, pike, or toll highway, especially if it is constructed to Freeway standards 
Other motorways built before WWII in Italy were Naples-Pompeii, Padua-Venice, Milan-Turin and Rome-Ostia. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Naples ( Napoli, Neapolitan: Nàpule) is a historic City in southern Italy, the Capital of the Pompeii is a ruined and partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples and Caserta in the Italian region of Campania, in Padua ( Padova 'padova Latin: Patavium, Padoa) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Ostia may refer to Ostia Antica, a township and port of ancient Rome Ostia (town, a modern township (also called Ostia Lido or
New Zealand's first motorway opened in December 1950 near Wellington. Wellington (ˈwælɪŋtən is the Capital of New Zealand, the country's second largest urban area, the This 5 kilometre (3 mile) motorway now forms part of the Johnsonville-Porirua Motorway and State Highway 1. Suburb History The name "Porirua" is of Māori origin It is possibly a variant of "Pari-rua" ("two tides" a reference to the two arms of the Porirua State Highway 1 is the most significant road in the New Zealand roading network.  Auckland's first stretch of motorway was opened in 1953 between Ellerslie and Mount Wellington (between present-day Exit 435 and Exit 438), and now forms part of the Southern Motorway. The Auckland Southern Motorway (also known as the Southern Motorway, and historically as the Auckland - Hamilton Motorway) is the major route south out of the 
In Great Britain motorways were introduced into law under the Special Roads Act 1949, with the first motorway, the M6 Preston Bypass, opening in 1958. The United Kingdom Road Network is an extensive network of routes connecting its settlements The network is of varied quality and capacity See also Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain (Breatainn Mhòr Prydain Fawr Breten Veur Graet Breetain is the larger of the two main islands The Special Roads Act 1949 (c32 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that Authorised the construction of Special roads *Allowed This article concerns the M6 motorway in England There are also M6 motorways in Russia (see Caspian Highway) Hungary (see M6 motorway  The first major motorway to open was the M1 between Crick and Berrygrove. The M1 is a major south – north Motorway in England primarily connecting London to Leeds, where Crick is a village in the Daventry district of the county of Northamptonshire in England.  From then onwards, motorways opened on a regular basis right into the 1980s; by 1972 the first 1,000 miles (1,609 km) of motorway had been built. A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand Whilst roads outside of urban areas continued to be built throughout the 1970s, opposition to urban routes became more pronounced. Most notably, plans by the Greater London Council for a series of ringways were cancelled following extensive protests and a rise in costs. The Greater London Council (GLC was the top-tier Local government administrative body for Greater London from 1965 to 1986 The London Ringways were a series of four ring roads planned in the 1960s to circle London at various distances from the city centre  The completed M25 London Orbital opened in 1986. To see information about the M25 motorway under construction in Ireland, see N25 road.  In 1996 the total length of motorways reached 2,000 miles (3,219 km). 
Northern Ireland developed their own network of motorways. Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of Legal authority existed in the Special Roads Act (Northern Ireland) 1963 similar to that in the 1949 Act.  The first motorway to open was the M1 motorway, though did so under temporary powers until the Special Roads Act had been passed. This page refers to the M1 in Northern Ireland For other uses see M1 The M1 is a Motorway in Northern Ireland.  Work on the motorways continued until the 1970s when the oil crisis and The Troubles both intervened causing the abandonment of many schemes. The 1973 oil crisis began on October 17 1973 when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC consisting of the Arab members of  The final scheme to open has been the M3. This page refers to the M3 in Northern Ireland For other uses see M3 The M3 is an urban Motorway 0 
In the Republic of Ireland the Local Government (Roads and Motorways) Act 1974 made motorways possible, although the first section, the M7 Naas Bypass, did not open until 1983. Carlow ( is an inland Town in the south-east of Ireland in County Carlow, 84 km from Dublin. Year 1983 ( MCMLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar) The first section of the M50 opened in 1990, a part of which was Ireland's first toll motorway, the West-Link. The M50 motorway is a Motorway and National Primary Route ( N50) in Ireland running in a C-shaped ring around the north-eastern northern A toll road, (also known as a tollway, turnpike, pike, or toll highway, especially if it is constructed to Freeway standards For other uses see Westlink The West-Link ( is a toll bridge (actually two twin bridges on the M50 motorway to the west of Dublin However it would be the 1990s before substantial sections of motorway were opened in Ireland, with the first completed motorway - the 83km M1 motorway - being finished in 2005. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
Under the Transport 21 infrastructural plan, motorways or high quality dual carriageways are being built between Dublin and the major cities of Cork, Galway, Limerick and Waterford by the end of 2010. Transport 21 is an Irish Infrastructure plan announced on 1 November 2005 in Dublin Castle by the then Irish Minister for Dublin (ˈdʌblɨn/ /ˈdʊblɨn or /ˈdʊbəlɪn/, bˠalʲə aːha klʲiəh or cliə(ɸ is both the largest city and capital of Ireland. Cork (Corcaigh is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland and the island of Ireland 's third most populous city after Dublin and Belfast Galway (Gaillimh is the only city in the province of Connacht in Ireland. Limerick (pronounced /ˈlɪmrɪk/ Luimneach in Irish) is a city and the county seat of County Limerick in the Province of Munster Waterford ( or Windy fjord;) is a city in Ireland. It is the primary city of the South East region and the fifth largest in the country Other shorter sections of motorway either have been or will be built on some other main routes. In 2007 legislation (the Roads Bill 2007) was proposed to allow existing roads be designated motorways by order. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Current legislation only allows for new build roads to be designated motorways. It is now intended that all the HQDCs on the major inter-urbans - other than some sections near Dublin on the N4 and N7 which do not fully meet motorway standards - will be reclassified as motorway. Road standard The road is a Dual carriageway from O'Connell Bridge, Dublin to Mullingar (including the motorway section
Most of Australia's capital cities feature a significant motorway network within their urban areas. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth each feature extensive freeway and motorway systems, while Canberra, Adelaide, Hobart and the regional centres of Newcastle, Gold Coast, and Wollongong feature a selection of limited-access routes. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 Melbourne ( is the second most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 3 Brisbane ( is the state capital of Queensland. Brisbane is the third most populous city in Australia and the most populous city of Queensland Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. Canberra ( is the capital city of Australia With a population of over 340000 it is Australia's largest inland City. Adelaide is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth largest city in Australia with a Hobart is the state capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. The Newcastle metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the state of New South Wales and includes most of the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie This article is about the Australian city Gold Coast For other uses see Gold Coast. Outside these areas traffic volumes do not generally demand motorway-standard access, although heavily-trafficked regional corridors such as Sydney-Newcastle, Brisbane-Gold Coast and Melbourne-Geelong that form part of major long-distance routes feature high-standard motorway links. While Sydney and Canberra are currently the only two Australian capitals connected by a continuous motorway-standard link, upgrades to full dual-highway of the heavy-use Sydney-Melbourne and Sydney-Brisbane interstate routes, a total length of more than 2000 kilometres, are currently underway.
Pakistan has a network of high-quality international-standard limited-access motorways, which are maintained and operated by the National Highway Authority. |name = Islamabad|native_name = |nickname = |settlement_type = Capital City |total_type ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and The Motorways of Pakistan are a network of high-quality international-standard 'limited access' highways in Pakistan which are maintained and operated by the National Highway Authority The National Highway Authority is responsible for building and maintaining highways and motorways in Pakistan. In 2008, operational motorways in Pakistan had a combined length of 575 km, with more than 1,000 km of further motorways under construction or planned.
Pakistan's motorways are either six-lanes or four-lanes and are 'limited-access' with a universal minimum speed limit of 80 km/h and a maximum speed limit of 100 km/h for heavy transport vehicles and 120 km/h for light transport vehicles. They have a concrete central median and are fenced on the outside for safety and to prevent unauthorized access.
Pakistan's first motorway, the M2, was completed in 1997 and was the first motorway to be built in South Asia. The contract was awarded to the Korean firm Daewoo. This article is about the Chaebol Daewoo Group For the Korean auto company Daewoo Motors that is associated with Chevrolet, see GM Daewoo. It has six-lanes and links the federal capital Islamabad with Punjab's provincial capital Lahore and its length is 367 km. |name = Islamabad|native_name = |nickname = |settlement_type = Capital City |total_type The Punjab ( Urdu:) province of ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. Since then, the network has been further extended to Faisalabad with the M3, which has four-lanes and a length of 53 km. ( is a city located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. It was formerly known as Lyallpur. The M1 from Islamabad to the North-West Frontier Province's capital Peshawar was completed in 2007. The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP ( Urdu: śimāl maġribī sarhadī sūba) is the smallest of the four main provinces of Pakistan. ( پښور; Urdu: پشاور) is the capital of the North-West Frontier Province and the administrative centre for the Federally Administered It has six-lanes and a length of 154 km.
More motorways are being planned in Pakistan and some are also being built by local as well as foreign firms. M8 will link Gwadar with other central and South Asian countries. M9 will link Hyderabad with Karachi.
Entry Restrictions On all the motorways in Pakistan, entry is restricted to fast moving vehicles only. Two wheelers (motorcycles and bicycles) and slow moving traffic modes are not allowed. However Motorway Police personnel use heavy motor bikes for patrolling purposes. Construction and agricultural machinery is also restricted.
List of Motorways in