The Minister of Culture is, in the Government of France, the cabinet member in charge of national museums and monuments; promoting and protecting the arts (visual, plastic, theatrical, musical, dance, architectural, literary, televisual and cinematographic) in France and abroad; and managing the national archives and regional "maisons de culture" (culture centres). The government of France is a Semi-presidential system determined by the French Constitution of the fifth Republic, in which the nation declares French government ministers are members of the Prime Minister 's Government or cabinet although in French the term " Cabinet " is rarely used to describe The Ministry of Culture is located on the Palais Royal in Paris. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city
Deriving from the Italian and Burgundian courts of the Renaissance, the notion that the state had a key role to play in the sponsoring of artistic production and that the arts were linked to national prestige was found in France from at least the 16th century on. The Italian Renaissance began the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement in Europe that spanned the period from the end of the 14th Burgundy (Bourgogne Burgund is a region historically situated in modern-day France and Switzerland, inhabited in turn by Celts ( Gauls) The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere During the pre-revolutionary period, these ideas are apparent in such things as the creation of the Académie française, the Académie de peinture et de sculpture and other state-sponsored institutions of artistic production, and through the cultural policies of Louis XIV's minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert. L'Académie française, or the French Academy, is the pre-eminent French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language. The Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture Paris, was founded in 1648, modelled on Italian examples such Early years Birth and ancestry Louis XIV was born in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye on September 5 1638 and bore the Heir apparent Jean-Baptiste Colbert ( August 29, 1619 — September 6, 1683) served as the French minister of finance from 1665 to 1683 under
The modern post of Minister of Culture was created by Charles de Gaulle in 1959 and the first Minister was the writer André Malraux. Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle ( ( 22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French General and statesman who led the Free French The year 1959 ( MCMLIX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. André Malraux (3 November 1901 – 23 November 1976 was a French Author, adventurer and Statesman, and a dominant figure in French politics and culture Malraux was responsible for realizing the goals of the "droit à la culture" ("the right to culture") -- an idea which had been incorporated in the French constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) -- by democratizing access to culture, while also achieving the Gaullist aim of elevating the "grandeur" ("greatness") of post-war France. The current Constitution of France was adopted on October 4, 1958. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights ( UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly ( 10 December 1948 at Palais Gaullism (Gaullisme is a French political ideology based on the thought and action of Charles de Gaulle. To this end, he created numerous regional cultural centres throughout France and actively sponsored the arts. Malraux's artistic tastes included the modern arts and the avant-garde, but on the whole he remained conservative.
Under president François Mitterrand the Minister of Culture was Jack Lang who showed himself to be far more open to popular cultural production, including jazz, rock and roll, rap music, graffiti art ("tagging"), cartoons, comic books, fashion and food. François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand ( 26 October 1916 8 January 1996 served as President of France from 1981 to 1995 elected as representative of the Socialist Jack Mathieu Émile Lang (born 2 September 1939 is a French Politician and a member of the French Socialist Party. Jazz is an American Musical art form which originated in the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States Rock and roll (also known as rock 'n' roll) is a form of Music that evolved in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s with roots in mostly African Hip hop music, also referred to as rap music, is a Music genre typically consisting of a rhythmic vocal style called rap which is accompanied with Graffiti (singular graffito; the plural is used as a Mass noun) is the name for images or lettering scratched scrawled painted or marked in any manner on property Graffiti (singular graffito; the plural is used as a Mass noun) is the name for images or lettering scratched scrawled painted or marked in any manner on property The word cartoon has various meanings based on several very different forms of Visual art and Illustration. A comic book (often shortened to simply comic and sometimes called a comic paper or comic magazine) is a Magazine or Book of narrative His famous phrase "économie et culture, même combat" ("economy and culture: it's the same fight") is representative of his commitment to cultural democracy and to active national sponsorship and participation in cultural production. In addition to the creation of the Fête de la Musique and overseeing the French bicentennial (1989), he was in charge of the massive architectural program of the Mitterrand years (the so-called "Grands Travaux" or "Great Works" like the Bibliothèque nationale, the new Louvre, the Institut du Monde Arabe, the Musée d'Orsay, the Opéra-Bastille, the "Grande Arche" of La Défense (the Parisian business quarter) and the City of Science and Music in La Villette). This article refers to a music festival which began in France but which is now international in various cities The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre located in Paris is the world's most visited art museum a historic monument and a national museum of France The Musée d'Orsay is a Museum in Paris, France, on the left bank of the Seine, housed in the former railway station the Gare L’Opéra de la Bastille (Bastille Opera is a modern Opera house in Paris, France. The Grande Arche de la Fraternité is a Monument in the business district of La Défense to the west of Paris. La Défense is a major Business district for the city of Paris, bordering Neuilly-sur-Seine, west of the city itself
The Ministry of Jacques Toubon was notable for a number of laws (the "Toubon Laws") enacted for the preservation of the French language, both in advertisements (all ads must include a French translation of foreign words) and on the radio (40% of songs on French radio stations must be in French), ostensibly in reaction to the presence of English. Jacques Toubon (born 29 June 1941 in Nice France) is a Right-wing French politician who held several major national and Parisian The Toubon Law (full name law 94-665 of 4 August 1994 relating to usage of the French language) is a law of the French government mandating French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people
The current minister is Christine Albanel. Christine Albanel (born 24 June 1955 in Toulouse, France) is a French civil servant
For a complete list see . André Malraux (3 November 1901 – 23 November 1976 was a French Author, adventurer and Statesman, and a dominant figure in French politics and culture Edmond Michelet ( Paris, October 8, 1899 &ndash October 9, 1970 in Brive) was a French politician André Bettencourt ( April 21 1919 &ndash November 19 2007) was a French politician Maurice Druon (born April 23 1918) is a French Novelist and member of Académie française. Alain Peyrefitte ( Najac, August 26, 1925 &ndash November 27, 1999 in Paris) was a French scholar and politician Françoise Giroud, born France Gourdji (September 21 1916 in Lausanne, Switzerland and not in Geneva as often written - January 19 2003 in Neuilly-sur-Seine Jack Mathieu Émile Lang (born 2 September 1939 is a French Politician and a member of the French Socialist Party. François Gerard Marie Léotard (born March 26, 1942, Cannes) is a retired French politician Jack Mathieu Émile Lang (born 2 September 1939 is a French Politician and a member of the French Socialist Party. Jack Mathieu Émile Lang (born 2 September 1939 is a French Politician and a member of the French Socialist Party. Jack Mathieu Émile Lang (born 2 September 1939 is a French Politician and a member of the French Socialist Party. Jack Mathieu Émile Lang (born 2 September 1939 is a French Politician and a member of the French Socialist Party. Jacques Toubon (born 29 June 1941 in Nice France) is a Right-wing French politician who held several major national and Parisian Philippe Douste-Blazy (born on 1 January, 1953) was the Foreign Minister of France in the cabinet of Dominique de Villepin Mme Catherine Trautmann (born on 15 January 1951 in Strasbourg)is a former Minister of Culture of France and now Member of the Jean-Jacques Aillagon (born October 2, 1946, Metz) is a French politician a close confidant of Jacques Chirac and member Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres (born March 13, 1954 in Neuilly-sur-Seine) often known as RDDV, is a French politician France 's Christine Albanel (born 24 June 1955 in Toulouse, France) is a French civil servant
The ministry has gone through a number of different names:
The Ministry of Culture is made up of a variety of internal divisions, including:
The Ministry also has access to the division :
The Ministry also runs three "delegations" (administrative boards) :
Finally, the Ministry shares in the management of the National Centre of Cinema (Centre national de la cinématographie), a public institution (go to their link here). The cinema of France comprises the art of Film making within the nation of France or by French filmmakers abroad
The Alliance française is run by the Minister of Foreign Affairs (France). The Alliance française ( AF) is an organisation whose mission is to promote French language and The Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Government of France, is the cabinet minister responsible for the Foreign relations of France.
For more on the organization of the Ministry, see Ministry of Culture.
On the national level, the Ministry also runs:
The Ministry of Culture is responsible for, or a major sponsor of, a number of annual cultural activities, including: