The Milan transportation system (Italian: Rete metropolitana di Milano) is the transport network of Milan, Italy. Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest It connects the city with the rest of Lombardy and with the national railway system. Lombardy (Lombardia Latin: Langobardia, Western Lombard: Lumbardìa, Eastern Lombard: Lombardia) is one of the The network is composed by the Subway (Milan Metro - M lines), the Suburban Railway Service (S lines), the Urban Railway Service (Metro-S), and the Regional Railway Service (R lines).
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|System length||76 km (47 mi)|
|No. Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway or metro(politan system is an electric passenger railway of lines||3|
|No. of stations||86|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) (standard gauge)|
Lines M2 and M3 of the Milan Metro use overhead lines to supply the electric current to the train. Overhead lines or overhead wires are used to transmit Electrical energy to Trams Trolleybuses or Trains at a distance from the Line M1 uses a special system with two third rails, although the same line also uses overhead lines in its northern stretch. A third rail is a method of providing Electricity to power a railway through a continuous rigid conductor alongside the railway track or between the rails The track gauge for all lines is 1435 mm.
Proposals for a subway system in Milan were made as early as 1848, for a horse-drawn tramway. Year 1848 ( MDCCCXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap Other projects were drawn up in 1914 and 1925. Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Year 1925 ( MCMXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In 1938 planning actually proceeded for actual construction of a system of 7 lines, but this too halted after the start of World War II. Year 1938 ( MCMXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Construction finally began in 1957. Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar)
In 1906, an Elevated Light Rail was built for the World's Fair Exhibition. Expo (short for "exposition" and also known as World Fair and World's Fair) is the name given to various large public exhibitions held since the The line linked the two main areas of the Fair between the Piazza d'Armi and the Arena Stadium close to the city centre. The line was dismantled 8 years later. It can be considered as the first Italian electric public transport line totally independent from other railway lines. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest
The first line (Line M1) of the subway was opened in Milan in 1964 after 7 years of work, from Lotto to Sesto Marelli (21 stations). Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. In 1969 the second line (Line M2) from Caiazzo to Cascina Gobba (7 stations) was opened. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In the 1960s and 1970s the network of 2 lines was completed, and both lines have 2 different spurs. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. Line M1 has a west branch from Pagano Station, and Line M2 has an east branch from Cascina Gobba to Gessate, running far away in the metropolitan area with 10 stations.
In 1990 the third line (Line M3) was opened, with 5 stations. The other 9 stations on Line M3 opened to the southeast in 1991, and northwest to Maciachini Station in 2004.
In 1997 opened the Passante Ferroviario, an underground railway line of 11 km, with 9 stations, where different trains run (Trenitalia and FNM). Trenitalia is the primary operator of trains within Italy. Trenitalia is owned by Ferrovie dello Stato, itself owned by the Italian Government.
Finally, in 1999 a shuttle line based on a people mover system opened between Cascina Gobba station and the San Raffaele Hospital, called Metrò San Raffaele (light green) with 2 stations. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar)
In March 2005 the Line M2 station at Abbiategrasso (south branch from Famagosta) opened.
The Line M1 station of Rho-Fiera Milano also opened to passengers on 30 March 2005 (just before Regional Elections on 3-4 April), but it was closed again on 3 April, and re-opened in September 2005. The intermediate station of Pero (between Molino Dorino and Rho-Fiera) opened on December 2005.
Since Milan won the bid for the World Exposition in 2015, the city received special funds for the construction of the new lines, which are going to be completed between 2010 and 2012.
It will run from the western suburb of Lorenteggio to the eastern side of the city to Linate Airport Line approved from Italian Government in March 2006. Linate Airport is one of the two major Airports of Milan, Italy along with Malpensa International Airport. The first stage will be under construction from mid 2007 from San Cristoforo station to Crocetta M3. The second stage will be built from Crocetta to Linate Airport after 2010. A south-eastern branch was projected running from Forlanini station to Santa Giulia new neighborhood. On the other side the line will be extended from San Cristoforo to Corsico, Cesano Boscone and Trezzano sul Naviglio suburbs.
The first half of the line will run from Garibaldi station (links with Line M2 and "Passante Ferroviario") north to Monza city centre. The construction of the first part of the Line, from Garibaldi to Cà Granda, with intermediate stations at Isola, Zara, Marche, Istria, started in October 2007. The second part of Line M5, from Cà Granda to Bignami, will have an intermediate station at Bicocca Università II°. The second part of Line M5, from Bignami to Monza, will have stations at Sesto Parco Nord, Cinisello Valtellina, Monza Bettola, Monza Centro.
After the merge of the former plans for the lines M5 and M6, the new project for the line M6 will be planned as a separation from the northern branch of line M1, in order to relieve it of the expected amount of visitors travelling to the World Exposition pavilion. The line will be separated from Pagano station, going to Baggio on the west and Tibaldi on the south.
In the summer 2006 was presented the project about a monorail people-mover on the southern side of the city, running from the I. . E. O. along Via Ripamonti to the district of Gratosoglio.
The Suburban Railway Service (called S) consists of 8 lines that connect Milan to the greater metropolitan area:
In the 2008 the "S" network will be completed and extended. The 10 Lines will be:
Ferrovie Nord Milano ("Northern Milan Railways") is the second busiest railway company of Italy. Ferrovie Nord Milano (FNM SpA is an Italian public transport company the second largest railway company in Italy The city terminal for all 6 Lines is the Cadorna Station (in Milan city centre), linked to Lines M1 and M2 of the Subway.
The FNM Network is long more than 310 Kilometers, with 120 stations and 750 trains per day (frequency of 3 minutes in the morning and evening rush hours). In the year 2004 the FNM transported more than 51 millions of passengers.
Ferrovie Nord Milano (FNM) Lines:
The FNM has six stations in the city of Milan: