|Ville de Metz|
|City flag||City coat of arms|
Motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors
|Cathedral St. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Etienne in Metz|
|Time Zone||CET (GMT +1)|
|Mayor||Dominique Gros (PS)|
|Land area¹||41.9 km²|
|- Ranking||28th in France|
|- Density||2951/km² (1999)|
|Urban Area||363 km² (1999)|
|- Population||322 526 (1999)|
|Metro Area||1 837 km² (1999)|
|- Population||429 588 (1999)|
|INSEE/Postal code||57463/ 57000|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. France is divided into 26 regions or régions (in French of which 21 are in continental Metropolitan France, one is the island of Corsica, Lorraine (Lothringen is one of the 26 régions of France. It is the only administrative region with two cities of equal importance Metz and Nancy In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division Moselle is a ''département'' in the east of France named after the Moselle River. The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. The arrondissement of Metz-Ville is an arrondissement of France located in the Moselle département, in the Lorraine The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government The Socialist Party ( Parti Socialiste, PS is the largest left-wing political party in France. To help compare sizes of different geographic regions we list here Areas between 10 km² (1000 Hectares and 100 km² (10000 hectares As of January 1, 2008, 64473140 people live in the French Republic. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume In France an unité urbaine (literally "urban unit" is a statistical area defined by INSEE, the French national statistics office for the measurement of contiguously To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions we list here areas between 1000 km2 and 10000 km2 The aire urbaine is an INSEE (the national statistics office of France statistical region comprising a Couronne périurbaine commuter belt around a contiguous To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions  Areas between 10000 km² and 100000 km² are listed here The INSEE code is a numerical indexing code used by the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE to identify various entities including communes Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. An estuary is a semi-enclosed Coastal body of Water with one or more Rivers or Streams flowing into it and with a free connection to the open|
|2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) only counted once. C D E|
Metz (pronounced [mɛs] in French) is a city in the northeast of France, capital of the Lorraine région and préfecture of the département of Moselle (57). French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Lorraine (Lothringen is one of the 26 régions of France. It is the only administrative region with two cities of equal importance Metz and Nancy France is divided into 26 regions or régions (in French of which 21 are in continental Metropolitan France, one is the island of Corsica, A prefecture ( préfecture) in France can refer to: the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a ''département'' In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division Moselle is a ''département'' in the east of France named after the Moselle River. It is located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers. The Moselle (Moselle Mosel Musel is a River flowing through France, Luxembourg and Germany. The Seille (sɛj is a River in the French région of Lorraine, right tributary of the Moselle River.
Although historically Nancy was the capital of the duchy of Lotharingia, it was Metz which was chosen as the capital of the newly created région of Lorraine in the middle of the 20th century, because of its past history as the capital of the region of Lotharingia - an origin found much more republican-friendly than the duchy-related theory, pointing to Nancy as the region capital. Nancy (nɑ̃si archaic Nanzig Nanzeg is a city and commune in the Lorraine région of northeastern France Lorraine (Lorraine Lothringen is a historical area in present-day northeast France. Lorraine (Lothringen is one of the 26 régions of France. It is the only administrative region with two cities of equal importance Metz and Nancy
In ancient times Metz, then known as Divodurum (the town at the holy mountain), was the capital of the Celtic Mediomatrici, and the name of this tribe, abbreviated to Mettis, formed the origin of the present name. Celts (ˈkɛlts or /ˈsɛlts/, see Names of the Celts The Mediomatrici ( Greek:) were an ancient Celtic people of Gaul, who belong to the division of Belgica. At the beginning of the Christian Era, the site was already occupied by the Romans. The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial Metz became one of the principal towns of Gallia, more populous than Lutetia, rich thanks to its wine exports and having one of the largest amphitheatres of the country. Gaul (Gallia was the Roman name for the region of Western Europe comprising present day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western History of Paris Lutetia (sometimes Lutetia Parisiorum or Lucotecia, in French Lutèce) was a town in pre-Roman and Roman Gaul As a well-fortified town at the junction of several military roads, it soon grew to great importance. One of the last Roman strongholds to surrender to the Germanic tribes, it was captured by Attila in 451, and finally passed, about the end of the fifth century, through peaceful negotiations into the hands of the Franks. The Germanic peoples are a historical group of Indo-European -speaking peoples originating in Northern Europe and identified by their use of the Germanic Events By Place Western Roman Empire April 7 — The Huns sack Metz. The Franks or Frankish people (Franci or gens Francorum) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an Ethnic group
Though the first Christian churches were to be found outside the city, the existence in the fifth century of the oratory of St. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings In Christianity, an oratory is a Room for Prayer, from the Latin orare, to pray Stephen within the city walls has been fully proved. See also List of cities with defensive walls A defensive wall is a Fortification used to defend a city or settlement from potential aggressors In the beginning of the seventh century the oldest monastic establishments were those of St. Glossinde and St. Peter.
Since King Sigibert I, Metz frequently was the residence of the Merovingian kings of Austrasia and especially the reign of Queen Brunhilda reflected great splendour on the town. Sigebert I (535-575 was the king of Austrasia from the death of his father in 561 to his own death The Merovingians (also Merovings) were a Salian Frankish dynasty that came to rule the Franks in a region (known as Francia in Latin Austrasia (rarely Austria, both meaning "eastern land" formed the north-eastern portion of the Kingdom of the Merovingian Franks, comprising
The town preserved the good-will of the rulers, when the Carolingians acceeded to the Frankish throne, as it had long been a base of their family and one of their primal ancestors, Saint Arnulf of Metz, as well as his son Chlodulf, had been bishops of Metz. The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolings, or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family with its origins in the The Franks were originally led by dukes (military leaders and reguli (petty kings Saint Arnulf of Metz was born of an important Frankish family at an uncertain date around 582 Saint Chlodulf ( Clodulphe or Clodould) or more commonly Saint Cloud (605 &ndash June 8, 696 or June 8, 697, Charlemagne considered making Metz his chief residence before he finally decided in favour of Aachen. Charlemagne (ˈʃɑrlɨmeɪn Carolus Magnus or Karolus Magnus meaning Charles the Great) (747 – 28 January 814 was King of the Franks from 768 to his ( Ripuarian: Oche, Dutch: Aken, Spanish: Aquisgrán, Italian: Aquisgrana, French,
There is evidence that the earliest Western musical notation, in the form of neumes in camp aperto (without staff-lines), was created at Metz around 800, as a result of Charlemagne's desire for Frankish church musicians to retain the performance nuances used by the Roman singers. See also Modern musical symbols Music notation or musical notation is any system which represents aurally perceived Music through the use Neumes are the basic elements of Western and Eastern systems of Musical notation prior to the invention of five-line staff notation In standard Western Musical notation, the staff ( AmE) or stave 
In the basilica, Louis the Pious and his half-brother the Bishop Drogo were buried and Charles the Bald was crowned there. Louis the Pious (778 &ndash 20 June 840) also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was the King of Aquitaine from 781 and co-Emperor Drogo, also known as Dreux or Drogon ( June 17 801 - December 8, 855) was an illegitimate son of Frankish Charles the Bald ( 13 June 823 – 6 October 877) Holy Roman Emperor (875–877 as Charles II) and King of West Francia
In 843 Metz became the capital of the Kingdom of Lotharingia, and several diets and councils were held there. Events By Place Europe The Treaty of Verdun divides the Carolingian Empire between the 3 sons of Louis the --> Lotharingia or Lorraine was a short-lived kingdom in Numerous Christian manuscripts, the product of the Metz schools of writing and painting, such as the famous "Trier Ada" manuscript and the Drogo Sacramentary for the personal use of a bishop of the royal house (Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris), are evidence of the active intellectual lives and sumptuous patronage of Carolingian Metz. The Drogo Sacramentary (Paris Bibliotheque Nationale de France, MS lat
After the death of king Lothar II the kingdom of Lotharingia, and with it Metz, was contested and changed back and forth between the Eastern and the Western Frankish kingdom until in 925 it finally became part of the East kingdom and subsequently the Holy Roman Empire. Lothair II ( 835 - August 8, 869) was the second son of Emperor Lothair I and Ermengarde of Tours. --> Lotharingia or Lorraine was a short-lived kingdom in For the area code see Area code 925. For the hallmark 925 see Sterling silver. The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in
The increasing influence of the bishops in the city became greater when Adalbert I (928-62) obtained a share of the privileges of the counts; until the twelfth century, therefore, the history of the town is practically identical with that of the bishops (see ). In 1039 a splendid edifice was built to take the place of the old church of St. Stephen.
In the spring of 1096, Metz became one of the scenes of the Rhineland massacres of non-Christians as Count Emicho of Fionheim gathered followers for the First Crusade. The Rhineland ( Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. Count Emicho (not to be confused with Bishop Emicho of Leiningen) was a count in the Rhineland in the late 11th century and the leader of the " The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II with the dual goals of conquering the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Holy Land and freeing A group of these crusaders entered Metz, forcibly converting Jewish families, and killing those who resisted baptism. 22 Jewish citizens of Metz were slaughtered.
In the twelfth century, the burgesses began efforts to free themselves from the domination of the bishops. In 1180, the burgesses formed a close corporation, the Tredecem jurati, which were appointed as municipal representatives in 1207. The burgesses were still nominated directly by the bishop, who had also a controlling influence in the selection of the presiding officer of the board of aldermen (which originated in the eleventh century). The twenty-five representatives sent by the various parishes held an independent position; in judicial matters they helped the Tredecem jurati and formed the democratic element of the system of government. The other municipal authorities were chosen by the town aristocracy, the so-called Paraiges, i. e. the five associations whose members were selected from distinguished families to protect the interests of their relatives. The other body of burgesses, called a Commune, also appears as a Paraige from the year 1297; in the individual offices it was represented by double the number of members that each of the older five Paraiges had. Making common cause, the older family unions and the Commune found it advantageous to gradually increase the powers of the city as opposed to the bishops, and also to keep the control of the municipal government fully in their hands and out of that of the powerful growing guilds, so that until the sixteenth century Metz remained a purely aristocratic organization. In 1300 the Paraiges gained the right to fill the office of head-alderman, during the fourteenth century the right to elect the Tredecem jurati, and in 1383 the right of coining. The guilds, which during the fourteenth century had attained great independence, were completely suppressed (1383), and the last revolutionary attempt of the artisans to seize control of the city government (1405) was put down with much bloodshed.
The city had often to fight for its freedom; from 1324-27 against the Dukes of Luxembourg and Lorraine, as well as against the Archbishop of Trier; in 1363 and 1365 against the band of English mercenaries under Arnold of Cervola, in the fifteenth century against France and the Dukes of Burgundy, who sought to annex Metz to their lands or at least wanted to exercise a protectorate. The Archbishopric of Trier (Erzbistum Trier was a Roman Catholic Diocese in Germany, that existed from Carolingian times until the end of the Duke of Burgundy was a title borne by the rulers of the Duchy of Burgundy, a small portion of traditional lands of Burgundians west of river Saône which Nevertheless it maintained its independence, even though at great cost, and remained, outwardly at least, part of the German Empire, whose ruler, however, concerned himself very little with this important frontier stronghold. The German Empire is the name commonly used in English to describe Germany from 1871 to 1918 when it was a semi- Constitutional monarchy: beginning with the Unification
Charles IV in 1354 and 1356 held brilliant diets here, at the latter of which was promulgated the famous statute known as the "Golden Bull". Charles IV ( Czech: Karel IV, German: Karl IV, Hungarian: IV Károly; 14 May 1316 &ndash The Golden Bull of 1356 was a decree issued by a Reichstag in Nuremberg headed by Emperor Charles IV Holy Roman Emperor (see Diet The town therefore felt that it occupied an almost independent position between France and Germany, and wanted most of all to evade the obligation of imperial taxes and attendance at the diet. The estrangement between it and the German States daily became wider, and finally affairs came to such a pass that in the religious and political troubles of 1552 Metz found itself in the middle of the war between Charles V and the rebellious princes. Charles V (24 February 1500 &ndash 21 September 1558 was By an agreement of the German princes, Moritz of Saxony, William of Hesse, John Albrecht of Mecklenburg, and George Frederick of Brandenburg, with Henry II of France, ratified by the French king at Chambord (15 January), Metz was formally transferred to France, the gates of the city were opened (10 April), and Henry took possession as vicarius sacri imperii et urbis protector (18 April). Maurice I Elector of Saxony (b Freiberg, March 21, 1521 &ndash d William of Hesse may refer to William VIII Landgrave of Hesse William I Elector of Hesse Prince William of Hesse Henry II (Henri II (31 March 1519 &ndash 10 July 1559 of the House of Valois and the son and successor of Francis I, was King of France from 31 The Treaty of Chambord was signed on January 15, 1552 between Henry II of France and three German princes including Maurice of Saxony Francis, Duke of Guise, commander of the garrison, restored the old fortifications and added new ones, and successfully resisted the attacks of the emperor from October to December, 1552; Metz remained French. Francis II Prince of Joinville Duke of Guise Duke of Aumale ( February 17, 1519 &ndash February 24, 1563) called Balafré ("the
The recognition by the empire of the surrender of Metz to France came at the conclusion of the Peace of Westphalia. The term Peace of Westphalia refers to the two peace treaties of Osnabrück and Münster, signed on May 15 and October 24 of By the construction of the citadel (1555-62) the new government secured itself against the citizens, who were discontented with the turn of events. Important internal changes soon took place. In place of the Paraiges stood the authority of the French king, whose representative was the governor. The head-alderman, now appointed by the governor, was replaced (1640) by a Royalist Mayor. The aldermen were also appointed by the governor and henceforth drawn from the whole body of burgesses; in 1633 the judgeship passed to the Parliament. The powers of the Tredecem jurati were also restricted, in 1634 totally abolished, and replaced by the Bailliage royal. A bailiwick is the area of jurisdiction of a Bailiff. The term was also applied to a territory in which the Sheriff 's functions were exercised by a privately appointed
Among the cities of Lorraine, Metz held a prominent position during the French possession for two reasons: In the first place it became one of the most important fortresses through the work of Vauban (1674) and Cormontaigne (1730); secondly, it became the capital of the temporal province of the three bishoprics of Metz, Toul, and Verdun, which France had seized (1552) and, by the Peace of Westphalia, retained. A water tower, watershed, or elevated water tower is a large elevated water storage container Lorraine (Lorraine Lothringen is a historical area in present-day northeast France. The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War ( 19 July, 1870 — 10 May, 1871 Sébastien Le Prestre Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban ( May 15, 1633 – March 30, 1707) commonly referred to The Diocese of Toul was a Roman Catholic Diocese seated at Toul in present-day France The Bishopric of Verdun was also a state of the Holy Roman Empire; it was located at the western edge of the Empire and was bordered by France the Duchy of Luxembourg In 1633 there was created for this "Province des trois évêchés" (also called "Généralité des trois évêchés" or "Intendance de Metz") a supreme court of justice and court of administration, the Metz Parliament. The Three Bishoprics (Trois-Évêchés constituted a province of pre- Revolutionary France consisting of the bisphoprics of Verdun, Metz Recettes générales, commonly known as généralités, were the administrative divisions of France under the Ancien Régime and are In 1681 the Chambre Royale, the notorious Assembly chamber, whose business it was to decide what fiefs belonged to the three bishoprics which Louis XIV claimed for France, was made a part of this Parliament, which lasted, after a temporary dissolution (1771-75), until the final settlement by the National Assembly in 1789, whereupon the division of the land into departments and districts followed. Early years Birth and ancestry Louis XIV was born in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye on September 5 1638 and bore the Heir apparent Metz became the capital of the Department of Moselle, created in 1790. The revolution brought great calamities upon the city. In the campaigns of 1814 and 1815 the allied armies twice besieged the city, but were unable to take it.
In July 1819, the Scots born naval officer Norwich Duff visited Metz and recorded a detailed description of the town:
'Between Verdun and Metz I observed several instances [of something] I never before saw [being the] breaking [of] stones to repair the roads, and also ploughing. Admiral Norwich Duff ( 15 August 1792 – 21 April 1862) was a Royal Navy officer Verdun (medieval Wirten official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a city and commune Between Étain and Metz they raise a great quantity of geese: [we] saw several large flocks on each side of the road as we passed. Étain is a town and commune the in Meuse département of the Lorraine région in northeastern France Goose (plural geese) is the English name for a considerable number of Birds belonging to the family Anatidae. Metz is a large and strongly fortified town, beautifuly situated on a plain at the confluence of the Moselle and Seille. Moselle is a ''département'' in the east of France named after the Moselle River. It manufactures woollen goods, linen, china, paper, oil, starch and is famous for its hams, liquers, sweetmeats and artificial flowers: they also have a king's manufactory of gun powder. The Government House and the promenades round it are very fine: there is also [an] immence extent of Barracks for troops, a large cathedral and a theatre. Barracks are living quarters for personnel on a Military post From the number of running ditches formed by the river there are a great many bridges: the streets like all French towns [!] are narrow and dirty and the houses high: the ground is also very uneven on which they stand. Some street performers gave us a little very tolerable music during our dinner'. The next day, before heading off for Thionville en route to Luxembourg, Duff and a fellow officer 'took a walk round the works and through the town and market places which were very well supplied. Thionville (Diedenhofen Diedennuewen Diedenhoven is a town and commune in the Moselle département, in the Lorraine Luxembourg (Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg Grand-Duché de Luxembourg Großherzogtum Luxemburg is a small Landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by [They] bought some very good fruit'.
During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 Metz was the headquarters and rendezvous of the third French Army Corps under Bazaine. The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War ( 19 July, 1870 — 10 May, 1871 François Achille Bazaine ( 13 February, 1811 - 23 September, 1888) was a French General and from 1864 a Marshal of France, "who Through the operations of the German army, Bazaine, after the battles of Colombey, Mars-la-Tour, and Gravelotte (14-18 August) was besieged in Metz. The Battle of Mars-La-Tour was fought on 16 August 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War near the town of Mars-La-Tour in north-east The Battle of Gravelotte ( August 18, 1870) was a battle of the Franco-Prussian War named after Gravelotte, a village in Lorraine The Siege of Metz lasting from September 3 &ndash October 23 1870 was a crushing defeat for the French during the Franco-Prussian War. The German army of investment was commanded by Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia; as the few sorties of the garrison were unable to break the German lines, Metz was forced to surrender (27 October), with the result that 6000 French officers and 170,000 men were taken prisoners.
By the Treaty of Frankfurt of 1871, Metz became a German city, and was made a most important garrison and a strong fortress. The Treaty of Frankfurt (Le traité de Francfort Friede von Frankfurt was a Peace treaty signed in Frankfurt on May 10, 1871, at the end of Year 1871 ( MDCCCLXXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The fortifications on the south and east were levelled in 1898, securing space for growth and development. The Fortifications of Metz, a city in northeastern France, are extensive due to its strategic position near the border of France and Germany Some large neo-Romanesque buildings typical of the German Empire were constructed in the city. The German Empire is the name commonly used in English to describe Germany from 1871 to 1918 when it was a semi- Constitutional monarchy: beginning with the Unification
Following the armistice with Germany ending the First World War, the French army entered Metz in November 1918 and the city was returned to France at the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The armistice treaty between the Allies and Germany was signed in a railway carriage in Compiègne Forest on November 11, 1918 World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. Year 1919 ( MCMXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common
Metz was again annexed by Germany between 1940 and 1944 during the Second World War, and was reverted to France after the war. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
Nowadays, the military importance of Metz has decreased, and the city has diversified its economic base. Expansion has continued in the recent decades despite the economic crisis that besets the rest of Lorraine. However, Metz is in the heart of a new economic region known as the SaarLorLux Which combines the culture and economic aspects of this unique region in Europe. The member regions Shared history The region of SaarLorLux was settled by the Celtic tribes of the Treveri and Mediomatrici. The City has developed its University and overall infrastructure for the EU's 2007 "Culture Region" (GER: Kultur Großregion). The Metz Technopôle is also an example of the economic revival of Metz and its region. The Technopôle, a high-tech park spread over 180 hectares, was established in 1983 and has attracted over 200 companies, 4000 employees and 4500 students. World-class academic institutions such as Georgia Tech and Supélec along with established companies including ProConsultant, SFR and TDF are located at the Technopôle. The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, or Tech, is a public, Coeducational Research university in École supérieure d'électricité, commonly known as Supélec, is one of the most prestigious and selective Grandes écoles in France, and one of the finest SFR (originally Société Française de Radiotéléphone, no longer expanded is a French Mobile phone company
The city is famous for its yellow limestone architecture: la Pierre de Jaumont and for its nickname "The Green City" (25m2 - 270sqft of park/garden/playground per inhabitant)
Metz is ideally located at the intersection of two majors axes: A4 motorway (going from Paris to Strasbourg)Also the A4 is a part of the E50 Motorway connecting Paris, France to Prague, Czech Republic and the A31 motorway (going to Luxembourg at the North and towards Nancy, Dijon and Lyon at the South). See also List of cities with defensive walls A defensive wall is a Fortification used to defend a city or settlement from potential aggressors A city gate is a Gate which is or was set within a City wall. The Opéra-Théâtre de Metz is a Theatre and Opera house located in the town of Metz in North-Eastern France.
Metz is connected to the French high speed train (TGV) network, which provides direct train to Paris and Luxembourg cities. The TGV ( t rain à g rande v itesse, French for "high-speed train" is France 's High-speed rail service The time from Paris (East station) to Metz train station is 82 minutes. Additionally Metz is served by the 'Lorraine TGV' train station, located at Louvigny, 25 km to the south of Metz, for high speed trains going to Nantes, Rennes, Lille or Bordeaux (without stopping in Paris). Louvigny is a Village and commune in the Moselle département of north-eastern France. 'Lorraine TGV' is at 75 mn of train from Paris Airport (Roissy - Charles de Gaulle).
Metz is one of the main station of the regional express trains systems named Metrolor. One of the main line is the line Nancy-Metz-Luxembourg, completed by many lines going to main cities of the area.
Local transportation in the agglomeration is carried out by TCRM buses.
The town of Metz has the distinction of being the location over which the first international handshake in space occurred. On July 17, 1975 an American Apollo Spacecraft docked with a Soviet Soyuz Spacecraft in the first join international mission in history. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the When the two spacecraft docked, the hatch was opened and Commanders Thomas P. Stafford and Aleksei Leonov shook hands which happened to occur over the town of Metz. Thomas Patten Stafford (born September 17 1930) is a retired Air Force Lieutenant General and a former NASA Astronaut Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov (Алексе́й Архи́пович Лео́нов (born May 30, 1934 in Listvyanka Kemerovo Oblast, USSR
Metz was the birthplace of:
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This article incorporates text from the entry Metz in the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language Encyclopedia published by The Encyclopedia