|Armed Forces of Italy|
|Service branches|| Esercito Italiano (Army)|
|Minister of Defence||Ignazio La Russa|
|Chief of staff||Admiral Giampaolo Di Paola|
|Military age||18 years of age|
|Conscription||voluntary (since 2003)|
|13,491,260 (2005 est. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano is the ground defense force of the Military of Italy. An army (from Latin Armata "act of arming" via Old French armée) in the broadest sense is the land-based Armed forces Marina Militare (the Italian Navy) is one of the four branches of the military forces of Italy. The Aeronautica Militare is the Air force of Italy. It has held a prominent role in modern Italian military history. An air force, also known in some countries as an air army or historically an army air corps, is in the broadest sense the national military or armed service The Carabinieri (Italian for Carabiniers are the national-level Gendarmerie of Italy who also perform Military police duties A gendarmerie or gendarmery (dʒɛnˈdɑrməriː or /ˌʒɑndɑrməˈriː/ after the French is a Military body charged with Police duties among civilian Giorgio Napolitano (born June 29 1925) is an Italian Politician and former lifetime senator, the eleventh and current President of the Italian ), age 15–49|
|10,963,513 (2005 est. ), age 15–49|
|286,344 (2005 est. )|
|Percent of GDP||1. 6% (FY07)|
|History||Military history of Italy|
The Italian armed forces are under the command of the Italian Supreme Defense Council, presided over by the President of the Italian Republic. The military history of Italy chronicles a vast time period lasting from the overthrow of Tarquinius Superbus in 509 BC, through the Roman Empire, Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest For the military meaning see Armed forces. For the Soviet sports society see Armed Forces (sports society Armed Forces The President of the Italian Republic (Presidente della Repubblica Italiana is the Head of State of Italy, and as such is intended to represent national unity The total number of military personnel is approximately 308,000. Italy has the eighth highest military expenditure in the world. A military budget of an entity most often a Nation or a State, is the Budget and financial resources dedicated to raising and maintaining
Article 11 of the Italian Constitution says: "Italy rejects war as a means for settling international controversies and as an instrument of aggression against the freedoms of others peoples; it agrees, on conditions of equality with other states, to the limitations of sovereignty necessary for an order that ensures peace and justice among Nations; it promotes and encourages international organizations having such ends in view". The Constitution of the Italian Republic (Costituzione della Repubblica Italiana was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 December 1947 with 453 votes in favour and 62
The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) is the ground defense force of the Italian Republic. The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano is the ground defense force of the Military of Italy. It has recently (July 29th, 2004) become a professional all-volunteer force of 115,687 active duty personnel. Active duty refers to a full-time occupation as part a military force as opposed to reserve duty. Its most famous combat vehicles are Dardo, Centauro and Ariete, and Mangusta attack helicopters, recently deployed in UN missions; but the Esercito Italiano also has at its disposal a large number of Leopard 1 tanks and M113 APCs. The Dardo is a Infantry Fighting Vehicle designed for the Italian Army as a replacement for the M113 APC The Centauro is a wheeled Tank destroyer designed for light to medium territorial defense and tactical reconnaissance The C1 Ariete is a Main battle tank developed for the Italian Army by Iveco Fiat and Oto Melara. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The Leopard (or Leopard 1) is a German designed and produced main battle tank that first entered service in 1965 and was used as the main battle tank
The Aeronautica Militare Italiana (AMI), the air force of Italy, was founded as an independent service arm on the March 28, 1923, by King Vittorio Emanuele III as the Regia Aeronautica (which equates to "Royal Air Force"). The Aeronautica Militare is the Air force of Italy. It has held a prominent role in modern Italian military history. An air force, also known in some countries as an air army or historically an army air corps, is in the broadest sense the national military or armed service Events 37 - Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate. Year 1923 ( MCMXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele III 11 November, 1869 – 28 December, 1947) was a member of the House of Savoy and The Royal Air Force ( Regia Aeronautica) was the name of the Italian Air Force established as an independent service from 1923 until the After World War II, when Italy was made a republic by referendum, the Regia Aeronautica was given its current name. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its Today the Aeronautica Militare has a strength of 45,879 and operates 585 aircraft, including 219 combat jets and 114 helicopters. As a stopgap and as replacement for leased Tornado ADV interceptors, the AMI has leased 30 F-16A Block 15 ADF and four F-16B Block 10 Fighting Falcons, with an option for some more. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The coming years also will see the introduction of 121 EF2000 Eurofighter Typhoons, replacing the leased F-16 Fighting Falcons. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Furthermore updates are foreseen on the Tornado IDS/IDT and the AMX-fleet. The transport capacity will be improved with the delivery of eighteen C-130Js (for 2°Gr) and an upgrade programme for the C-130Hs. Also a completely-new developed G222, called C-27J Spartan, will enter service replacing the G222's.
The Marina Militare, the Italian Navy, was created in 1946 as the Navy of the Italian Republic, from the Regia Marina. Marina Militare (the Italian Navy) is one of the four branches of the military forces of Italy. The Regia Marina ( Italian Royal Navy) dates from the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 after Italian unification. Today's Marina Militare is a modern navy with a strength of 35,261 and ships of every type, such as aircraft carriers, destroyers, modern frigates, submarines, amphibious ships and other smaller ships such as oceanographic research ships. An aircraft carrier is a Warship designed with In naval terminology a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance Warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, Convoy For the bird see Frigatebird. A frigate /ˈfrɪgɪt/ is a warship
The Marina Militare is now equipping herself with a bigger aircraft carrier (the Cavour), new destroyers, submarines and multipurpose frigates. An aircraft carrier is a Warship designed with Description The ship is designed to combine fixed wing V/STOL and helicopter air operations command and control operations and the transport of military or civil personnel and heavy In naval terminology a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance Warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, Convoy For the bird see Frigatebird. A frigate /ˈfrɪgɪt/ is a warship In modern times, the Marina Militare, being a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), has taken part in many coalition peacekeeping operations.
The 'Carabinieri are the gendarmerie and military police of Italy. The Carabinieri (Italian for Carabiniers are the national-level Gendarmerie of Italy who also perform Military police duties A gendarmerie or gendarmery (dʒɛnˈdɑrməriː or /ˌʒɑndɑrməˈriː/ after the French is a Military body charged with Police duties among civilian Military police ( MPs) are normally the Police of a Military Organization. At the Sea Islands Conference of the G8 in 2004, the Carabinieri was given the mandate to establish a Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units (CoESPU) to spearhead the development of training and doctrinal standards for civilian police units attached to international peacekeeping missions. Sea Island is an isolated Resort Island located in unincorporated Glynn County just off the Atlantic coast of southern Georgia 
The Guardia di Finanza is a specialized police with the role of fighting against financial crimes, illegal drugs trafficking, customs and borders control on earth-sea and air, illegal immigration, money laundering, Terrorist Financing, smuggling, maintaining public order and safety, money counterfeiting, cybercrime; it is also a Military Corps. The Guardia di Finanza, (/ˈgwardja di fiˈnantsa/ (Financial Guard is an Italian Police force under the authority of the Minister of Economy and Finance Police are agents or agencies usually of the executive, empowered to enforce the law and to effect public and social order through the legitimatized use of force In the sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or Law for which some governing authority or force may ultimately prescribe a Punishment Terrorist financing is a topic that shot into the limelight after the events of September 11 2001. In Italy also the Guardia di Finanza has some duties of military police.
Italy has worked closely with the United States and others on such issues as NATO and UN operations as well as with assistance to Russia and the other CIS nations, Middle East peace process, multilateral talks, Somalia and Mozambique peacekeeping, and combating drug trafficking, trafficking in women and children, and terrorism. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The North Atlantic Treaty The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Somalia ( Soomaaliya; الصومال) officially the Somali Republic ( Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya, جمهورية الصومال) and formerly known Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique, ʁɛ'publikɐ d musɐ̃'bik is a country in southeastern Africa
Under long-standing bilateral agreements flowing from NATO membership, Italy hosts important U. S. military forces at Vicenza – home of 173d Airborne Brigade – and Livorno (USA); Aviano (USAF); and Sigonella, Naples, and Gaeta – home port for the U.S. Navy Sixth Fleet. The 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team is an airborne Infantry Brigade combat team of the United States Army based in Vicenza "Leghorn" redirects here For the breed of chicken see Leghorn chicken. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. Aviano ( Friulian Avian) is a town and Comune of Province of Pordenone at the foot of the Dolomites mountain range in Naval Air Station Sigonella, the "The Hub of the Med" is a U Naples ( Napoli, Neapolitan: Nàpule) is a historic City in southern Italy, the Capital of the Gaeta is a city and Comune in the Province of Latina, in Lazio, central Italy. The Sixth Fleet is the United States Navy's operational unit and staff of United States Naval Forces Europe, and once had its own headquarters in Gaeta The United States has about 16,000 military personnel stationed in Italy. Italy hosts the NATO Defence College in Rome. The NATO Defence College was established in 1951 Since 1999 it has been at Cecchignola, near Rome, Italy, having previously been at Viale della Civilta Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Italy did take part in the 1990-91 Gulf War but solely through the deployment of eight Italian Air Force Panavia Tornado IDS bomber jets to Saudi Arabia; Italian Army troops were subsequently deployed to assist Kurdish refugees in northern Iraq following the conflict. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, KSA ( المملكة العربية السعودية, al-Mamlaka al-ʻArabiyya as-Suʻūdiyya) or Suudi For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics.
As part of Operation Enduring Freedom in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks, Italy contributed to the international operation in Afghanistan. Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF is the official name used by the U Afghanistan /æfˈgænɪstæn/ officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan ( Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت, Italian forces have contributed to ISAF, the NATO force in Afghanistan, and a Provincial reconstruction team and 5 Italian soldiers have died under ISAF. Afghanistan /æfˈgænɪstæn/ officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan ( Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت, A Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT is a special military unit that provides security and helps with reconstruction in unstable nations Italy has sent 411 troops, based on one infantry company from the 2nd Alpini Regiment tasked to protect the ISAF HQ, one engineer company, one NBC platoon, one logistic unit, as well as liaison and staff elements integrated into the operation chain of command. The 2nd Alpini Regiment is a Light Infantry Regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat. Italian forces also command a multinational engineer task force and have deployed a platoon of Italian military police. Military police ( MPs) are normally the Police of a Military Organization. Three AB 212 helicopters also were deployed to Kabul. For an overview of the whole Huey family of aircraft see Bell Huey WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft.
The Italian Army did not take part in combat operations of the 2003 Second Gulf War, dispatching troops only after May 1, 2003 - when major combat operations were declared over by the U.S. President George W. Bush. The Iraq War, also known as the Second Gulf War, the Occupation of Iraq, or the War in Iraq, is an ongoing Military campaign The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. Subsequently Italian troops arrived in the late summer of 2003, and began patrolling Nasiriyah and the surrounding area. Nasiriyah ( BGN: an-Nāṣiriyyah; also spelled Nassiriya or Nasiriya) is a city in Iraq On 26 May, 2006, Italian foreign minister Massimo D'Alema announced that the Italian forces would be reduced to 1,600 by June; Italian participation to the military operations in Iraq was concluded by the end of 2006, with full withdrawal of Italian military personnel except for a small group of about 30 soldiers engaged in providing security for the Italian embassy in Baghdad, and about 87 soldiers stationing in bases in the Persian Gulf (but not in Iraqi territory). Massimo D'Alema (born April 20 1949) is an Italian politician Baghdad (بغداد) is the Capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate, with which it is also coterminous The Persian Gulf, in the Southwest Asian region is an extension of the As of June 2006 32 Italian troops have been killed in Iraq - with the greatest single loss of life coming on November 12, 2003 - a suicide car bombing of the Italian Carabinieri Corps HQ left a dozen Carabinieri, five Army soldiers, two Italian civilians, and eight Iraqi civilians dead. The Carabinieri (Italian for Carabiniers are the national-level Gendarmerie of Italy who also perform Military police duties