Motor vehicle theft, sometimes referred to as grand theft auto by police departments, is the criminal act of stealing or attempting to steal a motor vehicle, including an automobile, truck, bus, motorcycle, snowmobile, trailer or any other motorized vehicle. Police are agents or agencies usually of the executive, empowered to enforce the law and to effect public and social order through the legitimatized use of force In the sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or Law for which some governing authority or force may ultimately prescribe a Punishment A motor Vehicle is a Machine which incorporates a motor (sometimes known as an Engine) and which is used for Transportation This article is about the semi-truck For the North American use of the word see Pickup truck. MotorCycle is the title of a 1993 album by Rock band Daniel Amos, released on BAI Records. A snowmobile (known locally as snowmachine, snowsled or by the Brandname Ski-Doo) is a land vehicle that is commonly propelled by A Trailer is generally an unpowered vehicle pulled by a powered vehicle Vehicles, derived from the Latin word vehiculum, are non-living Means of transport. In some jurisdictions, vehicles not customarily operated on public roads or highways, including aircraft, boats, motorized wheelchairs, bulldozers, and spacecraft, are not included in this category, but nevertheless would be classified as some form of theft if stolen. A boat is a Watercraft of modest size designed to float or plane on water and provide transport over it A wheelchair is a wheeled Mobility device in which the user sits ----A bulldozer is a crawler ( Caterpillar tracked Tractor) equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade) used to push large quantities A spacecraft is a Vehicle or machine designed for Spaceflight.
Shattered glass marks the spot where a parked vehicle was stolen
Some methods used to steal motor vehicles are as follows:
- Theft of an unattended vehicle without key(s): The removal of a parked vehicle either by breaking and entry, followed by hotwiring or other tampering methods to start the vehicle, or else towing. Hotwiring is the process of bypassing an Automobile 's ignition interlock and thus starting it without the key. Towing is the process of pulling or drawing behind a chain line bar or some other form of coupling
- Theft with access to keys: Known in some places as "Taken Without Owner's Consent (TWOC). A TWOC can also be a medical procedure - a trial without Catheter TWOC is an Acronym standing for Taking Without Owner's Consent. A TWOC can also be a medical procedure - a trial without Catheter TWOC is an Acronym standing for Taking Without Owner's Consent. The unauthorized use of a vehicle in which the owner has allowed the driver to have possession of or easy access to the keys. Often, this is the adolescent or grown child or employee of the vehicle's owner, whom at other times, may be authorized to use the vehicle. May be treated differently, depending on the jurisdiction's laws, and in some cases, the owner may choose not to press charges.
- Opportunistic theft: The removal of a vehicle that the owner or operator has left unattended with the keys visibly present, sometimes idling
- Carjacking: Refers to the taking of a vehicle by force or threat of force from its owner or operator. A crime of opportunity is a Crime that is committed without planning when the Perpetrator sees s/he has the chance to commit the act at that moment and seizes it For other meanings including people named Idle see Idle (disambiguation. Carjacking is a Crime of stealing a motor vehicle when the vehicle is occupied In most places, this is the most serious form of theft, since assault also occurs. Assault is a Crime of Violence against another person. In some Jurisdictions including Australia and New Zealand, In some carjackings, the operators and passengers are forced from the vehicle while the thief drives it away him/herself, while in other incidents, the operator and/or passenger(s) are forced to remain in the vehicle as hostages. A hostage is a person or entity which is held by a captor The original definition meant that this was handed over by one of two belligerent parties to the other or seized as security Some less common carjackings result in the operator being forced to drive the assailant in accordance with the assailant's demands. In the United States, carjacking is a federal offense, subject to 15 years imprisonment. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
- Fraudulent theft: Illegal acquisition of a vehicle from a seller through fraudulent transfer of funds that the seller will ultimately not receive (such as by identity theft or the use of a counterfeit cashier's check). In the broadest sense a fraud is a Deception made for personal gain or to damage another individual Identity theft is a term used to refer to Fraud that involves stealing money or getting other benefits by pretending to be someone else A counterfeit is an imitation that is made usually with the intent to deceptively represent its content or origins A cashier's check (also known as a cashier's cheque, bank check, official check, teller's check, bank draft or treasurer's check Many vehicles stolen in this manner are resold quickly thereafter.
Motivations for theft
Motor vehicles often get stolen for the following reasons:
- Transportation of self: For temporary or long-term use of transportation, in hopes that this use will not be detected by law enforcement. Most vehicles that are stolen are reported as soon as their owners discover them missing, therefore limiting the amount of time they can be driven without detection.
- Commission of a crime: When used for transportation in a crime, if the vehicle reported by witnesses does not belong to or have any ties to the perpetrator, and is abandoned thereafter, it cannot be traced to the perpetrator, without a study of forensic evidence that may not always be successful.
- Chopping and selling parts: May be a single vehicle stolen for its parts, or a larger ring that engages in the mass theft of vehicles. To joyride is to drive around in a stolen Car, Boat, or other Vehicle with no particular goal a ride taken solely for pleasure A chop shop is a slang phrase for an illegal location or business which disassembles stolen automobiles for the purpose of selling them as parts Vehicles stolen for this purpose are less likely to be returned to their owners, since they have been dismantled, and the parts have either been sold as replacement parts or built into new vehicles. VIN etching or microdots may prevent this from occurring to a vehicle. VIN etching is a countermeasure to Motor vehicle theft. It most commonly involves the use of a Stencil and Glass etching paste to etch a vehicle's A microdot is text or an image substantially reduced in size onto a 1mm disc to prevent detection by unintended recipients
- Resale of vehicle: A stolen vehicle cannot easily be resold within the country from where it is stolen due to its registration to its owner. But shipping the vehicle across a border to a location where there is no reciprocity for motor vehicle registation may allow the thief to dodge this process. Borders define geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions such as Governments States or subnational administrative In International relations and treaties, the principle of reciprocity states that favours benefits or penalties that are granted by one state to the
Vehicles most frequently stolen
The makes and models of vehicles most frequently stolen vary by several factors, including region and ease of theft.
In recent years in the United States, some models often on lists of most frequently stolen vehicles include Toyota Camry, Honda Accord, Jeep Cherokee, and Cadillac Escalade. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Toyota Camry is a Mid-size car, formerly a Compact car manufactured by Toyota since 1980 The Honda Accord is series of midrange Automobile manufactured by Honda since 1976 and sold in most automotive markets throughout the world The Cadillac Escalade is a Full-size luxury Sport utility vehicle (SUV sold by the General Motors luxury brand Cadillac
There are various methods of prevention to reduce the likelihood of a vehicle getting stolen. These include physical barriers, which make the effort of stealing the vehicle more difficult. Some of these include:
- Devices used to lock a part of the vehicle necessary in its operation, such as the steering wheel or brake pedal. A steering wheel (also called a driving wheel or hand wheel) is a type of steering Control in Vehicles and vessels ( Ships and Boats An Automobile may have two to four foot pedal s The arrangement is the same for both Right- and left-hand traffic. A popular steering wheel lock is The Club. The Club is the trademark version of a popular automotive Steering wheel lock produced by Sharon Pennsylvania -based Winner International.
- Immobilisers, allowing the vehicle to start only if a key containing the correct chip is present in the ignition. An immobiliser or immobilizer is an electronic device fitted to an Automobile which prevents the engine from running unless the correct key (or other token An ignition system is a system for igniting a fuel-air mixture
Chances of theft can also be reduced with various deterrents, which give the impression to the thief that s/he is more likely to get caught if the vehicle is stolen. These include:
- Car alarm systems that are triggered if a breaking and entry into the vehicle occurs
- VIN etching
- microdot identification tags which allow individual parts of a vehicle to be identified
- Signage on windows warning of the presence of other deterrents, sometimes in absence of the actual deterrants. This article is about the Electronic device. For the Kim Possible episode see Car Alarm (TV Episode. VIN etching is a countermeasure to Motor vehicle theft. It most commonly involves the use of a Stencil and Glass etching paste to etch a vehicle's A microdot is text or an image substantially reduced in size onto a 1mm disc to prevent detection by unintended recipients
Recovery of stolen vehicles
Recovery rates for stolen vehicles vary, depending on the effort a jurisdiction's police department puts into recovery, and devices a vehicle has installed to assist in the process.
Police deparments use various methods of recovering stolen vehicles, such as random checks of vehicles that come in front of a patrol unit, checks of all vehicles parked along a street or within a parking lot, or keeping a watchlist of all the vehicles reported stolen by their owners. A police car is the description for a vehicle used by Police, to assist with their duties in patrolling and responding to incidents
Vehicle tracking systems, such as Lojack or Automatic vehicle location, may enable the location of the vehicle to be tracked by local law enforcement or a private company. A vehicle tracking system is an electronic device installed in a vehicle to enable the owner or a third party to track the vehicle's location The LoJack Stolen Vehicle Recovery System is an aftermarket Vehicle tracking system that allows vehicles to be tracked by Police after being stolen Automatic vehicle locating or AVL is a concept for determining the geographic location of a vehicle and transmitting this information to a point from where it was requested Other security devices such as DotGuard microdots allow individual parts of a vehicle to also be identified and potentially returned.
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